Posts Tagged ‘Nigeria’

Islamic Genocide (16 Million dead since 1915?)

June 12, 2012

ISLAMIC GENOCIDE

Some of highlighted mass casualties by (political) Islam in course of the last century, from 1915 and on (updated June, 2012)

  • Casualties: 2,700,000 Chritians – (1915-1923) by Ottoman-Empire Muslim Turkey. 750,000 Assyrians, 500,000 Greeks and 1.5 million Armenians.[1]
    Nature: 1.) Ethnic cleansing.[2] 2.) Islamic Jihad.[3][4]
  • Casualties: close to 27,000 In Israel between 1920-2012, at the hands of Arab/Muslims. 24,526 Israelis/Jews killed, 35,356 injured, and 1,967 Arab “Palestinians” killed by other Arab “Palestinians.”[5]
    Nature: roots and motivation: the genocide campaign[6][7][8][9] began (mainly) in the early 1920s by the supreme Islam leader, the pan-Arab Mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini, motivated by both: ethnic racism and religious bigotry,[10] which is the root and the ungoing motivation for the violence.[11][12][13] In WW2, the Mufti worked with Adolf Hitler,[14][15] together with his henchman and spokesman Ahmad Shukairy,[16] the first PLO leader, who called in 1967 to ‘throw the Jews into the sea.’[17][18][19]
    There were numerous calls for anti-Israel jihad.[20][21][22]
    Note: most Israeli casualties are innocent non-combatants. Most Arab “Palestinian” casualties are combatants and/or involved in violent attacks.[23] (“The great majority of Arabs killed in the framework of the Israeli-Arab Conflict were killed as a result of wars instigated by the Arabs…”[24]) All the while, humane Israeli soldiers sacrifice their own lives in order to minimize Arab casualties.[25] Not to mention Arab-Islamic intentional routine in causing deaths on their side via human shields.[26] Same goes to Hezbollah tactics.[27] In fact: It stands out, the ‘IDF’s unparalleled record of sparing civilians in counter-terrorism operations.’[28]
  • Casualties: Between 3,000 and over 10,000[29] Hindus were massacred in 1921, Kerala, India. [Moplah riots].
    Nature: They were “butchered in circumstances of barbarity, skinned alive, made to dig their own graves before slaughter, running into thousands ; women, andpurda (veiled) women too, raped. Thousands were forcibly converted.”[30][31] by “a fanatical Moslem sect which attempted forcible conversions to Islam.”[32] They were decendants of Arabs who were intending to establish an Islamic regime.[33] The Moplahs who “regarded all non-Muslims as infidels, and who had been influenced by the Khilafat movement, declared two independent Muslim kingdoms. They then attacked both Europeans and Hindus.”[34]They called for a Holy war against Britain, as a “duty of Mahomedans to join in a Jehad, or holy war,”[35] and against Hindus.[36] “The Khilafat Muslim leaders.. sent telegrams to Moplah rebels extolling them as heroes fighting for the glory of their religion.”[37]
  • Casualties: 6,000 Assyrians, in 1933, Simele, Iraq.[38] It was seen as “a Muslim jihad, holy war, waged against a small Christian community.”[39] Indeed, “All Arab classes were called by the Government organs, such as newspapers and others, to join in the Holy War. Non-compliance mean treachery.”[40]
  • Casualties: 3,500,000Sudan – from 1953 to 2005.[41] Including 2,500,000 between 1983-2005.[42][43]
    Nature: Arab Islamic “supremacy” over “inferior” Southerners. [44][45] Jihad declared in 1983 by Numeiri,[46] and 1991 by al-Bashir.[47]
  • Casualties: 100,000 in Kurdistan-Iraq war [1961-1970], by the Iraqi government.[48]
  • Casualties: over 100,000,[49] or upto 400,000,[50] in Papua New Guinea, since 1963, by Muslim Indonesian: government and Jihadists.
    Nature: Apartheid / ethnic cleansing[51] and jihad.[52][53]
  • Casualties: between 500,000 and 1,000,000. (between 1965-66).[54] in Indonesia. Muslims Vs. communists rift.[55] Islamic parties helping Suharto,[56] Islamic leaders were calling for a jihad against the PKI,[57] as well as the official press,[58] and Suharto’s military gave a green light for Muslims to massacre in a jihad.[59]
  • Casualties: 3,000,000Nigeria, by Muslim [Hausa / Fulani] dominated forces against the Ibo / Christians [1966-1970].[60][61][62]
  • Casualties: 2,000-25,000 between Jordanians and “Palestinians” 1970-71 (Black September).[63]
  • Casualties: around 16,000 in terror attacks in India since 1970. 15,674 before the 2008 Mumbai attacks of 11/26.[64]
  • Casualties: 300,000Lebanon 1970s-1999 by Syria and ‘Palestinians’.[65]
    Nature: Muslims against Christians.[66]
  • Casualties: 3,000,000Bangladesh, 1971 by Pakistan,[67] with help from local Islamists.[68]
    Nature: Islamic Pakistanis’ racism,[69] contempt for “impure” Bengalis.[70]
  • Casualties: 300,000[71]Uganda 1971-1979 under Idi Amin. Or 500,000.[72]
    Character: 1.) Idi Amin – fanatical Muslim.[73][74][75] 2.) Promoting Islam in Uganda.[76]] 3.) Most of his victims were Christians.[77] Many were murdered for their faith.[78] 4.) He campaigned a jihad holy war against Uganda’s Christians.[79] and against Jews.[80] 5.) An anti-White racist.[81] 6.) Anti-Asian, carrying out ethnic cleansing of 60,000 Indians,[82] of 60,000 Indians,[83] claiming it was an act of “liberation” and inspired by God…[84] 7.) Brutal dictator.[85] 8.) A Hitler admirer,[86] fascist,[87][88] whose ‘fascist regime’ was supported by the Soviets[89] and by the ‘Islamic Legion.’[90]
  • Casualties: 200,000East timor (Between 1975 and mid-1999) by (Islamic) Indonesia.[91]
    Nature: oppression and jihad.[92][93]
  • Casualties: over 300,000Iraq (1979-2003) under (Quran-ic[94]) Saddam Hussein.[95] Or as many as 500,000.[96]
    Nature: dictatorship;[97] anti-Kurdish Arab-racism;[98] and Sunni Vs. Shiite “religious intolerance.”[99]
    Note: Baathist racist Arab tyrants like Saddam Hussein, carried out masssacres in the name of Islam,[100] and used highly, the ‘anti-infidel’ ideology.[101] He “encouraged Islamism during the 1990s.”[102]
  • Casualties: 80,000[103]Iran 1979 radical fascist[104][105] ‘Islamic Revolution.’

  • Casualties: between 500,000 and 1,500,000Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988).[106]
    Nature: 1.) Sunni-Shiite intolerance.[107] 2.) Arab racism/supremacy against Persians by Baathist Iraq.[108] 3.) Persian racism against Arabs.[109] 3.) “Iran’s ruling mullahs proclaimed a holy war (jihad) and used ‘human sea’ tactics, sending forward wave after wave of men, and often children.”[110]
  • Casualties: 40,000Syria (1982, Hama by H. al-Assad).[111]
  • Casualties: between 100,000-150,000Yemen (1984-86 N. Yemen civil war).[112]
    Nature: 1.) Pan-Arabism, Nasser’s Arab nationalism.[113] 2.) Egyptian, Soviet backed [Muhammad’s-family decsendats] Royalists vs Saudi Arabian, Jordanian, Iranian backed fighters.[114] 3.) Sunni-Shiite divide.[115]
  • Casualties: 40,000 Kurds by Muslim Turkey 1984-1999.[116][117][118]
    Nature: Oppression and ethnic racism.[119]
  • Casualties: 10,000 – [Islamic Republic of] Iran (1988, massacre of political prisnoers).[120] Or 14,000.[121] Or 30,000.[122][123]
    Nature: ‘for being “infidels”‘[124]
  • Casualties: between 350,000 to 1,000,000.[125] Somalia civil war since 1991.
    Factors: 1.) Warlords/clans, with Islamists playing a major part.[126][127][128][129][130]
    2.) The AIAI (al-Ittihad al-Islamiyya) was the main anti-Barre force, though it was known to be very Islamist, it was backed by Somalis because of its strong anti-Barre image. After Barre’s fall, the AIAI turned to a jihad against Ethiopia, it was aided by Saudis. “The Ethiopian military far overpowered AIAI destroying the organization’s political and military infrastructures. The defeat led to the disbandment of al-Ittihad al-Islamiyya in January 1997. After AIAI dissolved, many of its former members fled to Mogadishu and joined up with the Islamic Courts movement that was beginning to gain momentum there.”[131]
    3.) Ruthless Sunni warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid (Aideed) – wanted Somalia governed by “Islamic princpiles.”[132] He was becoming increasingly ‘Islamist’ in nature. especially since Islamic Mujahiddin were fighting for him.[133]
    4.) One of the highlighted infamous incidents, was the al-Qaeda backed Islamists’ attack on humanitarian US mission, killing 18, in Oct, 1993.[134][135]
    5.) Sudan’s Hassan al-Turabi played a major role in Somali warlords feud,[136] his Jihadists.[137][138]
    6.) Aidid’s Islamists friends/allies: Being helped militarily by Sudan’s Hassan Turabi and Iranian trained Islamic-fundamentalist militia, and using Hezbollah tactics, as Aidid, Sudan and Iran were “natural” allies, sharing common enemies: US and UN’s Coptic Boutrous-Ghali, “considered an avowed enemy of religious extremists.”[139]
    7.) The ‘Union of Islamic Courts’ (IUC) – “a system of clan-based sharia courts that fought to gain control of Mogadishu through their militias.”[140] It contains some radical elements, with some linked to al-Qaeda.[141] It has since, became more and more powerful, planning secretly for a great ‘Islamic Republic.’[142]
    Some see the ICU, like the Taliban, in politics of ‘radical Islamism.’[143] Note: Civil war also exposed deep racism from Afro-Arabs against natives. Arabs ‘always run the show.’[144]
  • Casualties: over 100,000Algeria (between 1992 and 2002).[145] Or even 200,000.[146]
    Nature: Islamists Vs. government.[147]
  • Casualties: 35,000 in Islamic terror attacks in Pakistan, since the 1990s. (Estimate as of June, 2011).[148]
  • Casualties: over 160,000,[149] or at leaset over 151,000.[150] in Iraq, since 2003.
    Factors:
    1) Intra-Islamic bigotry: Sunni-Shiite divide.[151][152][153]
    2) Al-Qaeda[154][155][156]
    3) Baathists.[157][158]
    4) Iran and its Hezbollah thugs.[159][160][161][162][163]
    Note: The bloodshed continues after US withdrawal.[164][165]
  • Casualties: 30,000 children in Somalia – 2011 famine, Islamists’ fault,[166][167][168] who have been refusing, banning aid,[169][170][171][172] even preventing Somalis fleeing famine-ridden areas.[173]
  • Casualties: 16,000[174]Syria 2011-2012, or at least over 15,000[175] or at least over 13,000[176] by Syrian forces with Iranian[177][178][179] and Hezbollah active participation[180][181][182]
    Nature: Alawite Islamic apartheid,[183] Sunni Vs Alawi ‘religious hatred.’[184][185][186][187][188][189] It also serves as a “Battleground Between Sunnis and Shiites.”[190]

PS
Of course, there’s also a very long list of many thousands of Islamic motivated attacks,[191] affecting: The US, Argentina, UK, France, Spain, Australia, India, Israel, Russia, Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Chechnya, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Algeria, Pakistan, (example: 6,681 were killed in 2,782 terror attacks in 2011 alone[192]), Iraq, Iran, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Morocco, Yemen, Uzbekistan, Gaza, Tunisia, Mauritania, Kenya, Eritrea, Somalia, Nigeria, Sudan, Ethiopia, Mali, Tanzania, Chad, Tajikistan, China, Nepal, the Maldives, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Macedonia, etc.[193] Especially, the bloody last decade of [over] 19,000 Islamic terror attacks (between 2001-2012).[194] Some estimated at least 40,000 deaths by Islamists between Sep. 11, 2001-2010, alone.[195]

Notes

  1. ^ Conference on Assyrian Genocide to Be Held in Armenia.” AINA, March 23, 2012. http://www.aina.org/news/20120323114901.htm
  2. ^ Richard G. Hovannisian: “The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies,” Transaction Publishers, 2007, p. 7. http://books.google.com/books?id=CB4Bh0-zrgoC&pg=PA7
  3. ^ Assyrian Human Rights Report 1997. AINA. http://www.aina.org/reports/ahrr.htm
  4. ^ Janet Levy: “The Jihad Against the Armenian, Assyrian, and Greek Christians.” AT, August 7, 2011. http://www.americanthinker.com/2011/08/the_jihad_against_the_armenian_assyrian_and_greek_christians.html
  5. ^ “The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Total Casualties 1920 – 2012.” JVL, 2012. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/casualtiestotal.html
  6. ^ Dmitry Radyshevsky: “Occupation vs. Genocide,” INN, March 24, 2004. http://www.israelnationalnews.com/Articles/Article.aspx/3486
  7. ^ Louis Rene Beres: “Israel Has Always Faced Arab Genocide,” INN, Sep 2, 2003. http://www.israelnationalnews.com/Articles/Article.aspx/2692. CAFI Newsletter, September 2, 2003. http://christianactionforisrael.org/newsl/news150.html#4
  8. ^ Memri, search. http://www.google.com/search?q=site%3Amemri.org+%22annihilation%22
  9. ^ PalWatch, search. http://www.google.com/search?q=site%3Apalwatch.org+%22annihilation%22
  10. ^ Alan M. Dershowitz: “The Case Against Israel’s Enemies: Exposing Jimmy Carter and Others Who Stand in the Way of Peace,” John Wiley and Sons, 2009, p. 158. http://books.google.com/books?id=LBnn7AR5R6YC&pg=PA158
  11. ^ Daniel Schwammenthal: “The Mufti of Berlin.” ‘Arab-Nazi collaboration is a taboo topic in the West.’ WSJ, September 24, 2009. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203440104574400532495168894.html
  12. ^ M. D. Evans: It’s about bigotry, Imus. April, 2007. http://stories-etc.com/imus.htm
  13. ^ Giulio Meotti: “Arab racism prevents peace.” YNet, April 4, 2012. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4212288,00.html
  14. ^ Joseph B. Schechtman: “The Mufti and the Fuehrer: the rise and fall of Haj Amin el-Husseini,” T. Yoseloff, 1965. http://books.google.com/books?id=TZZtAAAAMAAJ
  15. ^ Philip Mattar: “The Mufti of Jerusalem: Al-Hajj Amin Al-Husayni and the Palestinian National Movement,” Columbia University Press, Jun 1, 1992, p. 102. http://books.google.com/books?id=XH8qTS5xNUIC&pg=PA102
  16. ^ Congressional record: proceedings and debates of the United States Congress: Vol. 113, Pt. 12, United States. Congress, Govt. Print. Off., 1967, p. A-525. http://books.google.com/books?id=8HEuAAAAIAAJ&dq=henchman
  17. ^ Walter Laqueur: “The struggle for the Middle East: the Soviet Union and the Middle East, 1958-70,” Penguin, 1972, p. 9. http://books.google.com/books?id=I8kyAAAAMAAJ&q=%22throw+the+Jews+into+the+sea,%22
  18. ^ Paul Eidelberg: “An American political scientist in Israel: from Athens to Jerusalem,” Lexington Books, Sep 1, 2010, p. 40. http://books.google.com/books?id=pDcemvMzm8QC&pg=PA40
  19. ^ The New Middle East, Issues 28-39, New Middle East, Jan 1, 1971, p. 6. http://books.google.com/books?id=X0YsAQAAIAAJ&q=%22into+the+sea%22
  20. ^ Mordechai Nisan: “Identity and Civilization: Essays on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam,” University Press of America, 1999, p. 153. http://books.google.com/books?id=K-TwJB1XrjwC&pg=PA153
  21. ^ Shlomo Sharan, David Bukay: “Crossovers: Anti-Zionism & Anti-Semitism,” Transaction Publishers, 2010, p. 14. http://books.google.com/books?id=yvMYaP1WLj0C&pg=PA14
  22. ^ David Canter: “The Faces of Terrorism: Multidisciplinary Perspectives,” John Wiley & Sons, Dec 17, 2009, p. 54. http://books.google.com/books?id=8Kyc9j3-VjIC&pg=PA54
  23. ^ Sylvana Foa: “Targeting Toddlers. The War on Non-Combatants.” Village Voice, June 4, 2002. http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-06-04/news/targeting-toddlers/
  24. ^ “A Homemade Genocide.” The Arab world is subject to genocide, it is true. It’s just that it’s mostly self-inflicted, and Israel has nothing to do with any of it. An article by Ben Dror Yemini, Ma’ariv correspondent. http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART1/483/521.html
  25. ^ Alan Dershowitz: “The Case for Israel.” John Wiley & Sons, Jan 6, 2011, p. 68. http://books.google.com/books?id=UG4_QXdpFQUC&pg=PR68
  26. ^ 111st CONGRESSIONAL SENATE Bills. From the U.S. Government Printing Office. [S. Res. 10 ats]. http://web.archive.org/web/20090701020404/http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-111sres10ATS/html/BILLS-111sres10ATS.htm. “House Passes Resolution on Gaza.” Washington, Jan 9, 2009. http://chrissmith.house.gov/News/DocumentSingle.aspx?DocumentID=108394. http://www.rilin.state.ri.us/BillText09/SenateText09/S0100.pdf
  27. ^ Bill Text. 110th Congress (2007-2008). H.RES.125.IH. http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c110:H.RES.125.IH:
  28. ^ Leo Renner: “IDF’s unparalleled record of sparing civilians in counter-terrorism operations.” AT, December 30, 2011. http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2011/12/idfs_unparalleled_record_of_sparing_civilians_in_counter-terrorism_operations.html
  29. ^ “Moplah Revolt.” India Netzone. History of India. http://www.indianetzone.com/3/mopla_revolt.htm
  30. ^ Sydney Smith: “The Edinburgh review,” Vol. 244, A. and C. Black, Jan 1, 1926, p. 236. http://books.google.com/books?id=6iIeAQAAIAAJ&&dq=%22in+circumstances+of+barbarity,+skinned+alive,+made+to+dig+their+own+graves+before+slaughter,+running+into%22&hl=en
  31. ^ Michael O’Dwyer: “India as i Knew it,” Mittal Publications, 1988, p. 307. http://books.google.com/books?id=2dW4yLJNw5oC&pg=PA307
  32. ^ Roy Walker: “Sword of gold,” Orient Longmans on behalf of Gandhi Peace Foundation, 1969, p. 89. http://books.google.com/books?&id=PHlDAAAAYAAJ&q=%22fanatical+moslem+sect%22
  33. ^ Lajpat Rai (Lala), Bal Ram Nanda: “The collected works of Lala Lajpat Rai,” Vol. 10, Manohar, 2008, p. 251. http://books.google.com/books?id=J3oMAQAAMAAJ&q=%22Arab+immigrants%22
  34. ^ Martin Gilbert: “A History of the Twentieth Century: The Concise Edition of the Acclaimed World History,” HarperCollins, Dec 17, 2002, p. 129. http://books.google.com/books?id=jhwY1j8Ao3kC&pg=PA129
  35. ^ The parliamentary debates (official report).: House of Lords,” Vol. 47, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords, Printed for the Controller of H.M.S.O. by Harrison and Sons, 1922. http://books.google.com/books?id=CB0YAQAAMAAJ&q=%22jehad%22
  36. ^ N. S. Rajaram: “The Congress party’s weakness — Fondness for the foreign,” Indian Express, Jun 9, 1999. http://www.expressindia.com/news/ie/daily/19990609/iex09061.html
  37. ^ M. G. Chitkara: “Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh: national upsurge,” APH Publishing, Jan 1, 2004, p. 18. http://books.google.com/books?id=ifuxzl9NM5sC&pg=PA18
  38. ^ “Turkey Condemns Opening of Genocide Monument in Sydney,” Epress.am, October 8, 2010. http://www.epress.am/en/2010/08/10/turkey-condemns-opening-of-genocide-monument-in-sydney.html
  39. ^ Khaldun S. Husry, “The Assyrian Affair of 1933”, (April 1974), International Journal of Middle East Studies (Cambridge University Press). http://www.jstor.org/stable/162587. http://www.jstor.org/stable/162383. http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S002074380003498X
  40. ^ Mar Eshai Shimun, Catholicos Patriarch: “The Assyrian Tragedy,” Xlibris Corporation, 2010, p. 43. http://books.google.com/books?id=VyxS-4ILXFAC&pg=PA43
  41. ^ Heather Robinson: “Israel’s Christian Sudanese Friends.” Reprinted from Ma’ariv. January 1, 2008. http://politicalmavens.com/index.php/2008/01/02/israels-christian-sudanese-friends
  42. ^ George Clooney and John Prendergast: “George Clooney and John Prendergast: We can prevent the next Darfur.” Washington Post, October 17, 2010. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/10/15/AR2010101503871.html
  43. ^ Andrew S. Natsios: “The President’s Special Envoy to Sudan.” House Committee on Foreign Affairs. February 8, 2007. http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/110/nat020807.htm
  44. ^ Edward H. Lawson, Mary Lou Bertucci: “Encyclopedia of Human Rights.” Taylor & Francis, 1996, p. 1418. http://books.google.com/books?id=J-SrdFtSuDUC&pg=PA141
  45. ^ Kevin M. Cahill: “Traditions, Values, and Humanitarian Action,” Fordham Univ Press, Jan 1, 2003, p. 77. http://books.google.com/books?id=8XBjEtg5uEEC&pg=PA77
  46. ^ David Patterson: “A Genealogy of Evil: Anti-Semitism from Nazism to Islamic Jihad.” Cambridge University Press, Oct 18, 2010. p. 152. http://books.google.com/books?id=lMLmK-fmf8kC&pg=PA152
  47. ^ Richard Morrock: “The Psychology of Genocide and Violent Oppression: A Study of Mass Cruelty from Nazi Germany to Rwanda,” McFarland, Oct 11, 2010, p. 123. http://books.google.com/books?id=CZtnAbKkOmIC&pg=PA123
  48. ^ Thomas David Mason: “Caught in the Crossfire: Revolutions, Repression, and the Rational Peasant,” Rowman & Littlefield, 2004, p. 18. http://books.google.com/books?id=1QpP8VZXM9cC&pg=PA18
  49. ^ Virginia Gawler: “Report claims secret genocide in Indonesia,” University of Sydney, August 19, 2005. http://sydney.edu.au/news/84.html?newsstoryid=651
  50. ^ Steven Carol: “Middle East Rules of Thumb: Understanding the Complexities of the Middle East,” iUniverse, Dec 5, 2008, p. 42. http://books.google.com/books?id=olcpeCz6cvcC&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42
  51. ^ Sean O’Hare: “Video: West Papuan rebels struggle for freedom,” Telegraph, November 11, 2010. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/expat/8119922/West-Papuan-rebels-struggle-for-freedom.html
  52. ^ Asia News: ‘Jihad Terror Papua New Guinea bishop: “Islamic extremists coming to West Papua,”‘ Info Papua, March 29, 2006. http://www.infopapua.org/artman/exec/view.cgi?archive=18&num=562&printer=1
  53. ^ “Jihad warriors back in business. Christians fear regrouping of Islamists who slaughtered thousands.” WND, March 7, 2003. http://www.wnd.com/2003/03/17628/
  54. ^ “40 Years Study Guide – General – Film – 40 Years of Silence.” Elemental Productions, Synopsis. http://www.40yearsofsilence.com/page/synopsis. DER – Documentary Educational Resources. Quality Ethnographic, Documentary, and Non-fiction Films from Around the World. http://www.der.org/resources/study-guides/forty-years-general.pdf.
  55. ^ Studia Islamika: Vol. 13, Issues 1-3, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah. State Institute for Islamic Studies of Syarif Hidayatullah, 2006, p. 11. http://books.google.com/books?&id=FsHXAAAAMAAJ&q=%22between+Communists+and+Muslims+who+had+been+enemies+since+the+massacre+of+1965-1966%2
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  58. ^ Geoffrey Robinson: “The dark side of paradise: political violence in Bali,” Cornell University Press, 1995, p. 281. http://books.google.com/books?id=m3Gfir3Ju70C&pg=PA281
  59. ^ Nicholas Tarling: “The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia,” Vol. 2, Cambridge University Press, 1999, p. 106. http://books.google.com/books?id=U0trzUvic-8C&pg=PA106
  60. ^ Bruce Loudon: “Echoes of Biafra as ethnic angst boils in Nigeria.” The Australian, January 02, 2012. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/echoes-of-biafra-as-ethnic-angst-boils-in-nigeria/story-e6frg6ux-1226234367832
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“Only” 143 dead by Islamists in Nigeria

January 22, 2012

Islamists ‘Boko Haramkills at least 143 in Nigeria, via multiple bombs.


Scores dead in northern Nigeria as Islamist militants terrorise the country

The Guardian

[Jan. 21, 2012]
Scores dead in northern Nigeria as Islamist militants terrorise the countryGroup bidding to impose sharia law claims responsibility for wave of attacks in city of Kano


Monica Mark in Lagos
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/21/scores-dead-nigeria-islamist-militants?newsfeed=true


Radical Islamists attacks kill at least 143 in Nigeria | Alaska Dispatch

[Jan. 21, 2012]

http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/radical-islamists-attacks-kill-least-143-nigeria

At least 143 killed in north Nigeria sect attacks

USA TODAY – [Jan 21, 2012]
KANO, Nigeria (AP) – Coordinated attacks claimed by a radical Islamist sect killed at least 143 people in north Nigeria’s largest city, a hospital official said Saturday, as gunfire still echoed around some areas of the sprawling city.

http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/story/2012-01-21/nigeria-islamist-attacks/52720744/1


At least 143 dead after multiple bombs rock Nigerian city in attacks aimed at government targets

By Suzannah Hills

Daily Mail
Last updated at 5:15 PM on 21st January 2012

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2089790/Nigeria-143-dead-multiple-bombs-rock-Nigerian-city-attacks-aimed-government-targets.html

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150 Die In ‘Heinous’ Islamist Attacks In Nigeria

November 6, 2011

150 Die In ‘Heinous’ Islamist Attacks In Nigeria – Congoo

Bangkok Post November 06, 2011
Bomb and gun attacks targetting police stations and churches in the northeastern Nigerian city of Damaturu left dozens of people dead and at least 100 injured, witnesses said on Saturday. The attackers bombed a city police headquarters, three other police stations and several churches in Damaturu la…
http://www.congoo.com/news/2011November5/die-heinous-Islamist-attacks-Nigeria

150 die in Islamist attacks in Nigeria
10:53 AEST Sun Nov 6 2011
By Aminu Abubakar
Nov 06, 2011

At least 150 people died in a “heinous” wave of gun and bomb attacks in northern Nigeria carried out by the Islamist Boko Haram sect.

President Goodluck Jonathan condemned the assaults which officials said included at least five suicide bomb blasts and “directed security agencies to ensure the arrest of perpetrators of these heinous acts,” said a statement from his spokesman Reuben Abati.

As corpses piled up in the morgue, a rescue agency official, told AFP the body count stood at 150.
“I was involved in the evacuation of corpses to the morgue. I personally counted 150 bodies,” the official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said at the hospital. He said some families had already collected their loved ones for burial, reducing the number to 97 by end of the day.
An AFP reporter counted 97 corpses still in the mortuary.
The Red Cross earlier said the death toll stood at 63, while police spoke of 53, of whom 11 were members of its force.
A member of Nigeria’s Islamist Boko Haram sect on Saturday claimed responsibility.
“We are responsible for the attack in (northeastern) Borno (state) and Damaturu,” Abul Qaqa told an AFP correspondent by phone.
“We will continue attacking federal government formations until security forces stop persecuting our members and vulnerable civilians,” Qaqa warned.
The Friday bomb and gun attacks, targeted police stations, an army base and churches in the cities of Damaturu, Maiduguri and two other small towns.
The military deployed to curb the violence in Maiduguri said there were four suicide bomb attacks in parts of the city, including an army base and on the outskirts of Maiduguri
The attackers bombed their targets then took on the security forces in gun battles in Damaturu.
“It was a suicide bomb attack at one of our buildings. The attacker came in a Honda CRV and rammed into the building and explosives exploded,” Lawal told AFP.
An AFP reporter said no office was still standing at the police HQ which was still smouldering some 24 hours after the attack. Three burnt cars lay in front of the building.
A journalist described scenes of chaos and destruction in Damaturu.
“In fact, Damaturu is looking just like Libya… burnt cars and buildings.”
In a mainly Christian neighbourhood of Damaturu called Jerusalem, six churches were bombed in addition to a police station.
“A police station and a mechanical workshop of the police were attacked. Six churches in the area were also bombed,” said resident Edwin Silas, adding: “The whole city is traumatised.”
The string of attacks came two days ahead of the annual Muslim celebration of Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of Sacrifice.
Police have been placed on red alert nationwide.
Militants from Boko Haram, whose name means “Western Education Is Sin” in the regional Hausa language, have in the past targeted police and military, community and religious leaders, as well as politicians.
The sect, which wants to see the establishment of an Islamic state in northern Nigeria, staged an uprising which was brutally put down by security forces in 2009.
Nigeria’s more than 160 million people are divided almost in half between Muslims and Christians, living roughly in the north and south of the country respectively. Regions where they overlap are prey to frequent tensions.
http://news.ninemsn.com.au/world/8370491/islamists-claim-nigerian-attacks
http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/150-killed-in-islamist-attacks-in-nigeria-20111106-1n1mi.html

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10 Years on – radical ISLAM the Enemy – ever more menacing West in its quest for ‘World domination’

September 2, 2011

10 Years on – radical ISLAM the Enemy – ever more menacing West in its quest for ‘World domination’

Radical Islam: What You Need to Know’ Released Nationwide
Author Urges Social Media Prayer Pledges as 10th Anniversary of 9/11 Terrorist Attacks Approaches
DALLAS, Aug. 31, 2011 /PRNewswire/ — “Radical Islam: What You Need to Know,” the latest book by author, educator and cultural apologist, Dr. Jim Denison, is now available at Christian bookstores and major bookseller websites across America.

As the 10th anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist acts approaches, Denison invites Christian readers to download a complimentary daily devotional and prayer guide, “Redeeming 9/11: Building God’s Kingdom Today.” He also invites readers to share via Twitter or the Denison Forum’s Facebook wall their Prayer Pledge to engage spiritually in praying for our country.

“The global threat posed by radical Islam is greater than on Sept. 11, 2001,” Denison said. “For every militant who dies in jihad, a thousand others seek to avenge his – or her – death.
http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/radical-islam-what-you-need-to-know-released-nationwide-128821058.html

HOMELAND INSECURITY
Poll stunner: These American blacks OK with violent attacks
Shocking study shows high number holding favorable views of al-Qaida

Posted: September 01, 2011
9:05 pm Eastern

The most dangerous Muslims in America may be black converts to Islam, according to a shocking new poll by the Pew Research Center.

African-American Muslims tend to hold the most violent views among U.S. Muslims surveyed by Pew in a poll released this week.

Fully 28 percent of U.S.-born black Muslim respondents said “suicide bombings and other violence against civilians” can be justified sometimes or at least in rare cases. That compares with 9 percent of foreign-born Muslims who hold the same view.

Pew also found that 11 percent of black Muslims living in the U.S. have a favorable opinion of al-Qaida – more than double the share of U.S. Muslims overall who hold that view. Another 21 percent of black Muslims hold only mildly unfavorable views of the terrorist organization responsible for attacking America 10 years ago; while 56 percent of that segment of the Muslim population hold very unfavorable views.

[…]
A popular African-American imam has preached that Islamic law permits Muslims to attack U.S. military targets – including C-130 military transport planes carrying the 82nd Airborne out of Fort Bragg, N.C., according to the best-selling book, “Muslim Mafia: Inside the Secret Underworld That’s Conspiring to Islamize America.”

The Muslim cleric, Zaid Shakir, a frequent guest speaker at Council on American-Islamic Relations events, tells his Muslim audiences: “Jihad is physically fighting the enemies of Islam to protect and advance the religion of Islam. This is jihad.”

Acceptable targets of jihad, he says, include U.S. military aircraft.
http://www.wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=339793

German Officials Alarmed by Ex-Rapper’s New Message: Jihad
New York Times – [Sep. 1, 2011]
German terrorism investigators see Mr. Cuspert, 35, as a threat who provokes young people angered by what they see as a Western campaign against Islam; …
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/01/world/europe/01jihadi.html?_r=1

Five plead not guilty in alleged jihad plot
UPI.com – Aug 15, 2011
15 (UPI) — Five North Carolina men Monday pleaded not guilty to being part of a local terrorism ring that planned jihad overseas.
http://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2011/08/15/Five-plead-not-guilty
-in-alleged-jihad-plot/UPI-98171313443231/?spt=hs&or=tn

Commentary: Arnaud de Borchgrave
Global con?
Published: Sept. 1, 2011 at 8:21 AM
By ARNAUD DE BORCHGRAVE, UPI Editor at Large
[…]
Before year’s end in 2007, LIFG was calling for jihad against Gadhafi and also against the United States and Western “infidels.”
Every intelligence agency in the United States, Europe and the Arab world knows where Belhaj is coming from,” writes Escobar. Belhaj has made sure in Libya that he and his militia will only settle for Shariah law.
http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Analysis/de-Borchgrave/2011/09/01/
Commentary-Global-con/UPI-85911314879713/?spt=hs&or=an

Howard teen arrested in suspected terror plot
By Peter Hermann and Justin Fenton, Published: August 26 [2011]
He was a 15-year-old high school honors student in Ellicott City when federal prosecutors say he went online to solicit money for a woman who called herself “Jihad Jane” and “Fatima LaRose.”
Authorities say that in Web postings two years ago, the youth “appealed for urgent funds” for the suspected terrorist, whose real name is Colleen R. LaRose, 47, of Philadelphia. “I know the sister and by Allah, all money will be transferred to her.”
http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/howard-teen-arrested-in-suspected-terror-plot/2011/08/26/gIQAwTmGhJ_story.html

Mother of 9/11 ’20th hijacker’: I was blind to son’s extremismBy Peter Wilkinson, CNNSeptember 2, 2011 2:47 a.m. EDT
Her son remains the only man convicted in the US over the 9/11 plot. … of being part of a broader terror conspiracy in the months leading up to 9/11… Moussaoui started to attend London’s more radical mosques and was asked to leave the moderate Brixton mosque because of his talks about a jihad, or holy war, against the West.
http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/europe/09/01/september.11.moussaoui.mother/

Two Pakistani Christians Seriously Injured for Refusing Islam
Murad Khan, Compass Direct News
Wednesday, August 31, 2011
Two Christian men were seriously injured by young Muslim men this month in Karachi when they refused to convert to Islam, a family member told Compass…
http://www.crosswalk.com/news/religion-today/two-pakistani-christians-injured-refusing-islam.html

‘Peace talks between government, MILF to continue despite threat’
Philippine Star – Updated September 01, 2011 10:00
… Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) would continue despite the threat of renegade … The MILF has been fighting government troops for decades to establish a self-rule Muslim state in the south of the predominantly Catholic country. Peace talks between the government and the MILF remain stalled since August 2008 following the aborted signing of the Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain.
http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=722926&publicationSubCategoryId=200

Kazakhstan
Kazakh President wants to monitor Muslims more closely after 18 arrested for terrorism – Telegraph
Militant Islam is a threat to Kazakhstan, the ex-Soviet state’s leader has admitted for the first time.
By James Kilner, Central Asia correspondent
5:10PM BST 01 Sep 2011
This year a suicide bomb and a number of unexplained shootouts have dented Kazakhstan’s reputation as a safe, stable business partner for foreign businesses looking to invest in energy-rich but volatile Central Asia.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/kazakhstan/8734730/
Kazakh-President-wants-to-monitor-Muslims-more-closely-after-18-arrested-for-terrorism.html

A dangerous new level
The president is facing a growing terrorist threat
Sep 3rd 2011 ABUJA from the print edition

..A SUICIDE-BOMBING on August 26th at the headquarters of the UN in Abuja, Nigeria’s capital, which left at least 23 people dead, has sharply raised the stakes in the conflict between the government and its terrorist opponents. It was the first suicide-bombing in Nigeria to target an international body. It has rattled foreign residents. And it has made people question whether President Goodluck Jonathan’s administration has a convincing plan to stop such attacks.

The prime suspect is Boko Haram, an extremist Muslim group whose name means “Western education is sinful”. One of its spokesmen told foreign journalists that the action had been carried out to avenge the humiliating treatment of its members by Nigeria’s army and police. Although reluctant to admit to an embarrassing failure of security, Nigerian officials have blamed the sect.

The attack marks a big leap in Boko Haram’s ambitions and suggests it may now be colluding with other more established groups, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), which made a similar attack on UN offices in Algeria four years ago. The Nigerian secret police say that a member of Boko Haram recently came back from Somalia to oversee the attack.

Most of the sect’s activities have hitherto been confined to the dusty north-east of Africa’s most populous nation, on the fringe of the Sahara desert. But in recent months it has expanded beyond its home ground. The latest bombing is the second in the capital since June, when the chief of police narrowly avoided being blown up in his headquarters.

In July Mr Jonathan set up a committee to look into the turmoil in the north-east, Boko Haram’s base. But it has been slow to report. Unless the president soon presents a plan of action, Nigerians and foreign investors may lose confidence in his government’s ability to deal with the problem.

It is hard to gauge the extent of Boko Haram’s following. It has no clear structure or evident chain of command. Poverty in the area has helped drive young men into the arms of radical Islam. Fervent religious extremism has encouraged people to assail the government. The security services’ heavy-handed tactics in trying to quash the violence with random arrests, killings and disappearances have fuelled the discontent. Counter-insurgency experts are urging them to be less bellicose.
http://www.economist.com/node/21528307

Al-Qaida not the only U.S. enemy
COMMENTARY
By CLIFFORD MAY
Syndicated columnist

Published: Monday, August 29, 2011 at 6:15 a.m.
Last Modified: Monday, August 29, 2011 at 6:23 a.m.
Nearly 10 years after the 9/11 attacks, many politicians, diplomats, journalists and academics remain reluctant even to name America’s enemies.

To take but one example: John Brennan, head of the White House homeland security office, has argued that America is only “at war with al-Qaida” and its closest affiliates.

I understand the impulse to frame the conflict as narrowly as possible. Brennan and others do not want to reinforce al-Qaida’s message that Muslims from Afghanistan to Iraq to Israel to Paris to Detroit must choose between the umma, the global Islamic community, and the West – to fight for one and against the other.

But can we not say – truthfully and without playing into al-Qaida’s hands – that there are regimes and groups within the Muslim world that are implacably hostile to the West? Can we not say that they subscribe to a belief system called Jihadism? The late Father Richard John Neuhaus defined Jihadism as a religiously inspired ideology built on the teaching “that it is the moral obligation of all Muslims to employ whatever means necessary in order to compel the world’s submission to Islam.”
http://www.newschief.com/article/20110829/NEWS/108295013/1013/sitemaps

RADICAL ISLAMISM IN INDONESIA AND ITS MIDDLE EASTERN CONNECTIONS GLORIA Center
http://www.gloria-center.org/meria/2011/06/radical-islamism-in-indonesia-and-its-middle-eastern-connections/

Spanish Town Becoming “New Mecca of the Most Radical Islamism”
by Soeren Kern
September 1, 2011 at 5:00 am
The municipality of Salt, a town near Barcelona where Muslim immigrants now make up 40% of the population, has approved a one-year ban on the construction of new mosques. It is the first ban of its kind in Spain.

The moratorium follows public outrage over plans to build a massive Salafi mosque that is being financed by Saudi Arabia. Salafism is a branch of revivalist Islam that calls for restoring past Muslim glory by forcibly re-establishing an Islamic empire (Caliphate) across the Middle East, North Africa and parts of Europe such as Spain, which Salafists view as a Muslim state that must be reconquered for Islam.
http://www.hudson-ny.org/2394/salt-spain-radical-islamism

R. Muslims attack Christians – ‘Bloody Christmas, Black Christmas’ 2010

January 4, 2011

Xmas season marred by bloody violence from Islamists, Chrisrtians under attack, mainly in: Nigeria, Egypt, Iraq and in the Philippines.
This comes after ‘Al Qaeda in Iraq’ has threatned Christians all across the Middle East.

[Some have called it: ‘Bloody Christmas,’ ‘Black Christmas.’]







92 arrested in northern Nigeria after recent religious violence By the CNN Wire Staff


January 1, 2011 — Updated 0730 GMT (1530 HKT)


Jos, Nigeria (CNN) — Nigerian authorities on Friday arrested 92 people allegedly affiliated with a militant Islamist group that the government says is responsible for a string of recent killings in the country’s northeast.


Police blame the group, Boko Haram, for attacks Wednesday that left three police officers and one civilian dead in Maiduguru and for Christmas Eve attacks on two Christian churches in the city that left five dead.


Borno state Police Commissioner Mohammed Abubakar said those arrested were “members of a dangerous religious fundamentalist group… (that) is anti-government.”


Maiduguru is the capital of Nigeria’s Borno state.


According to IHS Jane’s, a defense and security analysis company, Boko Haram is a Sunni militant group that emerged in 2003 and is fighting for the implementation of strict Islamic law in Nigeria.


Nigeria has been rocked by recent religious violence, with the government blaming it most of the recent attacks on Islamist extremists.


Christmas Eve attacks in the volatile city of Jos claimed at least 31 lives, but the Nigerian government has said it is unclear who is responsible. On Friday, there was a mass burial for 16 of the victims.


“The perpetrators of this act are criminals under the guise of religion,” said Benjamin Kwashi, the Anglican archbishop of Jos, at a memorial service.


Three men were arrested with bombs in their possession in the vicinity of Jos on Christmas Day, authorities said


The Jos region lies on a faith-based fault line between Muslim-dominated northern Nigeria and the mainly Christian south.


At least four people were killed and another 13 wounded Friday in a bomb blast at an army barracks in Abuja, the deputy police commissioner said.
http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/africa/12/31/nigeria.arrests/


Attacks in Nigeria several of them in churches.


Christmas Eve Attacks in Nigeria Kill at Least 38
VOA News 25 December 2010


A series of Christmas Eve explosions and attacks in Nigeria, several of them at churches, have killed at least 38 people.


The worst attacks, possibly with dynamite, occurred in the central city of Jos. Police on Saturday said at least 32 people were killed and 74 wounded. There were seven explosions in two separate areas. Many of the victims were Christmas shoppers.


Jos is located in Nigeria’s Middle Belt, a region in Africa’s most populous nation where the mostly Muslim north meets the predominantly Christian south. Religious and ethnic clashes have occurred frequently in the region.


In the northern city of Maiduguri, authorities say suspected members of the Islamist sect Boko Haram threw gasoline bombs at three churches, killing six people and leaving one of the churches burned to the ground. Among the dead was a Baptist pastor, whose house also was destroyed.


Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan condemned the attacks. He said those responsible would be arrested to stand trial.


Members of the Boko Haram sect have been blamed for a series of attacks in recent months on police and community leaders.


The governor of Borno state, Ali Sheriff, described the assaults as a “worrisome situation” and said officials must ensure adequate safety for worshippers.


Nigeria’s 140 million people are divided roughly evenly between Christians and Muslims.


The tensions in the Middle Belt have been stoked by ethnic divisions as different groups vie for control of fertile farmlands and political power. Local rights groups say about 1,500 people have been killed in the region this year.
http://www.voanews.com/english/news/Christmas-Eve-Attacks-in-Nigeria-Kill-at-Least-38-112452239.html


Bloody Christmas Eve in Nigeria | euronews, worldnews

http://www.euronews.net/2010/12/26/bloody-christmas-eve-in-nigeria/


Terror attacks kill dozens in Nigeria, Pakistan; Nigerian governor calls it a ‘black Christmas’
BY Helen Kennedy
DAILY NEWS STAFF WRITER
http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/2010/12/25/2010-12-25_terror_attacks_kill_dozens_in_nigeria_pakistan_nigerian_governor_calls_it_a_blac.html


Nigeria – 26/12/10 05:53 CET
Bloody Christmas Eve in Nigeria .Pictures are now in from near Jos in central Nigeria where bombs tore through two villages on Christmas Eve. Around 40 people died and over 70 were injured in seven separate blasts in two locations.


Extremist bombs and fireworks accidents mar New Year around the world‎
– Sacramento Bee


Published: Saturday, Jan. 1, 2011 – 12:00 am
Last Modified: Saturday, Jan. 1, 2011 – 2:59 pm


The world entered 2011 in high style from Friday into Saturday with parties across the globe, but terrorism and violence – and in some cases bad weather – marred some celebrations.


[…]


In nations where Muslim-Christian friction is common, Islamic extremists bombed crowds marking the New Year, which is determined by the Christian calendar. The Islamic new year began on December 7.


The worst violence was in Nigeria, where bomb blasts in the capital Abuja left about 30 dead, local media said.


Witnesses spoke of 20 dead, some women and children, when a bomb exploded at a crowded marketplace in a military cantonment where members of the armed forces and their families live.


It was not clear who was behind the blast. Christmas Eve attacks on churches in the central Nigerian town of Jos left at least 80 people dead. Members of the Islamist sect Boko Haram have been blamed in the earlier attacks.


The Punch newspaper cited an anti-terrorism expert on Saturday saying that a connection with the al-Qaida network could not be ruled out in the Abuja attack.


Another bomb exploded late Friday outside a church where worshippers were celebrating New Year’s Eve, the newspaper Vanguard reported.


Over the past year, repeated clashes between Muslims and Christians in Nigeria – who each make up about half the population – have claimed hundreds of lives.


Politicians have warned of attempts to destabilize the country ahead of presidential elections due in April.


At least 22 people were killed and 43 injured when a suicide bomber set off a blast outside a church in the northern Egyptian city of Alexandria. Coptic Christians were at the church for a New Year’s Eve mass when the bomb exploded around 20 minutes after midnight.


Egypt’s interior ministry said the bomber was one of the dead and blamed “foreign elements.”


<font color=red>The Islamic State of Iraq, a group affiliated with al-Qaida, has recently threatened Christians throughout the Middle East.</font>


A bomb killed two policemen and wounded four other officers in Thailand’s majority-Muslim Deep South where separatists had vowed to disrupt the New Year festivities.


In other parts of the world, the main danger was from carelessly ignited fireworks or guns fired in celebration.


In rowdy celebrations in the Philippines, three people were killed by stray bullets while watching fireworks. A teenager was stabbed to death in an argument with a drunken man about firecrackers. Some 287 others were injured in other incidents, police said.


In Crispano in southern Italy, a 39-year-old man died instantly when a stray gunshot hit him as he stood on a balcony during celebrations. Reports said at least 70 people were hurt by fireworks in the Naples area alone.
http://www.sacbee.com/2011/01/01/3293171/extremist-bombs-and-fireworks.html


Coptic church bombing in Egypt is latest assault on Mideast Christians


By Borzou Daragahi and Amro Hassan, Los Angeles Times
 
January 1, 2011, 3:39 p.m.


The New Year’s blast kills 21 and sparks clashes between police and Copts. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak accuses foreign elements of involvement in the terrorist attack, which drew condemnation across the Middle East.


Reporting from Beirut and Cairo — A devastating New Year’s Day terrorist bombing at a Coptic church in Egypt that killed 21 people was the latest in a spate of violent assaults against the Middle East’s vulnerable Christian communities.


The car bomb explosion also injured 79 people just after midnight Saturday as worshipers were leaving a New Year’s Mass at the Saints Church in east Alexandria, Egyptian officials said. The bombing sparked street clashes between police and angry Copts, who hurled stones, stormed a nearby mosque and threw some of its books into the street.


Security forces cordoned off the area and used tear gas to disperse the crowd. A witness told the state-run newspaper Al Ahram that a priest calmed the Copts and urged them to stay inside the church.


The attack was among the deadliest on Egyptian Christians in recent memory and the worst terrorist incident in the country since 2006, and followed similar assaults this week in Iraq.


All but eight of the injured and all of the fatalities in Alexandria were Christians, according to Egypt’s Ministry of Health. No one immediately claimed responsibility for the attack, which was being described as a suicide bombing. The explosion, which appeared designed to inflict maximum civilian casualties, bore the hallmark of Al Qaeda militants.


Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak accused unnamed foreign elements of being behind the attack.


“This act of terrorism shook the country’s conscience, shocked our feelings and hurt the hearts of Muslim and Coptic Egyptians,” he said in an emergency address to the nation. “The blood of their martyrs in the land of Alexandria mixed to tell us all that all Egypt is the target and that blind terrorism does not differentiate between a Copt and a Muslim.”


The attack in the ancient Mediterranean coastal city was the latest in a wave of violence against once-resilient Christian communities in the Muslim world, some of which date back to antiquity.


Christmas Eve assaults by Muslim extremists killed dozens of Christians in the Nigerian cities of Jos and Maiduguri. And Iraq’s Christians have endured a relentless campaign of attacks and intimidation by the local branch of Al Qaeda.


An Oct. 31 siege on a Baghdad church that killed at least 58 parishioners and staff members sparked a new Christian exodus from the Iraqi capital and the northern city of Mosul. About 1,000 families sought refuge in Iraq’s semiautonomous Kurdish enclave afterward, according to the United Nations. Further threats of violence by Islamic militants caused many Christians in Iraq to tone down Christmas celebrations, and attacks Thursday against 10 Christian targets left an elderly couple dead.


Officials across the Middle East, including the ultraconservative Muslim governments.., condemned Saturday’s attack, which was widely covered in television news broadcasts. In an annual New Year’s speech at the Vatican, Pope Benedict XVI urged the faithful to stave off despair over such violence, but also demanded that governments do more to protect religious minorities.


“In front of the current threatening tensions, in front of especially the discrimination tyranny and religious intolerance, that today hit in particular the Christians, once again I deliver the pressing invite to not cave in to the depression and resignation,” Benedict said, adding that officials’ “words are not enough” in confronting religious intolerance.


“There must be a concrete and constant effort from leaders of nations,” he said.


The Alexandria bombing transformed a joyous New Year celebration into a grim reminder of the country’s religious strife. A witness told Al Ahram that the massive explosion rocked the church.


“It was about 15 minutes after midnight when we heard the sound of the explosion. We came out of the church to find two cars on fire,” said Sami Saad, who was in the church when the bomb exploded. “Everyone was frightened and people were screaming after we saw scattered parts of the dead bodies mixing with blood on the ground.”


Making up about 10% of the country’s population, Copts are Egypt’s largest religious minority group and the largest Christian community in the Middle East. Religious violence between Muslims and Copts has increased in recent years, often triggered by interfaith marriages or conversions, especially in southern Egypt, where Copts live in larger communities.


Copts have also grown angry about the obstacles to building churches, when the authorization process is easy for construction of mosques.


Riots have frequently broken out. Two people died in November clashes in Cairo between Coptic demonstrators and police after local authorities refused to allow a community center to be turned into a church.


The violence lately has taken an ominous turn. In November, the militant group Al Qaeda in Iraq announced that Coptic churches in Egypt would be targeted until two priests’ wives who were allegedly locked up in Coptic monasteries after converting to Islam are freed. Al Qaeda militants in Iraq have also referred to the women in justifying attacks on once-vibrant Christian communities in Baghdad and around Mosul.


Most Middle Eastern countries outside the Arabian Peninsula have sizable Christian communities, including the Maronites in Lebanon, Armenians in Iran and the Orthodox in Syria. But their numbers have shrunk over the last century, experts say. Christians now account for less than 5% of the Middle East’s population, down from 20%.


Authorities worry that Christian communities in relatively safe countries, such as Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iran, also are shrinking, though driven more by a search for economic opportunities that by fear of violence. They tend to be better educated and more Western-oriented than their Muslim compatriots and often utilize family or religious ties abroad to emigrate.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-egypt-church-attack-20110102,0,2931888.story


_______________

PHILIPPINES Jolo: Muslim leaders slam Christmas attack
[12/27/2010 14:39]

In a statement released to the press, representatives of the Philippines’ ulama urge all Muslims to fight Muslim extremists who use Islam in their own interests. The Christian Community in Jolo (Mindanao) was attacked during Mass at the Sacred Heart Chapel. Eleven people were wounded. Abu Sayyaf and Jemaah Islamiyah are the main suspects.

Zamboanga (AsiaNews) – A group of Filipino ulama have condemned the attack by Muslim extremists against the Chapel of the Sacred Heart in Jolo (Sulu) on Saturday. They urge the authorities to move “heaven and earth” to bring the culprits to justice.

A bomb exploded at 7.15 am during Christmas Mass. The blast blew out the chapel’s roof and wounded 11 people.

No one has yet claim responsibility for the attack, and the authorities are still trying to identify who might be behind it.

Various Islamist groups operate in Sulu Province, including Abu Sayyaf, which is suspected to be connected to al Qaeda and Indonesia-based Jemaah Islamiyah.

In his Sunday address, Benedict XVI mentioned the blood shed in the Philippines on Christmas.

In a press release also issued yesterday, members of the National Ulama Conference of the Philippines slammed the attack. The “many kidnapping incidents in different parts of Mindanao are barbaric acts of violence, cruelty, and disrespect and must be condemned,” their statement said.

“If it is true, then let it be known to all that the “brand of Islam” being espoused by the so-called ‘Jama’a Islamia’ and its international and local accomplices has no place in the purity of Islamic teachings. Theirs is to advance their personal political agenda using Islam to get support from innocent and desperate people.”

“We challenge peace-loving Muslims to stand up against those who use Islam for their self-serving interest. And we call on other faith communities to help us Muslims to face squarely these forces of evil not to triumph; as the saying goes, ‘The only thing necessary for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing’.”

Predominantly Muslim Mindanao has been the scene for the past 40 years of open warfare between the Filipino armed forces and extremist Islamic groups like the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and Abu Sayyaf.

Jolo’s Christian community has been the object of many attacks. The worst occurred on 7 July 2009 when a bomb exploded inside the cathedral, killing six and wounding 40.

http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Jolo:-Muslim-leaders-slam-Christmas-attack-20357.html

_______________


Christians consider their future after more attacks in Iraq Dec 28, 2010 … Articles about Assyrians, christians in Iraq with sidenotes on the origin and history of Christian Minorities in Iraq from past to present.
http://www.christiansofiraq.com/christiansconsider-theirfutureafter-moreattacks-iniraq.html


US, EU Urge Iraqi Government To Protect Christians
AHN | All Headline News


The United States and the European Union on Friday, the New Year’s eve condemned the latest violence against Christians and asked Baghdad to increase efforts to give better coverage to Christians.



Source: (AHN) Reporter: Tejinder Singh

Location: Washington, D.C., United States Published: January 1, 2011 05:16 am EST



The United States on Friday, the New Year’s eve condemned the latest violence against Christians and asked Baghdad to increase efforts to give better coverage to Christians.



Iraq’s interior ministry said in a statement 15 bombs were placed around homes in Christian areas of Baghdad. Eleven of the bombs exploded, according to reports.



“We call on the Government of Iraq to redouble its efforts to protect Christians and apprehend the terrorists who are behind these acts,” said Mark C. Toner, Acting State Department Spokesman, adding, “We condemn the violence against Christians carried out overnight by terrorists in Iraq.”



Iraqi reports noted that a couple that was killed had found a bag at their gate which blew up when they opened it.



“President Talabani, Prime Minister Maliki, and virtually every political bloc and major religious leader in Iraq have denounced attacks on Christians and stressed the centrality of Christians in the fabric of Iraqi society,” Toner said in a statement.



“We commend the Government of Iraq for increasing its security measures to protect Christian communities since the October 31 suicide bombing attack at … Church,” urged Toner in his statement.



Earlier, the president of the European Parliament, the legislature of 27 member state European Union, Jerzy Buzek called upon the Iraqi government to make sure Christians in Iraq enjoy the same protection and status as Shiites and Sunnis.



“The European Parliament is very concerned about these developments and is a strong defender of human rights, including freedom of religion” President Buzek said in a statement.



“We monitor the situation closely and have adopted a number of resolutions to try to draw international attention to the plight of Christian minorities,” Buzek added.
http://www.allheadlinenews.com/briefs/articles/90029314?U.S.%2C%20EU%20Urge%20Iraqi%20Government%20To%20Protect%20Christians



_______________



Egypt Bombing Raises Fears of Growing Sectarian Bloodshed
By Abigail Hauslohner / Cairo Saturday, Jan. 01, 2011 


It had all the hallmarks of an al-Qaeda attack. Shortly after midnight, an explosion detonated by what authorities say was likely a suicide bomber ripped through a crowd of worshippers as they emerged from New Year’s mass at a church in Egypt’s northern port city of Alexandria. The blast left 21 people dead and 79 others wounded, while opening a fresh, seething wound in Egypt’s already problematic sectarian rift.


For months, al-Qaeda militants in Iraq have called repeatedly for attacks on Christians — in retaliation, they say, for the alleged kidnapping and detention by Egypt’s Coptic church of two Christian women who are believed to have converted to Islam. And on New Year’s Day, Egyptian officials painted the bombing as a brutal, foreign assault (though they have not directly accused al Qaeda; Egypt has typically been wary of making such an explicit link to attacks for fear of scaring off tourists). President Hosni Mubarak stressed in a televised speech that the terrorists had targeted both Christians and Muslims. And one of Egypt’s highest religious authorities, the office of the Grand Mufti, issued a statement declaring that “Islam and Muslims are innocent … Such an act could not come from a Muslim who knows the truth of Islam.” More likely, the Mufti concluded, was “the involvement of foreign parties that want to strike at national unity.”
(See TIME’s photos of Egypt’s outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.)


So far, however, there’s little evidence for that. And skeptical analysts say the claims are all typical rhetoric for a regime whose officials have used foreign intervention as a scapegoat for violent incidents ranging from terrorist bombings and rocket attacks to maulings by sharks.


While many analysts believe the attack was at least inspired by outsiders, the government’s real fear, they say, is that it was homegrown in its design. For the authorities, who waged a crushing campaign against violent Islamist extremism in the 1990s, and who last week had Egyptian churches on high alert, it would be a huge admission of failure. But more troubling still, it would shine a spotlight on a troubling reality that the state has been at pains to sweep under the rug: Egypt’s worsening sectarian tensions. “The official rhetoric is always that problems don’t exist,” says Hisham Kassem, an independent newspaper publisher and social critic. “There are issues of discrimination against Copts, and they’re refusing to deal with them.”
(See TIME’s most unforgettable images of 2010.)


Christians make up about 10% of Egypt’s 80 million people. But observers from both communities say sectarianism has been on the rise for years as a result of both deepening religiosity and competition for resources amid worsening economic conditions. Copts have long complained of government discrimination and neglect, while Muslims have accused the Coptic community, which is subject to slightly different rules and regulations, of preferential treatment and living outside the law.


Christians are required to seek state approval to build churches, and intermarriage between Coptic men and Muslim women is illegal. In November, violent clashes broke out in Cairo over plans to build a church. And almost exactly one year ago, a gunman massacred seven people in a town in southern Egypt, following a Christmas mass.
(See TIME’s Top 10 of Everything of 2010.)


But conversion is one topic that has been particularly contentious, and increasingly public as well. Since last summer, Alexandria — known half a century ago for being Egypt’s breezy, cosmopolitan gateway to the Mediterranean — has become the epicenter of extremist outrage over the alleged captive converts. While al-Qaeda militants in Iraq have called repeatedly for attacks on Christians until they are released, adherents to the hard-line Salafi sect of Islam have staged regular protests, in which they compare the Egyptian pope to the devil, and liken their conflict to the Crusades.


It’s no wonder then that not everyone is buying the official line on the source of the attacks. “I remain more convinced that it is an Islamic Jihadist group rooted in Egypt and Alexandria, and it stands behind whatever has happened,” says Yousef Sidham, the editor of Al-Watany, a Coptic Christian Christian newspaper. “We know that whenever al-Qaeda succeeds in an attack, they always declare responsibility for it,” he adds. In this case, that hasn’t happened yet.
(Comment on this story.)


Meanwhile, the national unity that state authorities have called for today may instead wind up another casualty of the midnight bombing. Shortly after the explosion, clashes erupted between Christian and Muslim protesters who had gathered at the scene, and the Associated Press reported that a mob of Christians broke into a nearby mosque, throwing books out into the street. On Saturday clashes continued between Christian protesters and police wiedling tear gas.


It’s a cycle that analysts say is likely to repeat in the days ahead. “It’s a very hot situation, and it is liable to be continuous,” says Milad Hanna, a Coptic politician and former member of parliament.
http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2040449,00.html


Bomb hits Egypt church at New Year’s Mass, 21 dead – Valley News … Dec 31, 2010 … Blood splattered the facade of the church, as well as a mosque directly across the street. … It was the deadliest violence involving Christians in Egypt since … three days of Muslim-Christian riots that left at least four dead. … massacre of nearly 60 tourists at a Pharaonic temple in Luxor. …
http://www.valleynewslive.com/Global/story.asp?S=13766567


Bombing opens vein of Christian anger in Egypt



By PAUL SCHEMM, Associated Press Paul Schemm, Associated Press – Mon Jan 3, 4:54 pm ET

CAIRO – The New Year’s Day suicide bombing of a church that killed 21 people has opened up a vein of fury among Egypt’s Christians, built up over years of what they call government failure to address persistent discrimination and violence against their community.



[…]

Christian anger, says rights activist Hossam Bahgat, stems in large part because they feel attacks against them can be carried out with impunity, something borne out by evidence of past incidents, especially in Egypt’s impoverished hinterlands.



In a two-year study conducted by his organization, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, he documented 52 anti-Christian incidents between 2008 and 2010 and in none of them were the perpetrators punished. Instead security forces arbitrarily arrested a few people.



“Security then forces both sides to accept reconciliation at the expense of justice,” he said, which gives the perpetrators a sense of impunity. “It’s an invitation for these events to recur and the victims are left feeling victimized twice, first by those who did it and second by the government.”



Egypt’s government maintains Muslims and Christians are treated equally in the country and after these kinds of sectarian incidents loudly affirms its commitment to national unity.



But Christians have long complained that they are discriminated against in getting jobs in the government, universities — even the private sector. They also point to rising Muslim conservativism that they say affects government officials’ dealings with Christians.



Youssef Sidhom, a prominent Coptic intellectual and editor of the weekly Watani newspaper, said that in Egyptian society there has been growing antipathy to coexisting with Christians, undermining such official pronouncements.



“The infiltration of political Islam into our education, our schools, into the hearts and minds of school teachers and into our school books and is extremely dangerous because it produces innocent children who are infected by the version of Islam that does not accept the other and preaches non-acceptance of Christians,” he told The Associated Press.



In an editorial in the English-language online version of the state-owned Al-Ahram newspaper, editor Hani Shukrallah slammed the government for trying to appease Islamist sentiment and warned against rising anti-Christian sentiment among Muslims.



“I accuse the millions of supposedly moderate Muslims among us — those who’ve been growing more and more prejudiced, inclusive and narrow minded with every passing year,” he wrote Saturday.


“I have heard you speak, in your offices, in your clubs, at your dinner parties: ‘The Copts must be taught a lesson…

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/01/03/AR2011010300780.html

Muslims Chant “AllahuAkbar” After Car Bomb Kills 21 Christians

A video of the bombing of the Christian church in Egypt, showing the Muslims chanting Allah Akbar and walking on the dead bodies.

An hour before the bombing, the Egyptian police guards all left. And didn’t return until the Christians, infuriated at the Allah Akbar chants started throwing rocks at the Mosque on the other side of the street. The only ones arrested were the Christians who just saw their loved ones slaughtered.

target=blank>http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=43f_1294067728

http://www.aina.org/news/20110101232613.htm

Ghadafi – African “God” With His Message – aggressive spread of radical Islam through racist Arabism

February 20, 2009

Ghadafi – African “God” With His Message – aggressive dictatorship’s spread of radical Islam through racist Arabism

Africa: Ghadafi – African God With His Message

Sunny Igboanugo Dan Kanu Austin Oboh And Rafiu Ajakaye

11 February 2009

Pharaohs of ancient Egypt were reputed to have employed advisers, whose job was to continuously drum it in their ears: “Remember Pharaoh, you are but human.” This constant refrain, was meant to restrain them from playing God in administering the affairs of their people. In years thereafter, and even today, this critical practice, appears to be missing in the lives of leaders, especially those who want to rule the world, or at least impact on it in their peculiar manner. History is replete with them. Adolph Hitler of Germany, Benito Mussolini of Italy, Ferdinand Marcos of Philippines, Jean-Claude Duvalier (Baby Doc) of Haiti, Augusto Pinochet of Chile, Abdul Nasser of Egypt, Saddam Hussein of Iraq, Idi Amin Dada of Uganda.

All these men, though in varying degrees, wielded influences within their countries at the time they were in power, that tapered towards playing God. Of course their styles were different, but the public understanding of their actions, was similar – they were men, who wanted to dominate the world, their world, some by raw display of power, others by sheer control and manipulation of the thought process of their people. Their actions not only resulted in most cases to outlandish and even bizarre outcomes, but profoundly shook the entire world. Some came with religion, while others came through politics or combined both. However the domino effect were same – the world listened.

Though most of them are now history, even though the impacts and most times scars they created, still remain as reference points to confirm man’s desire to control his environment, there is no doubt that the future would still have a lot of them to contend with willy-nilly, despite the influence of civilisation. This is the context many people are now looking at the renewed wave of activities within the African Union (AU), with the ascension of Libyan leader, Col. Muammar Ghadafi, to its leadership. But does the Libyan leader fit into the profile of these men of power and influence? No doubt. Would he succeed in seizing Africa as they seized their environments? Time will tell. But the fact remains, at least on the surface that he is working at it.

I should like to point out that Gadhafi’s invitation to his fellow Arabs is nothing but a declaration of race war on Africa. It is an invitation to more Arabs to invade and colonise Africa. Indeed, it is a call for the final phase of the 15 centuries old Arab lebensraum war on Afrikans – a war to Islamise and conquer all of Africa, from Cairo to the Cape and from Senegal to Somalia, and to then enslave or Arabise all the conquered Afrikans. In order to make that clear, it is necessary to first put his invitation in the context of the traditions of Arab melanophobia and negrophobia, and of Arab expansionist ambitions and conquests that go back to the time of their Arab prophet, Muhammed.” With his present pre-occupation, this fear may have been assuaged.

While rights agitators in Nigeria avoided making comments regarding the aggressive spread of Islam through Arabism, they agree with Dowden that Gadhafi’s rights records are enough ground to deny him headship of the AU. They also argued that his election says a lot about other African leaders.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200902110560.html

Over 400 die in Muslims gang clashing with Christian youths

December 10, 2008

Over 400 die in Muslims gang clashing with Christian youths

Nigeria Violence: Hundreds Die And Thousands Flee… Nov 29, 2008 … Hundreds have been killed in Nigeria after Christians and Muslims clashed over the result of a local election,
http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/World-News/Nigeria-Violence-Hundreds-Die-And-Thousands-Flee-Jos-As-Christians-And-Muslims-Clash/Article/200811415166344
 
euronews | Hundreds killed in Muslim-Christian clashes in Nigeria Independent world news from a European point of view.
http://www.euronews.net/en/article/30/11/2008/hundreds-killed-in-muslim-christian-clashes-in-nigeria/
 
Over 400 reported dead after Nigeria clashes – The Irish Times …Nov 30, 2008 …
http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2008/1130/breaking4.htm
 
Hundreds dead after Christian and Muslim gangs clash in Nigeria …Nov 30, 2008 … More than 200 people killed in two days of clashes between Christians and Muslims in central Nigeria, says Red Cross.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/nov/30/nigeria-christians-muslims-fighting
 
Death toll hits 400 in Nigerian clashes – Africa, World – The …Dec 1, 2008 … Residents took more bodies to the main mosque in the Nigerian city of Jos … The latest clashes between gangs of Muslim Hausas and mostly Christian youths began early on Friday and were provoked after news spread that the ANPP party candidate backed by Hausas had lost the race to the ruling PDP. “The PDP provided an all-Christian ticket. They started the trouble because they couldn’t win,” said Samaila Abdullahi Mohammed, a spokesman for the imam at the main mosque. Official results showed the PDP candidate won the vote but his swearing-in, due today, has been postponed.
Nigeria’s 140 million people are roughly split equally between Muslims and Christians and the two communities generally live peacefully side by side. Displaced people from both religions are sheltering together in impromptu camps around Jos.
But tensions in the country’s “Middle Belt” run deeply, rooted in resentment from indigenous minority groups, mostly Christian or animist, towards migrants and settlers from the Hausa-speaking Muslim north.
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/death-toll-hits-400-in-nigerian-clashes-1042743.html