Fascism in the Arab world – Pan-Arabism, etc. (Part 1)

Fascism in the Arab world – Pan-Arabism, etc. (Part 1)

The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice Since 1967 – by Fouad Ajami – 1992 (page 135)
Fascism found an expression in the Young Egypt party, which was a parody of the fascist movement that swept Europe in the 1930s and 1940s; the Muslim Brotherhood thrived at a time of crisis and continues to survive at the present…
http://books.google.com/books?id=Qj-UEPal-cwC&pg=PA135&lpg=PA135

A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 – by Stanley G. Payne – 1996 – History (Page 352)
The Fascist regime had him proclaimed a “hero of Islam” and “defender of Islam” in Italian Libya, where a parallel Libyan Arab Fascist Party was created. If Mussolini supported Zionists to some extent as a lever against the British Empire, both he and Hitler subsidized Haj Amin el Husseini, the violently anti-Jewish grand mufti of Jerusalem. Anti-Jewish feeling mounted in parts of the Middle East during the 1930s, as the Fascist and Nazi regimes and doctrines made increasing sense to many Arab nationalists. King Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia sought German arms and contacts and was favorably received. Various delegations of Syrians and Iraqis attended the Niirnberg party congresses, and there were several different Arabic translations of Mein Kampf. Both the German and Italian regimes were active in propaganda in the Arab world, and there was much pro-German sentiment in Egypt. At least seven different Arab nationalist groups had developed shirt movements by 1939 (white, gray, and iron in Syria; blue and green in Egypt; … Syrian… Iraqi Futuwa… Young Egypt Movement … all three were territorially expansionist, with Sami Shawkat, the Futuwa ideologue, envisioning the “Arab nation” as eventually covering half the globe (though by vonversion…
http://books.google.com/books?id=NLiFIEdI1V4C&pg=PA352

A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 – by Stanley G. Payne – 1996 – History (Page 515)
As one approaches the Middle East, however, the trail becomes warmer. This is an area originally impacted to some extent by paradigmatic European fascism.
Some of the new nationalist regimes which developed in the Middle East during the second half of the century exhibited more of the characteristics of fascism than those of any other part of the world. A first example was the Egyptian regime under Nasser, with its Fuhrerprinzip, “Arab socialism,” a state sector of the economy approaching 40 percent, and bellicosity toward Israel…
At first glance a better case might be made for the Libyan dictatorship of Mu’ammar al-Gadhafi, established in 1969. Though the dictator of a major oil-exporting country, Gaddafi is a fanatical Muslim… “Brother Colonel” has renounced capitalism, preaching pan-Arabism and a form of “Arab socialism,” while his interest in militarism, violence, …
http://books.google.com/books?id=NLiFIEdI1V4C&pg=PA515

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