The Ba’ath party was founded in Syria in 1928 by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din Bitar with a pan-Arab nationalist program and elements of both Marxism and fascism. Aflaq and Bitar were influenced by Arab nationalist trends that had begun in time of the Turks, inspired in part by the Islamic and Arab reform ideologies of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1839-1897), his student Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905), and Abduh’s student, Muhammad Rashid Rida (1865-1935). These thinkers called for a renewal of Islam, with limited borrowing of concepts from the West. Abduh in particular was active in promoting Arab autonomy within Ottoman Turkey, and had placed great hopes in the Young Turks. Rida grew increasingly anti-Western with time, and was a great influence on Hassan El-Banna, who founded the Muslim Brotherhood. While Aflaq was a Greek Orthodox Christian, Ba’ath ideology adopted an affinity for Islam, and Pan-Arabists saw one of their goals as asserting the primacy of the Arabs in the Muslim world.
Ba’athism was a deliberate copy of European Fascism; it tried to replace Islam in the people’s minds with Arabism, a fascistic glorification af Arab history …
Encyclopedia of the Developing World: Index – Google Books Resultby Thomas M. Leonard – 2006 – Social Science – 1759 pages
… Pan-Arabism with an emphasis on socialism incorporating ideas from Italian fascism. Ba’ath ideology.. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3mE04D9PMpAC&pg=PA71&lpg=PA71&dq=fascism+arabism&source=web&ots=6yKRzEp8z1&sig=zpTQkk5oIBawD7APo97CuysVE3o&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=5&ct=result