Posts Tagged ‘fascism’

‘ARAB NAZI PARTY / PARTIES’

November 14, 2010

‘ARAB NAZI PARTY / PARTIES’

Middle Eastern Myths “The Myth of Yasser Arafat”

During the war, Arab Nazi parties were founded throughout the Middle East. The most influential one was “Young Egypt” which was established in 1933. …

http://www.rbooker.com/articles/TheMythofYasserArafat.PDF

Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism – Page 106

David M. Rosen – 2005 – 199 pages

Others argued that the “Land is in need of a youth, healthy in body and soul like the Nazi … paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party of Palestine.

http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA106

Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice – Page 147 Bernard Lewis – 1999 – 295 pages

A first attempt to found an Arab Nazi movement seems to date from the summer of 1933, when the Jaffa correspondent of the … The mood of the 1930s was vividly described by Syrian Saml al- Jundi, an early leader of the Bacth party, …

http://books.google.com/books?id=GteStbiDEjAC&pg=PA147

The third Reich & the Palestine question – Page 90

Francis R. Nicosia – 2000 – 319 pages

Wolff’s strong opposition to any sort of German encouragement or support for an Arab Nazi party in Palestine was conveyed in a note to the Foreign Office in Berlin in June, 1933, in which he argued: Because the strengthening of the 

http://books.google.com/books?id=8X2G1G_jD-4C&pg=PA90

First things: Issues 154-158

Institute on Religion and Public Life – 2005 – [Page 14]

Several of the Arab political parties founded during the 1930s were modeled after the Nazi party, including the Syrian Popular Party and the Young Egypt Society, which were explicitly anti-Semitic in their ideology and programs. …

http://books.google.com/books?id=4-gnAAAAYAAJ&q=modeled

The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini By Chuck Morse – Page 28 – 2003 – 186 pages

Al- Husseini’s own Palestine Arab Party stood for the expulsion of all Jewish settlers and an independent Arab … efforts to assist in the development of what would become distinctly Nazi-Arab style organizations and political parties…

http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA28

The Demonic Comedy – Page 12

Paul William Roberts, Jay Ed. Roberts – 2004 – 308 pages

When the revolutionary Ba’ath regime — a kind of Arab Nazi Party — came to power in July 1968, no Jew left in Iraq was safe. In the wake of the Arabs’ massive defeat by Israel during the Six Day War of 1967, a state of shocked disbelief …

http://books.google.com/books?id=h4vv3m1bXV4C&pg=PA12

Chronology of Persecution: The Nazi/Arab plots to exterminate Jews

Oct 18, 2010 … They embraced Nazi slogans and inspired other pro-Nazi parties in the Arab world . Hitler’s first congratulatory telegrams came from Arab …

http://www.crossroad.to/Excerpts/chronologies/nazi-arab.htm

Nazi propaganda for the Arab world –

Jeffrey Herf – 2009 – History – 335 pages – Page 90

While abroad, Ettel was active in the Nazi Party’s foreign branches … the Mufti assured Ettel that Arab and German interests were “completely overlapping” and that “the Arab felt closely bound to the Germans in the struggle against world Jewry,” England, and the United States…

http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90

The Nazi Background of Saddam Hussein.. Feb 21, 2003 … Rashid Ali and the so-called “golden square” cabal of pro-Nazi …The Mufti, after instigating a pogrom against Jews in Palestine in 1920, the first such pogrom against Jews in the Arab world in hundreds of years, went on to inspire the development of pro-Nazi parties throughout the Arab world including Young Egypt, led by Gamal Abdul Nasser, and the Social Nationalist Party of Syria led by Anton Sa’ada.

http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2003/2/20/145726.shtml

Nazi War Criminals in Arab Countries – David S. Wyman Institute …May 10, 2006… several former German military and Nazi party officials … were granted sanctuary in Arab countries, most notably Egypt.” …

http://www.wymaninstitute.org/letters/2006-05-10-nazi.php

Nazi Roots of Palestinian Nationalism

By David Storobin

“Our fundamental condition for cooperating with Germany was a free hand to eradicate every last Jew from Palestine and the Arab world. I asked Hitler for an explicit undertaking to allow us to solve the Jewish problem in a manner befitting our national and racial aspirations and according to the scientific methods innovated by Germany in the handling of its Jews. The answer I got was: The Jews are yours.”

Former Mufti of Jerusalem Haj Amin al-Husseini in his post-World War II memoirs.

“The Mufti was one of the initiators of the systematic extermination of European Jewry and had been a collaborator and adviser of Eichmann and Himmler in the execution of this plan… He was one of Eichmann’s best friends and had constantly incited him to accelerate the extermination measures.”

Adolf Eichmann`s deputy Dieter Wisliceny in his Nuremberg Trials testimony.

Within weeks of Adolf Hitler`s ascendance to power, the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, contacted the German counsel-general in Palestine. With the exception of funding some anti-Semitic riots, Germans rejected the Arab`s overtures until 1937, when Adolf Eichmann and Herbert Hagen were sent to Palestine to establish a framework to provide Husseini with military and financial aid by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

By then, the Mufti had already proven his anti-Jewish credentials to the Germans by organizing a three-year-long series of riots and massacres.

On April 19, 1936, a crowd of Arabs stumbled upon Jews in the town of Jaffa. Having been incited by Mufti-spread rumors that Zionists were killing Muslims, the crowd decided to kill three of the Jews they met. Six days later, the Arab Higher Committee was created, with al-Husseini presiding over the new body. The committee openly endorsed past violence and began organizing future terror.

http://www.nyjtimes.com/cover/03-08-05/nazirootsofpalestiniannationalism.htm

Nazi Agents Infiltrated Mandatory Palestine Prior to World War II

By David Krusch

Smuggled photographs of documents from Nazi Germany prior to World War II offer insight into a secret alliance between Nazi agents and Palestinian leaders. These German documents, photographed by an American spy in 1937 and sent to British intelligence, are now housed in the British National Archives in London. The documents show, among other things, that the Nazis attempted to send a shipment of arms “via Turkey and addressed to Ibn Saud, but really intended for the Palestinian insurgents.”

According to British documents and photographed Nazi records, several Nazi agents were sent to Mandatory Palestine to meet with Palestinian leaders, and influence them into rejecting a proposed partition plan which would divide the Jewish and Arab populations. Adam Vollhardt, a Nazi agent, was sent to Palestine in July 1938, and held several meetings with Arab leaders. He told Palestinian leaders that “Germany was interested in the settlement of the question on the basis of the Arabs obtaining their full demands,” and the “Germans could continue to support the Palestinian Arab cause by means of propaganda.”

Germany believed that Palestine under Arab control would be one of the few countries that would give “strong sympathy” to the new Germany under Nazi rule. A report from German General Consulate in Palestine in 1937 stated, “The formation of a Jewish state…is not in Germany’s interest because a (Jewish) Palestinian state would create additional national power bases for international Jewry such as for example the Vatican State political Catholicism or Moscow for the Communists.” The Nazis attempted to boost the power of Palestinian leaders in order to counter Jewish national aspirations for a state in Palestine.

In 1937, a Nazi official wrote a letter from Palestine to Berlin which said that Palestinian Arabs showed “a great sympathy for new Germany and its Fuhrer…based on a purely ideological foundation.” Another agent, Dr. Franz Reichart was working in conjunction with Palestinians “to help coordinate Arab and German propaganda.”

The documents also show that due to increased Nazi-Arab alliances, the British government cancelled a plan in 1938 to bring 20,000 German Jewish refugees to Palestine so it would not upset Arab opinion. A British Foreign Office report said that when British representatives in Arab countries were asked if Arab governments would support a proposal to bring 5,000 Jewish children to Palestine for adoption, they said the reaction would be so strongly negative that the Arabs would probably refuse to even send delegates to London to discuss such a proposal. Lord Chatfield, Minister for Coordination of Defence, was quoted as saying, “If war were to break out, no trouble that the Jews could occasion us…could weigh for the a moment against the importance of winning Muslim opinion to our side.” Therefore, 20,000 Jewish refugees, many of them children, were abandoned and left in Nazi Germany to face the horrors of the Holocaust.

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/NaziPals.html

The “Final Solution” in Eretz Yisrael…

Historians have long understood that a Nazi conquest of North Africa would likely have led to the murder of the Jews in Mandatory Palestine. This is evident from Nazi ideology, much circumstantial evidence, widespread Arab sympathy for Nazi Germany, and the outspoken identification of the mufti of Jerusalem (then living in Berlin) with the Nazis as allies against the Jews and the British. However, no specific Nazi plan for the murder of the Jews in the Yishuv and the Middle East had actually been uncovered until now.

In their article originally published in Yad Vashem Studies (Vol. 35, no. 1), “‘Elimination of the Jewish National Home in Palestine’: The Einsatzkommando of the Panzer Army Africa, 1942,” Klaus-Michael Mallmann and Martin C=FCppers tell the hitherto undocumented story of Nazi plans to murder the Jews of the Middle East…. widespread Arab sympathy for Nazi Germany, and the outspoken identification of the Mufti of Jerusalem (then living in Berlin) with the Nazis as allies against the Jews and the British… They had been receiving reports for years about the admiration of Arabs and other Muslims in the Middle East for Nazi. Germany and its ideals, and during the war, the …

http://www1.yadvashem.org/about_yad/magazine/magazine_46/img/page_8.pdf
http://www.highbeam.com/Israel+Faxx/publications.aspx?date=201005

In 1942, Eisatzgruppen Commando head Walter Rauff was assigned to Rommel’s Panzer Army fighting in Africa. His task? To organise the elimination of the Jews. In their paper Elimination of the Jewish National Home in Palestine: The Einsatzkommando of the Panzer Army Africa, 1942, two scholars, Klaus-Michael Mallmann and Martin Cüppers, have trawled the German archives and amassed more important evidence of Arab solidarity with Nazi Germany, and the Palestinian Mufti of Jerusalem’s backing for the mass murder of the Jews. Here’s a long extract, but read the whole thing if you can (With thanks: Eliyahu):

In 1928, the cleric Hassan al-Banna had established the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. It formed the core cell of modern Islamic fundamentalism. In 1936, the Brotherhood was but a small organization with some 800 members. Yet its ranks soon swelled, and two years later it boasted a total of 200,000. The driving factor behind this upsurge was mobilization for the Arab uprising in Palestine, as passages of the Koran hostile to Jews were interwoven with antisemitic
formulations of struggle from the Third Reich, and the hatredof the Jews was transformed into jihad, “holy war.” The consequence was boycott campaigns and violent demonstrations under the slogan,“Jews out of Egypt and Palestine!”

In October 1938, a conference of Islamic parliamentarians “for the defense of Palestine” was held in Cairo; antisemitic tracts were distributed, including the Arabic versions of Hitler’s Mein Kampf and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.

In contrast, the Syrian National Socialist Party, founded in Damascus by Antun Saadeh in 1932, was decidedly secular and totalitarian, as were the Phalanges Libanaises, founded in 1936, and based on the principle of the “strong leader.” They postulated a folk-ethnic superiority and, in their external forms, borrowed from the paradigm of the NSDAP, as manifest in their swastika flag and fascist salute with a raised hand.

In Trans-Jordan, under the Hashemite Emir Abdullah, the most moderate country in the region, there were also traces of antisemitism. The British representative in Amman noted in February 1941:“There has been a certain amount of pro-Nazi talk.”

In Saudi Arabia, in 1939, King Ibn Saud offered the use of Saudi Arabia as a waystation for German weaponry shipments to Palestine and openly expressed his sympathies for Nazi ideology: “All Arabs and Muslims throughout the world have great respect for Germany, enhanced by the struggle Germany is waging against Judaism, the arch enemy of the Arab nation.”

In March 1937, Walter Doehle, the German consul-general in Jerusalem, wrote a position statement on the future aims of German policy in Palestine in which he commented on the enthusiasm for Nazism among Palestinians:

Palestinian Arabs in all social strata have great sympathies for the new Germany and its Führer. These are sympathies that should be deemed even more valuable since they are on a purely abstract level.… If a person identified himself as a German when faced with threats from an Arab crowd, this alone generally allowed him to pass freely. But when some identified themselves by making the “Heil Hitler” salute, in most cases the Arabs’ attitude became expressions of open enthusiasm, and the German gave ovations, to which the Arabs responded loudly. Enthusiasm for our Führer and the new Germany is probably so widespread because the Palestinian Arabs, in their struggle for existence, long for an Arab “Führer.” And because in their fight against the Jews, they sense that they share a common single front with the Germans.

This glowing veneration for the Führer was confined not only to Palestine. A situation report from the German legation in Teheran emphasized the almost grotesque degree of enthusiasm among Muslims there for Nazism:

In his press, a Teheran printer of pictures made pictures of the Führer as well as of Ali, the first Imam. For months, these large pictures were hanging to the left and right of the front door to his shop. Anyone with the proper knowledge understood this juxtaposition. Its meaning: Ali is the first Imam, Adolf Hitler the last.

Among Arabs, in the summer of 1942, there was indeed a concrete expectation that the Germans would soon be on the march, advancing in force into the region. In mid-August, a liaison officer commented on the situation in Syria:

The friendly mood to the Germans among the Muslim Arabs continues unabated. In general, they express the wish that the Germans might soon arrive and liberate the country from the occupying forces and from its misery. To speak about Hitler publicly, the Arabs use a number of pseudonyms. The newest code name for Hitler is “Hajj Numur,” the tiger. Wishes for Hitler’s victory often serve as a form of greeting.

Correspondingly, a military handbook on Syrian political life listed pro-German parties and groupings almost exclusively: if the Wehrmacht should appear on the scene, they would not resist but rather would collaborate with the conquering forces.

That same year, the British Secret Intelligence Service assessed the situation in Iraq, concluding
that 95 percent of the population there was also favorably disposed toward Germany.

In the same vein, a report by Schellenberg on Palestine noted:
The exceptionally positive attitude among Arabs toward Germans is largely connected with the hope that “Hitler will come” to drive out the Jews. Field Marshal Rommel has become a legendary personality. Thus it is that Arabs today long for a German invasion, and repeatedly ask when the Germans will arrive. And they are very unhappy that they have no weapons.

Schellenberg commented on the impact of German radio propaganda in Palestine:
The Arabs have an unshakeable faith that the Germans will be victorious. The German short wave broadcasts are listened to only by a small number. But their content soon makes the rounds of the Arab people. It is exaggerated and embellished in an Oriental manner to the point where the original text can barely be recognized.

Just how volatile the mood was in the summer of 1942, in heated anticipation of the arrival of the German forces, is reflected in the report of a liaison officer. He noted that part of the 9th British Army had remained in Palestine, despite the ever-more critical military situation, in order to defend the Jewish population there from Arab attacks. Such defensive measures also appear to have been urgently needed, because in the course of the German advance, thousands of Arab soldiers had deserted the British army. By 1943, some 8,000 Arabs, 7,000 of them from Palestine, had deserted with their weapons and disappeared into hiding, so as to join Rommel’s invasion later on.

Already in June 1941, Hitler was contemplating possible collaboration between the Arabs and the Third Reich. He spoke of “utilizing the Arab liberation movement” as an important trump card for the Germans against the existing British position and presence in the Near East. The decisive link between National Socialism and the Arab cause was antisemitism. A liaison officer reported in the summer of 1942: “The English have managed to make themselves hated throughout the Near East, especially because of their alliance with the Jews.”

Erwin Ettel, SS-Brigadeführer and expert on the Near East in the Foreign Office, noted that same year:

The Arab Question is bound up insolubly with the Jewish Question. The Jews are the mortal enemy of the Arabs, as they are the deadly enemy of the Germans. Anyone in Germany who deals with Arab politics must be a convinced and uncompromising adversary of the Jews.

Amin el-Husseini: Nazi Collaborator and Radical Jew-Hater

The most important collaborator with the Nazis on the Arab side, and,at the same time, a rabid antisemite, was Haj Amin el-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. In his person, we can see exemplified the decisive role played by hatred for the Jews within the project of German-Arab cooperation. There are countless statements made by him during his lifetime that clearly articulate his antisemitic attitudes. For example, el-Husseini gave a talk on the occasion of the opening of the Islamic Central Institute in Berlin in 1942, which prototypically reflects his recurrent patterns of interpretation.

On the one hand, he argued along fundamentalist Islamic lines, emphasizing: “Among the most
bitter enemies of the Muslims, who for ages have professed their hostility and everywhere make use of spite and cunning in their encounter with Muslims, are the Jews and their accessories.”

On the other hand, the Mufti was not only a religious fanatic. In order to disseminate hatred
of the Jews, he also resorted to the central antisemitic stereotypesof Nazi ideology, as another passage from this lecture shows:

In England and America, Jewish influence is dominant. It is the same Jewish influence that lurks behind godless communism, which is inimical to all religions and fundamental principles. That Jewish influence is what has incited the peoples, plunging them into this destructive war of attrition, whose tragic fate benefits the Jews and only them. The Jews are the inveterate enemies of the Muslims, along with their allies the British, the Americans and the Bolsheviks.

Such passages indicate that el-Husseini and his rhetoric should not be characterized solely along one-dimensional lines as an Arab nationalist. Especially when he was concerned with eliminating the Jewish presence in Palestine or elsewhere, the Grand Mufti was a National
Socialist and Islamic fundamentalist at one and the same time.

Who was Haj Amin El-Husseini? He was born between 1893 and 1897 to one of the two most influential families in Palestine. His grandfather, father, and brother before him had all occupied the religious office of Mufti (judge) of Jerusalem, but he had only a superficial religious education. He then embarked on a military career in the Ottoman army, where he also served during World War I.60 After that, he became even more opposed to the newly created British Mandate in Palestine, and an advocate of the Arab cause. El-Husseini was one of the instigators of the pro-Syrian riots in Jerusalem in April 1920, and also steered them in an anti-Jewish direction. The result was five Jews dead and 234 injured. El-Husseini fled to Syria and was sentenced in absentia by the British to ten years in prison.

But exile and condemnation did not spell the early political end of the demagogue. Rather, the British rewarded him with an important office, in a conciliatory move toward the Palestinian-Arab national movement. In a manipulated electoral procedure, he was named Mufti
of Jerusalem; the next year, he became President of the Supreme Muslim Council, which the British had created. Thus, in a very short time, he found himself exercising the greatest influence of any Arab in Palestine. In the meanwhile, Arab riots in 1921 led to the death of forty-seven Jews. In 1929, a renewed wave of disturbances took a total of 133 Jewish lives.

It was precisely the terror that raged in 1929 that indicates vividly the fact that those who were behind the disturbances were not simply seeking to prevent the mounting Zionist immigration; rather they were fighting the essence of Jewish life in Palestine as a whole. Responding to calls on August 16, 1929, the birthday of the Prophet Muhammed, 2,000 Muslims descended on the Western Wall in Jerusalem, shouting slogans such as “Kill the Jews.” In their frenzy, they beat up Jews praying at that holy site. A week later, on August 23, Arab rioting escalated in the city, and that same afternoon a rumor also reached Hebron that Jews were slaughtering Arabs in Jerusalem. Centuries of the small Jewish minority’s peaceful coexistence with the Arabs in Hebron could not halt the subsequent wave of anti-Jewish violence that erupted. On August 24, 1929, an all-out massacre took place in Hebron, and sixtyseven Jews were murdered.

Following the Nazi rise to power in Germany, the Mufti immediately commanded great sympathy and admiration. In March 1933, he sent the new rulers in Berlin his best wishes, stressing in particular his unconditional support for the struggle against Jewish influence.
In 1937, el-Husseini intensified his contacts with Germany and tried to obtain financial aid. The Nazis’ increased interest in the region and search for potential allies there was manifest in the trip to the Near East taken by Herbert Hagen, the head of the Judenreferat in the SDHauptamt,
and by his associate Adolf Eichmann in the fall of 1937.

After a new Arab revolt erupted in mandatory Palestine — beginning in April 1936, and which, by October 15, 1936, cost some eighty Jewish lives — the British Peel Commission published its report, on July 7, 1937, outlining a plan to partition Palestine and create a Jewish state on some 15 percent of the territory. Immediately thereafter a new Arab uprising flared, developing into an anti-Jewish and anti-British guerrilla war. In 1938, it cost 297 Jewish lives. The Mufti had managed to avoid arrest by the British by fleeing to safety in 1937, to the grounds of the Al-Aksa Mosque. From there, he continued to lead the uprising.

A report by German Vice-Consul Herbert Dittmann gives an indication of the atmosphere in the country at the time, even if it might reflect to a certain extent what a Nazi official hoped to find. He noted that there was “anarchy for all practical purposes” in Palestine. Then he spoke about the methods being employed by the terrorists:

“The initially small number of Arabs active in the uprising have managed in the meantime to gain the support of the entire Arab people.” Their methods are “often quite cruel.” The fanatical activists employed the “most extreme personal terror, which does not hesitate to perpetrate targeted killings.”

People accused of cooperating in any way with the British mandatory administration had been murdered; at times their bodies were mutilated, their hearts torn out, or throats cut and tongues
removed. Those murdered in this way were then buried with signs saying, “This is how we treat those who betray the national cause.”

Such massive terror within the society abruptly interrupted the development of a civil society in the Arab community in Palestine. The Arab sphere broke its link with the British legal system and any semblance of constitutional law, instead using unbridled violence to pass judgment as it saw fit. The insurgents forced their will on Palestinian society and replaced the rule of law by arbitrary force. The society was now based on surveillance and informing on one’s neighbors. As
Dittmann described the situation, it hunted down the “enemies of the revolution” and “un-Islamic” deviants.

Not all Arabs in Palestine joined the faction led by the Mufti, becoming radical antisemites. But the consequence of this deluge of terror was that moderate voices were silenced; to advocate such views had now become a threat to one’s very life.

Dittmann confirmed that the terrorists were ultimately successful. They now could seriously be considered to have become the “agents of a popular movement.” He illustrated this by noting a development he had recently observed in the streets:

Suddenly the word went out that all who supported the national cause of Palestine should wear the same headdress as the insurgents, a kaffiyeh and agal [headscarf and double cord]. This order was adhered to by the entire Arab population in Palestine, Muslim and Christian, effendis and fellahs, so that today the tarbush, the headdress of the urban Arabs over centuries, has completely vanished from view, and the towns in Palestine provide an external image that is completely changed.

The insurgents had requested the Germans in Palestine to use swastika flags for their own protection in order to identify themselves. On the whole, in Dittmann’s view, the Palestinian Arabs felt that, “it is possible for a united, fanatic people to force their will even on the English, who previously had been regarded as invulnerable.”

While the uprising in Palestine raged on unabated, the Grand Mufti managed, in October 1937, to flee from Jerusalem to Lebanon, under the very eyes of the British. Two years later, he fled to Iraq. There he quickly established contact with an influential circle of military men well disposed toward the Germans, and politicians around Rashid Ali al-Gailani, who, in 1940, became the Iraqi prime minister, but was soon forced to step down in January 1941.

When it became clear that the British were successfully pressing his successor for a more
critical policy toward the Axis powers, al-Gailani and the Iraqi military staged a coup against the government on April 1, 1941, with the support of the Mufti. The insurgents sought military assistance in Germany and Italy, shifting immediately to a confrontation course with Great
Britain. A short time later, a British army corps landed near Basra.

In this case as well, the uprising against the British Empire coincided with a direct attack on the Jews. On June 1, 1941, a pogrom broke out in Baghdad against the Jewish community there. The violence raged for two days and took 110 Jewish lives. Some 240 Jews were injured, 86 Jewish shops and workshops were plundered, and 911 houses and apartments destroyed. On June 9, the Italian legation there reported that Jews “were continuing to be attacked and looted in Baghdad.”

Once again, el-Husseini and the Iraqis in revolt sought and found the help of the Nazis. But since Hitler was busy organizing airborne troop drops against Crete and preparations for the attack on the Soviet Union, German weapons shipments via Syria and the support of the German air force turned out to be far too modest in scope. As a consequence, the Iraqi army was quickly defeated by the British, and el-Husseini fled to Iran with al-Gailani. After a few weeks there, he proceeded via Turkey to Italy, where he arrived in early October 1941, and consulted with Mussolini. On November 6, 1941, he relocated to Berlin, and al-Gailani followed him there on November 21.

On November 28, el-Husseini had an audience with Hitler, during which Hitler raised the topic that especially interested his guest: “Germany supports an uncompromising struggle against the Jews.”

He then spoke about the current military situation, emphasizing that the real German aim
in the Orient was to “destroy the Jews living in the Arab area under the aegis of British might.”

The Mufti thanked Hitler for these assurances, stating that, for his part, he had full confidence in the German initiative. This Arab solidarity with the Third Reich, primarily motivated by
antisemitism, and with the common basis of the struggle against Jewish life in the Near East, was later repeatedly stressed and underwent further concrete elaboration. In a letter to the Reich foreign minister, the Grand Mufti and al-Gailani officially sought German support, in April 1942, for the “elimination of the Jewish National Home in Palestine.”

Given such a formula for alliance, Ribbentrop did not find it difficult to agree. Shortly afterward, the Mufti stressed that, “Arab interests are completely identical in thrust with those of the Germans.”

Along with unity in the struggle against England and communism, there was agreement most especially with regard to fighting against the Jews.

Germany was the only country in the world that did not limit itself to struggling against the Jews solely on its own soil, but had also declared an uncompromising war on world Jewry. In this
struggle of Germany against international Jewry, the Arabs felt a very close bond of solidarity with Germany.

As had been evident earlier in his efforts to organize anti-British uprisings and anti-Jewish pogroms in the Near East, the Grand Mufti in exile in Germany was not satisfied with mere rhetoric and antisemitic tirades. Rather, he continued to pursue the vision of the destruction of
the Jews and the simultaneous creation of a pan-Arab empire under his leadership. This was to culminate in a new Caliphate, yet to be established.

Among other things, he declared his readiness to help set up armed units of Arab volunteers for the struggle. Trained by Germans, they were to take part side by side with them in the fight against the British in the Middle East. Subsequently, in the framework of the Special Staff F, under General Hellmuth Felmy, who had participated in the abortive German intervention in Iraq in 1941, the German-Arab Training Department (Deutsch-Arabische Lehrabteilung) was established.

Like the Einsatzkommando Egypt, it was marking time, in the summer of 1942, in mainland Greece at Cape Sunion, awaiting imminent deployment. Along with his diverse contacts with the Italians, the German Foreign Office, and the Wehrmacht, it can be proven that the Mufti also
had direct communication with the Judenreferat in the RSHA. A short time after his first meeting with Himmler, el-Husseini paid a visit to the Section Head IV B 4, Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann.

On this occasion (the visit must have been the end of 1941, or the beginning of 1942), Eichmann provided his much-impressed guest with an intensive look at the current state of the “Solution of the Jewish Question in Europe” by the Third Reich, and illustrated this with numerous statistics and maps. For his part, the Grand Mufti informed Eichmann that he had already received approval from Himmler that, after the Axis victory, one of the advisors on Jewish affairs from Eichmann’s section would go with him to Jerusalem in order to come to practical grips with the virulent questions still remaining there. Eichmann, who was very impressed by the Mufti, subsequently met with him a number of times.

However, the basic questions pertaining to the “Jewish Question”in Palestine appeared to have been clarified already during their first meeting. This can be safely assumed, since el-Husseini later turned directly to Eichmann’s competent associate to discuss practical matters in more precise detail. There is evidence that the Grand Mufti met at least on one occasion with Sturmbannführer Friedrich Suhr, head of IV B 4 b (“Jewish Affairs”) during the first half of 1942, as Suhr’s secretary later confirmed.85 During this period the Mufti was, as mentioned, directly assisted by Obersturmführer Hans-Joachim Weise, who later was assigned to Rauff’s Einsatzkommando.

The capture of Tobruk, at the end of June 1942, was the starting signal both for the RSHA and el-Husseini to render the plan for the destruction of the Jews in Palestine into more concrete terms. While the Einsatzkommando for the Panzer Army Africa was put together in Berlin and sent on to Athens to await further orders, the Mufti also intensified his activities to liberate Palestine. He offered to travel to Egypt and become active in propaganda work there in order to spur Arab collaboration. In this connection, he also called for dispatching the German-Arab Training Department to Egypt. His tactic to destabilize the British position in the Middle East and prepare it for a German invasion was summed up by el-Husseini in the following words:

Set up bands of Arabs as a fighting force and equip them. They will march to Egypt and other Arab countries in order to disturb and harass the enemy by destroying roads, bridges and possibilities for contact more generally, and to promote uprisings inside the country.… Set up regular Arab military units that will operate side by side together with troops of the Axis powers. These units will have a morally favorable impact in the Arab countries and will draw the volunteers in the British army to their side.… Dispatch weapons and munitions to Egypt behind enemy lines, and then to Palestine, Syria and Iraq — in order to lay the groundwork for uprisings and to harass the enemy.

The Overlooked Project for Mass Murder

It is well known that the Germans did not reach Palestine and the Rauff Commando did not embark upon its envisioned agenda of operations there. The halt at El Alamein, which Rommel expected would be a short stay-over, ultimately became a turning point for the advance of the Axis powers. After it had proved impossible to successfully resume German-Italian operations, the Panzer Army Africa was forced into a final withdrawal and retreat from Egypt and Libya by the power of the British counter-offensive that commenced in early November 1942.

As a result of the unfavorable course for the German forces of the second battle at El Alamein — as the conclusion, on September 3, made it evident that a conquest of Egypt would be deferred to a more distant future — the Rauff Commando was given orders to leave Athens in September 1942. It returned to Berlin and remained there, apparently still intact, because precisely two months later the unit was deployed, at the very same strength of 7:17, in Tunis. In Tunis, the Commando unit was assigned at least three more SS officers, and the personnel was strengthened from the original twenty-four men to 100.

Out of consideration for Germany’s close ally in Tunisia, which the Germans accepted as an Italian sphere of interest, the Rauff Commando did not organize a mass murder of the Jewish population there. Instead, Rauff and his men were put to work registering the Jews and deploying them at forced labor for the construction of fortifications.

Rauff’s previous record makes it more than likely that if there had been less requisite consideration for the Italian ally and its wishes, Rauff would doubtlessly have been prepared to press ahead with the mass murder of the Jewish population in Tunisia, too. In addition, an assessment by Rudolf Rahn, the German ambassador in Italy, who expressly praised the “exceptionally energetic and successful activity of Obersturmbannführer Rauff,” suggests that Rauff was probably only allowed to a very restricted extent to pursue his true calling in Tunisia.

Shortly before the Axis troops surrendered in Africa on May 13, 1943, the Rauff Commando was withdrawn, on May 9, from Tunis and sent to Naples. It was then transferred for Security Police duties to the island of Corsica. At the beginning of September, Rauff was placed under the commander of the SIPO and SD Italy, where he was responsible among other things for “combating partisans” in his new capacity as commander of the Group Upper Italy-West.
The end of the Africa campaign of the Axis powers should not obscure a central fact: in the special strategic situation that developed during the summer of 1942, Rommel’s Panzer Army Africa stood on the verge of a breakthrough into Palestine. The Germans had prepared for this scenario: with the Einsatzkommando under Rauff and certain support that could be expected from the Arab side in Palestine, the mass murder of the Jewish population in mandatory Palestine could also have been put into high gear once that breakthrough occurred.

Down to the present, this plan has not become part of public historical awareness. There were some German state prosecutors who did at least hear certain intimations about these designs in the interrogations they conducted of the potential perpetrators after the war. However, the lawyers did not interest themselves in the murderous intention that emerged in these statements, since destruction of human life not carried out was not a criminal offense that could be prosecuted in a court of law.

It is obvious that the history of the Middle East would have taken a far different course, and it probably would never have been possible to establish a Jewish state if the project described here had been made a concrete reality by the joint action of the Germans and Arabs. It was only thanks to El Alamein and the second Allied front that opened up in November 1942 in North Africa that the Yishuv — at the time nearly half a million Jews in Palestine — were spared and survived.

http://www1.yadvashem.org/about_holocaust/studies/vol35/Mallmann-Cuppers2.pdf

(Yad Vashem studies, Volume 37, Part 1 By Yad ṿa-shem, rashut ha-zikaron la-Shoʼah ṿela-gevurah – Wallstein Verlag, 2009
[ISSN 0084-3296] – Page 111)

http://books.google.com/books?id=JcDXaeukt4sC&pg=PA111&lpg=PA111

https://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-13402341/The-Nazis-Final-Solution-for.html

http://jewishrefugees.blogspot.com/2010/05/german-scholars-produce-more-proof-of.html

http://www.jewpi.com/scholars-produce-more-proof-of-nazi-arab-axis-2/

The Nazi-Islamist Connection – Herbert EiteneierPalestinian maps, including in textbooks, do not show Israel at all; Palestinian sources omit the Mufti’s role in Nazism and deny the Holocaust, …

http://www.jcpa.org/phas/phas-eiteneier-s06.htm

Admiration of Hitler and Nazism | PMWThe name Hitler does not have the stigma in Palestinian society that it has in the … This is the source of the names Rommel [Nazi General]…

http://www.palwatch.org/main.aspx?fi=655

Arab Nazism: Then and Now – FPM Article Feb 24, 2003 … Similarities between German and Arab nationalist extremes are not … The Nazi party and the Baath party express concepts of destiny with a …

http://archive.frontpagemag.com/Printable.aspx?ArtId=19606

Eyewitness to Evil – Palestinian Nazism The anti-Jewish Nazi legacy continues today in Arab towns within Israel’s borders. “Heil Palestine!!” shout the graduates of the Palestinian Police Academy …
http://www.gsmcgregor.net/Palestinian-Nazism.html

Despite Hitler and Nazis’ contempt for the “inferior” Arab and all Middle-Easterners’ race, who have been considered ‘half-apes.’ (http://books.google.com/books?id=GteStbiDEjAC&pg=PA140) Nazi Arabs managed to “rise” above humiliation for the sake of the ‘greater common evil’ AKA: anti-Semitism [anti-Jew-ism].

Contemporary:
Stop The ISM Jul 3, 2006 … MORE ON SFSU’S NAZI-ARAB ANTI-JEW HATEFEST …. fact that Al Awda also links up with the American Nazi Party’s website is beside the point. …

http://www.stoptheism.com/content/index.php?pid=149&cid=191http://www.stoptheism.com/content/index.php?pid=149&cid=191

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Fascism in the Middle East – history

May 11, 2010

Fascism in the Middle East (1930-40)

Contents

Fascism in the Middle East

Mussolini’s fascism impressed many in Turkey, there were many similarities between the Italian fascist regime and the Kemalists, including racist rhetoric and authoritarianism [1]

Reza Shah Pahlavi, interwar ruler of Iran, sometimes referred to as ‘the Mussolini of Islam’. resident Germans worked actively for National Socialist propaganda, and by May 1940 there were about 4000 Nazi agents across the country. [2]

“The whole Arab youth is enthused by Adolf Hitler,” wrote Kamil Muruwwa, the young editor of the Beirut paper An-Nida’, to the German Foreign Minister in Berlin. The year after Hitler came to power, Muruwwa translated Mein Kampf from English into Arabic and published it in daily installments in An-Nida’. [3]

The radical Arab nationalist groups of the 1930s and after were influenced by European fascism. From an early date Mussolini chose to present himself as a promoter of Arab nationalism, above all as a tool for the expansion of Italian influence. The Fascist regime had him proclaimed a “hero of Islam” and “defender of Islam” in Italian Libya. where a parallel Libyan Arab Fascist party was created. [4] [5] From Newsweek of October 7, 1940, he made a trip to Libya and there proclaimed himself the “Defender of Islam,” Leaflets were distributed, which reminded Arabs that Mussolini was there “defender” [6]. In Egypt the Italians have adopted much of the same line, and last week they also continued efforts to woo King Farouk with promises that if he threw in his lot with the totalitarian powers he might become the head of a greater Arab state. [7].

At least four other Arab countries had developed fascist-type movements by 1939: Syria, Egypt, Lebanon and Iraq. among the pre WW2 Arab-Nazi organizations were: the Iron Shirts (led by Fakhri al-Barudi of the National Bloc, still a member of the Syrian parliament in 1946); the League for National Action (headed by Abdu al-Huda al-Yab, Dr. Zaki al-Jabi and others); the An-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus (headed by Dr. Said Abd Al-Fattah al-Imam); the Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine (head by well known pro-Nazi leaders, such as Nabi al-Azmah, Adil Arslan and others); the Syrian People’s Party SSNP. [8]

In the case of Palestine, it is by now generally acknowledged that the Arab riots of 1936-1939 were stimulated and subsidised by Nazi and Fascist sources [9], so popular among the Palestinian Arabs during the riots of 1936, may be traced to Italian propaganda. [10].

The three groups most directly influenced by European fascism were the Iraqi Futuwwa, the Young Egypt Association (green shirts) [11] and the Syrian People’s Party (Syrian Nationalist Socialist Party, SSNP, modeled on Hitler’s Nazi Party, its symbol, a curved swastika on its flag, called the Zawbah, [12], it’s founder Sa’ada was known as al-za’in (the Führer) and the party anthem was “Syria, Syria, über alles” sung to the same tune as German, [13]), they were territorially expansionist, with Saib Shawkat, the Futuwwa ideologue, envisioning the “Arab nation” as eventually covering half the globe (by conversion).[14][15][16]

The leading advocate of a rapprochement with fascism was Rashid Ali al-Gaylani (1892-1965), who after 1924 was several times justice and interior minister of Iraq and who had emerged as leader of the pan-Arab nationalists in 1930.[17]

The mufti al-Husayni (who met with Hitler [18] and shared with Mussolini a devotion to fascism as well as passionate hatred for both the British and the Jews [19]) inspired the development of pro-Nazi parties throughout the Arab world including Young Egypt, led by Gamal Abdul Nasser, and the Social Nationalist Party of Syria (SSNP) led by Anton Sa’ada. [20]

Despite Arabs showing support for fascism, the Nazis were clear in their minds that the Arabs were racially inferior, and there would, therefore, be no pleasure to be had from helping them in anything except for the extermination of Jews in their region. [21], most Arabs never realized that the Nazis would consider them racially inferior as well. [22] Although he loathed Arabs, he once described them as “lacquered half-apes who ought to be whipped” [23] [24], Hitler understood that he and the Mufti (al-Husayni) shared the same rivals – the British, the Jews and the Communists.[25] Mussolini’s PNF passed racial legislations against Arabs as well (along, Jews & Africans). [26]

Al-Muthanna & al-Futuwwa

The al-Muthanna Club and its al-Futuwwa movement, were part of Pan-Arabists’ proto-fascist organizations developed during the 1930s. [27]

Both, the al-Muthanna Club & its al-Futuwwa youth wing came about the same time, as Iraqi pan-Arab government supported forum for pan-Arab activists, consisting of both young officers and leading educators, in early 1935. The reformation conducted by the Ministry of Education in October 1935, together with the army’s establishment of the Al-Futuwa youth movement in 1931, combined to create a full fledged paramilitary organization under the command of the Ministry’s general director, Dr. Saib Shawkat, which imitated, modeled after the Hitler Jugend. [28] [29][30] [31]. The pan-Arab government sponsored the Futuwwa Youth movement [32].

The fascist Pan-Arab al-Muthanna club[33][34] delivered speeches supporting Nazism[35], and with its (officially modeled Hitler Youth [36] [37]) al-Futuwwa, have participated in the 1941 Farhud attack on Baghdad’s Jewish community.[38][39] [40] [41], following agitation [42] by Dr. Saib Shawkat (Sāmī Shawkat), a high official in the Ministry of Education in the pre-war years and for a while its director general who was the head of “al-Futuwwa.” In one of his addresses, “The Profession of Death,” he called on Iraqi youth to adopt the way of life of Nazi Fascists. In another speech he branded the Jews as the enemy from within, who should be treated accordingly. In another, he praised Hitler and Mussolini for eradicating their internal enemies (the Jews). Syrian and Arab Palestinian teachers often supported Shawkat in his preaching (he had cooperation with the Mufti (Al-Husayni)[43]). [44].

Besides espousing a fanatic Pan-Arabism, the Futuwwa adopted a frankly totalitarian ideology [45]

Nationalist rhetoric accompanied major efforts to build fascist-style youth organizations by recruiting young men to serve as the strike force of the nationalist movement. Throughout the 1930s the children of wealthy Palestinians returned home from European universities having witnessed the emergence of fascist paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party. The Husseinis used the Palestinian Arab Party to establish the al-Futuwwa youth corps, which was named after an association of Arab Nazi Scouts. By 1936 the Palestinian Arab Party was sponsoring the developments of storm troops patterned on the German model. These storm troops, all children and youth, were to be outfitted in black trousers and red shirts… The young recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right; independence — my aspiration; Arabism — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.” .. The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East. While the Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, al-Futuwwa groups were established in Iraq. [46]

Najjada & Phalanges

In 1936 and 1937, Beirut and other Lebanese cities witnessed the emergence of paramilitary youth organizations with clear fascist tendencies, the Lebanese Phalanges and the al-Najjada (Najjada). These movements were of a religious bent and became entangled in sectarian and political rivalries, The Lebanese Phalanges also staunchly supported Lebanon’s independence and borders. The group’s first political activity took place on 21 November 1936 to counter Muslim demonstrations in Beirut. The Najjada was an Arab Muslim organization which stood for Arab unity, the independence of the Arab world from foreign rule, and an Arab Lebanon. It was formed at the end of 1936 from a Muslim scout organization established by Nasuli, to protect Muslim Beirut and counter Christian paramilitary organizations. Its members marched through the streets of the Muslims quarters hoisting the Syrian flag and banners with slogans calling for Arab unity, and to held demonstrations in support of the Muslim struggle in Palestine. [47]

Nasuli, leader of the Muslim scouting movement and newspaper publisher, since at least 1933 newspapers had been printing Hitler’s speeches and excerpts from “Mein Kampf.” Hitler and Mussolini were viewed in both Syria and Lebanon as models of strong statebuilders, Nasuli adopted the motto Arabism Above All on his newspaper’s masthead, which also printed glowing accounts of German youth’s support of Hitler. [48]

The Lebanese Najjada presented itself as the Muslim equivalent of the Phalange [49], The Sunni organization appeared soon after to counter Christian solidarity with Muslim solidarity [50] A Muslim ‘twin’ to the Phalangists, the organization was often described, the rivals often clashed. [51]

The Phalange which began as an (Arab) Christian youth organization modeled after those of Mussolini’s Italy and other fascist organizations, although they adopted a fascist salute and the flag-waving paraphernalia of fascism, the early Phalangists were less fascists than glorified Boy Scouts. [52] According to Pryce-Jones, the Phalange was not a generically fascist movement, after all.[53]

Baathism

The Pan-Arab Ba’ath Party movement is believed to be influenced by European fascism (asides from socialism) [54][55][56] and is widely considered to be fascist.[57][58][59]

Although Saddam Hussein never acknowledged the training of a youth brigade, he has, in several past speeches, spoken admiringly of the Hitler Youth. It is widely believed that he belonged to the Futuwa, a paramilitary youth organisation which was modelled on the Hitler Youth and was formed in Baghdad in the late 1950s. [60]

From History channel’s ‘”Saddam and the Third Reich”‘

Few people realize that the Ba’ath party was actually formed upon the principles and organizational structure of the Nazi party. Iraq, because of its oil and hatred of Jews, was an important battleground between the Axis and Allied powers in World War II. Nazi propaganda was broadcast throughout Baghdad, and Iraqis often went on rampages against Jews throughout the war. One of the most ardent Nazi supporters during WWII was named Khairallah Talfah. Talfah (Tulfah) was Saddam’s uncle. After the war, many of the key Iraqi Nazi supporters, all of whom evaded prosecution, wound up involved in Saddam’s rise to power. This special examines the key individuals of the Iraqi-Nazi connection, the little-known battle for Iraq in WWII, and the strange link to Saddam Hussein.

[61] [62]

Author Fred Halliday writes about 1958-1979: Arab Nationalism confronting Imperial Iran, Ba’thist ideology, where, under the influence of al-Husri, Iran was presented as the age-old enemy of the Arabs. Al-Husri’s impact on the Iraqi education system was made during the period of the monarchy, but it was the Ba’athists, trained in that period and destined to take power later, who brought his ideas to their full, official and racist, culmination. For the Ba’athists their pan-Arab ideology was laced with anti-Persian racism, it rested on the pursuit of anti-Persian themes, over the decade and a half after coming to power, Baghdad organised the expulsion of Iraqis of Persian origin, beginning with 40,000 Fayli Kurds, but totalling up to 200,000 or more, by the early years of the war itself. Such racist policies were reinforced by ideology: in 1981, a year after the start of the Iran-Iraq war, Dar al-Hurriya, the government publishing house, issued “Three_Whom_God_Should_Not_Have_Created.” by the author, Khairallah Talfah (Tulfah), the foster-father and father-in-law of Saddam Hussein. Halliday says that it was the Ba’thists too who, claiming to be the defenders of ‘Arabism’ on the eastern frontiers, brought to the fore the chauvinist myth of Persian migrants and communities in the Gulf. [63]

  1.  Turkey: a modern history By Erik Jan Zürcher, p. 186
  2. ^ World fascism: a historical encyclopedia, Cyprian Blamires, Paul Jackson – 2006, p. 342 [2]
  3. ^ http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DRIT=5&DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=625&PID=0&IID=3235&TTL=Wolfgang_G._Schwanitz_on_Nazism_in_Syria_and_Lebanon._The_Ambivalence_of_the_German_Option,_1933-1945
  4. ^ A history of fascism, 1914-1945, Stanley G. Payne, Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1996 [3]
  5. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=T2g2XA53UOEC&pg=PA26
  6. ^ http://books.google.com/books?lr=&cd=27&id=9OvjAAAAMAAJ&dq=arabs
  7. ^ http://books.google.com/books?lr=&cd=27&id=9OvjAAAAMAAJ&dq=farouk
  8. ^ The Arab war effort: a documented account By American Christian Palestine Committee, 1946, p. 7
  9. ^ http://books.google.com/books?ei=m73eS4rvHMySuAff2b34Bg&ct=result&id=GXDiAAAAMAAJ&dq=fascist
  10. ^ Inside Pan-Arabia, Morris Jacob Steiner, p. 156 [4]
  11. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=Qj-UEPal-cwC&pg=PA135
  12. ^ The PLO: the rise and fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization Jillian Becker, Weidenfeld and Nicolson 1984, ISBN 0297785478, 9780297785477, p. 106 [5]
  13. ^ The Near East since the First World War: a history to 1995 By Malcolm Yapp, Longman, 1996, ISBN 0582256518, 9780582256514, p. 113, [6]
  14. ^ Payne, Stanley G., A history of fascism, 1914-1945, University of Wisconsin Press, 1996, p. 352.
  15. ^ Hirszowicz, Lukasz, The Third Reich and the Arab East (London: Routledge & K. Paul, Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1966)
  16. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=YD4BAAAAMAAJ&q=green+shirts
  17. ^ “World fascism: a historical encyclopedia,” Volume 1, by Cyprian Blamires, Paul Jackson, ABC-CLIO, 2006, ISBN 1576079406, 9781576079409, p. 343 [7]
  18. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/muftihit.html
  19. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA46
  20. ^ http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2003/2/20/145726.shtml
  21. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=XfgLbSc94MEC&pg=PA41
  22. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=xh4m-OMrhJUC&pg=PA85
  23. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA53
  24. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=SX4B7pNG3W8C&pg=PA122
  25. ^ http://www.aijac.org.au/review/2002/275/essay275.html
  26. ^ Fascist ideology: territory and expansionism in Italy and Germany, 1922-1945 By Aristotle A. Kallis, Routledge, 2000, p. 95 [8]
  27. ^ http://www.fpri.org/orbis/4902/davis.historymattersiraq.pdf
  28. ^ Republic of fear: the politics of modern Iraq By Kanan Makiya, university of California press, p. 178 [9]
  29. ^ “Alienation or integration of Arab youth: between family, state and street” by Roel Meijer, Routledge, 2000, p. 61 [10]
  30. ^ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2501/is_n2_v19/ai_20046831/pg_11/
  31. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&q=hitler+youth+shawkat
  32. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=MBSNs4sIYn0C&pg=PA178
  33. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=WRH16rEBLKQC&pg=PA58
  34. ^ Gibb, Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen and Johannes Hendrik Kramers, Bernard Lewis, Charles Pellat, Joseph Schacht, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume 4, (Brill, 1954) p. 125
  35. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=Aukt0sWDJcsC&pg=PA273
  36. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=kFYtslAtnxIC&pg=PA93
  37. ^ Mattar, Philip, Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East & North Africa, p. 860
  38. ^ Davis, Eric, Memories of State: Politics, History, and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq (Berkely: University of California Press, 2005), p. 14
  39. ^ http://www.fpri.org/orbis/4902/davis.historymattersiraq.pdf
  40. ^ http://www.justiceforjews.com/basripaper.pdf
  41. ^ “Unsere Opfer zählen nicht”: die Dritte Welt im Zweiten Weltkrieg By Birgit Morgenrath, Karl Rössel, Page 195
  42. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=X-OdCihZD0cC&pg=PA359
  43. ^ http://books.google.com/books?ei=IendS77CFY2luAeFw6D1Bg&ct=result&id=3TOFAAAAIAAJ&dq=Sami+Shawkat
  44. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0010_0_09571.html
  45. ^ The Axis and the Arab Middle East: 1930-1945, Robert Lewis Melka, Univ. of Minnesota., 1966, p. 62
  46. ^ Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism, The Rutgers series in childhood studies, David M. Rosen, Rutgers University Press, 2005, page 106 [11]
  47. ^ Lebanon’s quest: the road to statehood, 1926-1939, Meir Zamir, published by I.B.Tauris, 2000 pp 233-234 [12]
  48. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=IYfQlOu0g38C&pg=PA193
  49. ^ The war for Lebanon, 1970-1985 by Itamar Rabinovich, p. 80 [13]
  50. ^ Lebanon: war and politics in a fragmented society, Charles Winslow, 1996, p. 70 [14]
  51. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=iAWBkDAv4TkC&pg=PA54
  52. ^ Lebanon: death of a nation By Sandra Mackey pp 50-51 [15]
  53. ^ Pryce-Jones, D. The Closed Circle, New York: 1989, pp 182-208, cited by, Payne, Stanley G. A History of Fascism, 1914-1945. Madisn University of Wisconsin Press: 1995, p. 352 [16]
  54. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=MIQcSVHRu_8C&pg=PA37
  55. ^ Contemporary European affairs, volume 4, edition 1-3‎, 1991, page 131
  56. ^ The Economist, Volume 366, The Economist Newspaper Ltd., 2003
  57. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/2940591.stm
  58. ^ http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/blair/liberal/2.html
  59. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/05/magazine/05ESSAY.html?pagewanted=all&position=
  60. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iraq/1428511/You-boys-you-are-the-seeds-from-which-our-great-President-Saddam-will-rise-again.html
  61. ^ http://shop.history.com/detail.php?a=74647
  62. ^ http://www.militaryhistorycollection.com/Saddam-And-The-Third-Reich
  63. ^ Nation and religion in the Middle East‎, Fred Halliday, pp 117-118, [17]

^[1]

ARAB RACIST GENOCIDE IN SUDAN – WORST CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY SINCE WWII

April 25, 2010

ARAB RACIST GENOCIDE IN SUDAN – WORST CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY SINCE WWII
YES, IT IS ABOUT RACISM

Genocide in Darfur: investigating the atrocities in the Sudan – Page 30 Samuel Totten, Eric Markusen – 2006
Racist ideology plays an important part of the story, as it has in the history of other twentieth century genocides… And the psychology of “genocide” has become familiar through the sorry repetition of genocidal acts that the last century has witnessed. In 1987, Libya used the northwest Darfur corner as a backdoor to attack Chad. It had equipped and sent out the so-called Arab legion, an Arab supremacist militia, to pursue Arab expansion in the minerall-rich sub-Saharan regions it bordered and to drive out the African tribes. Libya was not orchestrating a simple border raid on a poor country; it was pursuing a new strategy of pan-

Arabism, couched in an emotionally charged ideology.
The sharp distinctions between Arabs and Africans in the racially mixed Darfur region had not been drawn until the ideology of pan-Arabism that came out of the Libya made itself felt.
Some of the nomadic sheiks of the region came to see themselves as the avatars of Arabism, the authentic representatives of their Bedouin origins. They foisted a racial label on a farming people whose way of life they simultaneously distained and felt threatned by.
http://books.google.com/books?id=S2a9bDb0qesC&pg=PA30

“The Janjaweed are like a grotesque mixture of the mafia and the Ku Klux Klan,” says Prendergast. “These guys have a racist ideology that sees the Arab population as the supreme population that would like to see the subjugation of non-Arab peoples. They’re criminal racketeers that have been supported very directly by the government to wage the war against the people of Darfur.”
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/10/08/60minutes/main648277.shtml

The Janjaweed are sort of the KKK, the Ku Klux Klan of Darfur. They’ve been used by the government to attack non-Arab civilian populations, to wipe them out so that they undermine the rebellion in Darfur.
http://archives.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0706/17/cnr.03.html

Racism at root of Sudan’s Darfur crisis / The Christian Science (14 Jul 2004)
http://www.csmonitor.com/2004/0714/p09s02-coop.html

genocide… Janjaweeds… blatant racism and a political ideology known as “Arab supremacism” also fuel the Janjaweed’s agenda.
The Janjaweed are both “cleaning” the land of non-Arabs and viciously combating the rebellion while receiving impunity from the government in Khartoum…
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/africa/darfur/militia.html

Blacks in Sudan are seen as inferior to the Arabs
http://www.turkishweekly.net/op-ed/2419/humanitarian-intervention-in-darfur-a-viable-option.html

Darfur TV cameras cover violence in the Middle East, but a war of… ferocity has been going on in Darfur, western Sudan, since 2004, largely unnoticed. Here the goal of Sudanese Arab gun-wielding, horse-riding, janjaweed militias is to eliminate the non-Arab population. Up to 300,000 people had been shot, hacked, or starved to death by the end of 2006. Thousands of women have been raped. Raids in Darfur by small bands of men with simple hand-held weapons –even machetes in some cases– are killing more people, both in absolute numbers and as rate-per-thousand of the population, than modern computer-guided weapons systems or supersonic fighters dropping fragmentation bombs.
…The janjaweed militiamen are pastoral Arab tribes who have long despised the black African farmers who practice settled agriculture… [Sex and War: How Biology Explains Warfare and Terrorism and Offers a Path to a Safer World, Authors Malcolm Potts, Thomas Hayden, Publisher BenBella Books, 2008 (ISBN 1933771577, 9781933771571) p. 345]
http://books.google.com/books?id=utUUHbI84QAC&pg=PA345

Sudán: race, religion and violence Jok Madut Jok – 2007 – 338 pages (page 176)
…the governement… building anti-Dinka militias to fight the war by proxy. To persuade Arab Sudanese to join militias, the old Sudanese ideas of racial cleavage between the north and the south were deployed. Southerners were characterized as abid (slaves) and …
http://books.google.com/books?id=riBzAAAAMAAJ&q=anti-dinka

The Sudanese soldiers and Janjaweed abuse their victims as “Abid” or “Zurka,” meaning slave or “dirty black,” and tell them that the rape will produce light-skinned babies. (“Complicity with evil”: the United Nations in the age of modern genocide By Adam LeBor, Yale University Press, 2006, p. 152)
http://books.google.com/books?id=Hr18bWYwCEcC&pg=PA152&lpg=PA152

Dr Deng traces the conflict to its toots, dating back to ancient times, when the Arabs traded freely with Bilad al-Sudan, an Arabic phrase “from which Sudan derives its name” and which means “Land of the BlacksThe term land of the blacks was one applied to regions of Africa by almost all outsiders. Today, because the continent’s countries were named by outsiders a good number of them have names that translate as land of the blacks:

The Arab traders married into leading African families. In due time, and with the expansion of Islam and the Arab empire ..

in the 7th century, many descendants DESCENDANTS. Those who have issued from an individual, and include his children, grandchildren, and their children to the remotest degree. of the admixture of Arab and African blood became ready converts to Islam.

But, unlike elsewhere in Africa “where, with the exception of Mauritania, people identify themselves as Africans, the northern Sudanese see themselves as Arabs and deny the strongly African element in their skin colour and physical features. They associate these features with the Negroid race and see it as the mother race of slaves, inferior and demeaned.

“Having been permitted by Islam and the assimilationist Arab culture to pass into the supposedly superior Arab-Islamic identity, northern Sudanese ‘Arabs’ (39%) do not only vehemently resist any attempt by the non-Arab population (61% nation-wide, with 33% in the South and 28% in the North) to identify the country with black Africa,” says Dr Deng.

They insist on defining it as an Arab country “A prominent northern Sudanese scholar and statesman has even suggested that the Sudan should change its name because it is reminiscent of a denigrated racial label.”

“In the Sudanese context, the more the North asserts its Arabness, the more the South asserts Africanness as a counter identity,” says Dr Deng. Therein lies the heart of the conflict: “In both the North and the South, then, the identity factors have been moved from the realm of benign self-perception to the politically contested stage of national symbolism with the associated implications of shaping and sharing power, wealth, and other national values.”

But, while the conflicting identities between the North and the South appear clear-cur, there are also large groups of non-Arab communities in the North (about 28%) “who have been partially assimilated by their conversion to Islam and adoption of Arabic as the language of communication with other tribes.” These groups have been “virtually adopted by the dominant Arab groups as ‘orphans’ of Arabism, redeemed from their degraded status of their slave origin as black.

“Their identification with Arabism.” Dr Deng says, “is the result of a process in which races and religions were ranked, with Arabs and Muslims respected as free, superior and a race of slave masters, while Negroes and heathens were viewed as legitimate target of slavery, if they were not in fact already slaves.”

All it needed for an African to become an Arab was to convert to Islam, learn to speak Arabic language Arabic language

Ancient Semitic language whose dialects are spoken throughout the Middle East and North Africa. Though Arabic words and proper names are found in Aramaic inscriptions, abundant documentation of the language begins only with the rise of Islam, whose main texts , intermarry with the Arabs and identify genealogically with the master race. “In due course, so liberal was the process that the claim to Arab ancestry could be made from fictional assertions that usually did not need to be verified.”

Colour of skin is also an important factor in Sudan: “The darker the colour of skin, the less authentic the claim to Arab ancestry and the greater the likelihood of being looked down on as of slave origin.”

The vision of the leadership of Sudanese “Arabs” (39%) for a “united Sudan” is one in which the Southerners (33%) are either peacefully converted or forced into Islam. Their vision is a “united Sudan” in which 39% are “Arabs” while 61% are “orphans” of Arabism. The South has rejected that vision as unacceptable and divisive

The vision of the southern leadership had been that of self-preservation and protection of their ancient beliefs and cultures and, lately, Christianity. But in recent years, led by the SPLA/M, for a “United Sudan” has been that of a nation under secular laws, with religious and racial identities consigned to the realm of benign self-perception.

That was the vision the SPLM/A brought to the negotiating table at Machakos. Under this vision, the identity of the nation would revolve around .. name and the flag. Sudan would no longer be identified as “Islamic” or “Arab” or “African”, though in some appropriate instances beneficial to Sudan it could still be identified as “Afro-Arab”.

That vision was rejected as “unacceptable to Islam” by the government “because Islam is a way of life” and therefore encompasses everything a Muslim does.

The compromise vision, it seemed, was the Machakos Protocol, which would give the South six years of secular self-administration in a United Sudan, with the option of voting for the continuation of such unity in diversity or secession as a separate nation.

But the September suspension of the talks by the government and the call for an all-out war should not be seen as mere protest for the SPLA’s capture of Torit, as no ceasefire agreement was signed.

During the negotiations leading to the Machakos Protocol, the government continued the bombing of SPLA-controlled areas and captured a string of SPLA positions; while the SPLA captured the strategic town of Kapoeta from the government, and none of them walked out of the peace talks in protest.

The likelihood is that President Omar Bashir Omar Bashir can refer to:
Omar al-Bashir, leader of Sudan, like President Numeiri before him, has given in to relentless high and low profiled criticism from pan-Arabists and Islamic extremists for having signed the Machakos Protocol, which they see as signalling either an end to their hegemony over other races and religions or providing a possible way out for the people of the South.

When eventually they return to the negotiating table, the observing nations will find that the Sudanese leaders do not agree on what it was exactly they agreed to in Machakos.
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Why+peace+is+elusive:+The+government+has+suspended+the+peace+talks…-a093230771

Grass curtain, Volumes 1-2, Author Southern Sudan Association, Published 1970
[Page 36]
LAMENT THE POINT OF NO RETURN by Jacob Akol Nothing but the pride of feeling more Arab than the Arab, would breed to lasting hostilities between the Blacks and the Arabs of the Sudan.
http://books.google.com/books?cd=1&id=cmRIAAAAMAAJ&dq=Jacob+Akol

Omar Hassan al-Bashir
[April 15, 2010]
On June 30, 1989, Lieut. Gen. Omar Hassan al-Bashir, a military leader in Sudan, seized power in a bloodless coup backed by Islamists. He assumed the presidency in 1993.
Mr. Bashir has been vilified in the West and blamed over the years for cozying up to Osama bin Laden, abusing human rights and unleashing death squads in Darfur, the war-racked region of western Sudan. Last year, he was charged by the International Criminal Court with crimes against humanity.
[…]
Bashir Accused of War Crimes
In February 2009, judges at the International Criminal Court approved a warrant for Mr. Bashir’s.
[…]
In announcing his request for a warrant, the prosecutor in the case, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, said that Mr. Bashir had “masterminded and implemented” a plan to destroy three main ethnic groups in Darfur, the Fur, the Masalit and the Zaghawa. The prosecutor said that the president, responding to attacks by rebel groups seeking greater autonomy, had used government soldiers and Arab militias and had “purposefully targeted civilians” belonging to these groups, killing 35,000 people “outright” in attacks on towns and villages […]
The Arab-led government
responded with a ferocious counterinsurgency campaign, which the prosecutor called a genocidal strategy against Darfur’s black African ethnic groups.
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/b/omar_hassan_al_bashir/index.html

Nearly 30,000 people are believed dead in attacks by Arab militants on black villagers, and that may just be the least of it.
http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0407/19/acd.01.html

US State Department – Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Sudan The government continued to support the largely Arab nomad janjaweed militia… On October 23, an attack on the Fur village of Tama in southern Darfur left … threatened with death, and subjected to racial epithets during attacks.
http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61594.htm

The war in Darfur: News24: Africa: Features Non-Arabs say the tribal fighters – on horse and camels… claiming a pattern in which Sudanese warplanes attack non-Arab villages...
http://www.news24.com/Africa/Features/964/53390f2c56fd428da673ccf6d678c35c/22-10-2004-09-38/The_war_in_Darfur

Arab women singers complicit in rape | World news | The Guardian 20 Jul 2004 … While African women in Darfur were being raped by the Janjaweed militiamen, Arab women stood nearby and sang for joy…
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/jul/20/sudan.ewenmacaskill

Inside the Janjaweed: how one man escaped the ethnic cleansing in …The racist character of the militia became evident… they activated their network of Arab tribal contacts in Darfur. …
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/aug/01/sudan.jeevanvasagar

Darfur – A complex ethnic reality with a long history – NYTimes.com 15 May 2004 … many of the racist attitudes traditionally directed toward slaves have been redirected to the sedentary non-Arab
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/05/15/opinion/15iht-edofahey_ed3_.html?pagewanted=1

A peek into Darfur – Nicholas D. Kristof – NYTimes.com 3 Apr 2009 … All this makes the Arab League’s decision to stand behind President Bashir simply blood-curdling. …Racism by skin tone is not a uniquely Western concept, …
http://kristof.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/04/03/a-peek-into-darfur/

Ahmadinejad’s Own Goal – The Middle East Blog – TIME.com 21 Apr 2009 … If the Arabs really cared about racism they would have arrested the President of Sudan for the genocide in Darfur. Talk about racism! …
http://mideast.blogs.time.com/2009/04/21/ahmadinejads-own-goal/

…the aggression and the racist attitudes of the Sudanese government...
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1205325,00.html

Genocide in Darfur: investigating the atrocities in the Sudan (Samuel Totten, Eric Markusen – 2006) – Page 255
The primary victims have been non-Arab residents of Darfur. numerous credible reports corroborate the use of racial and ethnic epithets by both the Janjaweed and Gos military personnel; “kill the slaves, kill the slaves,”
http://books.google.com/books?id=S2a9bDb0qesC&pg=PA255

The Crisis – Jan 2005 (Vol. 112 – 70 pages – Magazine) – Page 46
According to reports released by the US State Department and Human Rights Watch, the attacks on villages follow a … in southern Sudan call non-Arab Africans abid or slave, and zurga, which means Black, but is used as a racial slur. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=8kIEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA46

Darfur’s Sorrow: The Forgotten History of a Humanitarian Disaster – Page 245 (M. W. Daly)
… while also disquieting other non-Arab elements in Darfur… the National Council for the Salvation of Darfur emerged. Responding to a racist appeal by an “Arab Alliance”...
http://books.google.com/books?id=LLGqKAZpUHkC&pg=PA245

Homeland Security Handbook – Page 187 (Jack Pinkowski, 2008)
Blacks are viewed by Arabs as racially inferior, and Arab violence against blacks has a long, turbulent record
http://books.google.com/books?id=XEmVaxZBXXQC&pg=PA187

Violence, political culture & development in Africa (Preben Kaarsholm – 2006) – Page 95
The Arab Alliance, formed in 1987, was founded by former members of the Islamic Legion (de Waal, 2004: 26). It was during this time that land grabs by Arab militias (janjawid) 2 became more frequent, and an explicit racist ideology
http://books.google.com/books?id=G-pVrSSxU7IC&pg=PA95

Sudan in Pictures (Francesca DiPiazza – 2006) Page 34
… a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.” in Darfur the Arab janjaweed militias have killed an estimated 100000 non-Arab people, burned their villages, and sought to destroy their way of life.
http://books.google.com/books?id=jaLr4YpUHGUC&pg=PA34

The Crisis – Jan 2005 – Page 46 Vol. 112 – Magazine [By National Association for the Advancement of Colored People]
According to reports released by the US State Department and Human Rights Watch, the attacks on villages follow a common pattern, beginning with bombing from Sudanese combat aircraft or helicopter gunships. … in southern Sudan call non-Arab Africans abid or slave, and zurga, which means Black, but is used as a racial slur.
http://books.google.com/books?id=8kIEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA46

Darfur’s Sorrow: A History of Destruction and Genocide. … earlier examples of ethnic cleansing such as the campaign against the Nuba in 1992… and the injection of racism by the “Arab Alliance” and later by Libyan Arabs …
http://www.britannica.com/bps/additionalcontent/18/33606981/Darfurs-Sorrow-A-History-of-Destruction-and-Genocide

BBC News – Sudan country profile 15 Mar 2010 … Arab militias of a campaign of ethnic cleansing against non-Arab locals. … Omar al-Bashir is wanted on war crimes charges …
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/820864.stm

Al Jazeera English – Focus – Profile: Omar al-Bashir 4 Mar 2009 … Omar al-Bashir has been the Sudanese leader through two decades of … has been criticised for what the UN has called ethnic cleansing… and crimes against humanity against the non-Arab ethnic groups in Darfur. …
http://english.aljazeera.net/focus/2009/03/20093485834634368.html

Al-Bashir Arrest Warrant Issued By International Criminal Court 4 Mar 2009 … Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir attends a graduation ceremony at an air force … Moreno Ocampo had accused Sudanese troops and the janjaweed Arab militia they …. the racial subjugation, ethnic cleansing and genocide against a people ….
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/03/04/albashir-arrest-warrant-i_n_171703.html

Peace in the balance: the crisis in the Sudan – Page 117 by Brian Raftopoulos, Karin Alexander (2006)
Today Gaddafi’s pan-Arabic ideals seem passé but the legacy of Libyan Arab supremacy lives on in Darfur. The Janjaweed are amongst those who are said to have received training in Libya. Regional power play clearly contributed to ethnic …
http://books.google.com/books?id=L1ntZmY30CoC&pg=PA117

The Economist, Volume 376, Issues 8438-8441, 2005 (p 12)
But peace in another, currently even more violent, part of Sudan, the western region of Darfur, looks more elusive than ever. For two years, the government has sponsored an Arab militia
http://books.google.com/books?ei=j4_JS5aYHYfg8QTxw7G9BA&ct=result&id=a8-2AAAAIAAJ&dq=elusive

Religion in Third World politics
Jeffrey Haynes – 1993 – 166 pages
Omar Hassan al-Bashir cynically called itself an Islamic government, and instituted sharia law for three reasons: … That the amputees in Sudan are predominantly black, non-Arab and poor highlights the crude racism of those in power.
http://books.google.com/books?ei=TX3JS-WdD43-8wTY0ojJBA&ct=result&id=sCEvAAAAYAAJ&dq=al-Bashir

CATASTROPHE


FRONTLINE/WORLD . Sudan – The Quick and the Terrible . Facts and …Since the 1983 start of the civil war, more than 4 million people have been displaced, and an estimated 2 million have died. Opposition groups as well as …
http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/sudan/facts.html

The division between Muslim and other victims is unclear. The large district of Noba, populated by many black Muslims, was served its portion of horrors. The Muslims, should they be black, are not granted any favors. Since the rise to power of radical Islam, under the spiritual guidance of Dr. Hassan Thorabi, the situation has worsened. This is probably the worst series of crimes against humanity since WWII. We’re talking about ethnic cleansing, deportations, mass murder, slave trade, forcible enforcement of the laws of Islam, taking children from their parents and more. Millions have become refugees. As far as is known, there are not millions of publications about the Sudanese ‘Right of Return’ and there are no petitions by intellectuals negating Sudan’s right to exist.
http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART1/483/521.html

”Since the eruption of conflict in 2003, Darfur, Western Sudan, remains one of the world’s worst human rights and humanitarian catastrophes,” writes Margaret Roberts, president of the local sorority, and Jacqueline Jackson, event co-chair. …
http://www.ohio.com/news/cardwell/84546602.html

LEADING APARTHEID AND OPPRESSOR OF THE WORLD SETS UP “HUMAN RIGHTS” DIV. [OIC], LOL

April 23, 2010

LEADING APARTHEID AND OPPRESSOR OF THE WORLD SETS UP “HUMAN RIGHTS” DIV. [OIC], LOL

This BITTER JOKE is in the news:
Major Muslim group sets up human rights division 22 Apr 2010
… The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) has announced it is setting up a special division that will deal with human rights.

http://www.jpost.com/MiddleEast/Article.aspx?id=173731


The regionalization of minority rights is most advanced within the West, in Europe and the Americas, By contrast, there is virtually no enthusiasm in Asia or the Arab/Muslim world to defelop regional norms on minortitiy rights. The whole issue remains essentially a taboo topic in many Asian and Middle Eastern countries…. Interestingly, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, representing Muslim-majority countries around the world, has a Department on Minority Affairs, but its formal resolutions focus exclusively on the rights of Muslim minorities living in non-Muslim majority countries (Khan 2002). (For representative example, see the OIC’s resolution ‘On Safeguarding the Rights of Muslim Communites and Minorities in non-OIC Member States’– Resoliution No. 1/10-MM (IS) , adopted at the 10th Session of the Islamic Summit Conference, 16-17 October-2203). The OIC has not attempted to codify norms, or to establish formal monitoring mechanisms, regarding the treatment of ethnic minorities within Muslim-majority countries, such as the oppression of the Kurds in Syria, the Ahwaz in Iran, the Hazars in Afghanistan, the Baluchs in Pakistan,the ‘Al-Akhdam’ in Yemen, or the Berbers in Algeria.

http://books.google.com/books?id=yySlh_dSElQC&pg=PA308
OIC, World’s Leading Human Rights Violators, To Set Up Own Human rights division

http://atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com/atlas_shrugs/2010/03/oichuman-rights-commission-.html

Muslim Human Rights–A Record Incompatible with the Civilized World …5 Mar 2010 … Yet despite the documents’ lofty principles, the record shows the Arab world is one of the worst offenders in the field of human rights. …

http://bsimmons.wordpress.com/2010/03/05/muslim-human-rights-a-record-incompatible-with-the-civilized-world-very-long-but-very-important/

Muslim extremist up for human-rights post 20 Apr 2010 … The Islamic legal code is enforced by religious police in Saudi Arabia and … Department has cited as one of the world’s worst abusers of human rights. … records it possesses prove a connection between CAIR and Hamas. …

http://www.wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=143545

Last year International Christian Concern placed (Muslim) Eritrea at number nine in its annual Hall of Shame. According to the ICC the intensity of persecution was “high” and “increasing.” In the ICC’s report this year the group abandoned its attempt to rank persecutors, but again included Eritrea among the worst ten. Eritrea placed among the top four in intensity of persecution, along with North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Somalia.
http://spectator.org/archives/2010/04/02/eritrea-doubly-evil

It’s something along the line of Libya (where 2 Million Africans are oppressed because of racism) & Iran (where everyone suffers under the Islamist boot, especially minorities have a “special” treatment from the bastion of “tolerance,” like: Bahai’, Christians, Jews, Azeris, Baluchis, Ahwazis, etc.) hosting a UN conference on racism…

Meet (or rather not) the Janjaweeds butchers – the Arab racist, fascist, supremacist version of the KKK

April 18, 2010

Meet (or rather not) the Janjaweeds butchers – the Arab racist, fascist, supremacist version of the KKK

“The Janjaweed are like a grotesque mixture of the mafia and the Ku Klux Klan,” says Prendergast. “These guys have a racist ideology that sees the Arab population as the supreme population that would like to see the subjugation of non-Arab peoples. They’re criminal racketeers that have been supported very directly by the government to wage the war against the people of Darfur.”

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/10/08/60minutes/main648277.shtml

http://archives.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0706/17/cnr.03.html

The Online NewsHour: Crisis in Sudan Janjaweed Militia PBS 7 Apr 2006 … Janjaweed Militia – In-depth Coverage of Crisis in Sudan by the Online NewsHour. … as observers often tell stories of Janjaweed militiamen riding horses …blatant racism and a political ideology known as “Arab supremacism” also fuel the Janjaweed’s agenda.

The Janjaweed are both “cleaning” the land of non-Arabs and viciously combating the rebellion while receiving impunity from the government in Khartoum, de Waal said.

The Janjaweed has been a key force in the government’s campaign in Darfur “that has resulted in the murder, rape and forced displacement of thousands of civilians,” said Human Rights Watch, a nonprofit organization particularly concerned about Darfur.

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/africa/darfur/militia.html

Genocide in Darfur

Racial Motivation of the Genocide. Reports state the African Arab Janjaweed shout racial slurs as they destroy the villages, claiming that they will kill all non-Arab “Africans” or “Blacks”. While both the Janjaweed and Darfurians have black skin, the Janjaweed persecute the Darfurians because they are non-Arabs.

One refugree told New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof that “the Arabs want to get rid of anyone with black skin… There are no blacks left [in the area I fled].”

http://internationalstudies.uchicago.edu/outreach/archive/speakersbureau/alizalevine.ppt

They grabbed my donkey and my straw and said, ‘Black girl, you are too dark. You are like a dog. We want to make a light baby,’ ” said Sawela Suliman, 22, showing slashes from where a whip had struck her thighs. ‘They said, ‘You get out of this area and leave the child when it’s made.’ ”
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A16001-2004Jun29?language=printer

…bad guys — the Arab supremacist Janjaweed, their backers in the Sudanese government and their protectors in the oil-hungry Chinese government — and good guys, the oppressed African Darfuris…
That the Janjaweed are bad guys is beyond doubt — they precipitated a conflict that has killed 200,000 and left 2 million homeless in four years, and their own catalogue of atrocities includes mass murder, wholesale rape and burning of “enemy” villages. The same is true of the Sudanese government, which has instigated and supported the Janjaweed reign of terror, and also of Beijing, which shows ruthless cynicism by shielding Khartoum from international sanction in keeping with its insistence that countries should be left to manage their own internal affairs — a position driven by its desire to protect its oil interests in southern Sudan.
http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1667153,00.html

Nigeriaworld Feature Article – On homosexuality: Black …1 Apr 2009 … Supremacists include the Ku Klux Klan, Aryan Brotherhood and Arab Janjaweeds. The liberal racist is the direct opposite of the supremacist …
http://nigeriaworld.com/articles/2009/apr/015.html

The Janjaweed first emerged in 1988 after Chadian President Hissène Habré, backed by France and the United States, defeated the Libyan army, thereby ending Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi’s territorial designs on Chad. Libya’s Chadian protégé, Acheickh Ibn Omer Saeed, retreated with his Arab militia forces to Darfur, where they were hosted by Sheikh Musa Hilal, the newly-elevated chief of the Mahamid Rizeigat Arabs of north Darfur. Hilal’s tribesmen had earlier smuggled Libyan weapons to Ibn Omer’s forces. A French-Chadian incursion destroyed Ibn Omer’s camp, but his weapons remained with his Mahamid hosts, along with an Arab supremacist ideology associated with the Libyan-sponsored ˜Arab Reunion’.
http://en.allexperts.com/e/j/ja/janjaweed.htm

Homemade genocide… The large district of Noba, populated by many black Muslims, was served its portion of horrors. The Muslims, should they be black, are not granted any favors. Since the rise to power of radical Islam, under the spiritual guidance of Dr. Hassan Thorabi, the situation has worsened. This is probably the worst series of crimes against humanity since WWII. We’re talking about ethnic cleansing, deportations, mass murder, slave trade, forcible enforcement of the laws of Islam, taking children from their parents and more. Millions have become refugees. As far as is known, there are not millions of publications about the Sudanese ‘Right of Return’ and there are no petitions by intellectuals negating Sudan’s right to exist.

http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART1/483/521.html

”Since the eruption of conflict in 2003, Darfur, Western Sudan, remains one of the world’s worst human rights and humanitarian catastrophes,” writes Margaret Roberts, president of the local sorority, and Jacqueline Jackson, event co-chair. …

http://www.ohio.com/news/cardwell/84546602.html

U.S. says janjaweed militia is supported by Sudan’s government
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-448866/U-S-says-janjaweed-militia-supported-Sudans-government.html

Sudan’s president appoints Janjaweed leader as adviser

Blow to Darfur peace talks as militia chief rewarded Hilal under UN ban and facing war crime charges

…A tribal sheikh described as “the poster child for Janjaweed atrocities in Darfur” has been given a senior government position by the Sudanese authorities. Musa Hilal, who is accused of leading militias on a state-sponsored campaign to cleanse parts of Darfur of non-Arab farmers, will act as special adviser to the minister of federal government.

The appointment was made despite Hilal facing a UN travel ban and sanctions for his role in the conflict, and ahead of his possible indictment by the international criminal court for war crimes (ICC).

…rights groups allege that Hilal ran training camps for fighters and was present at the scene of several large attacks on villages in north Darfur. As part of its case against Harun, prosecutors at the ICC described Hilal as a “notorious militia/Janjaweed leader” who spoke alongside Harun at a militia rally in 2003, making a “very racist” speech in which he talked of “holy war”. The court is planning to issue more indictments and Hilal is thought to be high on the list of candidates.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/jan/22/sudan.international

“Carterwauling”:

Jimmy Carter’s Shamefully Ignorant Statement on Darfur

…Then there is the use of rape as a weapon of war by Arab militias in Darfur. The racial component of rape in Darfur has been well-documented at this point. In a typical example, here is what three Fur women–the Fur are the largest African tribal group in Darfur–told Doctors Without Borders: “We saw five Arab men who came to us and asked where our husbands were. Then they told us that we should have sex with them. We said no. So they beat and raped us. After they abused us, they told us that now we would have Arab babies; and if they would find any Fur, they would rape them again to change the color of their children.” Racist epithets are typically hurled at women and girls, who are often gang-raped and then scarred to mark them as rape victims–a terrible burden in Darfur’s conservative Muslim ethos. Can there be any denying that such ethnically targeted rapes fall under the Genocide Convention’s admonition that “[c]ausing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group” constitutes genocide?

Moreover, because of the stigma that attaches to raped women, marriage and thus child-bearing becomes impossible for many. And, for some victims, especially younger girls, ensuing medical complications make child-bearing physically impossible. Which means that these rapes clearly meet yet another definition of genocide contained in the U.N. convention: “[i]mposing measures intended to prevent births within the group.”

In addition, children, as well as women, are continually abducted by the Janjaweed. This, too, is a genocidal act under the convention, which prohibits “[f]orcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”

http://www.sudanreeves.org/Article188.html

Omar Hassan al-Bashir

Mike Hutchings/ReutersUpdated: April 15, 2010

On June 30, 1989, Lieut. Gen. Omar Hassan al-Bashir, a military leader in Sudan, seized power in a bloodless coup backed by Islamists. He assumed the presidency in 1993.

Mr. Bashir has been vilified in the West and blamed over the years for cozying up to Osama bin Laden, abusing human rights and unleashing death squads in Darfur, the war-racked region of western Sudan. Last year, he was charged by the International Criminal Court with crimes against humanity.

[…]

Bashir Accused of War Crimes

In February 2009, judges at the International Criminal Court approved a warrant for Mr. Bashir’s.

[…]

In announcing his request for a warrant, the prosecutor in the case, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, said that Mr. Bashir had “masterminded and implemented” a plan to destroy three main ethnic groups in Darfur, the Fur, the Masalit and the Zaghawa. The prosecutor said that the president, responding to attacks by rebel groups seeking greater autonomy, had used government soldiers and Arab militias and had “purposefully targeted civilians” belonging to these groups, killing 35,000 people “outright” in attacks on towns and villages

[…]

The Arab-led government responded with a ferocious counterinsurgency campaign, which the prosecutor called a genocidal strategy against Darfur’s black African ethnic groups.
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/b/omar_hassan_al_bashir/index.html

Dear Mr. Obama! What can the world learn from your visit at Holocaust’s buchenwald camp, not acting soon enough to fascists genocide vis-a-vis Islamic (Palestinian-Hamas/Hezbollah/Ahmadinejad) “wiping off map” ideology [the New Holocaust]?

June 8, 2009

Dear Mr. Obama! What can the world learn from your visit at Holocaust’s buchenwald camp, not acting soon enough to fascists genocide vis-a-vis Islamic (Palestinian-Hamas/Hezbollah/Ahmadinejad) “wiping off map” ideology [new Holocaust]?

http://vocalminority.typepad.com/blog/2009/06/liberal-stupidass-comment-tom-brokaw-legitimizes-inane-comparison-between-holocaust-and-israelpalest.html

Anti-Jewish racism by Israeli-Arabs – Arabism

May 27, 2009

Anti-Jewish racism by Israeli-Arabs – Arabism

The worrying involvement of Israeli Arabs in terrorist attacks directed against Israeli Jews source, source, Among the brazened ones in 2008 are noted the bulldozer attacks source, “He took the bulldozer, with which he fed his own wife and family, and used it to crush other families to death, simply for being Israeli Jews.”source. Arab Workers Attack, Use Hammer to Injure Jewish Electrician (Jul 24, 2008) source, On July 7, 2008 a writer in Israel’s lefty paper Haaretz asks: If justifying the murder of innocents because they belong to a certain hated group is not abject racism, I’d like to know what is. source.

Israeli-Arab leadership, Arab MK Ahmed Tibi: (the entire area) ‘Palestine Belongs to Arabs, Not Jews’ source, on January 2008 Islamic Movement head in Israel was charged with incitement to racism, violence source and on August 2008 Police shut down offices of Islamic Movement branch suspected of aiding Hamas, He was later in court with incitement to violence and racism, over a fiery speech he gave in the Wadi Joz neighborhood, in which he accused Jews of using children’s blood to bake bread. source.

A writer in Israel’s lefty Ha’aretz (on the left’s unfair demonizing of Avigdor Lieberman) on the subject of who is the racist, and on the hypocrisy of Israeli Arabs, especially Arab MK (member of Knesset /parliament) enjoying equality and lying about Israel’s pluralistic democracy at the same time: What’s racist is denying the Jewish people a state of their own. Certain Arab Knesset members talk incessantly about the Palestinian people’s rights, including their own state. But in the same breath they refuse to acknowledge Israel as the state of the Jewish people and deny the very existence of a Jewish people as a nation with national rights. The person who deserves the racist epithet is MK Jamal Zahalka, who attended the conference of hate in Geneva and called himself “a victim of Israel’s racist apartheid” while serving as a member of the Israeli parliament.
source

It has bee noted for a while that Arab Knesset members such as Ahmed Tibi have turned racists against Jews source.

In face of radical Arabs’ in Israel, such as Azmi Bishara toward terrorism, forming alliances with those attempting to annihilate Israel, a new term was coined: ‘Bish-Arabism’ , it could be defined as a radical and rapid shift among Israeli Arabs – especially their representatives in the Knesset – from relative moderation
source.

In Oct 2008, on Yom Kippur, an Arab driver drove dangerously wild into Jewish neighbourhoods causing clashes, Arabs heading back to their neighborhoods ran riot through Jewish areas of the city. Calling “Death to the Jews” and Allah hu akbar (“Allah is great”), the rioters vandalized hundreds of Jewish-owned shops and vehicles, and threw rocks at people on their way to or from Yom Kippur prayers.
source

On March 30, 2009, Arab MK “complained” of: ‘Too Many Jews in Galilee,’ Taleb A-Sana of the United Arab List (Ra’am Ta’al) accused the government of “Judaizing the Galilee and the Negev” by encouraging Jews to move to those areas. A-Sana called on the government to encourage Arab life in those areas
source

From a May 2009 poll: ‘Bad Numbers Among Israeli Arabs,’: 40 Percent of Israel’s Arab Citizens Deny Holocaust
source, they believe Holocaust never happened source and only 41% of Israeli Arabs support the right of Israel to exist as a Jewish state,
source this racist trend is on the rise from a 2007 poll that showed “only” ‘28% of Israel’s Arabs deny Holocaust’ – statistics on Holocaust denial “reflect the situation in the Arab elite source, worth mentioning the transparant hatred of this, less of convinced “disbelief”, as the Israeli Arabs, and their groups like “Adala” (also known for calling Israelis’ fears as racism), etc. know when to remind the Holocaust when trying to exaggerate lost battles with Israel’s war on terror, comparing Arabs’ failure to “victims of the Holocaust” (as YNet elaborates on “Who is the real fascist?”) source

Non-Arab and/or non-Muslims in the “Arab” world [Racist Arabism and bigoted Islamism]

May 10, 2009

Non-Arab and/or non-Muslims in the “Arab” world [Racist Arabism and bigoted Islamism]
eretzyisroel ^

Non-Arab and/or non-Muslims in the “Arab” world

One key element missing from the discussion is the question of non-Arab and/or non-Muslims in the “Arab” world. The Arab nationalists have succeeded in establishing some 23 non-democratic, ethnically (Arab) and religiously (Islam) defined nation-states in over 1 million square miles of territory, often at the expense of non-Arabs, such as the Kurds (Muslims, non-Arabs), Assyrians (Christians, non-Arabs), Copts (Christians, non-Arabs), southern Sudanese (Christian and pagan non-Arabs), Maronite Lebanese (Christian and mostly identified with their Phoenician ancestors) and Mizrahi Jews. Arab nationalist ideology claims all this territory exclusively as “Arab” despite the legitimate claims of non-Arabs and/or non-Muslims to ancient homelands long ago arabized with the spread of Islam, often through conquest.

I believe that the Arab opposition to the existence of non-Arab, non-Muslim Israel is based on the ideological motivations which led to the persecution of non-Arab minorities. The Assyrians suffered massacre and expulsion by the Arab nationalists of Iraq in the 1920s and 1930s. The Kurds have been persecuted and have suffered terribly for their struggle to establish an independent Kurdistan (at the hands of the Turks and Iranians as well, but that is another story.)

Arab nationalist ideology, and its Islamicist couterpart, cannot and will not tolerate non-Arab and non-Islamic peoples organizing themselves into their own independent nation states. Indeed, I have seen on Islamicist web sites the goal of “regaining” Spain in the name of Islam.

I believe that we need to place Israel’s struggle to survive into this context. Any non-Arab/non-Islamic state in the region must rely on strength (political, moral, spiritual and military) if it wants to survive in the Middle East. In this context can we thus place Israel’s demand for security. It is not security for the sake of security, not seucirty for the sake of oppressing another people, but security for the sake of survival against two racist and exclusivist ideologies (Arabism and Islamicism) which have succeeded in repressing the just struggles for national self-determination of most non-Arab peoples in the Middle East.

To this end, I highly recommend looking at the following web sites:

Assyrian Democratic MovementAssyrian International News Agency

Copts.Com

The World Lebanese Organization

Maronite Research Council

Kudistan web

http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~jkatz/nonarab.html

Racist Arabism & fascist Islamism: Anti-Copt

May 6, 2009

Racist Arabism & fascist Islamism: Anti-Copt

The word Copt is an English word taken from the Arabic word Gibt or Gypt. The Arabs after their conquest of Egypt in 641 A.D. called the indigenous population of Egypt as Gypt from the Greek word Egyptos or Egypt. The Greek word Egyptos came from the ancient Egyptian words Ha-Ka-Ptah… The word Copt or Coptic simply means Egyptian, however the Muslim population of Egypt calls themselves Arabs. In contemporary usage, the word Copt or Coptic refers to the Christian population of Egypt. The Arab’s oppression led the Copts to several rebellions, , Coptic: an Afro-Asian language descended from ancient Egypt, and spoken by the Copts.

During the rise of pan-Arab nationalism in the 1950s and 1960s, the economically prosperous Copts, who then represented 20 percent of the population but held more than 50 percent of the nations’s wealth, saw their businesses and factories nationalized under the socialist government of Gamal Abdel Nasser. Many of them left as a result.

Cairo’s poor Copts are known as “zabaleen”, an Arabic name for garbage man. In Cairo there is an area with the same name where those Copts are living together with the garbage that has been collected. Copts reached this level of poverty due to the regime ruling the country in the past sixty years.

From early writings, many medieval Arab writers, tended to include unsubstantiated and racist negative commentaries about the Copts. A Copt — i.e. a descendant of Egypt’s now subjugated, ancient, pre-Arab Christian people

In a statement by ‘copts-united’ it decries: discrimination takes place through security harassment and media campaigns against Shiites, Copts and Bahais…

Critics argue that a Pan Arabist will always suppor Arab unity and “Islam” at the expense of non-Arab and non-Moslem peoples. one would direct and manipulate the Western taste for self criticism, and all that does is deflect the world’s attention from Arab and Moslem atrocities committed against Christians, Kurds, Jews, Israelis, Coptic Christians, non-Arab Sudanese, etc.

Though, current actively Anti Copt attacks stems more often from Islamism, especially by Islamic groups , and persecution comes often even from Egypt’s government. , Egyptian Reformist Thinker Tarek Heggy: ‘Egyptian Copts are Oppressed, Oppressed, Oppressed’

Racial Arabization of Copt

From a Lecture Delivered by a Coptic Bishop In Hudson Institute, Washington (July, 2008) entitled: “The Experience of the Middle East’s largest Christian community during a time of rising Islamization”, where he talked about how the Arab invasion of Egypt in 639 A.D. has altered the identity of Egypt through Arabization and forced conversion to Islam, and the lasting impact on the Christian minority in Egypt. He said, “The Copts have been always focused on Egypt; it is our identity, it is our nation, it is our land, it is our language, it is our culture. But when some of the Egyptians converted to Islam, their focus changed away from looking to their own [language and culture]. They started to look at the Arabians, and Arabia became the main focus,” adding that, “if you come to a Coptic person and tell him that he’s an Arab, that’s offensive., reemphasizing: We are not Arabs, we are Egyptians. Declaring: “I am very happy to be an Egyptian and I would not accept being an “Arab” because ethnically I am not.” The Bishop went on to say, “that means shifting the identity of the nation, to belong to Arabism and to the widespread Arabic area …and this is a big dilemma for the Copts who kept their Christianity, or, I rather say, that they kept their identity as Egyptians [who have] their own culture, that of old and real original Egypt trying to keep it, The process of Arabization and Islamization are still actively working till now upon Copts, The Bishop argued that the Egyptian culture has been taken from the Copts and attributed to the Arabs, that the process of Islamization is still on-going, and that the Christian child has “to study the history of the victorious Islamic invaders, which means that as a little kid you have to praise the Arabic troops that came to your country.” … , like Assyrians, Armenians & Jews, the Copts are of the very few middle eastern indigenous communities to be surviving the Arabs/Muslims’ forcible assimilation of non-Arabs, Non-Muslims.

Israel – National Liberation of the aboriginal Jews from the twin fascisms of pan-Arabism and Islamism

April 28, 2009

Israel – National Liberation of the aboriginal Jews from the twin fascisms of pan-Arabism and Islamism

…Israel as the result of the national liberation movement of the region’s aboriginal Jews.
Liberation of the aboriginal Jews (and anyone else lucky enough to find refuge within Israel’s borders) from the twin fascisms of pan-Arabism and Islamism which have oppressed and even eliminated so many of the region’s aboriginal ethnic groups.
Israel’s aboriginal Jews were not unique in accepting outside help (and even immigration) in their liberation struggle.
Lebanon’s Maronites, Egypt’s Copts, Iraq and Turkey’s Kurds, and Iran’s Zoroastrians have all sought and received outside help in their liberation struggles, each group according to its own circumstances.

http://corner.nationalreview.com/post/?q=YzY4ZjgzMDY3NmExNmE4ODM5NDRmODg3N2I5YTU4YWI=