ARAB RACIST GENOCIDE IN SUDAN – WORST CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY SINCE WWII
YES, IT IS ABOUT RACISM
Genocide in Darfur: investigating the atrocities in the Sudan – Page 30 Samuel Totten, Eric Markusen – 2006
Racist ideology plays an important part of the story, as it has in the history of other twentieth century genocides… And the psychology of “genocide” has become familiar through the sorry repetition of genocidal acts that the last century has witnessed. In 1987, Libya used the northwest Darfur corner as a backdoor to attack Chad. It had equipped and sent out the so-called Arab legion, an Arab supremacist militia, to pursue Arab expansion in the minerall-rich sub-Saharan regions it bordered and to drive out the African tribes. Libya was not orchestrating a simple border raid on a poor country; it was pursuing a new strategy of pan-
Arabism, couched in an emotionally charged ideology.
The sharp distinctions between Arabs and Africans in the racially mixed Darfur region had not been drawn until the ideology of pan-Arabism that came out of the Libya made itself felt.
Some of the nomadic sheiks of the region came to see themselves as the avatars of Arabism, the authentic representatives of their Bedouin origins. They foisted a racial label on a farming people whose way of life they simultaneously distained and felt threatned by.
“The Janjaweed are like a grotesque mixture of the mafia and the Ku Klux Klan,” says Prendergast. “These guys have a racist ideology that sees the Arab population as the supreme population that would like to see the subjugation of non-Arab peoples. They’re criminal racketeers that have been supported very directly by the government to wage the war against the people of Darfur.”
The Janjaweed are sort of the KKK, the Ku Klux Klan of Darfur. They’ve been used by the government to attack non-Arab civilian populations, to wipe them out so that they undermine the rebellion in Darfur.
Racism at root of Sudan’s Darfur crisis / The Christian Science (14 Jul 2004)
genocide… Janjaweeds… blatant racism and a political ideology known as “Arab supremacism” also fuel the Janjaweed’s agenda.
The Janjaweed are both “cleaning” the land of non-Arabs and viciously combating the rebellion while receiving impunity from the government in Khartoum…
Blacks in Sudan are seen as inferior to the Arabs
Darfur TV cameras cover violence in the Middle East, but a war of… ferocity has been going on in Darfur, western Sudan, since 2004, largely unnoticed. Here the goal of Sudanese Arab gun-wielding, horse-riding, janjaweed militias is to eliminate the non-Arab population. Up to 300,000 people had been shot, hacked, or starved to death by the end of 2006. Thousands of women have been raped. Raids in Darfur by small bands of men with simple hand-held weapons –even machetes in some cases– are killing more people, both in absolute numbers and as rate-per-thousand of the population, than modern computer-guided weapons systems or supersonic fighters dropping fragmentation bombs.
…The janjaweed militiamen are pastoral Arab tribes who have long despised the black African farmers who practice settled agriculture… [Sex and War: How Biology Explains Warfare and Terrorism and Offers a Path to a Safer World, Authors Malcolm Potts, Thomas Hayden, Publisher BenBella Books, 2008 (ISBN 1933771577, 9781933771571) p. 345]
Sudán: race, religion and violence Jok Madut Jok – 2007 – 338 pages (page 176)
…the governement… building anti-Dinka militias to fight the war by proxy. To persuade Arab Sudanese to join militias, the old Sudanese ideas of racial cleavage between the north and the south were deployed. Southerners were characterized as abid (slaves) and …
The Sudanese soldiers and Janjaweed abuse their victims as “Abid” or “Zurka,” meaning slave or “dirty black,” and tell them that the rape will produce light-skinned babies. (“Complicity with evil”: the United Nations in the age of modern genocide By Adam LeBor, Yale University Press, 2006, p. 152)
Dr Deng traces the conflict to its toots, dating back to ancient times, when the Arabs traded freely with Bilad al-Sudan, an Arabic phrase “from which Sudan derives its name” and which means “Land of the BlacksThe term land of the blacks was one applied to regions of Africa by almost all outsiders. Today, because the continent’s countries were named by outsiders a good number of them have names that translate as land of the blacks:
The Arab traders married into leading African families. In due time, and with the expansion of Islam and the Arab empire ..
in the 7th century, many descendants DESCENDANTS. Those who have issued from an individual, and include his children, grandchildren, and their children to the remotest degree. of the admixture of Arab and African blood became ready converts to Islam.
But, unlike elsewhere in Africa “where, with the exception of Mauritania, people identify themselves as Africans, the northern Sudanese see themselves as Arabs and deny the strongly African element in their skin colour and physical features. They associate these features with the Negroid race and see it as the mother race of slaves, inferior and demeaned.
“Having been permitted by Islam and the assimilationist Arab culture to pass into the supposedly superior Arab-Islamic identity, northern Sudanese ‘Arabs’ (39%) do not only vehemently resist any attempt by the non-Arab population (61% nation-wide, with 33% in the South and 28% in the North) to identify the country with black Africa,” says Dr Deng.
They insist on defining it as an Arab country “A prominent northern Sudanese scholar and statesman has even suggested that the Sudan should change its name because it is reminiscent of a denigrated racial label.”
“In the Sudanese context, the more the North asserts its Arabness, the more the South asserts Africanness as a counter identity,” says Dr Deng. Therein lies the heart of the conflict: “In both the North and the South, then, the identity factors have been moved from the realm of benign self-perception to the politically contested stage of national symbolism with the associated implications of shaping and sharing power, wealth, and other national values.”
But, while the conflicting identities between the North and the South appear clear-cur, there are also large groups of non-Arab communities in the North (about 28%) “who have been partially assimilated by their conversion to Islam and adoption of Arabic as the language of communication with other tribes.” These groups have been “virtually adopted by the dominant Arab groups as ‘orphans’ of Arabism, redeemed from their degraded status of their slave origin as black.
“Their identification with Arabism.” Dr Deng says, “is the result of a process in which races and religions were ranked, with Arabs and Muslims respected as free, superior and a race of slave masters, while Negroes and heathens were viewed as legitimate target of slavery, if they were not in fact already slaves.”
All it needed for an African to become an Arab was to convert to Islam, learn to speak Arabic language Arabic language
Ancient Semitic language whose dialects are spoken throughout the Middle East and North Africa. Though Arabic words and proper names are found in Aramaic inscriptions, abundant documentation of the language begins only with the rise of Islam, whose main texts , intermarry with the Arabs and identify genealogically with the master race. “In due course, so liberal was the process that the claim to Arab ancestry could be made from fictional assertions that usually did not need to be verified.”
Colour of skin is also an important factor in Sudan: “The darker the colour of skin, the less authentic the claim to Arab ancestry and the greater the likelihood of being looked down on as of slave origin.”
The vision of the leadership of Sudanese “Arabs” (39%) for a “united Sudan” is one in which the Southerners (33%) are either peacefully converted or forced into Islam. Their vision is a “united Sudan” in which 39% are “Arabs” while 61% are “orphans” of Arabism. The South has rejected that vision as unacceptable and divisive
The vision of the southern leadership had been that of self-preservation and protection of their ancient beliefs and cultures and, lately, Christianity. But in recent years, led by the SPLA/M, for a “United Sudan” has been that of a nation under secular laws, with religious and racial identities consigned to the realm of benign self-perception.
That was the vision the SPLM/A brought to the negotiating table at Machakos. Under this vision, the identity of the nation would revolve around .. name and the flag. Sudan would no longer be identified as “Islamic” or “Arab” or “African”, though in some appropriate instances beneficial to Sudan it could still be identified as “Afro-Arab”.
That vision was rejected as “unacceptable to Islam” by the government “because Islam is a way of life” and therefore encompasses everything a Muslim does.
The compromise vision, it seemed, was the Machakos Protocol, which would give the South six years of secular self-administration in a United Sudan, with the option of voting for the continuation of such unity in diversity or secession as a separate nation.
But the September suspension of the talks by the government and the call for an all-out war should not be seen as mere protest for the SPLA’s capture of Torit, as no ceasefire agreement was signed.
During the negotiations leading to the Machakos Protocol, the government continued the bombing of SPLA-controlled areas and captured a string of SPLA positions; while the SPLA captured the strategic town of Kapoeta from the government, and none of them walked out of the peace talks in protest.
The likelihood is that President Omar Bashir Omar Bashir can refer to:
Omar al-Bashir, leader of Sudan, like President Numeiri before him, has given in to relentless high and low profiled criticism from pan-Arabists and Islamic extremists for having signed the Machakos Protocol, which they see as signalling either an end to their hegemony over other races and religions or providing a possible way out for the people of the South.
When eventually they return to the negotiating table, the observing nations will find that the Sudanese leaders do not agree on what it was exactly they agreed to in Machakos.
Grass curtain, Volumes 1-2, Author Southern Sudan Association, Published 1970
LAMENT THE POINT OF NO RETURN by Jacob Akol Nothing but the pride of feeling more Arab than the Arab, would breed to lasting hostilities between the Blacks and the Arabs of the Sudan.
Omar Hassan al-Bashir
[April 15, 2010]
On June 30, 1989, Lieut. Gen. Omar Hassan al-Bashir, a military leader in Sudan, seized power in a bloodless coup backed by Islamists. He assumed the presidency in 1993.
Mr. Bashir has been vilified in the West and blamed over the years for cozying up to Osama bin Laden, abusing human rights and unleashing death squads in Darfur, the war-racked region of western Sudan. Last year, he was charged by the International Criminal Court with crimes against humanity.
Bashir Accused of War Crimes
In February 2009, judges at the International Criminal Court approved a warrant for Mr. Bashir’s.
In announcing his request for a warrant, the prosecutor in the case, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, said that Mr. Bashir had “masterminded and implemented” a plan to destroy three main ethnic groups in Darfur, the Fur, the Masalit and the Zaghawa. The prosecutor said that the president, responding to attacks by rebel groups seeking greater autonomy, had used government soldiers and Arab militias and had “purposefully targeted civilians” belonging to these groups, killing 35,000 people “outright” in attacks on towns and villages […]
The Arab-led government responded with a ferocious counterinsurgency campaign, which the prosecutor called a genocidal strategy against Darfur’s black African ethnic groups.
Nearly 30,000 people are believed dead in attacks by Arab militants on black villagers, and that may just be the least of it.
US State Department – Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Sudan The government continued to support the largely Arab nomad janjaweed militia… On October 23, an attack on the Fur village of Tama in southern Darfur left … threatened with death, and subjected to racial epithets during attacks.
The war in Darfur: News24: Africa: Features Non-Arabs say the tribal fighters – on horse and camels… claiming a pattern in which Sudanese warplanes attack non-Arab villages...
Arab women singers complicit in rape | World news | The Guardian 20 Jul 2004 … While African women in Darfur were being raped by the Janjaweed militiamen, Arab women stood nearby and sang for joy…
Inside the Janjaweed: how one man escaped the ethnic cleansing in …The racist character of the militia became evident… they activated their network of Arab tribal contacts in Darfur. …
Darfur – A complex ethnic reality with a long history – NYTimes.com 15 May 2004 … many of the racist attitudes traditionally directed toward slaves have been redirected to the sedentary non-Arab …
A peek into Darfur – Nicholas D. Kristof – NYTimes.com 3 Apr 2009 … All this makes the Arab League’s decision to stand behind President Bashir simply blood-curdling. …Racism by skin tone is not a uniquely Western concept, …
Ahmadinejad’s Own Goal – The Middle East Blog – TIME.com 21 Apr 2009 … If the Arabs really cared about racism they would have arrested the President of Sudan for the genocide in Darfur. Talk about racism! …
…the aggression and the racist attitudes of the Sudanese government...
Genocide in Darfur: investigating the atrocities in the Sudan (Samuel Totten, Eric Markusen – 2006) – Page 255
The primary victims have been non-Arab residents of Darfur. numerous credible reports corroborate the use of racial and ethnic epithets by both the Janjaweed and Gos military personnel; “kill the slaves, kill the slaves,”
The Crisis – Jan 2005 (Vol. 112 – 70 pages – Magazine) – Page 46
According to reports released by the US State Department and Human Rights Watch, the attacks on villages follow a … in southern Sudan call non-Arab Africans abid or slave, and zurga, which means Black, but is used as a racial slur. …
Darfur’s Sorrow: The Forgotten History of a Humanitarian Disaster – Page 245 (M. W. Daly)
… while also disquieting other non-Arab elements in Darfur… the National Council for the Salvation of Darfur emerged. Responding to a racist appeal by an “Arab Alliance”...
Homeland Security Handbook – Page 187 (Jack Pinkowski, 2008)
Blacks are viewed by Arabs as racially inferior, and Arab violence against blacks has a long, turbulent record
Violence, political culture & development in Africa (Preben Kaarsholm – 2006) – Page 95
The Arab Alliance, formed in 1987, was founded by former members of the Islamic Legion (de Waal, 2004: 26). It was during this time that land grabs by Arab militias (janjawid) 2 became more frequent, and an explicit racist ideology…
Sudan in Pictures (Francesca DiPiazza – 2006) Page 34
… a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.” in Darfur the Arab janjaweed militias have killed an estimated 100000 non-Arab people, burned their villages, and sought to destroy their way of life.
The Crisis – Jan 2005 – Page 46 Vol. 112 – Magazine [By National Association for the Advancement of Colored People]
According to reports released by the US State Department and Human Rights Watch, the attacks on villages follow a common pattern, beginning with bombing from Sudanese combat aircraft or helicopter gunships. … in southern Sudan call non-Arab Africans abid or slave, and zurga, which means Black, but is used as a racial slur.
Darfur’s Sorrow: A History of Destruction and Genocide. … earlier examples of ethnic cleansing such as the campaign against the Nuba in 1992… and the injection of racism by the “Arab Alliance” and later by Libyan Arabs …
BBC News – Sudan country profile 15 Mar 2010 … Arab militias of a campaign of ethnic cleansing against non-Arab locals. … Omar al-Bashir is wanted on war crimes charges …
Al Jazeera English – Focus – Profile: Omar al-Bashir 4 Mar 2009 … Omar al-Bashir has been the Sudanese leader through two decades of … has been criticised for what the UN has called ethnic cleansing… and crimes against humanity against the non-Arab ethnic groups in Darfur. …
Al-Bashir Arrest Warrant Issued By International Criminal Court 4 Mar 2009 … Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir attends a graduation ceremony at an air force … Moreno Ocampo had accused Sudanese troops and the janjaweed Arab militia they …. the racial subjugation, ethnic cleansing and genocide against a people ….
Peace in the balance: the crisis in the Sudan – Page 117 by Brian Raftopoulos, Karin Alexander (2006)
Today Gaddafi’s pan-Arabic ideals seem passé but the legacy of Libyan Arab supremacy lives on in Darfur. The Janjaweed are amongst those who are said to have received training in Libya. Regional power play clearly contributed to ethnic …
The Economist, Volume 376, Issues 8438-8441, 2005 (p 12)
But peace in another, currently even more violent, part of Sudan, the western region of Darfur, looks more elusive than ever. For two years, the government has sponsored an Arab militia
Religion in Third World politics
Jeffrey Haynes – 1993 – 166 pages
Omar Hassan al-Bashir cynically called itself an Islamic government, and instituted sharia law for three reasons: … That the amputees in Sudan are predominantly black, non-Arab and poor highlights the crude racism of those in power.
FRONTLINE/WORLD . Sudan – The Quick and the Terrible . Facts and …Since the 1983 start of the civil war, more than 4 million people have been displaced, and an estimated 2 million have died. Opposition groups as well as …
The division between Muslim and other victims is unclear. The large district of Noba, populated by many black Muslims, was served its portion of horrors. The Muslims, should they be black, are not granted any favors. Since the rise to power of radical Islam, under the spiritual guidance of Dr. Hassan Thorabi, the situation has worsened. This is probably the worst series of crimes against humanity since WWII. We’re talking about ethnic cleansing, deportations, mass murder, slave trade, forcible enforcement of the laws of Islam, taking children from their parents and more. Millions have become refugees. As far as is known, there are not millions of publications about the Sudanese ‘Right of Return’ and there are no petitions by intellectuals negating Sudan’s right to exist.
”Since the eruption of conflict in 2003, Darfur, Western Sudan, remains one of the world’s worst human rights and humanitarian catastrophes,” writes Margaret Roberts, president of the local sorority, and Jacqueline Jackson, event co-chair. …