Posts Tagged ‘WW2’

ICON OF EVIL: IslamoNazi Mufti al-Husseini

September 30, 2012

ICON OF EVIL: Islamo Nazi pan-Arab pan-Islam leader, the MUFTI, al Husseini


  • Number 1 Islamo-Arab leader
    Supreme Islam leader in palestine, Haj Amin al-Husseini Grand Mufti, pan-Arab, pan-Islam leader[1][2][3][4]:

  • Islamized Nazism
    Leading scholar J. Herf: “the Mufti played a central role in the cultural fusion of European with Islamic traditions… He was one of the few who had mastered the ideological themes and nuances of fascism and Nazism, as well as the anti-Jewish elements within the Koran and its subsequent commentaries.”[5] Noted writer B. Lewis: … he aimed at much vaster purposes, conceived not so much in pan-Arab as in pan-Islamic terms, for a Holy War of Islam in alliance with Germany against world Jewry, to accomplish the final solution of the Jewish problem.[6]Author P. Berman uses historical sources archival records that have been published only in the past year, he shows how al-Banna funded the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin al-Husseini, “Adolf Hitler’s most prolix and prominent champion in the Arab world”. Al-Husseini drew from Nazism and the Koran to create Islamic fascism, which he broadcast ad nauseam over the radio on the Voice of Free Arabism. And these poisonous texts found their way into the writings of the Muslim Brotherhood.[7] On 4 October 1944, in his radio speech, the mufti asserted that “as far as fighting against Jewry, Islam and National Socialism have moved very close to one another.” From Islamists’ praises: On 12 June 1946, the paper Al Kutla welcomed Husseini “in the field of Jihad.” On 30 June 1946, the Muslim Brotherhood paper Al Ikhwan Al Muslimin said of Husseini, “The Arab hero and symbol of Al Jihad and patience and struggle is here in Egypt.”[8]

  • Assisted in genocide
    Al-Husseini together with his aid and henchman A. Shukairy[9] aided Eichmann on his extermination program.[10]

  • “Father” of the Arab-Israeli conflict / “father” of radicalism
    The Mufti also “founded” the entire Arab-Israeli conflict,[11] appropreiately termed the “father” of Palestinian radicalism,[12] motivated by sheer bigotry, whose hatred of Jews was both religious and racial,[13] radical Islamic judeophobia[14] and ethnic racism[15] as an extremist Arab racist[16] supremacist. Since the early 1920s he had sought to rouse the mass of believers by falsely claiming that the Jews intended to take over al-Haram al- Sharif (the Temple Mount area) in order to rebuild Solomon’s Temple on the ruins of the great mosques. He had called on Muslim leaders throughout the world to rally to the defense of the holy places of Islam… Haj Amin created the basis for a more popular national movement in the 1930s that succeeded in bringing the Palestinian cause into the forefront of pan-Islamic and pan-Arab concerns… [17]

  • Jerusalem?
    In order to agitate for violence, he evoked a “link” of (Jews’ hitsoric) Jerusalem to Muslims, after a long history of sinking into oblivion,[18] and abandoned by the Muslim population.[19]

  • 1918: ‘Only the sword…’
    Already in 1918, he set forth his ‘vision.’ “… the Zionists, will be massacred to the last man. We want no progress, no prosperity. Nothing but the sword will decide the future of this country.”[20][21]

  • Violence: 1920 & on
    Incited to bloody violence since at least 1920.[22] The following year, in May 1921, another series of anti-Jewish riots in Jafa, Hadera, Rehovot, Petach Tikveh and Kfar Saba resulted in the deaths of nearly 100 people.[23] The Arab demonstrators shouted incendiary slogans such as “Palestine is our land and the Jews our dogs.” They clearly made no practical distinction between indigenous Sephardic or ultra-Orthodox Jews from the old Jerusalem community[24] Indeed, (long before the Arabs’ deep loss of the 1967 Six-Day war, where they mark the beginning of a so-called “Occupation,”) from 1920 to 1966, Arab terrorists murdered 1513 Jewish residents of British Mandatory Palestine.[25]Al-Husseini had used his authority as Grand Mufti and as head of the council in the 1920s and 1930s to issue fatwas agaisnt the British and the Jews… as well as against moderate fellow Arabs. Upon becoming Grand Mufti in 1921, al-Husseini declared a fatwa of Jihad against the Palestinian Jewish settlers and simultaneously declared that all Muslims who maintained friendly relations with the Jews were to be considered as infidels, an enduring conviction in many quarters to this day.[26]

  • 1929 Hebron massacre
    He ignited,[27] through “provocative speeches,”[28] the massacre in Hebron 1929, which put an end to the ancient Jewish community in Hebron, massacring dozens; people were set on fire with kerosene, tortured to death, castrated, and raped.[29] On August 24, after Arabs had killed Jews in the Old City, 65 Jews were killed in Hebron. In all, between August 23 and August 26, 133 Jews were killed, 399 wounded and 6 Jewish colonies destroyed.[30] He called: “Kill the Jews wherever you find them, this pleases Allah.”[31] It raised the issue: how Arabs were incited to violence during Friday afternoon worship in their mosques… the concept of jihad and the 72 virgins a Muslim allegedly receives if he dies as a martyr.[32]

  • 1931 – with Muft’s collaboration, his cousin[33] Abd al-Qadir founds the ‘Holy War Organization’ / Sacred Holy War [“munazzamat al-jihad al-muqaddas”].
    [34] It operates against the Jews and the British.[35]

  • Dec. 1931, Mufti organizes pan-Islamic conference.[36] Representatives were a mixture of fascists and Islamists.[37] He forges an alliance with Muslim Bosnian official which will help them both, later on, in WW2, to commit crimes for the Nazis.[38]

  • 1933 Hitler just rose – Mufti already cheers/supports
    Merely within weeks of Hitler’s accession to power, the Mufti of Jerusalem, Hajj Amin al-Husseini, approached the German consul-general in Jerusalem, Dr. Heinrich Wolff, and offered his services.[39] It was on March 31, 1933, the Mufti declared his supoort on behalf of Muslims everywhere, saying: ‘Muslims inside and outside Palestine welcome the new regime in Germany and hope for the spread of fascist, antidemocratic. governmental system to other countries.’[40]

  • Muslim Brotherhood
    In 1935, the Mufti met al-Banna’s brother Abd-al-Rahman on behalf of al-Banna[41] in Jerusalem; subsequent to that meeting, the Mufti arranged for the Brotherhood to receive funding from the Nazis.[42] The Muslim Brotherhood’s al-Banna collaborated with the Nazis which he was jailed for.[43] The Brotherhood had the ‘Mein Kampf’ translated into Arabic.[44] Al-Banna established a youth movement whose military and physical attributes resembled those of the Nazi youth organisations, demanding absolute obedience to their leader, and declaring their willingness to use force in pursuit of the Brotherhood’s goals. His Special Apparatus was composed of members who were ‘prepared spiritually and physically to engage in jihad for the mission’.[45]

  • Arab Nazi Party
    The Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, and inspired/helped Jamal Husseini’s –1935– founding of the Arab Nazi Party through the ‘Palestinian Arab Party.’ By 1936 the Arab version of Hitler-youth recruited child soldiers for the sake of “Arabism” and for “Allah.”[46]

  • 1936-1939 riots
    Between 1936-1939, he was -again- behind bloody riots in Palestine, made possible with funds he received from the Nazis as an ally.[47]

  • Hitlerjugend
    1937: The Mufti organized the “Nazi Scouts,” based on the Hitler Youth.[48] comprising some 20,000 “child soldiers.”[49] They were called “Holy Jihad.”[50]

  • Another “Hitler”
    Termed in 1938: ‘the Hitler of the Near East.’[51]

  • Eiminating moderates
    While there were many moderates in the 1920s, who welcomed the Jewish newcomers returning to their ancient land and joining the local Jewish population, al-Husseini, however, through his violent bloody system of intimidation and assassinations, made “sure,” there are no moderate Arabs left by the end of the 1930s.[52] He personally ordered assassinations especialy between 1938-1941.[53]

  • Converting Nazis – Jamait-e-Muslimin
    In 1939, co-planned with the Nazis to convert 25,000 Germans into Islam, to be organized into a Moslem association – “Jamait-e-Muslimin.” They’d be sent out for propaganda.[54]

  • Rachid Ali coup – fatwa
    Was behind the pro-Hitler Coup d’etat of pan-Arabist Raschid Ali; called (May, 1941) for a “holy war”[55][56][57][58] against the British and in favor of the Nazis. So did much of the wider Muslim clergy in that country.[59]

  • Farhud
    Incited the Farhud pogrom June 1941 in Iraq,[60] Where 179 Jewish men, women, and children were killed; 242 children orphaned; 586 businesses looted…[61] A Nazi-style pogrom in Baghdad that set the stage for the devastation and expulsion of the Iraqi Jews and ultimately almost a million Jews across the Arab world.[62]

  • Meeting Hitler
    On Nov. 1941 he met A. Hitler.[63][64] In accordance with the Nazi “racial supremacy,” Arabs were considered just as inferior as Jews, Hitler regarded them as half-apes,[65][66] “and declined to shake the Mufti’s hand and refused to drink coffee with him.” They, nevertheless, found ‘common goal’ in their mutual anti-Jewish hatred.[67]

  • Arab Fuhrer
    Gained widespread acclaim as the ‘Fuhrer of the Arab world.’[68] or the ‘Arab Fuhrer.’[69]

  • Mufti: ‘Allah in heaven – Hitler on earth’
    [Since at least] 1942 – spread propaganda slogan: “In Heaven Allah, On Earth Hitler.”[70]

  • Einsatzgruppe – planned extermination of the Jews of Palestine
    1942: The planned extermination of the Jews living in Palestine… In 1941-42 Nazi Germany appeared to be invincible in North Africa… The Mufti had several meetings with Adolf Hitler. Nazi Germany also pledged to wipe out the Jews who had been living in Palestine since time immemorial as well as the new arrivals from the beginning of the modern Zionist movement in the nineteenth century and following the Balfour Declaration in 1917… A special unit was assembled and trained in Greece in the spring of 1942 by SD officer Walter Rauff, the originator of the gassing van experiments in Poland and the Soviet Union. They were to operate behind the lines with the help of those in the region who were eager to join the task force. After El Alamein, the Einsatzkommando shifted its operations to Tunisia, where it implemented cruel anti-Jewish policies for many months. Over 2,500 Tunisian Jews were to die in the camps set up by the Nazis and their collaborators.[71]

  • Free Arabia
    The Mufti organized the Arabisches Freiheitskorps.[72][73] In 1942, a few months after his arrival in Germany, Haj Amin started organizing an Axis-Arab Legion from among the Arab students in Germany, the Arab prisoners of war, and the emigres who had followed him to Germany. They wore the German uniform and had “Free Arabia” patches on their shoulders. This Arabisches Freiheitskorps was a part of the German Army and protected lines of communication in Macedonia. The legionnaires had been instrumental in ferreting out American and British parachutists landed in Yugoslavia, whom the local population was seeking to hide and protect from the Nazis. The Legion also served on the Russian front …[74][75]

  • Genocide for Allah!
    One of his infamous genocidal speeches -embedded with Islamic theme- was delivered on March 1, 1944: “Kill the Jews wherever you find them… this pleases Allah, history, and religion. This saves your honor. Allah is with you.”[76][77][78][79][80]

  • Prevented the saving of Jewish children from the gas chambers
    He, repeatedly[81] intervened to prevent the saving of thousands of children, destined to Palestine, from being burned in Auschwitz…[82][83]

  • Handschar – “holy warriors”
    Led -“spiritually”- in 1943-44 Muslim-Nazi divisions,[84][85][86][87] recruited a substantial numbers of Moslem Holy Warriors,[88] to commit “atrocities against Yugoslav Jews, Serbs and Gypsies.”[89] Included was a special unit of Muslims in Albania noted for its savagery.[90] Visiting these troops, he was frequently praying with them, exhorting them to fight for Allah.[91]

  • Visiting Auschwitz
    The Muslim leader visited Auschwitz[92][93] in 1944[94] and urged at the German Nazis to speed up the extermination[95][96]

  • Urged Nazis to bomb Palestine
    The “Grand Mufti has already repeatedly proposed bomb attacks on Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in order to injure Palestinian Jewry and for propaganda purposes in the Arab world,”[97][98][99] particularly “around November 2, 1943.” It was rejected by the Germans.[100]

  • Solidarity and admiration for Nazis’ ‘final solution’
    At the same time (Nov.’42), he delivered a speech stressing the common goals Nazis and Islamits have againts the Jews and praising the “solution” the Nazis found…[101][102][103][104] Incitement becomes increasingly more towards ‘extermination.’ such as on the radio station ‘Voice of Free Arabism’ (VFA). The hatred that drew on religious passion merged with Nazism’s modern racist rhetoric. Not just murder but calls for genocide were literally on the airwaves.[105]

  • Pan-Arab leader – through Nazis:
    The Mufti sought -through the Nazis- the establishment of a pan-Arab federation or state,[106] and was looked upon as the leader of the pan-Arab community in exile.[107]

  • Plot to poison 250,000 Jews in Palestine
    1944 – ‘Operation Atlas.’[108] Mufti plotted the poisoning of wells in Tel-Aviv,[109][110][111][112] “The laboratory report stated that each of the container held enough poison to kill 25,000 people, and there were at least ten containers.”[113][114]

  • Islamic Vatican?
    A possible “Islamic Vatican” headed by the Mufti was reported on June 1946.[115]

  • Shukairy justifies Holocaust
    In 1946, his (above mentioned) henchman (during his Nazi stay in Berlin), Ahmad Shukairy, justified Hitler’s slaughter of 6,000,000 Jews.[116]At the same time, Shukairy with (the Mufti’s relative[117]) Jamal Husseini who founded in 1935 the Arab version of the Hitlerjugend in Nazi Arab-Palestine,[118] have accepted the Mufti, as the ‘head of the Palestine Delegation,’ before the Arab League – Bludan Resolutions.[119]Shukairy would later be known for becoming PLO’s first chairman; for coining the genocidal slogan ‘throw the Jews into the sea.’[120] He’d invent a dreadful analogy to South Africa in a hate speech at the UN on October 17, 1961 (apartheid slur, after a strongly anti-Western speech),[121] and would shamelessly/openly identify himself with Nazi groups, in December 1962.[122][123][124][125]

  • Jihad – 1947
    In 1947 he called for a jihad for genocide on Jews, saying: “I declare a holy war, my Moslem brothers! Murder the Jews! Murder them all.”[126]

  • Holy Jihad Army
    In 1948, the Holy Jihad Army, was sponsored by the exiled mufti.[127] Together with the Higher Arab Committee he formed the Holy Jihad army and brought the Arab states into war against Israel. Those who didn’t join, were marked “traitors.”[128]

  • A “principal architect” of 1948 Arab refugees
    In 1948, he appealed to the Arabs in Palestine to evacuate…[129][130] Dubbed: “one of the principal architects of the Arab disasters of 1948 and 1949.”[131]

  • 1948 Mufti-Eichmann pogrom
    Together with his buddy Eichmann, he plotted the anti-Jewish pogrom in Egypt, 1948[132]

  • Dictator of Greater Arabia
    Still, in the 1950s, he was termed, the uncrowned dictator of Greater Arabia.[133]

  • Hate propaganda (1960s)
    Oversaw, in the 1960s, A. Shukairy’s ‘Palestine Delegation’ anti-Jewish hate propaganda, spreading its venom in the West.[134]

References

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1941-2011 70 Years to Arab Nazism in “Palestine” nothing has changed!

September 22, 2011
1941-2011 70 Years to Arab Nazism in "Palestine" nothing has changed!

This is the real FLAG of Islamic [worse than apartheid] envisioned [23rd] Arab State called: Palestine.

The same Arab-Nazi Judenrein plan… as you hear PLO’s admission of a "vision" of a Jew-Free Palestine… scheme.


http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/muftihit.html


http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC

In November, 1941, the Grand Mufti meets with Adolph Hitler. Hitler declined to shake the Mufti’s hand and refused to drink coffee with him. (As Arabs were considered "monkeys" by Hitler/Nazis). But still managed to cooperate against the Jews. The Islamic pan-Arab leader also called for a jihad against the British and their Western allies.



Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism, David M. Rosen, (2005), p. 106


Nationalist rhetoric accompanied major efforts to build fascist-style youth organizations by recruiting young men to serve as the strike force of the nationalist movement. Throughout the 1930s the children of wealthy Palestinians returned home from European universities having witnessed the emergence of fascist paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party.

The Husseinis used the Palestinian Arab Party to establish the al-Futuwwa youth corps, which was named after an association of Arab Nazi Scouts. By 1936 the Palestinian Arab Party was sponsoring the developments of storm troops patterned on the German model. These storm troops, all children and youth, were to be outfitted in black trousers and red shirts… The young recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right; independence — my aspiration; Arabism — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.” .. The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East. While the Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, al-Futuwwa groups were established in Iraq.
http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106




Related, see:

Nazi Palestine: The Plans for the Extermination of the Jews in Palestine By Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Martin Cüppers

http://books.google.com/books?id=8JiqNpE-Lz4C

Some anniversaries in Arabs’ racist war on Israel/Jews 1921-2011 – unrelated to that “occuptaion” false excuse

September 20, 2011

Some anniversaries in Arabs’ racist war on Israel/Jews 1921-2011

Within a few days, next to the term “Palestine” we are bound to be subject to hear that filthy blanket-for-Arab-crimes: “occupation” mantra [this despite the falsehood of the term, like, for instance, that the Arab “Palestinians” never really ‘HAD’ the disputed territories, nevertheless], being thrown around at the Arab lobby’s hijacked United Nations. Let’s put, then, some anniversaries in perspective, especially their pre-1967 anti-Israel, or more accurately anti-Jewish war.

More on Arab-Islamic bloody anti-Jewish campaign before 1967

A History of Terrorism in Israel

http://www.lindasog.com/public/terrorvictims.htm

Before the Creation of the State of Israel – Anti-Defamation League
http://www.adl.org/israel/record/conflicts.asp

Arab Violence in Israel Began Long Before the Occupation

http://www.arabisraeliconflict.info/arab-israel-facts/fact-5-arab-violence

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Farhud: a slaughter in Iraq – 70 Years to the Arab-Nazi massacre

June 5, 2011

Farhud: a slaughter in Iraq [70 Years to the Arab-Nazi massacre]


JC ^ | May 31, 2011 | Lyn Julius

Farhud: a slaughter in Iraq
By Lyn Julius, May 31, 2011

There was a frenzied banging on the front door. When my mother answered it, she recognised her aunt’s Jewish cook, ashen-faced, pleading to be let in: “I was on a bus, and the Muslims were pulling the Jewish passengers out and killing them. I said I was a Christian.” A month earlier, pro-Nazi officers led by Rashid Ali al-Ghailani, had staged a successful coup in Iraq. The German-backed Rashid Ali and his men were soon routed by British troops – but not before they had incited murder and mayhem against the Jewish “fifth column”.

Seventy years ago, on June 1 1941, a group of Jews, wearing their Shavuot best, had ventured out for the first time in weeks to greet the returning pro-British Regent, only to be ambushed by an armed Arab mob. Terrified Jews barricaded themselves inside their houses, or ran for their lives across the flat rooftops.

The rioting went on for two days: around 180 Jews died in Baghdad and Basra (the exact figure is not known); hundreds were wounded, 900 homes and 586 Jewish-owned shops were destroyed; there was looting, rape and mutilation. Stories abound of babies murdered and Jewish hospital patients refused treatment or poisoned. The dead were hurriedly buried in a mass grave.

Jews recognised some assailants – the butcher, the gardener. But some brave Arabs saved Jews. My aunt tells how the neighbours sheltered her until the trouble had died down. The neighbour was a prominent Nazi, but his wife was “a lady — she even made the beds for us,” my aunt recounts.

The screams reached the ambassador at a candlelit dinner The Farhud (Arabic for “violent dispossession”) marked an irrevocable break between Jews and Arabs in Iraq and paved the way for the dissolution of the 2,600-year-old Jewish community barely 10 years later.

A question mark hovers over the role of the British – encamped on the city outskirts, they delayed intervening until the looting had spread to Muslim districts. Yet the victims’ screams reached the British ambassador, Cornwallis, who was enjoying a candlelit dinner and a game of bridge.

Loyal and productive citizens comprising a fifth of Baghdad, the Jews had not known anything like the Farhud in living memory. Before the victims’ blood was dry, army and police warned the Jews not to testify against the murderers and looters. Even the official report on the massacre was not published until 1958.

Despite their deep roots, the Jews understood that they would never, along with other minorities, be an integral part of an independent Iraq. Fear of a second Farhud was a major reason why 90 per cent of Iraq’s Jewish community fled to Israel after 1948.

But the Farhud was not just another anti-Jewish pogrom. The Nazi supporters who planned it had a more sinister objective: the round-up, deportation and extermination in desert camps of the Baghdadi Jews.

The inspiration behind the coup, and the Farhud itself, came not from Baghdad, but Jerusalem. The Grand Mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini, sought refuge in Iraq in 1939 with 400 Palestinian émigrés. Together, they whipped up local anti-Jewish feeling. An illiterate populace imbibed bigotry through Nazi radio propaganda. Days before the Farhud broke out, the Nazi youth movement, the Futuwa, went around daubing Jewish homes with a red palm print. Yunis al-Sabawi, who, together with the Mufti and Rashid Ali, spent the rest of the war in Berlin, instructed the Jews to stay in their homes so that they could more easily be rounded up.

The Farhud cemented a wartime Arab-Nazi alliance designed to rid Palestine, and the world, of the Jews. The Mufti’s postwar legacy endured. The uprooting of the 140,000 Jews of Iraq followed a Nazi pattern of victimisation – dismantlement, dispossession and expulsion. Nuremberg-style laws criminalised Zionism, freezing Jewish bank accounts, instituting quotas and restrictions on jobs and movement. The result was the exodus of nearly a million Jews from the Arab world.

More Jews died than on Kristallnacht, yet the Farhud has not become part of Holocaust memory. Indeed, the Washington Holocaust Museum had to be vigorously lobbied to include the Farhud as a Holocaust event.

Nazism gave ideological inspiration both to Arab secular parties and the Muslim Brotherhood (Gaza branch: Hamas). The unremitting campaign to destroy Israel is simply a manifestation of the genocidal intentions of Arab nationalism and Islamism. The demons awakened by the Farhud are still with us today.
http://www.thejc.com/comment-and-debate/comment/49676/farhud-a-slaughter-iraq






Farhud Commemoration, 70 Years BayJews.org – Event – San Francisco – San Francisco – JIMENA – Farhud Commemoration, 70 Years After.
http://www.bayjews.org/DETAIL.aspx?ID=18511&REFID=0

Seventy years since the FarhudSeventy years to the day, we will be commemorating the Farhud with a screening of a 25-minute documentary film made in cooperation with the Babylonian …
http://www.harif.org/farhud.html












 


The ‘FARHUD’ pogrom on Jews in Iraq, inspired by the Mufti, by a mob led by Al-Muthanna club’s al-Futuwwa Arab-Fascist paramilitary group, Iraqi soldiers were among the first attackers. Jews were killed randomly, hundreds were injured, women and children were raped in front of their relatives, babies crushed…





JJAC In June 1941, the Mufti-inspired, pro-Nazi coup of Rashid Ali sparked rioting and a pogrom in Baghdad. Armed Iraqi mobs murdered 180 Jews and wounded almost …
http://www.justiceforjews.com/iraq.html

Holocaust Encyclopedia, The Farhud
The rise of this pro-German government threatened the Jews in Iraq. Nazi influence and antisemitism already were widespread in Iraq, due in large part to the German legation’s presence in Baghdad as well as influential Nazi propaganda, which took the form of Arabic-language radio broadcasts from Berlin. Mein Kampf had been translated into Arabic by Yunis al-Sab’awi, and was published in a local newspaper, Al Alam al Arabi (The Arab World), in Baghdad during 1933-1934. Yunis al-Sab’awi also headed the Futtuwa, a pre-military youth movement influenced by the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) in Germany. After the coup d’etat, al-Sab’awi became a minister in the new Iraqi government.
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007277 The Farhud, the Mufti inspired Krystallnacht in Iraq, 1941, The Farhud took place Sunday and Monday, June 1st and 2nd 1941 …
http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~jkatz/farhud.html

Memories of state: politics, history, and collective identity in modern Iraq By Eric Davis [Page 70]
al-Muthanna club… under German ambassador Fritz Grobba’s influence developed a youth organization, the al-Futuwwa, modeled on European fascist lines, al-Sab’awi had developed strong anti-Jewish sentiments. Known in colloquial Iraqi Arabic as the Farhud (Pogrom), a mob led by al-Muthanna Club members and its youth organization attacked the Baghdad Jewish community on June 1 and 2, 1941, killing and wounding several Jews and destroying considerable property.
http://books.google.com/books?id=4qRW5KpgDM4C&pg=PA70

Pogroms against the Jewish people of Iraq in 1941. Based on the relationship with the Nazis with the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Presented by the International Society for Sephardic Progress.
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=4820909332676727479#

Farhud – Historical background, Farhud – The Golden Square coup, Farhud – June 1-2 1941, Farhud – Aftermath. Read more here: ֲ» Farhud: Enncyclopedia …
http: //www.experiencefestival.com/babylonian_talmud

Fascism and Antisemitism (1933 1941)

At that time the press drew a clear dividing line between Judaism and Zionism. This line became blurred in the 1930s, along with the demand to remove Jews from the genealogical tree of the Semitic peoples. This anti-Jewish trend coincided with Faysal’s death in 1933, which brought about a noticeable change for the Jewish community. His death also came at the same time as the Assyrian massacre, which created a climate of insecurity among the minorities. Iraqi Jewry at that time had been subject to threats and invectives emanating not only from extremist elements, but also from official state institutions as well. Dr. Sִmִ« Shawkat, a high official in the Ministry of Education in the pre-war years and for a while its director general, was the head of “al-Futuwwa,” an imitation of Hitler’s Youth. In one of his addresses, “The Profession of Death,” he called on Iraqi youth to adopt the way of life of Nazi Fascists. In another speech he branded the Jews as the enemy from within, who should be treated accordingly. In another, he praised Hitler and Mussolini for eradicating their internal enemies (the Jews). Syrian and Palestinian teachers often supported Shawkat in his preaching.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0010_0_09571.html

Identity, conflict and cooperation in international river systems, (Jack Kalpakian, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2004 , page 134)
The Jewish community was among the mid-sized communities in the country at the time of Iraq’s creation. At a time when Iraq’s population was much smaller, it numbered somewhere between 100,000-300,000 making it a significant player in Iraqi life, especially because it was cencentrated in Baghdad. The troubles started in 1933 when the Assyrian Christians became the victims of an Army campaign designed to thin their numbers and to destroy their mlitary power. This massacre was not the first and unfortunately not the last, and it would not be an exaggeration to say that the repression of the Assyrians continued until the fall of Saddam. It foreshadowed the pogroms the Jewish community was to suffer a few years later…
Faisal’s son, Ghazi, became king in 1933. Ghazi was ill-tempered, bigoted and an admirer of Nazi Germany. With the king turning to Nazi Germany, the position of the Jewish community eroded… In 1941, a coup brought a pro-Nazi party to power, and Britain (from Palestine and the Trans-Jordan) and British India (from the Persian Gulf) sent armies to restore the empire’s clients to power. But on the orders of the British Ambassador, Sir Kinahan Cornwallis, the Anglo-Indian Army and the Trans- Jordanian Arab Legion did not enter the center of Baghdad for several days, allowing the ragtag remnants of the Iraqi army’s pro-German factions to massacre and kill unarmed Iraqi Jewish civilians in what became known as the farhud pogrom. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=EmlX4Y7PMjgC&pg=PA134

Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East, (Volumen 2, Richard W. Bulliet, Macmillan Reference USA 1996, page 642)
After the defeat of Rashid Ali al-Kaylani’s pro-Nazi coup and his flight from Baghdad on June 1 and 2, 1941. Jewish life and property were attacked in what came to be called in Baghdad the Farhud. The looting was started by Iraqi soldiers who had been allowed to roam the streets of Baghdad…
http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&q=pro-nazi

Memories of Eden: a journey through Jewish Baghdad by Violette Shamash, Mira Rocca, Tony Rocca, (Memories of Eden, 2008, page 192)
There were few doubts in our minds how perilous our position was, with the city’s policing now in the hands of the Al-Futuwwa mobs.
http://books.google.com/books?id=t623fHAspCwC&q=al-futuwwa

Nationalism, minorities and diasporas: identities and rights in the Middle East, (Volume 8 of Library of modern Middle East studies, by Kirsten E. Schulze, Martin Stokes, Colm Campbell, Tauris Academic Studies, 1996,Page 107)
…the pogrom of the Jews of Baghdad on 1-2 June 1941, known as the Farhud. For two days, Muslim masses massacred, wounded, raped, and looted, while the British forces, informed about these horrible events, abstained from…
http://books.google.com/books?id=zm1tAAAAMAAJ&dq=farhud

The Farhud took place Sunday and Monday, June 1st and 2nd 1941, the two days of Shabu’oth. The word Farhud denotes the breakdown of law and order, where life and property are in peril. 
Jews lived in Babylonia (modern Iraq) for over 2,400 years, since the destruction of the first Beth Hamiqdash. Jews were treated tolerantly by the Moslems and, while abuses (such as hooliganism, snatching of men’s fez caps and even murders) had been recorded from time to time, the Farhud is the only sad event of sizable magnitude. 
Jews lived mainly in Baghdad and, in 1870, started moving to other towns such as Amarah, Ali Agharbi, Qalaat Salih and Basrah.

Mr. Naim Dallal spoke in depth about his experiences in Baghdad and Iran and thanked Dr. Khabbaza for information he provided for his speech The development of Basrah which started to flourish again after the opening of the Suez Canal, adversely affected Aleppo in Syria and northern Iraq. 
The fact that the majority of the Jewish community was concentrated in Baghdad explains why the Baghdadi Jews bore the brunt of the Farhud.
Some reasons for the farhud: 
A) Political: under British occupation (1914/1918–1922) Jews gained confidence, felt secure and did not tolerate any mockery or physical abuse. Some went as far as to proclaim themselves British citizens or proteges — this was strongly resented by the Moslems.

Mrs. Rachel Manasseh spoke eloquently about the Farhud and the events that led up to the Farhud.  B) Economic: Jews were very active in all trade and finance fields — at the same time they were a sizable percentage of the civil service staff.
On August 27, 1934 numerous Jews were dismissed by Arshad Alumari, Minister of Economics and Communication, and an unofficial quota was set up for Jews to be appointed in the civil service and for Jews to be admitted into secondary schools and colleges.
C) Hatred of the Jews: stirred by several organizations headed by such prominent officials as Dr. Fadil Al Jamali (Inspector General of the

The event was MC’d by Mr. Robert Aizer.

Ministry of Education), Dr. Saib Showkat (Director of Baghdad Central State Hospital), General Taha Al Hashimi (Chief of Staff ), General Salah Aldin Al Sabbagh. The Palestinians Fawzi Al–Qauqji Darwish Al Miqdadi, Mufti Haj Amin Al Husseini together with the Syrians Farid Zayn Ad–Din and Dr. Amin Ruwayha were also very active in these organizations. 
The driving force behind this anti British, anti Jewish, anti Zionist movement was the German embassy in Baghdad headed by Dr F. Grobba which generously supplied money, books and film.

Mr. Joe Eden was Director of Social Services in Israel, when in two months, he witnessed the arrival of 200,000 Jews from Iraq. Leading up to the Farhud.
April 1,1941: The Royal palace in Baghdad was surrounded by the army. The regent and his entourage escaped to Habbaniyeh, from there to Basrah and thence to Amman in Transjordan. April 3, 1941 Nazi sympathizer Rashid Ali Al Gaylani and four generals led a military coup, deposed the absent regent and were the real rulers of Iraq with the pro–Nazi junta. 
At once hoodlums and students demonstrated in the streets against the British and the Jews.

People of all ages came to hear and learn. Looting of property and beating up of Jews took place in Baghdad, Mosul, Kirkuk, Irbil, Basrah, Amara and Fallujah. The killing of Jews took place in Baghdad alone. 
May 30, 1941: Yunis Al Sabawi, head of Nazi groups, declared himself governor of central southern Iraq. He ordered Jews through Hakham Sasson Khedouri, to remain in their homes Saturday, May 31, and on June 1 and 2Shabu’oth. He had the intention of slaughtering the Jews that weekend using the Nazi youth organizations he was heading. However, miraculously, Sabawi was deported to the Iranian border that same day.
May 31,1941: It was announced that the Regent with his entourage would be returning to Baghdad next day.

Mrs. Bianca Aizer read a fascinating  personal account written for the Midrash by Dr. Simha Nathaniel who was a nurse in the hospital in Baghdad. The Farhud. 
June 1, ’41, the first day of Shabu’oth: A delegation of Jews went to the airport to welcome the Regent. On their way back they were attacked on Al Khurr bridge by soldiers and civilians. One Jew was killed, and many injured who were taken to the hospital. There were attacks and killings in Al Rusafa and Abu Sifyan; terror continued until 10 p.m. : Jews were killed randomly, hundreds were injured, women and children were raped in front of their relatives, babies crushed, houses set on fire, looting…and so on. 

June 2 ,1941: Policemen, soldiers and slum dwellers from Al Karkh entered the scene, and participated in the killing and the looting everywhere.

At 5 p.m., curfew was declared and anyone who showed himself in the streets was shot on the spot.
Reports varyofficial Iraqi reports mention 187 killed, others say as many as one thousand, but it seems likely that about 400 innocents were killed with numerous wounded.
It would be inappropriate, however, not to mention some humanitarian acts carried out by some Iraqis.
1) Many Moslems opened their homes and fed and protected the Jews. It had been reported that some Moslems apologized for not being able to provide Kasher meat and/or poultry to their guests.
2) Looters in Basrah on May 1941, were stopped by a distinguished Moslem notable, Salih Bashayan, who appointed guards from his own men to protect Jewish property
3) On June 1, 1941 pressed by the mob to oust the injured Jews from the hospital where they were treated, Jamil Dallali, the director, called the police who dispersed the hostile crowd…
http://midrash.org/articles/farhud/

Remembering The Farhud, The Pogrom That Ended Iraqi Jewish Life

…Only a few Jews remain in Iraq today.

June 01, 2010
By Karam Mnashe, Charles Recknagel

Few people in Iraq know what happened in Baghdad exactly 69 years ago.

But on June 1-2, 1941, something previously unthinkable in the city occurred. Mobs attacked the capital’s prosperous and influential Jewish community, killing more than 100 people and looting homes.

By the time the orgy of murder and pillaging was done, the Jewish community was so shaken that it would never recover. Within 10 years, the vast majority would leave the country, leaving behind just the handful of people who tend the capital’s empty synagogue today.

The two days of terror are known in Iraq as the Farhud, the Arabic word for pillaging or looting an enemy. Yet most Iraqis know very little about the event because Iraq’s history books rarely speak of them. Those writers who do mention those days simply explain the violence as the result of the Iraqi Jewish community’s “Zionist activities,” without detailing more.

But people who survived the attacks and remember the events tell another story — like Layer Abudia, who now lives in Israel, who was a child at the time of the pogrom.

“I watched people killing at least four to five Jews in front of me,” Abudia says. “Every car that passed by was stopped by the mob that pulled Jews out and killed them. I heard they killed 20 to 25 people in the airport area.”

Abudia and the others who experienced the two days of horror will never forget standing on the rooftops of their houses as the violence started on the first night.

For many, the first warning was a dull orange glow that appeared over the very heart of the city center where the Jewish and Muslim communities abutted. Then came distant screams and banging, which grew louder as looters moved deeper into the Jewish neighborhoods. Finally, up close, there was the horrifying sight of the neighbors desperately trying to leap with their children to an adjoining rooftop as armed men broke down their doors.

“That night we heard screams coming out of the houses of Jews,” recalls Nassim al-Qazzaz, another survivor who now lives in Israel. “They were killed and their homes were pillaged. This continued for less than 24 hours.”

“The next day, approximately at noon, the regent Abdul Illah issued an order to fire on the mob,” Qazzaz says. “He could have done that the same day of course, before things got worse, but he preferred not to interfere so the mob could release their anger at the Jews.”

Vulnerable Minority

The Farhud was so shocking because, based on most of the 1,000-year history of Jews in Iraq, no one could have expected it.

At the time of the pogrom, Jews made up some 3 percent of the Iraqi population, with some 90,000 living in the capital. Many were successful in business, many worked as officials in the British-mandated government, and many were among the country’s leading intellectual and cultural figures.

…several things had happened to make the Iraqi Jews’ position especially vulnerable.

One was the rise of fascism in Europe, followed by the Axis powers’ sweeping successes against Britain in the first years of war. And central to the Nazi ideology was hatred of the Jews. Finally, there was the common cause some Arab Muslim leaders made with Nazism and its hatred of Jews in hopes the Axis powers would propel them to power in the Middle East.

One such leader, who arrived in Iraq in 1939, was Amin Muhammad al-Husayni, the grand mufti of Jerusalem. He had fled British-mandate Palestine after the failure of the Palestinian uprising of 1936-39 against growing Jewish immigration.

Husayni had been a key instigator of violence on the Arab side as the number of Jews jumped from 17 percent of Palestine’s population in 1931 to 30 percent in 1935. Many of the arriving Jews were fleeing Germany and now the grand mufti was seeking Berlin’s help to expel both them and the British mandate authorities from the Holy Land.

But it was in Iraq, not Palestine, that the kind of alliance Husayni was proposing got its first test. There, Berlin backed an anti-British coup in April 1941 led by nationalist Rashid Ali al-Gaylani — a Husayni ally — and supported by high-ranking army officers. The coup easily toppled the country’s weak Hashemite monarchy, which was originally from the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia and widely regarded as London’s puppet.

The coup was soon suppressed with the arrival of British-led Indian and Arab Legion troops, who reached Baghdad by May 29. But the combination of the failed coup amid months of the sort of pro-Nazi and anti-Jewish propaganda espoused by Husayni proved to be fatal for Jewish Baghdadis.

Driven From Their Home

Exactly what set off the pogrom is not known, but it may have been the Jewish community’s celebration of its annual harvest festival, Shavuot, on June 1. The sight of Jews celebrating became a pretext for fascists to portray them as welcoming the coup’s failure. And the chance to act came as British troops waited outside Baghdad so that royalist Iraqi soldiers could enter first, creating a power vacuum in the city.

Survivor Qazzaz says that even today he doesn’t know what happened to his father in the pogrom. But he says after such violence, most Iraqi Jews felt they had no option but to emigrate.

“Since then we have not heard anything about the fate of my father and his companion. Some 180 Jews were killed in this massacre. Scores of houses and shops were looted and plundered, women violated and murdered,” Qazzaz says. “That was the Farhud. In my opinion it was one of the main reasons that drove Jews to leave Iraq.”

Most of the exodus took place in the early 1950s, after tensions over the 1948 Arab-Israeli war isolated the Jewish community even further. The Iraqi government declared “those who want to leave can leave” and some 100,000 left for Israel.

Today the Farhud — Baghdad’s Krystallnacht — remains significant not only for breaking the spirit of Baghdad’s once thriving Jewish community. It also proved how powerful the fusion of fascism and radical Islam could be.

That fusion would develop further as Husayni spent the rest of the war in Nazi Germany and broadcast messages across a sizable segment of the Middle East via a powerful radio located in Bari, Italy.

His messages were a continuous call for uprisings to evict the allies. But he reserved his greatest invective for Jews, saying their “spilled blood pleases Allah, our history, and religion,” and proclaiming “if America and England win the war, the Jews will dominate the world.”

At the same time, he vigorously recruited European Muslims for the Wehrmacht and for special Waffen SS units, especially in the former Yugoslavia. And he actively lobbied against any deportation of Jews to Palestine from Romania and Hungary, urging they be sent to Poland — where the Nazis operated death camps* — instead.

Arab Independence

Throughout, what Husayni wanted from Hitler and finally got in 1942 remained the same. It was a letter sent by the German and Italian foreign ministers to him and a fellow exile in Nazi Germany, al-Gaylani, promising three things: Axis support for the independence of the Arab states from British and French colonial rule; the right of the independent Arab states to form a union; and the right of Arab authorities in Palestine to eliminate the proposed Jewish homeland there.

Husayni was always accorded the respect due a head of state in Berlin, leading many historians to speculate he may have hoped to be the Axis’ fuhrer of the Middle East, had it won the war. But it didn’t, and as Germany surrendered, Husayni was arrested by the French.

Astonishingly, however, the French too treated Husayni with deference as a Grand Mufti with influence in the Muslim world. He was placed under house arrest in Paris and, when it became clear he might be indicted for war crimes based on testimony emerging at the Nuremburg trials, he secured an invitation from Egypt’s King Farouk and fled to Cairo.

Husayni went on to serve for decades in Egypt as a central member and ideological inspiration of the Muslim Brotherhood. His ideas have since passed on to generations of radical Islamists, far outlasting his own death in Syria in 1974 at the age of about 80.

What is the ultimate message of Husayni that was also so brutally expressed 69 years ago in the Farhud?

In its simplest terms, it is that the Near East is an Arab Sunni Muslim world that must be violently purged of all other elements.

The argument flies in the face of history in a region that has always been home to many religions and ethnicities. But it continues to be a justification for intimidation and attacks as fundamentalist groups today try to cleanse their home countries of “others” just as the Nazis once did in Europe.
http://www.rferl.org/content/Remembering_The_Farhud_The_Pogrom_That_Ended_Iraqi_Jewish_Life/2058848.html

The 1941 Farhoud was premeditated

The Farhoud of June 1941, in which rioting mobs murdered some 180 of Iraq’s Jewish citizens (as well as injuring, raping and pillaging) was premeditated, Salim Fattal’s documentary film on the modern history of the Jews of Iraq, The land that devours the inhabitants thereof, clearly reveals.

In the interval between the deposing of Rashid Ali, the pro-Nazi Prime Minister who had seized power in a coup, and the arrival of the pro-British Regent in the Iraqi capital, Muslim houses in Baghdad were daubed ‘Muslim’, while Jewish homes were marked with the ‘Hamsa’ (hand). When the Chief Rabbi of Iraq went to the authorities to voice his safety concerns, he was told that the Jews should barricade themselves in their houses with enough food for three days.

Eye-witnesses described how minibuses of Jews were emptied and their passengers slaughtered. The rioting started on the Jewish holiday of Shavuot and went on for two days.

The British army, who were encamped on the outskirts of Baghdad, could have intervened to stop the death and destruction. A Jewish translator working with them was told that the British army had no ‘instructions’ to intervene. It was only when the rioting began to endanger the established Muslim quarters of Baghdad that the British army swiftly quelled the disturbances.

The dead were buried hurriedly in a mass grave without the usual Jewish mourning practices. The Farhoud had a traumatic effect and marked the beginning of the end of the Jewish commmunity, which traced its history back to 586 BC. Within 10 years all but 6,000 of Iraq’s 150,000 Jews had fled.
http://jewishrefugees.blogspot.com/2006/11/1941-farhoud-was-premeditated.html

Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center production: The Farhud, part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JtGYucpUs9E
part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BnzEs6-2jDE

The 1941 pogrom in the literature of Jews from Iraq
The Nazi pogrom of June 1941, known as the Farhud, was the Iraqi Jews’ very own Kristallnacht two days of murder, looting, rape and mutilation. It shattered this ancient community’s self-confidence, and swiftly led to the exodus of over 90 percent of Iraqi Jewry.
http://www.harif.org/moreh.html

During these centuries under Muslim rule, the Jewish Community had it’s ups and downs. By World War I, they accounted for one third of Baghdad’s population. In 1922, the British recieved a mandate over Iraq and began transforming it into a modern nation-state.

Iraq became an independent state in 1932. Throughout this period, the authorities drew heavily on the talents of the mall well-educated Jews for their ties outside the country and proficiency in foreign languages. Iraq’s first minister of finance, Yehezkel Sasson, was a Jew. These Jewish communities played a vital role in the development of judicial and postal systems.

In the 1936 Iraq Directory, the “Israelite community” is listed among the various other Iraqi communities, such as Arabs, Kirds, Turkmen, Muslims, Christians, Yazidis and Sabeans, and numbering at about 120,000. Hebrew is also listed as one of Iraq’s six languages.

Yet, following the end of the British mandate, the 2,700-year-old Iraqi Jewish community suffered horrible persecution, particularly as the Zionist drive for a state intensified. In June 1941, the Mufti-inspired, pro-Nazi coup of Rashid Ali sparked rioting and a pogrom in Baghdad during the Jewish Feast of Shavuot. Armed Iraqi mobs, with the complicity of the police and the army, murdered 180 Jews and wounded almost 1,000 in what became known as the Farhud pogrom. Immediately following, the British Army re-entered Baghdad, and success of the Jewish community resumed. Jews built a broad network of medical facilities, schools and cultural activity. Nearly all of the members of the Baghdad Symphony Orchestra were Jewish. Yet this flourisng environment abruptly ended in 1947, with the partition of Palestine and the fight for Israel’s independence. Outbreaks of anti-Jewish rioting regularly occurred between 1947 and 1949. After the establishment of Israel in 1948, Zionism became a capital crime.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/iraqijews.html

THE ANTI-JEWISH POGROM ON JUNE 1 2, 1941 “ALFARHUD.”

On June 1, the first day of Shavu’ot, which in Iraq was traditionally marked by joyous pilgrimages to the tomb of holy men and visits of friends and relatives, the Hashemite regent, ‘Abd al-Ilah, returned to the capital from his exile in Transjordan. A festive crowd of Jews crossed over the west bank of the Tigris River to welcome the returning prince. On the way back, a group of soldiers, who were soon joined by civilians, turned on the Jews and attacked them, killing one and injuring others. Anti-Jewish riots soon spread throughout the city, especially on the east bank of the Tigris, where most of the Jews lived. By nightfall, a major pogrom was under way, led by soldiers and paramilitary youth gangs, followed by a mob. The rampage of murder and plunder in the Jewish neighborhoods and business districts continued until the afternoon of the following day, when the regent finally gave orders for the police to fire upon the rioters and Kurdish troops were brought in to maintain order.

In the ” Farhud,” 179 Jews of both sexes and all ages were killed, 242 children were left orphans, and 586 businesses were looted, 911 buildings housing more than 12,000 people were pillaged. The total property loss was estimated by the Jewish community’s own investigating committee to be approximately 680,000 pounds.

The ” Farhud ” dramatically undermined the confidence of all Iraqi Jewry and, like the Assyrian massacres of 1933, had a highly unsettling effect upon all the Iraqi minorities. Nevertheless, many Jews tried to convince themselves that the worst was over. A factor in this was the commercial boom during the war, of which the Jewish business community was the prime beneficiary. Another factor was the tranquility which prevailed during the next years of the war. But the shadow of the ” Farhud ” continued to hover for years.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0010_0_09571.html

Farhud – the pogrom against iraqi jews, june 1941
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8IKNhJyR3Co

Association to commemorate The Sho’a – Holocaust of Arabian Jews

Iraq – Farhud:
In 1939 the leader of the Palestinian Arabs – The Mufti of Jerusalem – Haj Muhammad Amin al – Husayni came to Baghdad. The Mufti began incitement against the Jews using all means: demonstrations, posters and the press. Hitler Youth leader, Baldor von Schirach, came to Baghdad, to coordinate his actions with the Mufti. Effective immediately, all post-primary schools students and teachers in Iraq were required to join the fascist movement “al- Fatwa”, an organization which included approximately 63,000 members.
On 1 April 1941 the Rashid Ali al-Cilani revolt broke in Iraq – during which the government was seized by a group of pro-Nazi army officers – led by Rashid Ali. On 1 June 1941 during the Pentecost the Farhud began – a pogrom conducted against the Jews of Baghdad. Several days earlier, the students of “al-Fatwa” marked the Jewish homes with a palm print (“Hamsa”) in red.
The Farhud events began June 1 morning when in al-Cerach, west of Baghdad, a delegation of prominent Jews returning from the reception given in honor of the return of the regent, Abd al Alah, in the flowers palace, was attacked. When the crowd left mosque Jamie al – Gilani, at approximately 10:30 am, incitement against Jews took place among those leaving. At 5:30 pm the crowd met again at that mosque. Speeches against the Jews were given. At 6 o’clock in the evening the crowd left the mosque and began to rampage.
179 Jews were killed in the pogrom, 2118 injured, 242 children were orphaned, and much property was looted. Historian Eli Cadoori counts the number of those murdered as 600. The number of people whose property was looted reached – 50,000 people. Victims were buried in a mass grave in Baghdad.
The British were able to recapture power in Iraq. The Mufti fled to Berlin.
http://www.shoaaj.com/158022/English

The Farhud: Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance in the Holocaust – Edwin Black – Dialog Press, 2010 – 192 pages
The Nazis needed oil. The Arabs wanted the Jews and British out of Iraq. The Mufti of Jerusalem forged a far-ranging alliance with Hitler resulting in the June 1941 Farhud, a Nazi-style pogrom in Baghdad that set the stage for the devastation and expulsion of the Iraqi Jews and ultimately almost a million Jews across the Arab world. The Farhud was the beginning of what became a broad Nazi-Arab alliance in the Holocaust.
http://books.google.com/books?id=h1cGQgAACAAJ

The Farhud, the anti-Jewish Baghdad riot of June 1 2, 1941, is the forgotten Holocaust-era pogrom explored in detail in Banking on Baghdad. …
http://www.bankingonbaghdad.com/farhud.php

Arab-Nazi ‘Farhud’: Holocaust in the Middle East | Spero News
http://www.speroforum.com/a/41285/ArabNazi-Farhud-Holocaust-in-the-Mideast

The Farhud: Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance during the Holocaust – C-SPAN Video Library
89 min – Dec 19, 2010
Edwin Black looks at “The Farhud,” a Nazi-Arab attempt to completely exterminate the Jews of Baghdad June 1-2, 1941.
http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/297544-1

Al-Farhud – Shmuel Moreh, Zvi Yehuda – [Magnes Press, Hebrew University] 2010
The present volume is being published on the 69th anniversary of the Farhud, the pogrom committed by religious and nationalist Arabs against the Jews of Iraq on the Jewish holiday of Pentecost (Shavu’ot), 1-2 June 1941 …by the Research Institute of Babylonian Jewry… This volume is a revised version of the Hebrew edition. It consists of papers on the pogrom and on the events leading up to it which were originally published in English, others which were written in Hebrew and now appear in English for the first time, and documents which have not been previously published, including an updated list of the names of victims of the Farhud and a map indicating the places in Baghdad where rioters attacked Jews. This book thus provides the English reader with comprehensive and updated information on the Farhud and constitutes a memorial to the innocent victims killed during these pogroms and whose only crime was that they were Jews.
http://books.google.com/books?id=jLKlSgAACAAJ

Baghdad revisited
By KSENIA SVETLOVA
06/18/2010 19:35

Shmuel Moreh’s recollections of his childhood.

Almost 70 years after the culmination of violent Arab hostilities against the Jewish minority in Iraq, the on-line memoirs of a Baghdad-born Israeli professor are finding resonance among Arab and Iraqi readers and evoking a discussion on what used to be the taboo subject of the 1941 pogrom against the Jews of Iraq.

“The year 1941 was one of the most tragic years in the life of the Jews of Iraq,” wrote Hebrew University emeritus professor of Arabic literature Shmuel Moreh in the London-based and Saudi-funded on-line magazine Elaph. “It was a year of quick changes in the political, economic and social relations between Arabs (Muslim and Christian) on one hand and the Jews on the other,” continued Moreh, chairman of the Association of Jewish Academics from Iraq and recipient of the 1999 Israel Prize in Middle Eastern studies.

“As a child who lived in the modern, aristocratic, mixed quarter of al-Batawin in Baghdad and a student at the Al-Sa’doon Exemplary School, established in 1937 as a government mixed school that was founded for children of the Iraqi royal family, ministers, high-ranking civil servants and army officers, judges and secretaries, I was a mirror of the government attitude toward the Jewish citizens in Iraq.”

Moreh, who was born in 1932 and now lives in Mevaseret Zion with his wife, Kaarina, was one of three Jewish pupils who studied there among a majority of Muslim staff and pupils.

“The Jews suffered daily harassment, insults and mockery. A few days after the defeat of the Iraqi army attacks against the British military bases in Habbaniya and Sin al-Dhubban, Jews were attacked in the streets, they were searched for espionage equipment and taken to police stations for questioning if they did not bribe the police. Their houses were marked as Jewish by anti-Jewish organizations,” wrote Moreh.

“In April 1941, Faisal, the son of prime minister Rashid Ali al-Kailani, tried to blind the eyes of the writer of these lines by hitting him with a stick. This was a well-known punishment for Jews who dared to resist Muslims. Two months later, he was able to narrowly escape being lynched by Muslims and Christians at his school in revenge for the defeat of the Iraqi army.”

Soon after these emotional words first appeared in Elaph, letters in Arabic started pouring in to Moreh’s private mailbox, along with hundreds of talkbacks on Elaph’s Web site that revealed how deeply touched the readers were. Some of the writers identified themselves as Iraqi academics, journalists, researchers. They wrote about their feelings of guilt and shame but also about nostalgia and the good old days. Despite the bitterness of the painful memories of the persecution and the eventual exodus, they urged Moreh to come back, stressing that Iraq is missing its Jews.

“This story was written by an Iraqi Jew… It reveals his love for Baghdad, for the Tigris and Euphrates… No one can understand the pain of living as a foreigner, only those who have tasted it,” said one talkback. […]
“I wanted to achieve three things by writing these memoirs,” he explains. “First of all, to remind the world of the persecution of Iraqi Jews. If anyone thinks that life was a paradise for us there, he could not be more mistaken. We were called names, harassed on a daily basis, and I lived through this hell during all of my childhood.

“The second goal was to preserve the Jewish Iraqi dialect. Nowadays when I talk to Iraqis or write to them, many of them are astonished to be reminded of forgotten words their grandfathers once used. The Jews of Iraq kept the medieval Arabic, whereas the Muslims adopted the Saudi accent that was brought to Iraq by the Beduin who assimilated into the Iraqi populace.

“And, of course, the most important thing was the memory,” Moreh says. “I wanted to perpetuate the memory of the Farhud and the tragedy that we lived through. Some people say that the exodus of the Iraqi Jews was sped up due to the acts of violence carried out by Jewish Zionist underground organization, but this is baseless. I studied the issue closely. Ever since the Farhud – the horrible Iraqi pogrom that took place in 1941 when angry crowds lashed out at the Jewish community, robbing, raping and killing thousands – we were always afraid that something like this might happen again. But even before that, the Iraqi Jews were always subjected to humiliations and threats, and that’s what I meant to emphasize in my memoirs. I believe that by publishing my memoirs in Elaph over a period of three years, I achieved this goal,” Moreh says.

The Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Anti-Semitism at the Hebrew University, and the Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center in Or-Yehuda recently published Al-Farhud: The 1941 Pogrom in Iraq, a book containing a series of papers on the theme, edited by Moreh and Zvi Yehuda. The work is a revised English edition of the Hebrew version, which was originally published in 1992.

“IN 1946 Jewish schools arranged an organized scout camp in northern Iraq. My friend Maurice Haddad and I were ordered to raise the Iraqi flag at the entrance of the camp. I saluted the flag and start singing the Iraqi anthem. I listened to Maurice sing and was horrified. He was cursing the flag, wishing it perdition. I was furious and tried to slap him on the face for insulting ‘our flag.’ He started weeping and shouted back, ‘Do you call it our flag? They killed my father when he tried to save my sister and mother from being raped.’ He was sobbing and murmuring all night long, ‘They raped my mother and sister and killed my father, and you tell me that this is our flag?'”

Today, after the three years of recollecting memories both sweet and painful, accepting and rejecting the past, writing, soul-searching and answering questions, the memoirs of Sami Muallem of Baghdad have reached their target audience – Arab intellectuals, historians, journalists and others who are reluctant to write off the Jewish chapter in the long history of the Arab world. The memoirs were reprinted in hundreds of various Arabic Web sites around the globe and have been read by hundreds of thousands of people. Moreh intends to translate and publish his memoirs in English and Hebrew.

The last chapter was published in Elaph in January 2010. However, the close relations that developed between Moreh and many of his readers continues to flourish. He is in touch with many Iraqi academics and journalists with whom he exchanges his views on the future of Iraqi Jews and their relationship with their old country.

As chairman of the Israeli Association of Jewish Academics from Iraq, Moreh is deeply concerned about the state of Jewish holy sites in Iraq and often uses his connections to prevent the ancient graves of Jewish prophets from being destroyed or desecrated.
http://www.jpost.com/Features/InThespotlight/Article.aspx?id=178785

BBC News – Farhud memories: Baghdad’s 1941 slaughter of the Jews1 June 2011 Last updated at 12:13 ET
Farhud memories: Baghdad’s 1941 slaughter of the Jews
By Sarah Ehrlich
Reporter, Witness
On 1 June 1941, a Nazi-inspired pogrom erupted in Baghdad, bringing to an end more than two millennia of peaceful existence for the city’s Jewish minority. Some Jewish children witnessed the bloodshed, and retain vivid memories 70 years later. The two days of violence that followed have become known as the Farhud (Arabic for “violent dispossession”). About 800 Jews were killed, spelling the end for a Jewish community that dated from the time of Babylon. … Some families bribed policemen to stand guard, paying half a dinar for each bullet fired. Others owe their lives to Muslims who took great risks to protect them.
Until the Farhud, Baghdad had been a model of peaceful coexistence for Jews and Arabs. Jews made up about one in three of the city’s population in 1941, and most saw themselves as Iraqi first and Jewish second.
So what caused this terrible turn of events? A month earlier, a pro-Nazi lawyer Rashid Ali al-Gilani, had overthrown Iraq’s royal family, and started broadcasting Nazi propaganda on the radio. But when an attack on a British Air Force base outside Baghdad ended in humiliating failure, he was forced to flee. The Farhud took place in the power vacuum that followed.
The anti-Semitism that Hitler had successfully exported to Iraq made life unbearable for the Jewish community. There were frequent arrests on false charges of spying and public hangings of prominent Jews. … In 1950, Jews were finally allowed to leave, on condition they give up all their property and assets, including their bank accounts. By 1952, only 2,000 of 150,000 were left.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-13610702

Point of no return: US Holocaust Museum admits Nazi-Arab axis The Farhud (Arabic for violent dispossession), took place in 1941 when Arabs attacked Jews in several Iraqi cities, burning, raping, torturing and murdering …
http://jewishrefugees.blogspot.com/2006/11/us-holocaust-museum-admits-nazi-arab.html

History News Network Elie Kedourie has written that 600 Jews were murdered during the May, 1941 Baghdad Farhud, (in support of Kattan’s implication that many more than 300…
http://hnn.us/roundup/comments/41090.html

Remembering the Farhud… Today marks the 65th anniversary of the Farhud. Arabic for “violent dispossession,” this is the word used to describe the infamous pogrom of June 1, 1941
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=22594

The Iraq coup of Raschid Ali in 1941, the Mufti Husseini and the Farhud (Farhoud) – the role of the Palestinian Grand Mufti, Haj Amin El Husseini* …
http://www.mideastweb.org/iraqaxiscoup.htm

(Roosevelt-ism /) Reagan-ism VS (Carter-ism/) Obama-ism

February 6, 2011


As I see MSM admitting Reagan’s heroism and ‘American legacy,’ they link his legacy to his own hero: Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Now, let’s examine historical perspective, how is (Roosevelt-ism /) Reagan-ism VS (Carter-ism/) Obama-ism, in:

Pride VS shame

Pro-American, Pro-freedom, pro-Israel, anti-Islamism.

Or, What would Reagan do/say today?

FDRReaganCarterObama

F.D.R.


F.D.R. Pro Israel, pro Zionism, protesting British bias for allowing Arab immigration (the main origin of “Palestinians”) exceeding Jewish immigration that was blocked by the infamous British ‘White paper.’

Rights of the Jewish People to a Sovereign State in their Historic …Nov 16, 2003 … Indeed, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt concluded in 1939 that “Arab immigration into Palestine since 1921 has vastly exceeded the total Jewish immigration during the whole period.” …
http://www.jcpa.org/jl/vp507.htm


The memoirs of Cordell Hull: Volume 2, Part 2 Andrew Henry Thomas Berding, Macmillan Co., 1948, (1804 pages) , p. 1530
…and a good deal of dismay the decisions of the British Government regarding its Palestine policy.” He continued: “Frankly, I do not believe that the British are wholly correct in saying that the framers of the Palestine Mandate ‘could not have intended that Palestine should be converted into a Jewish state against the will of the Arab population of the country.’ […] I believe that the Arabs could be brought to accept this because it seems clear that 75000 additional immigrants can be successfully settled on the land and because also the Arab immigration into Palestine since 1921 has vastly exceeded the total Jewish immigration during this whole period.
http://books.google.com/books?id=dAh3AAAAMAAJ&dq=vastly
F.D.R.: 1928-1945
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, p. 886

http://books.google.com/books?id=gPh2AAAAMAAJ&dq=
Arab+immigration+into+Palestine+since+1921+has+vastly+exceeded+the+total+Jewish+immigration+during+this+whole+period


“A history of the Middle East”, Saul S. Friedman, 2006, p. 244

The Arabs Declare War upon the Axis
In February 1945, King Ibn Saud met with Franklin Roosevelt aboard the cruiser Quincy, anchored at the Bitter Lake of Suez. The American president, returning from his meeting with Stalin at Yalta, was exhausted, but he later informed Congress:
“I learned more about the whole problem, the Moslem problem, the Jewish problem, by talking with Ibn Saud for five minutes than I could have learned in the exchange of two or three dozen letters.”

http://books.google.com/books?id=LCNpmgDOYTwC&pg=PA244

“Is Islam Compatible with the Constitution?”, Steve Klein, p. 172

From what we have discovered, it appears that Mohammed and his brand of Islam, Saudi Wahhabism, is not favorable toward the four freedoms of Franklin D. Roosevelt: Freedom of speech and religion, freedom from fear and want.

http://books.google.com/books?id=3YGTM-KHYQcC&pg=PA172

December 7, 1950 – Jihad Watch

Dec 7, 2010

Nine years after Pearl Harbor, World War II had been over for five years. The nation was strong and confident in the face of the Cold War threat from the Soviets, and was in the process of magnanimously helping Germany and Japan rebuild.

Nine years after 9/11, and we are barely even at square one. Consider, by way of comparison, Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s speech to Congress the day after the Pearl Harbor attacks and the U.S. in the age of Barack Hussein Obama. The similarities — and the differences — are striking.

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Speech to the U.S. Congress on December 8th, 1941 (as delivered)

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, of the House of Representatives:

Yesterday, December 7, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

And on September 11, 2001 — a date which will likewise live in infamy — the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by the forces of the global Islamic jihad.

The United States was at peace with that nation, and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. […]

The United States was at peace with the warriors of Islam, and considers itself to be at peace with them still, and has undertaken numerous efforts to mollify Muslims and convince them that it has no quarrel with Islam or with Muslims at all.

It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace. […]

It will be recorded that the doctrines of jihad in Islam and the statements of jihad terrorists worldwide make it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned as a jihad attack. During the ensuing nine years, Islamic spokesmen have deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.

Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.

Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.

Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.

Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.

This morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.

Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The People of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.

Islamic jihad forces are currently operating in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Israel, Nigeria, Chechnya, and elsewhere. The jihadists have, therefore, undertaken an offensive extending throughout the world. The facts of 9/11 and today speak for themselves. Yet the People of the United States largely remain unequipped to form their opinions and understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation, for neither government nor media is telling them the truth about the nature of the threat.

As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense.

But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us. […]

Today the Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy involves people who hold exactly the same belief-system as that held by those who attacked us on 9/11 in vital measures taken for our defense.

And not even nine years after 9/11 does our nation as a whole fully understand the character of the onslaught against us.

Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.

With confidence in our armed forces – with the unbounding determination of our People – we will gain the inevitable triumph – so help us God.

I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7, 1941 a state of War has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.

Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.

With confidence in our armed forces – with the unbounding determination of our People – we will gain the inevitable triumph – so help us God.

But Congress has declared no state of War, and nine years after the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Islamic jihadists on Tuesday, September 11, 2001, no one is even sure who or what we are fighting.

Except, that is, our jihadist enemies themselves. They know full well who they are and what they are about. And the fog of deception is one of their foremost and most effective weapons in this country.

http://www.jihadwatch.org/2010/12/december-7-1950.html

______________________

REAGAN

“The Reagan presidency: an oral history of the era”, Deborah Hart Strober, Gerald S. Strober, p. 189, 2003 (631 pages)
President Reagan and Israel Shimon Peres Israel was one of those issues about which he had a very clear opinion; he was unshakable — he was a staunch supporter. From that point of view, he belonged to the good people of this world.

http://books.google.com/books?id=3FcLzstBMOwC&pg=PA189

The Prince: The Secret Story of the World’s Most Intriguing Royal, Prince Bandar Bin Sultan – Page 68
William Simpson, HarperCollins, 2008 (496 pages)

As Reagan had entered office with the reputation of being very pro- Israeli and cynical about the Arab nations, his staunch support for the AWACS sale was surprising.

http://books.google.com/books?id=at9z3p2c-MEC&pg=PA68


Reagan: A Staunch Friend of Israel

Jon E. Dougherty, NewsMax.com
Wednesday, June 9, 2004

While most American leaders over the past several decades have been supporters of Israel, the lone democracy in the Middle East, few were better friends of the Jewish state than Ronald Reagan.

The late president opened communications, security and economic links to Israel – many of which still exist today – that resulted in the close, symbiotic relationship between Washington and Jerusalem, according to U.S. and Israel political analysts and experts.

Also, Reagan shared a spiritual bond with Israel that has been compared with President Bush’s understanding of the strategic, historic and biblical role of Israel, say experts.

“It seems that presidents like Reagan and Bush who have a foundation in the Bible have a better understanding of what Israel’s role is in the world,” said Helen Freedman, the executive director of American For a Safe Israel [AFSI], based in New York City.

“Israel is not meant to be a nation like all the other nations,” she told NewsMax. “It’s not meant to be absorbed into the Middle East or the Commonwealth of Nations. It is a nation that represents the biblical promise – the Promised Land, the chosen people, and its obligation to be a light unto the nations.”

Reagan, Freedman said, was a president “we had heard woke up every morning and asked to do God’s will – not his will, but God’s will. We believe President Bush is somewhat on that track also.”



Israel Legacy



In many respects, experts said Reagan was the best U.S. friend Israel has had since its founding in 1948.

Among his many accomplishments was his successful efforts to get the Soviet Union to allow persecuted Russian Jews to emigrate to the Jewish state. Reagan’s policies eventually led to a tidal wave of immigrants for Israel.



“There are a number of things President Reagan did that are monumental in their importance to U.S.-Israel relationship,” said Josh Block, a spokesman for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee [AIPAC] in Washington, D.C.

Among them:

  • Reagan was instrumental in the enhancement of the U.S.-Israel Strategic Cooperation Agreement, which resulted in the establishment of the Joint Political-Military Group [JPMG], a Pentagon program which oversees joint intelligence and military ventures between both nations.

  • The nation’s 40th president oversaw the creation of the Joint Security Assistance Planning Group [JSAP] in April 1988, a mechanism by which both countries review Israel’s security needs in light of current threat assessments and U.S. budgetary demands. This forum is enormously important for deciding a wide array of bilateral strategic interests, said AIPAC.

  • A strategic relationship that has led to advances for both countries in their battles against terrorism.

  • The signing of an American-Israel free trade agreement, which allowed Israeli companies to compete equally with European companies. Since 1985, trade between the two countries has increased 400 percent and topped $20 billion last year (Israel is the United States’ 21st largest trading partner). This agreement served as a model for other, similar agreements, including the North America Free Trade Agreement between the U.S., Canada and Mexico.

    When he signed the agreement, Reagan said, “I believe this new economic relationship with our friends in Israel will further our historic friendship, strengthen both our economies, and provide for new opportunities between our peoples for communication and commerce.”

    Block said in 1985 and 1986, when the Israeli economy was experiencing inflation rates as high as 445 percent, Reagan approved $1.5 billion in Israeli assistance, which was paid in two installments — one each year.

    “It was an extraordinarily important effort to help Israel make it through their economic crisis,” he said.



    Bolstering Aid Packages



    Prior to the Reagan presidency, the U.S. provided financial backing and assistance to Israel via a collection of loans and grants.

    But after he took office, the loans and grants evolved into the “very important economic and military aid” the U.S. currently and regularly provides Jerusalem, America’s only democratic ally in the Middle East.

    “Israel has received more direct aid from the United States since World War II than any other country,” but the amounts during the first half of that time period “were relatively small,” writes Mitchell Bard, for the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise.

    “Starting with fiscal year 1987, Israel annually received $1.2 billion in all grant economic aid and $1.8 billion in all grant military assistance,” Bard wrote. But, he added, “In 1998, Israel offered to voluntarily reduce its dependence on U.S. economic aid. According to an agreement reached with the Clinton Administration and Congress, the $1.2 billion economic aid package will be reduced by $120 million each year so that it will be phased out in ten years.”

    Still, half those savings ($60 million) will be added to Israel’s military aid package.



    Commonsense Friend



    Reagan seemed to be at ease in his dealings with Israel, partly because experts believe he knew and understood the importance of a strong Jewish state in the region.

    “He had some real good commonsense approaches” to U.S. relations with Israel, said Freedman, of AFSI. “He understood Jerusalem could not be divided, and that there cannot be a Palestinian state” because the latter “would spell the end of Israel,” she said.

    Block said Reagan signed a strategic letter of understanding in 1982 with the Israeli administration of Prime Minister Menachem Begin, which is still used by both governments today.

    Rabbi Dr. Morton H. Pomerantz, a leading New York rabbi, told NewsMax that Reagan “was a friend of Israel from the time the country was founded, and he was very consistent.”

    Pomerantz said while Bush understands that Israel “lives under the kind of terrorism that struck the U.S. on September 11, 2001,” he also agreed that Reagan saw early the terror threat to both countries as well, especially after Iranian-backed terrorists bombed a U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon, in 1983, killing 241 Marines.

    “Reagan recognized Israel as an actual ally during the Cold War,” he said, “which he was most responsible for winning.”

    Reagan may have used Israel to help him defeat the Evil Empire. But he had a deep affinity for the only other nation to claim a Providential founding.

    “In Israel, free men and women are every day demonstrating the power of courage and faith,” Reagan once remarked. “Back in 1948 when Israel was founded, pundits claimed the new country could never survive. Today, no one questions that. Israel is a land of stability and democracy in a region of tyranny and unrest.”
    http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2004/6/8/172342.shtml

    ______________________

    CARTER

    While Jimmy Carter, called the worst president in 20th century, simply lost it, lost the America’s trust in him, from the New York Times of Jan. 21, 981: Reagan Takes Oath as 40th President; Promises an ’Era of National Renewal’–Minutes Later, 52 U.S. Hostages In Iran Fly to Freedom After 444-Day Ordeal
    .

    Infamous Carter, as in causing [indirectly] the fascist ‘Islamic revolution’ that endangers the world today with Hezbollah Mahdi thugs (not only reacking havoc in Lebanon and Israel but) in major (Islamic) hot spots, including in: Somalia, Iraq (more ), Afghanistan, and playing a a dangerous game in Latin America. Arming itself with nuclear arms capabale of reaching Europe and calling genocide on the Jews in Israel.
    the Ex-President For Sale, who -with Arab oil lobby’s money- published his venemous anti-Israel hate book, this, despite his own admission on CNN: “I recognize that Israel is a wonderful democracy with freedom of speech and equality of treatment under the law between Arab Israelis and Jewish Israelis.”

    ______________________

    OBAMA?

    So far, Obama has cowed to Islamic leaders, bowed to Arab Muslim tyrants, “apologized” for America’s mistakes, toured the world, often as an embarrased American… worst, (unlike the crystal clarity that of Reagan’s) he can’t even seem to define the Islamic militant threat upon the world.

    Conclusion

    To Prez. Obama, your actions will determine if you will become a ‘Reagan’ or a ‘Carter’ in America’s hearts, empty spinning “words” alone simply won’t do it.


  • From U.S. Congress 1939: Fear ‘if Bibleland becomes Koranland,’ Islamic bigotry, war upon all non-Muslims & Nazi – Islamic alliance

    January 5, 2011

    Fascinating speech in U.S. Congress, in 1939

    Amog the highlights:

    • Nazi Jew hatred is really anti – Bible.
    • Arab Muslim character of totalitarianism – bigotry and war upon all non-Muslim minorities.
    • Nazi aid for Arab terrorists.
    • France’s creation of Lebanon – originally designed to protect Christians from totalitarian Islam.
    • The menace of Nazism to both Christianity and Judaism because of its alliance with ‘pan-Islamism.’

    Congressional record: proceedings and debates of the … Congress, Volume 60, Part 1, United States. Congress, Govt. Print. Off., 1939, Page 2516


    The main content of Nazi propaganda everywhere are anti-Semitism, authoritarianism, and attacks upon democracy. Nazi Jew hatred implies much more than the social and political anti-Semitism of pre-Aryan days. It Implies a war upon the Bible, the greatest spiritual force in white man’s history. In the final analysis, it Implies not only the destruction of the synagogue but the annihilation of the church as well.
    […]
    If the Bible is eliminated, the entire fabric of Christianity must collapse. The Nazis beholding a naturalistic world must necessarily battle the Bible with its purely spiritual outlook upon life.
    This explains best the statement so often made by Nazi leaders that the war upon Judaism will not end with the destruction of German Jewry, for the enemy to not so much the Jew as his Book, the Bible. The Nazis are sensible of the fact that Biblical Idealism overwhelmed and defeated naturalistic Rome and, if left untouched, will one day overcome and destroy nazi-ism as well. Hence, the Bible and its creator, the Jew, must be annihilated and its present adherents, Christian and Jewish, weakened and uprooted. This is not the first time that Christianity and Judaism have Jointly been threatened with…
    … There they have established an Intimate contact with the Arabs and have Inspired a reign of terror against the Jew. German diplomatic and consular representatives in the Holy Land have allied themselves openly with the Arab terrorists, supplying them with arms and money. Almost all the guns confiscated from these Arabs have been of German manufacture….



    The consummation of this program will free the Arabs from both antagonists, Judaism and Christianity, simultaneously. The new Arab states of the Near East are resolved to be Islamic In the fullest degree. The fate of the Christian Assyrians In the Iraq and of the Jews In the Yemen and in all other Arab countries exemplifies best the character of Arab totalitarianism, resulting In cruel religious intolerance and In war upon religious minorities


    To protect the one-half million Christians in the Lebanon from Arab persecution, the French Government in granting independence to Syria was compelled to carve out Christian Lebanon as a separate state. The experiences of non-Moslems in Islamic countries fully Justifies such measures. The fear is therefore but too well founded that if Bibleland becomes Koranland not only the Jewish population of almost one-half million souls but also its Christian group of 110000 will be doomed. Neither Judaism nor Christianity can afford to permit their common spiritual motherland to come under the dominion of totalitarian and authoritarian Islam.
    A celebrated American statesman, the late Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, expressed this conviction soon after the English conquest of Palestine. In an address delivered at the Hotel Astor, New York City, on June 13, 1922, he stated: “Because of my belief In religious freedom and in religious tolerance, I never could accept in patience the thought that Jerusalem and Palestine should be under the control of the Mohammedans, as they have been since 1244 with only a…”
    […]
    It Is therefore obvious that the preservation of Palestine as Bibleland must be one of the main postulates of the Christian Church. Nazi-ism is not only a threat to Christianity and Judaism alike In the West, but because of its alliance with pan-Islamlsm, it is menacing the position of both Biblical religions in the East as well.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KEYuAAAAIAAJ&dq=synagogue
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KEYuAAAAIAAJ&dq=arab
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KEYuAAAAIAAJ&dq=syria
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KEYuAAAAIAAJ&dq=koranland
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KEYuAAAAIAAJ&dq=alliance

    [Re: NewYorkTimes 1962] Arab Nazism nothing has changed in 50 or 80 years

    December 20, 2010

    Arab Nazism nothing has changed in 50 or 80 years


    Here’s a NyTimes article dating Dec. 1962, ‘the more things change the more they stay the same.’ – Give or take ’50 years.’



    ISRAELI ACCUSES ARABS OF NAZISM; U.N. Envoy Sees Link to Modern Fascist Groups

    By KATHLEEN TELTSCH Special to The New York Times ;
    December 07, 1962,
    , Section , Page 14, Column , words

    UNITED NATIONS, N.Y., Dec. 6 Israel accused Arab representatives today of cooperating with neo-Nazi and fascist groups in the United States, Latin America and elsewhere “to exploit anti- Semitism as a political weapon.”
    http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html? res=F70C1EFD3959137B93C5A91789D95F468685F9


    Yes, you got that right, 1962 was before the (1967) six-day war which “gave” the Arabs/Muslims the opportunity (somehow) to come up with an excuse of the so called “fighting the occupation,” not that they didn’t massacre or call for genocide of Jews prior to that.


    So are today’s unholy alliance between Islamists – Neo-Nazis when it comes to anti-Semitism, including “buying” into Hezbollah’s invented 911-conspiracy-theories, Arab world’s running of cartoons borrowed from the Nazi propagnada era like twisting around / altering facial features. Repeating old libels, etc.


    Iran/Hezbollah’s massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1994 at the AMIA building did it with the help of Neo-nazis in that country – no surprise, again.


    Going back roughly nearly 80 years ago, We all know the tight Arab-Muslim nazism during WW2, spearheaded by the ‘religious’ devout racist Arab-Islamic leader the ex-Mufti Haj amin al-Husseini of Palestine, but this chapter doesn’t seem to be a mere historic past.

    JIHAD IN WW2 – ‘holy war’ in the Muslim world during WW2 – Historic truth – Islamofascism

    December 6, 2010

    The following are examples of the clearly ‘Holy War’ jihad in WW2:


    Whether by Islamic leaders, Mullahs and “activists” or even by the general public in the Muslim world who Islamicized Hitler in its glorification.


     


    ISLAMICIZING HITLER


    “The closed circle: an interpretation of the Arabs,” David Pryce-Jones, Ivan R. Dee: 2002 (ISBN 1566634407, 9781566634403), p. 201


    Preposterously, Hitler himself was Islamicized on the radio and by word of mouth as “Abu Ali,” and in Egypt at least was referred to as “Muhammad Haidar.” As such, he was prayed for in every village, …
    http://books.google.com/books?&id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&dq=muhammad+haidar


    “The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini,” Chuck Morse , 2003, p. 31


    In Heaven Allah, on Earth Hitler.”… The Arabs would go so far as to Islamicize Hitler’s name rendering it as Abu Ali,…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA31


     


    CLERIC: SHAKIB ARSLAN


    “The Nile: histories, cultures, myths,” Hagai Erlikh, I. Gershoni, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000 (ISBN 1555876722), p. 194


    Much more important was the work by the Lebanese Druze, Amir Shakib Arslan. Arslan was by far the most important figure in the context of Mussolini’s infuence in the whole Middle Eastern arena. He undertook to spread the world of the Duce, and to exploit the Abyssinian crisis in order to inspire the younger generation in the Middle East to revolt against the French and the British. He hoped that such an uprising would enhance pan-Arabism, esepcially his brand, namely Arabism with a strong element of Islamic identity and solidarity. In the dozens of articles published in 1935, Arslan depicted Ethiopia as a historical enemy of Islam, an oppressor of its own Muslims, an enemy of Arab language and culture. A skilled historian, he combined the negative messages of radical Islam with the modern message of fascist propaganda. Most of Arslan’s work was published primarily in Syrian, Lebanese, and Palestinian papers; nevertheless. he had his share in the Egyptian press and was widely read in Egypt.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=LcsJosc239YC&pg=PA194


     


    GRAND MUFTI: HAJ AMIN AL-HUSSEINI


    “The Dhimmi: Jews and Christians under Islam,” Bat Yeʼor, 1985, p. 389


    The Mufti of Jerusalem and the Nazis (1943-1944) The German radio announcer describes a meeting in Berlin on 2 November 1943 … After several anti-Jewish quotations from the Koran, Haj Amin el Husseini, …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=6bEwc2FStIYC&pg=PA389


    “Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam,” David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz, Transaction: 2009, p. 131


    Fatwas and Holy War: Al-Husseini’s Legacy as a Pioneer of Modern Jihad
    During the 1920 and 1930s. Haj Amin al-Husseini was one of the first radical Islamic leaders to issue fatwas, or religious rulings, calling for jihad, or holy war, against Great Britain, the United States, the Jews, and the West. Since Workd War I, during which al-Husseini served as an officer in the Ottoman Turkish army, the fatwa was served as a major instrument by which Islamic religious leaders have impelled their followers to engage in acts of jihad, which invariably involved acts of violence and terrorism.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA131


    (p. 53)
    Arabs in Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Iraq, and Egypt were called upon, “in the name of the Koran and for the honour of Islam, to saborage the oil pipe lines, blow up bridges and roads along British lines of communication, British troops, destroy their dumps and supplies, mislead them by false information…In these exhortations, the mufti frequently reiterated to his Muslim listeners that they could achieve eternal salvation by rising up and killing the Jewish infidels living in their countries…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA53


    “Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice,”  Bernard Lewis Lewis, W. W. Norton & Company: 1999, p. 147


    His immediate aim was to halt and terminate the Jewish settlement in Palestine. Beyond that, however, he aimed at much vaster purposes, conceived not so much in pan-Arab as in pan-Islamic terms, for a Holy War of Islam in alliance with Germany against world Jewry, to accomplish the final solution of the Jewish problem everywhere.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=GteStbiDEjAC&pg=PA147


    “Global Issues: Selections From CQ Researcher,” CQ Researcher, 2009, p. 158


    From 1939 to 1945, the mufti’s Arabic radio broadcasts, which mixed anti-Semitic propaganda with quotes from the Koran, made his station the most popular in the Arab world
    http://books.google.com/books?id=6HPB3DlB-m8C&pg=PA158


    “Cairo to Damascus,” John Roy Carlson, READ BOOK: 2007, pp. 419-420
     
    The Mufti also organized an Arab Brigade and a Moslem Legion to fight side by side with the Nazis. An Arab leader accepted a commission as colonel in the Wehrmacht. Turning
    ing to large Moslem populations in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Albania, the Mufti with the help of Pavelich, the Croatian quisling, recruited substantial numbers of Moslem Holy Warriors who fought as the Waffen SS, and the “Free Arabia” movement. the Mufti visited these troops frequently praying with them, exhorting them to fight for Allah.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=I-nzRJpb5CIC&pg=PA419


     


    PRO-NAZI RASHID-ALI GROUP


    “The Third Reich and the Arab East,” Lukasz Hirszowicz, Routledge & K. Paul: 1966, p. 135


    On February 28th, Salah ed-Din es-Sabbagh, Fahmi Said and Mahmud Salman of the Golden Square, Rashid Ali el-Kilani, Yunis es-Sebawi, Shawkat and Hajj Amin met at the latter’s residence (Zahawi Street, Baghdad). All present swore on the Koran and adopted their grandfathers’ names as conspiratorial pseudonyms. El-Huseini was chosen leader of the group..


    (p. 265)
    He described a meeting with the Mufti at Baghdad on February 28th, 1941, at which ‘Rashid Ali swore on the Holy Koran that he is joining the organization and will be faithful to its programme and members for the rest of his life. All present took the same oath.’ This was written by Naji Shawkat in reply to a letter from the Mufti asking him to confirm certain circumstances connected with the meeting of…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=nra6AAAAIAAJ&q=koran


     


    MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD


    “The broken crescent: the “threat” of militant Islamic fundamentalism,” Fereydoun Hoveyda, National Committee on American Foreign Policy, Greenwood Publishing Group: 2002, (ISBN: 0275979024) p. 25



    He did not hide his admiration for Mussolini and Hitler and envisioned himself as an Islamic “just despot.” Impressed by the fascists’ para-military youth groups, he created his own “battalions” (Kataeb in Arabic, meaning “phalanxes”). In 1938 he was proclaimed the “Supreme Guide.” At this point, al-Banna called for a jihad against the “heathen, the apostates, the deviants,” and all other “enemies of Allah,” including all infidels. Islam’s banner, he declared, should cover the whole world.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=UOCkuvtS_8sC&pg=PA25

    “The Hama Massacre – Reasons, Supporters of the Rebellion, Consequences,” Dipl. Paed. Kathrin Nina Wiedl: 2007, p. 31


    According to reports of the former American prosecutor Loftus, The founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, Hassan al-Banna was a secret admirer of Hitler and wrote him frequently letters.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=-2jCN5Ur6yUC&pg=PA31


    “Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11,” Matthias Küntzel, Telos Press: 2007, p. 147


    The Brothers declared jihad against British troops stationed in the Canal Zone.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PA147

    Ahmadinejad Hitler Comparison – Islamic Hitler

    December 3, 2010

    The ‘Ahmadinejad Hitler’ comparison has run from Germany’s A. Merkel, to Italy’s pres. to US officials, and beyond.

    Islamic Hitler – Islamofascism

    Over a Million hits on Islamic Hitler: “Ahmadinejad Hitler”

    When searching http://www.google.com/search?q=ahmadinejad+hitler, you get: About 1,060,000 results on Google.

    Among the most popular searched terms:

    ahmadinejad hitler

    mahmoud ahmadinejad hitler

    ahmadinejad hitler comparison

    ahmadinejad hitler of our time

    ahmadinejad hitler 2009 elections

    ahmadinejad hitler parallel

    ahmadinejad hitler youtube

    _____________

    http://www.google.com/search?q=ahmadinejad+hitler

    You can also search him in books (of course not connected to latest wikileaks revelation): http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=ahmadinejad%20%20hitler&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbo=u&tbs=bks:1&source=og&sa=N&tab=wp


    Der Spiegel: US officials called Ahmadinejad ‘Hitler’ – Israel …Nov 28, 2010 … News: German paper releases info from WikiLeaks ahead of time while Netanyahu assures public Israel has nothing to worry about, …
    http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3991029,00.html

    John Hagee calls Ahmadinejad the ‘Hitler of the Middle East’ Mar 9, 2010 … Pastor reaffirms unwavering support for the Jewish state and Jewish people during his group’s annual Night to Honor Israel in J’lem.
    http://www.jpost.com/IranianThreat/News/Article.aspx?id=170528

    Christians… Ahmadinejad is new Hitler…Jul 18, 2007 … News: Christians United for Israel say to focus on diplomatic and economic means to dissuade Iran from developing nukes…
    http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3427247,00.html

    During visit, Berlusconi draws parallel between Ahmadinejad and Hitler
    Published 02:17 02.02.10 Latest update 02:17 02.02.10 During visit, Berlusconi draws parallel between Ahmadinejad and Hitler
    By Nir Hasson

    Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi drew a connecting line yesterday between his visit to the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem, the Iranian nuclear program, and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s denial of the Holocaust and calls for Israel’s destruction.

    “We must watch out,” the visiting premier said. “We’ve already had one such madman in history.”
    http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/during-visit-berlusconi-draws-parallel-between-ahmadinejad-and-hitler-1.262576

    Italian PM compares Ahmadinejad to Hitler
    [September 22, 2008]
    Italy's Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi implicitely compared Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to Adolf Hitler at an award ceremony in Paris.
    http://www.ejpress.org/article/news/30448

    From Hitler to Ahmadinejad: CEOs You Can Rely On
    R. A. Cooper
    Posted: January 29, 2010 11:32 AM
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rabbi-abraham-cooper/from-hitler-to-ahmadineja_b_432739.html

    Peres to Obama: No choice but to compare Iran to Nazis – Haaretz …May 5, 2009 … “If Europe had dealt seriously with Hitler at that time, … and [Iranian President Mahmoud] Ahmadinejad is dividing the Muslim world.” …
    http://www.haaretz.com/news/peres-to-obama-no-choice-but-to-compare-iran-to-nazis-1.275427

    Iran as bad as Nazis: Merkel – Times Online Feb 5, 2006 … THE German chancellor, Angela Merkel, compared President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran to Adolf Hitler yesterday as Tehran vowed to resume the …
    http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article727156.ece

    …Even German Chancellor Angela Merkel has compared Ahmadinejad to the Nazis.
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1054236/Iran-protest-Israeli-minister-says-Yes-ok-kidnap-Ahmadinejad.html

    Germany likens Ahmadinejad to Hitler, Feb 4, 2006 … Munich: President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is a rising Adolf Hitler with his stand on Iran's nuclear programme…
    http://archive.gulfnews.com/indepth/irancrisis/more_stories/10016391.html

    Iran Focus – Senator compares Iran's Ahmadinejad to Hitler, Sep 19, 2006 … WASHINGTON (Reuters) – A U.S. senator compared Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to Hitler and made fun of his name on Tuesday during a …
    http://www.iranfocus.com/modules/news/article.php?storyid=8695

    Olmert compares Ahmadinejad to Hitler – Israel News, Ynetnews Apr 29, 2006 … News: In interview with German newspaper Bild, acting Prime Minister says Iranian president a 'psychopath of the worst kind… He speaks as Hitler did in his time of the extermination of the entire Jewish nation…
    http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3245121,00.html

    Peres Compares Ahmadinejad to Hitler – Free Market News Network, President Peres of Israel is comparing Ahmadinejad to Hitler and Stalin saying that world should not ignore fact that Iran is developing …
    http://www.freemarketnews.com/WorldNews.asp?nid=50444

    Mitt Romney likened Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to Adolf Hitler in a speech on Thursday to Jewish university …
    http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/ic/2007/4/27/80931.shtml

    Inquiry and Analysis – No. 277
    May 23, 2006 No. 277
    Arab Media Reactions to Iran's Nuclear Project…
    President Ahmadinejad was described as a new Hitler threatening to unleash catastrophe upon the world.
    http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Area=ia&ID=IA27706&Page=archives

    The Jawa Report: Hitler, Ahmadinejad, Neo Nazis, Just Logical Fellows. Apr 25, 2006 … Hitler, Ahmadinejad, Neo Nazis, Just Logical Fellows. … Next he encourages other Neo-Nazis to convert to Islam. …
    http://mypetjawa.mu.nu/archives/173597.php

    Newt Gingrich: Iran’s President is the New Hitler, Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich says that Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is as big a threat to global security as Adolf Hitler was in the …
    http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/ic/2006/1/25/100038.shtml

    GMANews.TV – Jewish leader calls Iran’s Ahmadinejad a '2nd Hitler' …BERLIN – The newly elected leader of Germany's main Jewish organization called Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad a "second Hitler"
    http://www.gmanews.tv/story/8104/Jewish-leader-calls-Irans-Ahmadinejad-a-2nd-Hitler

    Iran Hitler Ahmadinejad At Columbia Free Speech Or Incitement? Sep 24, 2007 Ya see, I live and work in Israel, a tiny, democratic nation in the Middle East which Ahmadinejad has sworn to "wipe my children off the map." Not really a nice thing of this dictator who fashions himself after Adolf Hitler with a twist of Islamic lemon to say.

    Ahmadinejad's Iran is one of the world's leading sponsors of international terror, especially the Hizbullah gang in Lebanon, and he is now obsessed with building thermonuclear weapons with which he might just accomplish what Hitler could not: the annihilation of half the world's Jews with the push of a single button.

    Ahmadinejad is also directly responsible for the murder of dozens of numbers of American troops in Iraq, whose killers, according to hundreds of reliable reports, he is arming and funding.

    The US State Department calls Iran a state sponsor of terror, and Ahmadinejad has called the Holocaust “a myth'' and urges for Israel to be destroyed.
    http://www.israelnewsagency.com/iranahmadinejadcolumbianewyorkisraelfreedomspeechincitementadlhitler48092307.html

    Never Again?

    By Charles Krauthammer
    Friday, May 5, 2006; Page A19
    …But in a cruel historical irony, doing so required concentration — putting all the eggs back in one basket, a tiny territory hard by the Mediterranean, eight miles wide at its waist. A tempting target for those who would finish Hitler's work.

    His successors now reside in Tehran. The world has paid ample attention to President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's declaration that Israel must be destroyed. Less attention has been paid to Iranian leaders' pronouncements on exactly how Israel would be "eliminated by one storm," as Ahmadinejad has promised…
    As it races to acquire nuclear weapons, Iran makes clear that if there is any trouble, the Jews will be the first to suffer. "We have announced that wherever [in Iran] America does make any mischief, the first place we target will be Israel," said Gen. Mohammad Ebrahim Dehghani, a top Revolutionary Guards commander. Hitler was only slightly more direct when he announced seven months before invading Poland that, if there was another war, "the result will be . . . the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe."

    …Bernard Lewis, America's dean of Islamic studies, who just turned 90 and remembers the 20th century well, confessed that for the first time he feels it is 1938 again. He did not need to add that in 1938, in the face of the gathering storm — a fanatical, aggressive, openly declared enemy of the West, and most determinedly of the Jews — the world did nothing.

    When Iran's mullahs acquire their coveted nukes in the next few years, the number of Jews in Israel will just be reaching 6 million. Never again?
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/05/04/AR2006050401458.html?sub=AR

    Israel: Iran trying to do 'what Adolf Hitler did to Jewish people'
    Times Online – ‎Apr 21, 2009
    http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/europe/article6142841.ece

    Israel pledges to protect itself from 'new Holocaust' threat posed by Iran's nuclear programme
    Israel has warned Tehran that it is ready to be "the shield" defending Jewish people from a "new Holocaust" threat posed by Iran's nuclear programme.  21 Apr 2009
    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/israel/5195326/Israel-pledges-to-protect-itself-from-new-Holocaust-threat-posed-by-Irans-nuclear-programme.html

    Israel marks Holocaust, warns new 'Hitler' has arrived Israel Today (April 21, 2009)
    http://www.israeltoday.co.il/default.aspx?tabid=178&nid=18630

    Another Ahmadinejad-Hitler Parallel

    IBD Editorials

    Posted 08/04/2010 06:46 PM ET

    Iran: President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has much in common with Adolf Hitler — hatred of Jews, warmongering, delusions of divine inspiration. Now add this: His own people have tried to blow him to smithereens.

    After surviving the July 20, 1944, plot on his life at his field headquarters near Rastenburg (now Ketrzyn) in Poland, Hitler said: “I take this as confirmation of my assignment from Providence to continue to pursue my life’s goal as I have done hitherto.” Historians believe that afterwards nearly 5,000 people were executed by the Gestapo.

    When the news spread of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad surviving a homemade bomb being tossed at his convoy in Hamedan in western Iran Wednesday, some Iranian opposition groups were acting as if Tehran’s 21st century Gestapo, the Revolutionary Guards, might similarly come after them.

    A representative of a faction of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, asked if his group was involved, told London’s Daily Mail: “Absolutely not, absolutely not. It has nothing to do with us.”

    Indeed, Ahmadinejad recently declared, Fuhrer-like, that “the regime has only one party, which is the velayat” — a term used in many Islamic countries and derived from the Arabic for “to govern.”

    That’s not too far removed from “ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Fuhrer!”

    And, like Hitler, Ahmadinejad and Iran’s Supreme Leader, the Ayatollah Khamenei, have put their jackboots where their mouths are, successfully putting down the popular demonstrations last summer after Ahmadinejad’s fraudulent re-election.

    Of course, there were many attempts on Hitler’s life, the most interesting being Georg Elser’s planting of a homemade bomb at the Burgerbraukeller in Munich in late 1939, which detonated right on schedule but failed because Hitler chose not to be as long-winded as usual .

    A carpenter of modest education, Elser was motivated by the deep resentment he felt over Nazi restrictions on German workers’ freedom to organize themselves. Much the same kind of resentment has been on the rise among ordinary Iranians.

    “It’s far too early to say that it’s the first stirring of a significant rebellion against the regime since last summer’s post-election upheaval,” the National Council of Resistance said several weeks ago of strike action organized by store owners in Tehran’s traditional bazaar. “But unlike that upsurge, which involved millions of unhappy pro-reformist voters, this time it’s the bazaar, Iran’s commercial class, that is showing signs of unhappiness.”

    The opposition coalition also pointed out that “back in 1978, when the anti-Shah revolution got going, it was the bazaar that provided the muscle.” The group added that “there could emerge an alliance between the bazaar, the clergy, and the reformists” and warned, “it’s clear that something important is happening.”
    http://www.investors.com/NewsAndAnalysis/Article/542707/201008041846/Another-Ahmadinejad-Hitler-Parallel.aspx

    ARAB MUSLIM NAZISM – DOCUMENTATION: Your Reference Guide

    November 26, 2010

    ARAB MUSLIM NAZISM – DOCUMENTATION


    In GeneralSome of the groupsPan-Arabism & NazismIrony of non-Aryan “inferior” Arabs’, Bosnians’ racesArab Nazi PartiesGrand MuftiRashid AliUmmarAl-Banna / Muslim BrotherhoodReza Pahlevi – IranIbn Saud / S. ArabiaKing Farouk / EgyptShakib ArslanYoung EgyptBaathKhairallah Tuflahal-MiqdadiAl-Sabawial-Muthanna Club & al-FutuwwaSSNPNajjadaHandscharAdmiration & worshipping


    IN GENERAL



      
    An Urgent Wakeup Call 
    Jihad and Jew-Hatred: Islamism, Nazism, and the Roots of 9/11, by Matthias Küntzel, trans. Colin Meade, Telos Press, 2007, 180 pp.
    Reviewed by Amnon Lord [2008]

    “We were the first to think of translating Mein Kampf,” wrote Sami al-Jundi, a leader of the Syrian Ba’ath Party in the 1930s. “Whoever lived during this period in Damascus would appreciate the inclination of the Arab people to Nazism, for Nazism was the power which could serve as its champion” (26). Al-Jundi also confessed that “we were racist, admiring Nazism, reading its books and the sources of its thought, particularly Nietzsche, Fichte, and H. S. Chamberlain” (25).


    How many people know that Arab delegations and senior political figures were invited to the annual Nazi rallies in Nuremberg during the 1930s? Such details are not simply random anecdotes from the remote past. Indeed, in his new book Jihad and Jew-Hatred, German scholar Matthias Küntzel argues that the origins of the Islamist terror of recent years, which culminated in the attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001, and of the radical anti-Semitic ideologies of Hamas, Hizballah, Iran, the Palestine Covenant, and al-Qaeda, lie in the lethal link between Islamism and Nazism.
    http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DRIT=3&DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=253&PID=0&IID=2330&TTL=Amnon_Lord_on_Jihad_and_Jew-Hatred:__Islamism,_Nazism,_and_the_Roots_of_9/11,_by_Matthias_K%C3%BCntzel


    The Nazi-Islamist Connection – Herbert Eiteneier, JCPA


    Palestinian maps, including in textbooks, do not show Israel at all; Palestinian sources omit the Mufti’s role in Nazism and deny the Holocaust, …

    http://www.jcpa.org/phas/phas-eiteneier-s06.htm


    Der Spiegel, 05/23/2007

    World War II
    New Research Taints Image of Desert Fox Rommel

    By Jan Friedmann

    Arabs Shouted “Heil Rommel”



    Hitler was celebrated in large parts of the Arab world, and some newspapers even likened him to the Prophet. The Desert Fox was almost as popular as Hitler. “Heil Rommel” was a common greeting in Arab countries.



    Many Arabs thought the Germans would free them from the rule of the old colonial powers France and Britain. Hitler had shown how to burst the shackles of the Treaty of Versailles. After Germany defeated France in 1940, chants against the French and British echoed around the streets of Damascus: “No more Monsieur, no more Mister, Allah’s in Heaven and Hitler’s on earth.”



    Adolf Hitler assured the exiled Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Muhammad Amin al-Husseini, at a meeting in Berlin in November 1941 that his goal was the “destruction of Jewry living in Arabia.” The Führer had racist objections to Arabs as well, though. He declined to shake the Mufti’s hand and refused to drink coffee with him.



    Hitler nevertheless provided the Mufti, who later sponsored Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, with a budget of 750,000 Reichsmark per month to foment Jihad in Palestine. In an example of ideological flexibility, the SS even recruited Muslim volunteers and declared that the Muslims living in the Balkans belonged to the “racially valuable” peoples of Europe.

    http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,484510,00.html

    Indigenous Indians: Agastya to Ambedkar, by Koenraad Elst, [Voice of India] 1993, 483 pages, Page 353 [8185990042, 9788185990040]



    Young Fidel Castro would imitate Mussolini in front of the mirror. The secularist Baath Party in Syria and Iraq was modelled on Mussolini’s Fascist Party. The Iranian Shah Reza Pahlevi was an open admirer of Hitler (for which he was forced by the British to abdicate in favour of his son).

    nbsp;The Muslims in particular were enthusiastic. …Muslim nations rallied to ally with Hitler: the Bosnian Muslims, the Kalmuks, the Chechen and Ingosh, the Balkans, the Meshkets, and the Krim Tatars. In West Asia, prominant leaders like the Druze leader Shakib Arslan (Walid Jumblatt’s father) and the Mufti of Jerusalem allied themselves with Hitler.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=exVuAAAAMAAJ&q=Muslims


    The war aims and strategies of Adolf Hitler – Page 161 – Oscar Pinkus – 2005 – 537 pages



    The sympathies for Hitler extended all the way from the Islamic Bosnians and Albanians in Europe to the Arab countries in Africa and…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=gPnjXC1lEJ8C&pg=PA161


    Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Pages 10-11 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages


    Male supremacy, sexual repression, the celebration of jihad and the glorification of a martyr’s death in war with unbelievers (al-Banna celebrated “the art of death”) and hatred of the Jews all created points of commonality with fascism and Nazism…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PR10





    Pan-Arabism & Nazism

    Arab-Jewish relations: from conflict to resolution? : essays in honour of Moshe Ma’oz, Elie Podeh, Asher Kaufman – [Sussex Academic Press] 2005 [ISBN 1903900689, 9781903900680] – Page 136



    King Faysal I was far as can be imagined from anti-Semitism…. Faysal was highly popular with Jews, who saw in him their protector. But soon after King Ghazi (1933-39) took over things deteriorated. The young king, while not explicitly ant-Semitic, moved very close to radical pan-Arab and pro-Nazi circles. At least two of the royal family’s members outdid even the Nazi senior representative in Baghdad, …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=MOzJeyjF2_UC&pg=PA136


    Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: a study in Iraqi politics – Majid Khadduri – 1960 – 388 pages – Page 240


    They held a conference late in October in which it was decided that their struggle to achieve the pan-Arab mission should be continued in collaboration with the Axis Powers

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=uh4xAAAAIAAJ&dq=common+enemy


    The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini By Chuck Morse – Page 28 – 2003 – 186 pages


    The pan-Arabist seeks a world empire based on the Islamic faith with the Arab language and culture serving as the centerpiece. Likewise, the Nazi pan-Aryan sought a world empire with a mystical concept of the Germanic race serving as

    http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA16





    Among the many various Arab pro-Nazi, fascist groups

    • The Iron Shirts (led by Fakhri al-Barudi of the National Bloc).
    • The League for National Action (headed by Abdu al-Huda al-Yab, Dr. Zaki al-Jabi and others).
    • The An-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus (headed by Dr. Said Abd Al-Fattah al-Imam).
    • The Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine (head by well known pro-Nazi leaders, such as Nabi al-Azmah, Adil Arslan and others)
    • The Syrian People’s Party.
    • The Istiqlal.
    • The Muthana Club.
    • Moslem Guidance Society.
    • The Palestine Defense Society.
    • The Tajaddad Club.
    • The Arab Rover Society.
    • Arab High Committee (Haj Amin el Husseini’s).
    • Najjada [Najjadah] in Lebanon (pan-Islamic, pan-Arab).
    • The Futuwwah in Iraq (Hitler-youth type).
    • The Blue Shirts and Green Shirts in Egypt.
    • League of National Action.
    • The Lion Cubs of Arabism.
    • The Syrian Social Nationalist Party (led by Antun Sa’ada with Nazi imitated symbols and hymm of ‘Syria, Syria Uber alles).
    • The Arab Club.
    • The Steel Shirts.
    • The early Ba’ath movement.
    • The Kalmuks.
    • The Chechens.
    • The Ingosh.
    • Balkans.
    • The Meshkets.
    • The Krim Tatars
    • The White Shirts (in Lebanon).

    The Arab war effort: a documented account By American Christian Palestine Committee, 1946, p. 7

    IN SYRIA AND THE LEBANON connections between certain groups of Syrian leaders and the Axis States were of long standing…. the Iron Shirts (led by Fakhri al-Barudi of the National Bloc, still a member of the Syrian parliament in 1946); the League for National Action (headed by Abdu al-Huda al-Yab, Dr. Zaki al-Jabi and others); the An-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus (headed by Dr. Said Abd Al-Fattah al-Imam); the Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine (head by well known pro-Nazi leaders, such as Nabi al-Azmah, Adil Arslan and others); the Syrian People’s Party…

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=fxzPAAAAMAAJ&dq=well+known+pro-Nazi

    page 33

    With the stimulus that the ex-Mufti exerted and with the German armies sweeping victoriously over the Continent of Europe, the Muthana Club, Moslem Guidance Society, the Palestine Defense Society, the Tajaddad Club, and the Arab Rover Society, to quote the names of but a few bodies and societies, intensified their pro-Nazi subversive activities in the hopes that by so doing they would eventually, through enemy assistance, realize their Pan-Arab aspirations.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KGMZAAAAIAAJ&dq=defense+of+palestine

    Die Welt des Islams, 1985, [Wild, Stefan. “National Socialism in the Arab near East between 1933 and 1939.”] p. 127

    In the following section I shall describe five parties and movements in the Arab word which to a greater or lesser degree had taken over certain elements of National Socialism or Fascism, namely the Baath (Ba’th)- Party, the Syrian Socialist Nationalist Party, the Kataeb (katd’ib), Young Egypt (Misr al-Fatdh) and the Futuwwa. I shall then concentrate briefly on ideological factors like the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche, the concept of the “strong nation”, racialism and European antisemitism.
    http://books.google.com/books?&id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&dq=five+parties
    [PDF] http://www.tcd.ie/history//undergraduate/pdf/bwwii/jstorarticles/Stefan%20Wild%20National%20Socialims%20in%20the%20Arab%20Middle%20East%201933%201939.pdf


    Letter to an Arab friend By André Chouraqui, Univ of Massachusetts Press, 1972

    In 1936… That year an Arab High Committee was formed in the month of April and was presidedover by the mufti, Hadz Amin el Husseini. It included the most reactionary elements of the Arab world and enleashed a revolt which transformed Palestine into a stronghold occupied by more than twenty thousand British soldiers. These Arab elements had been inspired by Fascists and Nazis, a fact since established by the publication of the secret Wilhemstrasse Archives. The Arab High Committee had receieved the financial support of the Nazis and Fascists who financed the revolt, with the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el Husseini, acting as intermediary. Hitler and his police achieved in Palestine what they had attempted throughout the Arab world (against the Jews)

    http://books.google.com/books?id=l6FoAeIPcuEC&pg=PA108


    Confronting fascism in Egypt: dictatorship versus democracy in the 1930s – Page 273 – I. Gershoni, James P. Jankowski – 2009 – 344 pages



    The activities of the radical youth organization al-Futuwwa are considered a a manifestation of Nazi youth indoctrination practices, and speeches supporting Nazism delivered in Baghdad’s Pan-Arab al- Muthanna Club perceived as reflecting popular support for Nazi Germany among the Iraqi effendiyya.

    In Syria, studies analyzing the process of radicalization in the 1930s often highlight pro-fascist tendencies among various newly created nationalist [p. 274] organizations. These tendencies are seen as having manifested themselves particularly in the mushrooming of new radical youth organizations such as the League of National Action, the Lion Cubs of Arabism, the Syrian Social Nationalist Party led ny Antun Sa’ada, the Arab Club, the Steel Shirts, the early Ba’ath movement, and various radical Islamic organizations. In Lebanon, the White Shirts, the najjada…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=Aukt0sWDJcsC&pg=PA273

    Del fuego: Sephardim and the Holocaust – Solomon Gaon, M. Mitchell Serels – 1995 – 258 pages [Page 114] Publisher Sepher-Hermon Press, 1995 [ISBN 0872031438, 9780872031432

    …in Syria and Lebanon, we found for example the Iron Shirts, the League of National Action, the Ah-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus, the Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine, headed at the time by the well known pro-Nazi leaders such as NabichAl-Azma and Adil Arslan. There was the Syrian Popular Party which was led at the time by a well known Fascist, Anton Saade. He escaped during the war to Germany, and from there with the help of …the principal party is Syria and more particularly the Istiqlal group headed by Shukri al…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=3rMWAQAAIAAJ&q=arslan

    Cuadernos de historia mundial: : Volume 5, Issue 1 – International Commission for a History of the Scientific and Cultural Development of Mankind, 1959, p. 240

    The years of the Second World War saw the struggle of democracy against Nazi-Fascist totalitarianism, with Arab sympathies tipped in favour of the latter, not because of any …The National Syrian Party in Syria and Lebanon, the Kata’ib al-Lubnaniyyah (The Lebanese Phalanges), and the Najjadah in Lebanon, the Futuwwah in Iraq, and the Blue Shirts and Green Shirts in Egypt, were among the most conspicuous of these organizations–all appeared in the fourth decade of the century. The peninsula continued to be isolated and immune to such currents, though enjoying its own theocratic totalitarianism, Islam.

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=BrcfAQAAIAAJ&dq=najjadah

    (Cahiers d’histoire mondiale: Journal of world history. Cuadernos de historia mundial. v.1-14; juil. 1953-1972, Volume 5, Author: Unesco
    Publisher: Éditions de la Baconnière, 1959, p. 240


    http://books.google.com/books?&id=VvwIAQAAIAAJ&q=futuwwah

    Studies in Asian history: proceedings
    Author: Indian Council for Cultural Relations
    Publisher: Asia Pub. House [for] Indian Council for Cultural Relations, 1969,
    p. 412


    http://books.google.com/books?id=2lrRAAAAMAAJ&q=nazi)

    A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 – by Stanley G. Payne – 1996, p.
    352


    The Fascist regime had him proclaimed a “hero of Islam” and “defender of Islam” in Italian Libya, where a parallel Libyan Arab Fascist Party was created.
    If Mussolini supported Zionists to some extent as a lever against the British Empire, both he and Hitler subsidized Haj Amin el Husseini, the violently anti-Jewish grand mufti of Jerusalem. Anti-Jewish feeling mounted in parts of
    the Middle East during the 1930s, as the Fascist and Nazi regimes and doctrines made increasing sense to many Arab nationalists. King Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia sought German arms and contacts and was favorably received. Various delegations
    of Syrians and Iraqis attended the Niirnberg party congresses, and there were several different Arabic translations of Mein Kampf. Both the German and Italian regimes were active in propaganda in the Arab world, and there was much pro-German sentiment in Egypt. At least seven different Arab nationalist groups had developed shirt movements by 1939 (white, gray, and iron in Syria; blue and
    green in Egypt; … Syrian… Iraqi Futuwa… Young Egypt Movement … all three were territorially expansionist, with Sami Shawkat, the Futuwa ideologue, envisioning the “Arab nation” as eventually covering half the globe (though by
    vonversion…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=NLiFIEdI1V4C&pg=PA352





    Ironically, Arabs, or even Slavic-Muslims were considered “inferior” to Nazi Aryans


    The Mufti of Jerusalem: Haj Amin al-Husseini and the Palestinian National Movement, by Philip Mattar, [Columbia University Press] 1992



    …Nazis viewed the Arabs with contempt. Arabs in Germany received the discriminatory treatment consistent with Nazi racial theories…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=XH8qTS5xNUIC&pg=PA100

    War aims in the second world war: the war aims of the major belligerents, 1939-45, by Victor Rothwell, Edinburgh University Press, 2005
    [ISBN 0748615032, 9780748615032, 244 pages] p. 41


    … However, the Nazis were clear in their minds that the Arabs were racially inferior, and there would, therefore, be no pleasure to be had from helping them in anything except for the extermination of Jews in their region.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=XfgLbSc94MEC&pg=PA41

    SS: Hell on the Western Front – Page 70 – Chris Bishop, Michael Williams – 2003 – 192 pages



    On the face of it, Slavic Muslims from southern Europe did not fit too well into the Nazi racial ideology of the Master Race. However, as so often happened, Himmler came up with his own crackpot theories to make them acceptable. Bosnian …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=iqWZov065T4C&pg=PA70


    Arafat: in the eyes of the beholder – Janet Wallach, John Wallach – [Carol Pub. Group] 1997 – 534 pages – Page 66



    The Nazis showed great contempt for the dark-skinned Arabs, even calling them a lower form of life; Adolph Hitler had gone so far as to describe the Arabs as “half apes.”
    http://books.google.com/books?&id=_ZrtAAAAMAAJ&q=APES





    Arab Nazi Parties

    Jamal Husseini



    Highlights:



    * Arab Nazi movements all over the Middle East.



    * Istiqlal movement pushing for Nazi style youth organizations.



    * Arab activists of Iraq (like: Abdul Ghaffur el-Bedri, publisher of the newspaper Istiqlal), Palestine (represented by Joseph Francis of the al-Ahram) attempt to found ‘Arab Nazi Parties’ – first rejected by the German Nazis.



    * Establishing of the Palestine ‘Arab Nazi Party.’ Jamal Husseini.

    The Nazi ‘Hitler youth’ modelled “Futuwwa” in Palestine ‘Nazi Scouts.’




    Middle Eastern Myths – “The Myth of Yasser Arafat” by Dr. Richard Booker


    During the war, Arab Nazi parties were founded throughout the Middle East.
    http://www.rbooker.com/articles/TheMythofYasserArafat.PDF


    First things: Issues 154-158, Institute on Religion and Public Life – 2005 – [Page 14]



    Several of the Arab political parties founded during the 1930s were modeled after the Nazi party, including the Syrian Popular Party and the Young Egypt Society, which were explicitly anti-Semitic in their ideology and programs. …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=4-gnAAAAYAAJ&q=modeled

    The third Reich & the Palestine question,” Francis R. Nicosia, Transaction Publishers, 2000, pages 90-91


    [page 90]

    After 1933, there were attempts in the Arab world to establish political parties based on Fascist or Nationa Socialist principles and organization. Both [German representatives: Fritz] Grobba and [Heinrich] Wolf were approached in 1933 by individuals with plans to create National Socialist parties in Iraq and Palestine, respectively. The Palestine correspondent of the news-paper Al-Ahram, Joseph Francis, represented a group of Palestinian Arabs who were interested in establishing such a party. Francis wrote to Wolf in April, 1933, requesting the help of the Consulate-General in this endeavor. In Baghdad, a similar overture was made to Fritz Grobba by Abdul Ghaffur el-Bedri, publisher of the newspaper Istiqlal, and a group of his supporters, Wolf’s strong opposition to any sort of German encouragement or support for an Arab Nazi party in Palestine was conveyed in a note to the Foreign Office in Berlin in June, 1933,… In Berlin, the Foreign Office concurred with Wolf’s opposition to Arab efforts to involve Germany in the creation of an Arab National party in Palestine… provided the rationale behind the instructions issued to Wolf on the matter…

    The objections that Herr Wolf has raised against the promotion of an Arab National Socialist movement by official German representatives are fully supported here. Given the notorious political unreliablity of the Arabs”

    [page 91]

    Wolf was instructed to discourage contact between pro-Nazi Arabs and the various Ortsgruppen [local branches] of the NSDAP in Palestine, to which many Palastinadeutche were beginning to flock…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=8X2G1G_jD-4C&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90

    The PLO: the rise and fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Volume 1984, Part 2
    Jillian Becker, [Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984] Page 19




    In March 1935 the Husseinis also formed a party, called the Palestinian Arab Party.
    It was, as its president Jamal Husseini freely boasted, inspired by German Nazism. It included a ‘youth troop’, modelled on the Hitler Youth, for a while actually called the ‘Nazi Scouts‘.

    http://books.google.com/books?cd=1&id=H7BtAAAAMAAJ&dq=jamal+husseini

    http://books.google.com/books?cd=1&id=H7BtAAAAMAAJ&dq=Nazi+Scouts

    The case for Israel – Alan M. Dershowitz – [John Wiley and Sons] 2003 – Biography & Autobiography – 264 pages – Page 54


    … Husseini organized the “Nazi Scouts,” based on the “Hitler Youth …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=Dunx_i1P6fMC&pg=PA54


    Righteous victims: a history of the Zionist-Arab conflict, 1881-1999 – Page 124 – Benny Morris – [Random House, Inc] 1999 – 751 pages


    … the Husseinis in March 1935 formed the Palestinian Arab Party, whose platform for resistance to the establishment of a Jewish National Home. It set up its own youth corps. al-Futuwwa (the name of an association of Arab knights during the Middle Ages). which resembled Germany’s Hitler Youth and was officially designated the “Nazi Scouts.” At Ihe founding meeting 011 February 11, 1936, Jamal al- Husseini, a principal aide of Hajj Amin, declared that Hitler had stalled out with only six followers and now had sixty million. The fisrt seventy al-Futuwwa recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right: independence — my aspiration: Arabism — my principle: Palestine — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.”
    The Husseini-Nazi connection… through the 1930s and early 1940s.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=jGtVsBne7PgC&pg=PA124


    Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism By David M. Rosen, page 106

    …The shrill calls to take up extremist politics invoked a symbolism that glorified youth, violence, and death. By 1936 Al Difaa, the paper of the Istiqlal movement and the most widely read paper in the Arab community, proclaimed, in clearly fascist tones, that “youth must go out to the field of battle as soldiers of the Fatherland.” Others argued that the “Land is in need of a youth, healthy in body and soul like Nazi youth in Germany and the fascist youth in Italy which stands ready for the orders of its leaders and ready to sacrifice its life for the honor of its people and freedom of its fatherland.”


    …Nationalist rhetoric accompanied major efforts to build fascist-style youth organizations by recruiting young men to serve as the strike force of the nationalist movement. Throughout the 1930s the children of wealthy Palestinians returned home from European universities having witnessed the emergence of fascist paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party. The Husseinis used the Palestinian Arab Party to establish the al-Futuwwa youth corps, which was named after an association of Arab Nazi Scouts. By 1936 the Palestinian Arab Party was sponsoring the developments of storm troops patterned on the German model. These storm troops, all children and youth, were to be outfitted in black trousers and red shirts… The young recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right; independence — my aspiration; Arabism — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.”
    […]
    The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East. While the Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, al-Futuwwa groups were established in Iraq.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA106


    The PLO: the rise and fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Volume 1984, Part 2
    Jillian Becker, [Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984] Pages 29, 293




    [p. 29]

    …movement in Palestine, the ‘Army of Salvation’ and a paramilitary youth organization, ostensibly a scout movement, called Futuwwah.
    [p. 293]

    Futuwwah (Mufti movement)

    http://books.google.com/books?cd=1&id=H7BtAAAAMAAJ&dq=futuwwah

    The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem revisited, Benny Morris, Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 28



    More important in ‘militarization’ of Arab Palestine was the establishment by the Hussenis of the Futuwa (youth companies), in which youngsters were trained in military drill and the use of weapons. The movement, modelled after the Nazi youth organizations…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=uM_kFX6edX8C&pg=PA28


    A durable peace: Israel and its place among the nations, Binyamin Netanyahu, 2000, p. 209


    during this period in Damascus would appreciate the inclination of the Arab people to Nazism, for Nazism was the power …In Palestine the Mufti’s clan founded the Palestinian Arab Party, which party leader Jamal Husseini asserted was based on the Nazi model..

    http://books.google.com/books?id=sj5DqVLshOUC&pg=PA209

    History Upside Down: The Roots of Palestinian Fascism and the Myth of Israeli Aggression, by David Meir-Levi, 2010 [ISBN 1458766667, 9781458766663], p. 8


    In the early 1930s, as many Arabs in British Mandatory Palestine looked toward an alliance with Hitler as leverage against Britain, al-Husseini … The youth organization established by the mufti used Nazi emblems, names, and uniforms. Germany reciprocated by setting up scholarships for Arab students, hiring Arab apprentices at German firms, and inviting Arab political leaders to the Nuremberg party rallies and Arab military leaders to Wehrmacht maneuvers.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=nJSd7fZ-GhYC&pg=PA8

    The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini By Chuck Morse – Page 28 – 2003 – 186 pages


    Al- Husseini’s own Palestine Arab Party stood for the expulsion of all Jewish settlers and an independent Arab … efforts to assist in the development of what would become distinctly Nazi-Arab style organizations and political parties…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA28




    Grand Mufti – Hajj Muhammad Amin al-Husseini

    (Hajj Amin al-Husayni)




    Highlights:



    * Meeting with Hitler (November 1941).



    * Main link between Nazis and the Arab world.



    * Attempted the fusion of ‘Islamism & Nazism.’



    * The ‘Fuhrer of the Arab world.’



    * Pushing for Genocide, even intervened to reroute children heading to Palestine, which were sent to the gas chambers instead.



    * Instigating anti-British violence in Palestine and anti-Jewish violence in: Palestine, Iraq.



    * His mixed Anti-Semitic Quran speeches made his: most popular radio station in the Arab world.



    * Set up the ‘Arab Legion.’



    * Recruited SS Muslim-Nazi units.



    * Nazi aid to his activities in Palestine – close Palestinian-Arab Nazi ties.



    * His holy war, Jihad against: Great Britain, the United States, the Jews, and the West.



    * Proclaimed Iraq’s declaration of war in May 1941, a jihad.



    * An already de-facto pan-Arab, pan-Islamic leader & appointed by the Nazis the titular of Nazi pan-Arab leader. He aimes for an all out ‘pan-Arab empire’ under his leadership, leading to a future Caliphate.



    * Urged the Nazis to bomb Tel Aviv & Jerusalem (but was turned down).



    * Tighten ties with his Nazi allies even at the last months of the war, when these were already failing.



    * Among his Arab “partners in crime”: Emil Ghouri, Wasef Kamal, Rasem Khalidi, Jamal Husseini and Rashid Ali al-Gailani.



    * His immense influence even after the war, the ‘Arab Higher Committee.’ The ‘Arab League.’



    * His radical Islamic hatred legacy till today & the foundation of the Middle East conflict.




    Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam, David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz

    A chilling, fascinating, and nearly forgotten historical figure is resurrected in this riveting work that links the fascism of the last century with the terrorism of our own. Written with vigor and extraordinary access to primary sources in several languages, Icon of Evil is the definitive account of the man who, during World War II, was called “the fuhrer of the Arab world” and whose ugly legacy lives on today. With new and disturbing details, David G. Dalin and John F. Rothmann show how al -Husseini ingratiated himself with his hero, Adolf Hitler, becoming, with his blond hair and blue eyes, an “honorary Aryan” while dreaming of being installed as Nazi leader of the Middle East. Al-Husseini would later recruit more than 100,000 Muslims in Europe to fight in divisions of the Waffen-SS, and obstruct negotiations with the Allies that might have allowed four thousand Jewish children to escape to Palestine. Some believe that al-Husseini even inspired Hitler to implement the Final Solution. At wars end, al-Husseini escaped indictment at Nuremberg and was harbored in France. Icon of Evil chronicles al-Husseinis postwar relationships with such influential Islamic figures as the radical theoretician Sayyid Qutb and Saddam Husseins powerful uncle General Khairallah Talfah and his crucial mentoring of the young Yasser Ararat. Finally, it provides compelling evidence that al-Husseinis actions and writings serve as inspirations today to the leaders of Hamas, Hezbollah, and other terrorist organizations pledged to destroy Israel and the United States.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC


    p. 131

    During the 1920 and 1930s. Haj Amin al-Husseini was one of the first radical Islamic leaders to issue fatwas, or religious rulings, calling for jihad, or holy war, against Great Britain, the United States, the Jews, and the West. Since Workd War I, during which al-Husseini served as an officer in the Ottoman Turkish army, the fatwa was served as a major instrument by which Islamic religious leaders have impelled their followers to engage in acts of jihad, which invariably involved acts of violence and terrorism.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA131


    Wolfgang G. Schwanitz on Nazism in Syria and Lebanon. The Ambivalence of the German Option, 1933-194 by Dr. Wolfgang G. Schwanitz [JCPA, December 2009]



    Amin al-Husaini tried to synthesize Nazism and Islamism. …

    http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&TMID=111&LNGID=1&FID=388&PID=0&IID=3235


    “The Mufti of Berlin
    Arab-Nazi collaboration is a taboo topic in the West”, Daniel Schwammenthal, Wall Street Jounal, September 24, 2009




    …the Palestinian wartime leader “was one of the worst and fanatical fascists and anti-Semites,” …. He intervened with the Nazis to prevent the escape to Palestine of thousands of European Jews, who were sent instead to the death camps. He also conspired with the Nazis to bring the Holocaust to Palestine. The mufti “invented a new form of Jew-hatred by recasting it in an Islamic mold,” according to German scholar Matthias Küntzel. The mufti’s fusion of European anti-Semtism—particularly the genocidal variety—with Koranic views of Jewish wickedness has become the hallmark of Islamists world-wide, from al Qaeda to Hamas and Hezbollah. During his time in Berlin, the mufti ran the Nazis’ Arab-language propaganda radio program, which incited Muslims in the Mideast to “kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases God, history and religion.” Among the many listeners was also the man later known as Ayatollah Khomeini, who used to tune in to Radio Berlin every evening, according to Amir Taheri’s biography of the Iranian leader. Khomeini’s disciple Mahmoud Ahmadinejad still spews the same venom pioneered by the mufti as do Islamic hate preachers around the world.

    Muslim Judeophobia is not—as is commonly claimed—a reaction to the Mideast conflict but one of its main “root causes.” It has been fueling Arab rejection of a Jewish state long before Israel’s creation.

    http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203440104574400532495168894.html


    Global Issues: Selections From CQ Researcher – Page 158 – CQ Researcher – [Pine Forge Press] 2009
    [ISBN 1412980372, 9781412980371] – 368 pages



    The Mufti fled Palestine in 1938 to avoid arrest by the British for his part in the Arab revolt. He spent most of the war in Berlin, recruiting Bosnian Muslims for the SS, the semi-military Nazi organization that oversaw Hitler’s extermination of the Jews. From 1939 to 1945, the Mufti’s Arabic radio broadcasts, which mixed anti-Semitic propaganda with quotes from the Koran, made his station the most popular in the Arab world.
    […]
    In 1943, as a propaganda stunt, SS leader Heinrich Himmler wanted to permit 5,000 Jewish children to emigrate to Palestine, in exchange for 20,000 German prisoners. The mufti fought against the plan, and the children were sent to the gas chambers. The Nazis funded the burgeoning growth of Muslim fundamentalism, helping the radical Muslim Brotherhood distribute Arabic translations of Mein Kampf, …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=6HPB3DlB-m8C&pg=PA158


    A history of the Middle East, Saul S. Friedman [McFarland] 2006 [ISBN 0786423560, 9780786423569] pp. 241-3



    [p. 241]

    In January 1941, the mufti assured the “great Fuhrer” of the “friendship and admiration” of the Arab people. As he put it, Arab people everywhere were prepared to act as is proper against the common enemy… Haj Amin was receptive to Hitler’s offer in March 1941 of a German volunteer legion that would be parachuted into Iraq. He proclaimed Iraq’s declaration of war in May 1941, a jihad. And when that revolt was snuffed, the mufti incited a pogrom in Baghdad that left 110 Jews dead.


    [p. 242]

    After the failure of the Gailani coup, the Mufti fled to Iran, where he encouraged Reza Khan to oppose the British and Russians. When the allies jointly occupied Persia in August 1941, he fled to Italy, claiming that he had no place else to go. On November 20, the mufti was granted a 90-minute audience with Adolf Hitler at the latter’s Wilhelmstrasse residence. He sought a blessing from the Nazi leader for the creation of a proposed Arab state. Hitler replied it was premature…


      For the duration of the war, the mufti was housed in two elegant villas and subsidized to the sum of 75000 marks per month for heading a special Buro des Grosmufti. Its threefold function: (a) espionage (training of saboteurs), (b) propaganda (public broadcasts on Muslim holy days), and (c) recruitment of 500000 troops for the Waffen SS. Although the numbers never reached such size, dozens of his recruits were charged as war criminals in Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia and Lithuania.
    [..]

    Haj Amin told one Nazi official: “The Jewish national home must disappear and the Jews get out. They are free to go to Hell.”
    […]

    Whenever one of Hitler’s puppets contemplated negotiation with the Allies to rescue Jews, the Mufti presented a stumpling block…
    Thus, when King Boris indicated a willingness release 4000 Jewish children for Palestine in May 1943, the mufti protested that the children “present a degree of danger…” Later that month, the mufti reacted against a proposal… that would have permitted 80,000 Jews to flee Romania..



    [p. 243]


    At a time when the Nazis were transporting Jews to killing centers in Poland, Haj Amin declared, “The Arab nation awaits the solution of the world Jewish problem by its friends, the Axis powers.” He knew what the Nazis mean by Endlosung.
    As Dieter von Wisliceny, one of Adolf Eichmann’s aides, reported: “The grand mufti has repeatedly suggested to the Nazi authorities, including Hitler, Ribbentrop, and Himmler the extermination of European Jewry… Even as the military situation deteriorated for Germany in the last 18 months of the war, the mufti found himself drawn closer to his Nazi associates… photographs with Himmler… pledged cooperation And he made it very clear that when the time was appropriate, he would call upon the “best saviour of the Arabs”—Adolph Eichmann—to apply his expertise in shuttling Jews to death camps. Eichmann had met the mufti in the Middle East in 1937 and later testified that he had instructed to open all field on Jewish Question to the affable Arabs….

    http://books.google.com/books?id=LCNpmgDOYTwC&pg=PA241

    A safe haven: Harry S. Truman and the founding of Israel – Page 213 – Allis Radosh, Ronald Radosh – [HarperCollins] 2009 [ISBN 0060594632, 9780060594633] – 428 pages


    [p. 212]

    When Kirchway learned that the U.S. delegation to the United Nations backed the British on giving a platform to the Arab Higher Committee, she immediately went into action. First, Kirchwey and the Nation Associates gave out a lengthy report on the pro- Axis activities of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem to all fifty-five delegations to the United Nations. Most striking was the fact that it was based on classified U.S. government files… The Arab Higher Committee, the report charged, was the “creature of the Arab League” and was run from Egypt by the Mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini. The committee’s members were not elected representatives but “nothing more . . . than a deal among leaders of the various Arab factions in Palestine—and the will of the grand Mufti.” Three members of the Palestine Arab Higher Committee who were delegates to the U.N. General Assemply, were called, in the Nation Associates report, men who ranked with the “worst of the Axis war criminals.”

    … The accounts of the Mufti, Kirchway explained, was documented from captured files belonging to the mufti and the German High Command, all found by American military authorities in Germany.

    Along with the report were documents and photos that substantiated the charge that the Mufti controlled and directed the Arab Higher Committee. Photos used showed the Mufti and the other Arab leaders with Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Dino Alfieri…

    [p. 213]
    Emil Ghouri, the head of the Arab delegation to UNSCOP, and delegates Wasef Kamal and Rasem Khalidi as “notorious for … association with the Mufti and his Axis activities.”

    Mufti’s Jamal Husseini… had joined the Mufti in Iraq in 1939… organized a pro-Axis fifth column that led to the anti-British rebellion.

    […] In the Hague, Arab students were trained in explosives and parachuted into Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. Captured records also revealed that the Mufti had accompanied Adolf Eichmann to visit the gas chambers at Auschwitz. Moreover, the Mufti had put an end to negotiations being carried out to ransom Jews in Bratislava, insisting that they all be liquidated. A letter the Mufti had written to Heinrich Heinrich Himmler revealed the Mufti complaining that Joachim Ribbentrop and Himmler had been too lenient, since the had let some Jews leave Germany. “If such practices continue,” the Mufti was quoted as saying, “it would be incomprehensible to Arabs and Moslems

    http://books.google.com/books?id=B3SmdKOSPQEC&pg=PA213


    The record of collaboration of King Farouk of Egypt with the Nazis and their ally, the Mufti: the official Nazi records of the King’s alliance and of the Mufti’s plans for bombing Jerusalem and Tel Aviv ; memorandum submitted to the United Nations, June 1948 [Nation Associates (New York, N.Y.), United Nations, The Nation Associates, 1948]


    PLANS FOR BOMBING JERUSALEM AND TEL AVIV MEMORANDUM SUBMITTED TO THE UNITED NATIONS JUNE 1948

    Mufti Urged Nazis to Bomb Jerusalem and Tel Aviv While the …
    revealed in a number of secret documents found by the Allies Armies in Germany…
    Thus, according to one of these documents, a secret report of the German Air Force Command, dated October 29, 1943, revealed that the Mufti for the past six months had been proposing an attack… “…any attack must be carried out with a very large force in order to have a lasting effect.” But Fieldmarshal Goering was obliged to turn down…
    Apparently the Mufti did not rest…

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=tdhmAAAAMAAJ&dq=TEL+AVIV

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=tdhmAAAAMAAJ&dq=Goering

    Icon of evil: Hitler’s mufti and the rise of radical Islam – David G. Dalin, John F. Rothmann, 2008, p. 170

    http://books.google.com/books?id=_-IbsuxSQxcC&pg=PA170

    A Diary of Four Years of Terrorism and Anti-Semitism [iUniverse
    ISBN 0595793002, 9780595793006] – Page 209



    One of Mr. Arafat’s personal heroes, the Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini, visited Auschwitz and reproached the Germans for not being more determined in exterminating the Jews. In 1985, Mr. Arafat paid the mufti homage, saying he was ‘proud to no end’ to be walking in his footsteps.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=HSpmk7x0rbMC&pg=PA209


    A history of the Holocaust – Saul S. Friedman – [Vallentine Mitchell] 2004 – 494 pages – Page 339


    He considered this a comfortable solution to the Palestine problem. The Mufti was especially fond of Himmler, calling him ‘an understanding, great and energetic man’.50 In July 1944, when 400000 Hungarian Jews were being transported to Auschwitz, Haj Amin complained to Himmler that the Nazis were too lenient with the Jews. He asked that the German government make no more

    http://books.google.com/books?id=4fwhAQAAIAAJ&q=mufti+himmler

    Free Europe: Volume 6 – Free Europe, 1942 [Original from Indiana University] – Page 41



    The Grand Mufti… He has met Hitler. Berlin nurses and spends lavishly on every kind of minority movement which can spread confusion and …the days of the Grand Mufti are not yet ended. he is cast for a leading role in the Nazi plans for the Middle East…. This is where the co-operation of Rashid Ali, ex-King Amanullah and the Mufti of Jerusalem is of vital importance …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=pEHTAAAAMAAJ&q=met+hitler


    Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini [Palestine Facts]

    I heard him say, accompanied by Eichmann, he had visited incognito the gas chamber of Auschwitz…

    http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_grand_mufti.php

    Antisemitism, a history portrayed, by Janrense Boonstra, Hans Jansen, Joke Kriesmeyer, Anne Frank Stichting [Anne Frank Foundation] 1989
    [ISBN 9012062020, 9789012062022] p. 101



    The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem In 1914, the periodical Falastin – with its extremist Arab nationalist slant – was abolished by the Ottoman authorities because of its racist hate propaganda.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=mMEsAQAAIAAJ&q=1914


    LIFE – Nov 8, 1937 – Page 104 – Vol. 3, No. 19 – 136 pages – Magazine – Full view


    Chief Arab troublemaker (above, left) was the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el Husseini, who played a two faced game with the British.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=kD8EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA104


    Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Page 11 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages


    and weapons to assist the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin el- Husseini and the “Arab revolt” of 1936-1939 in Palestine …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PR11


    Nazis ‘shipped arms to Palestinians’ – Israel News, Ynetnews May 7, 2006

    Nazis ‘shipped arms to Palestinian
    British National Archives unveil presence of Nazi S.S. agents in Mandatory Palestine, working closely with Palestinian leaders… The records also show that the news of increased Nazi-Arab cooperation panicked the British government, and caused it to cancel a plan in 1938 to bring to Palestine 20,000 German Jewish refugees, half of them children, facing danger from the Nazis.
    http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3248081,00.html

    The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini, Chuck Morse
    iUniverse, 2003 – History – 186 pages



    This is the remarkable story of Haj Amin al-Husseini, who was in many ways as big a Nazi villain as Hitler himself, and to understand his influence on the Middle East is to understand the ongoing genocidal program against the Jews of Israel. Al-Husseini was a bridge figure in terms of transporting the Nazi genocide in Europe into the post-war Middle East.

    As the leader of Arab Palestine during the British Mandate period, al-Husseini introduced violence against moderate Arabs as well as against Jews. Al-Husseini met with Adolf Eichmann in Palestine in 1937 and subsequently went on the Nazi payroll as a Nazi agent.


    Al-Husseini played a pivotal behind-the-scenes role in instigating a pro-Nazi coup in Iraq in 1941, in urging Nazi’s and pro-Nazi governments in Europe to transport Jews to death camps, in training pro-Nazi Bosnian brigades, and in funneling Nazi loot into post-war Arab countries.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C



    The case for Israel – Alan M. Dershowitz – [John Wiley and Sons] 2003 – Biography & Autobiography – 264 pages


    In August 1929, leaflets prepared by the mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini instructed Muslims to attack the Jews
    http://books.google.com/books?id=Dunx_i1P6fMC&pg=PA42


    Al-Husseini also helped incite the series of pogroms which lasted from 1936 to 1939, in which hundreds more Jews were killed 
    http://tech.mit.edu/V123/N12/kraus12.12c.html



    The Mufti of Jerusalem: Al-Hajj Amin al-Husayni and the Palestinian National Movement, Philip Mattar, Columbia University Press, 1992, p. 95


    They were to go to Iraq, disguise themselves as Arabs, kidnap or kill the Mufti, and destroy oil installations. … Amir ‘Abdullah’s Arab Legion, and the Transjordanian Frontier Force (Arab troops recruited by the Palestine government ). In a desperate attempt, the Mufti issued a fatwa urging Arabs and Muslims to help Iraq free herself from British imperialism. The fatwa was the most anti- British statement he had ever made,

    http://books.google.com/books?id=XH8qTS5xNUIC&pg=PA95


    The Mufti’s Conversation with Hitler [JVL]

    The Arab Legion would he quite easy to raise. An appeal by the Mufti to the Arab countries and the prisoners of Arab, Algerian, Tunisian, and Moroccan …

    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/mufti2.html


    A durable peace: Israel and its place among the nations – Page 20 – Binyamin Netanyahu – 2000 – 482 pages




    Mufti… Husseini expressed his willingness to cooperate with Germany in every way, including the recruitment of an Arab Legion to fight for the Nazis. Hitler told the Mufti that the two of them shared the common goal of the destruction of Palestinian Jewry…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=sj5DqVLshOUC&pg=PA209



    Once the mufti relocated permanently to Berlin, where he established his own Reich-supported “bureau,” he was given airtime on Radio Berlin. From [[Berlin]] and other fascist capitals in Europe, the mufti continued to agitate for the destruction of international Jewry, as well as a pan-Arab and pan-Islamic alliance with the Nazi regime, he explained to the German ambassador, Ettel, his plan to bring all Arabs under the banner of Pan-Arabism over to the side of the Axis. (25 June 1942). Here he came out unconditionally for the “final solution” of the Jewish question,” calling on the Germans to wipe out all Jews, “not even sparing the children.” http://books.google.com/books?id=nvD2rZSVau4C&pg=PA497


    Al-Husseini was welcomed into Baghdad with cheering crowds and he was hailed as a pan-Arab hero and as a defender of the faith with the same zeal that Hitler was being hailed at Nazi rallies. Upon his arrival, he immediately launched into political intrigue by organizing and effectively gaining control of the secretive pan-Arab and pro-Nazi Iraqi Arab National Party. The agenda of this party was to link up with likeminded groups in Syria, Transjordan, and cis-Jordan (Palestine) for the purpose of throwing out the colonial powers and forming an independent and United Ummah.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA49


    After instigating a pogrom against Jews in Palestine in 1920, the first such pogrom against Jews in the Arab world in hundreds of years, he went on to inspire the development of pro-Nazi parties throughout the Arab world including Young Egypt, led by [[Gamal Abdul Nasser]], and the Social Nationalist Party of Syria led by Anton Sa’ada.
    http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2003/2/20/145726.shtml


    Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Page 31 – Matthias Küntzel – [Telos Press Publishing] 2007 – 180 pages [ISBN 0914386360, 9780914386360] – Preview

    “The Mufti himself,” wrote Klaus Gensicke in his seminal study, “acknowledged that at that time it was only due to the German funds he received that it had been possible to carry through the uprising in Palestine…” In addition, German weapons were sent through secret channels… In 1920, soon after his return to the mandate territory, he incited anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PA31




    Arab contemporaries: the role of personalities in politics
    Majid Khadduri – [Johns Hopkins University Press] 1973 – 255 pages – Page 78




    Even before he set foot in Axis lands, the Mufti was determined to play the leading role as spokesman for the Arab people. Both as a religious and Pan-Arab leader, he was very widely known in Arab and Islamic lands and had carried on …

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=xIkLAAAAIAAJ&dq=set+foot


    The Gramsci Factor: 59 Socialists in Congress – Page 113 – Chuck Morse – 2002 – 172 pages


    The British backed a successful countercoup and the Mufti proceeded on to Berlin where he was appointed by the Nazi’s as titular head of a Nazi-pan Arab government in exile.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=OvV69F3yLukC&pg=PA113


    Yad Vashem studies, Issue 35, Part 1 By Yad ṿa-shem, rashut ha-zikaron la-Shoʼah ṿela-gevurah, p. 136


    ..the Mufti stressed that, “Arab interests are completely identical in thrust with those of the Germans.” […] the Grand Mufti in exile in Germany was not satisfied with mere rhetoric and antisemitic tirades. Rather, he continued to pursue the vision of the destruction of the Jews and the simultaneous creation of a pan-Arab empire under his leadership. This was to culminate in a new Caliphate, yet to be established.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=JcDXaeukt4sC&pg=PA136


    Hajj Amin al-Husayni: The Mufti of Jerusalem [United States Holocaust Memorial Museum]

    Hajj Amin al-Husayni: The Mufti of Jerusalem Apr 1, 2010 … 1974) was the Mufti (chief Muslim Islamic legal religious authority) of … in Palestine; 3) promotion of himself as a pan-Arab and Muslim religious leader. … Hajj Amin al-Husayni: Arab Nationalist and Muslim Leader …
    http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007665


    Future Jihad: Terrorist Strategies Against the West – Page 80 – Walid Phares – 2006 – 310 pages [isbn=1403975116]


    “Jihadists and World War II”… While Nazi infidels were ultimately anathema to jihadists, the alliance answered all their practical needs at the moment.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=VlUJdPp76dMC&pg=PA80
    [p. 81]
    “the Third Reich’s leading Muslim ally”
    http://books.google.com/books?id=VlUJdPp76dMC&pg=PA81


    Jihad and international security – Page 31 – Jalīl Rawshandil, Sharon Chadha – [Publisher Macmillan] 2006 – 235 pages – [ISBN 1403971927]


    Jihad against Israel
    Perhaps the longest-running jihad in today’s world is the struggle to reclaim Israel for the Muslims. During World War II, the highest ranking Islamic cleric of Jerusalem, the Grand Mufti… Hajj Amin el-Husseini.. …He also helped recruit Bosnian Muslims for the German SS116 and worked to prevent further immigration to Palestine thus ensuring that many Jews would end up in death camps instead. In 1948, a month before the Arab states declared …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=J3jbvGFl39MC&pg=PA31


    1948: a history of the first Arab-Israeli war – Benny Morris – 2008 – pAGE 21 – 524 pages


    The exiled al-Husseini himself helped raise a brief anti-British revolt in Baghdad in spring 1941 and then fled to Berlin, where he served the Nazi regime for four years by broadcasting anti-British, jihadist propaganda to the Middle East and recruiting Bosnian Muslims for the Wehrmacht.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=CC7381HrLqcC&pg=RA21


    Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam – Page 51 – David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz – 2009 – 227 pages

    On this visit to Auschwitz, al-Husseini reportedly urged the guards in charge of the chambers to be more diligent and efficient in their efforts…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA51


    The legacy of Islamic antisemitism: from sacred texts to solemn history – Andrew G. Bostom – [Prometheus Books] 2008 – 766 pages – Page 94]


    From this sanctuary, he provided active support for the Germans by recruiting Bosnian Muslims, in addition to Muslim minorities from the Caucasus, for dedicated Nazi SS units. The mufti’s objectives for these recruits — and Muslims …
    http://books.google.com/books?&id=yIkQAQAAIAAJ&dq=sanctuary


    The Gramsci Factor: 59 Socialists in Congress – Page 72 – Chuck Morse – 2002 – 172 pages

    Adolf Eichmann actually visited Palestine and met Husseini at that time and subsequently maintained regular … Husseini recruited Bosnian Muslims in Nazi occupied Yugoslavia in his efforts to ethnically cleanse their country of Jews. …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=OvV69F3yLukC&pg=PA72


    Palestine, 1948: war, escape and the emergence of the Palestinian refugee problem
    – Page 43 – Yoav Gelber – [Sussex Academic Press] 2006 – 436 pages



    … who had refused to return to communist Poland; Bosnians who had served in the Nazi Muslim legion; Croat Ustasha and Serb Chetniks who had fled from Yugoslavia to Italy; and British defectors from the army and the Palestine police. …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=UcSUgrDsD_sC&pg=PA43


    Institute for Global Jewish Affairs – Global Antisemitism, Anti-Israelism, Jewish Studies  


    The Mufti of Jerusalem


    Haj-Amin el-Husseini and National-Socialism, by Jennie Lebel, translated by Paul Münch from Serbian, Belgrade: Čigoja štampa, 2007, 374 pp.
    Reviewed by Wolfgang G. Schwanitz


    Amin al-Husaini mixed the old traditional and the new racial hatred of Jews into a new ideology which served the totalitarian cause quite willingly.
    For his part, the mufti said in 1961 that the Nazis needed no persuasion in their racism against Jews. But Hitler and the mufti influenced each other for the worse.
    http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=624&PID=0&IID=2967



    Genocide, critical issues of the Holocaust: a companion to the film, Genocide – Page 132 [ISBN 0940646048, 9780940646049] – Alex Grobman, Daniel Landes, Sybil Milton – [Behrman House, Inc] 1983 – 501 pages

    Only the turning tide on the North African front rescued Tunisian Jews from annihilation. … From the mufti of Jerusalem to Anwar Sadat (then merely a junior cadet in Egypt), Muslims in the East regarded Germany with approval. …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=8ppCqANI50UC&pg=PA132


    The Holocaust conspiracy: an international policy of genocide – Page 235 – William R. Perl – [SP Books] 1989 [ISBN 0944007244, 9780944007242] – 261 pages

    With Saudi Arabia in the forefront, the Arabs have repeatedly called for the destruction of the Jewish state. They have proclaimed the Jihad, Holy war, against Israel, the war which according to the Koran must end with the enemy’s total annihilation. In this endeavor the Arabs are making use of the methods applied by the Germans during the Holocaust as well as by directions resulting from their employment of former SS officials.
    […]
    As we have stated before in this chapter, history must be viewed as a continuum. Such an unfortunate continuum regarding the Holocaust exist in the continuing Nazi-Arab connection. The influence of these two groups upon each other is mutual. Too little attention is being paid to the way in which Arabs contributed to the effectiveness of the Final Solution program. Haj Amin el Husseini, head of the Supreme Muslim Council and Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, a venomous Jew-hater, had prior to the war organized Arab terrorism against the Jews in Palestine. From 1941 on, he spent much of his time shuttling between Berlin and Rome. He met in Berlin with Ernst von Weizsaecker, State Secretary in the German Foreign Office, with Himmler, and on November 28, 1941 with Hitler. In his meeting, the Mufti tried to strengthen the Fuehrer’s decision to ” exterminate” all Jews, and both agreed that the Germans would fight the Jews mercilessly, in all of Europe “and beyond.”[…]
    The Mufti had also met with Eichmann and visited Auschwitz. In Rome, he was received by the Italian Foreign Minister, Count Ciano, and by Mussolini himself. In his meetings with the German officials, the Mufti stressed the need to wipe out as many Jews as possible and to finally revoke the designation of Palestine as a Jewish National Home. He proposed that after the German victory,an Arab state –under his leadership– be created that would consist of Syria, Iraq, Transjordan and the Wesrern, Jewish part of Palestine. In return the Mufti promised Arab revolts against the British who were then predominant in these areas. One such serious revolt aganst the British occured in April 1941.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=SlSDYmjJNU0C&pg=PA235


    LIFE – Oct 27, 1952 – Page 145 – Vol. 33, No. 17 – 156 pages – Magazine – Full viewMYSTERY MAN OF ISLAM SPEAKS In exclusive talk, mufti defends tie to Hitler and record on Jews by JAMES BELL The name of Haj Amin el Husseini, usually called the Mufti of Jerusalem, has been associated with assassination, riot, …
    During the Palestine war the Muft’s holy fighters terrorized Jews, blew up houses and killed many people…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=2lIEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA145





    [Rachid] Rashid Ali al-Gailani
    [Rashid Ali el Kailani]
    [Rashid ‘Ali al-Keilani]
    [Sayyad Rashid el Keilani]



    Highlights:



    * Led pro-Nazi, fascist coup in Baghdad, 1941.



    * Met with Hitler in 1942.



    * Close ties with the Mufti.




    Nazi propaganda for the Arab world – Page 60 – Jeffrey Herf – [Yale University Press] 2009
    [ISBN 0300145799, 9780300145793] – 335 pages – Preview

    … 1941, Rashid Ali Kilani led a pro-Axis coup that overthrew the Iraqi government of General Taha el-Hashimi. Haj Amin el-Husseini was deeply involved. The coup plotters included Yunis …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA60


    The Iraq coup of Raschid Ali in 1941, the Mufti Husseini and the Farhud… The Coup – On April 1, 1941  the “Golden Square” and the chief of staff of the Iraqi army staged the coup, and appointed Rashid ‘Ali al-Keilani head of the government. Nuri as Said was forced to flee Iraq along with the regent and young king Faysal II. On April 3, a letter from the German Secretary of State Von Weizacker answered Haddad’s letter favorably, but the letter arrived after the coup.


    Rashid ‘Ali  stated on April 10 that he would honor the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930, apparently fearing British reprisals .On April 16, Rashid responded to a  request for landing of  British troops at Basra cautiously. He replied that they could land, but must embark immediately for Palestine or Egypt. The British began landing troops on April 16 or 18  at Basra, at first in compliance with Rashid Ali’s conditions, and later in violation of the conditions, since the troops did not leave.  The British played for time and made pretences of accepting the new situation. However, reinforcements from India kept arriving at Basra.


    The Iraqi government was also trying to buy time, and entered into a pretence of Turkish mediation of the crisis. However, the Iraqi representative in Turkey, told the German Ambassador von Papen, that there would be no compromise with the  British. Raschid Ali had already asked the Italians for military aid at the end of March, and likewise, Hitler decided on April 10 to send military aid to the Iraqis. However, the shipments took several weeks. The German foreign office got a report from General Keitel of a large shipment, including, for example, some 15,000 rifles and about 800 machine guns.    Arms were shipped from Saloniki and through Turkey and Syria. The shipments from Syria were sent as a consequence of the agreement between the Vichy leader Darlan and Hitler as to general collaboration between Vichy and Germany. In the same agreement Vichy also agreed to allow German aircraft to base and stage through Syria on their way to Iraq, though there would be some pretence involved, so that the Vichy government could plausibly deny to Britain that it was assisting the German war effort. The French also rationed German fuel supplies, and as the Luftwaffe was unable to obtain fuel from Persia or elsewhere, this hampered their effectiveness.


    A second group of British troops landed at Basra on April 28, and the Iraqis protested.  On the evening of April 29, about 9,000 troops of  the Iraqi army surrounded the RAF air base at Habaniyeh and the next day the Iraqis ordered that no flights were to take off. However, the Iraqis had insufficient force. The move was instigated by the “Golden Square” officers. Rashid Ali himself apparently wanted to avoid antagonizing the British and wait for supplies from the Germans.


    The British strike back – The British struck to lift the siege of Habanniyeh, remove Rashid Ali from power and restore the pro-British government. Though they were initially unable to move from Basra overland, because of the weather and because Iraqis had cut lines of communication, the British were able to use the RAF at Habbaniyeh and Shaiba effectively, and began attacking on May 2.   They had about 90 aircraft, mostly antiquated, but these included a number of Wellington bombers[8]. . The RAF struck the Iraqis surrounding Habbaniyeh  The Iraqis used their air force [9],  very sparingly and not very effectively.  At the same time, relatively small numbers of British reinforcements were ferried by air from Basra.  Iraqi anti-aircraft fire and artillery proved ineffective. By May 6 the Iraqi force was defeated and the siege of Habbaniyeh was abandoned, though the roads were still blocked.  The RAF also destroyed most of the Iraqi air force on the ground by about May 8.


    German Aid  – During this time, several German officers and diplomats were seconded to Iraq to oversee Luftwaffe  operations and the arms supply. Dr Fritz Grobba, the former consul, now returned to oversee the arms shipments and a Major Hansen was sent to oversee the transfer of aircraft. Grobba allegedly distributed sums of money to both Rashid Ali and the Mufti. Raschid Ali got about 90,000 pounds, and the Mufti reportedly got about $10,000.
    http://www.mideastweb.org/iraqaxiscoup.htm


    Reference Guide to the Nazis and Arabs During the Holocaust: A Concise Guide to the Relationship and Conspiracy of the Nazis and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in North Africa and the Middle East During the Era of the Holocaust – Pages 32-3 – Shelomo Alfassa – [Lulu.com] 2006 [ISBN 0976322633, 9780976322634] – 70 pages


    Working with an old ally, Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, who became prime minister of Iraq in March 1940, the Mufti “obtained promises of Axis support, and in April 1941 carried out an anti-British and pro-Nazi coup” in Baghdad.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=T2g2XA53UOEC&pg=PA32
    [p. 33]
    From Syria they extended their activities to Iraq, where they helped to establish a pro-Nazi regime headed by Rashid Ali al-Gailani. This was overthrown by the British, and Rashid Ali went to join his friend the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem 
    http://books.google.com/books?id=T2g2XA53UOEC&pg=PA33


    The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini – Page 50 – Chuck Morse – 2003 – 186 pages

    In June of 1941, the Nazis would launch Operation Barbarossa which involved a full frontal assault on their erstwhile ally the … On April 1, 1941, the well planned pro-Nazi coup d’etat was launched and it brought General Rashid Ali …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA50





    Ummar


    Prevent World War III., Issues 53-57
    Author Society for the Prevention of World War III (New York, N.Y.)
    Publisher Society for Prevention of World War III, 1959

    Page 40
    Mr. Ummar was also a member of the Rashid Ali conspiracy. As early as 1936 he went to Germany and studied at the Nazi dominated universities in Berlin and Jena. Ummar too had to flee after the failure of the 1941 revolt and he wound up in Nazi Germany. As an avid admirer of Hitler’s “New Order” and
    http://books.google.com/books?id=ckHTAAAAMAAJ&q=pro+nazi


    British documents on foreign affairs: reports and papers from the foreign office confidential print. From 1940 through 1945. Near and the Middle-East. Eastern Affairs, january 1942-june 1942 – Malcolm Yapp, Paul Preston, Michael Patridge – 1997 – 357 pages – p. 308

    Rashid Ali, however, flouted constitutional precedent by refusing to resign and coerced the Regent into signing decrees … In forming his Cabinet General Taha retained two members of Rashid Ali’s team, Umar Nadhmi, who took over the …
    http://books.google.com/books?&id=4jWQAAAAMAAJ&dq=Umar+Nadhmi


    Records of Iraq, 1914-1966: 1941-1945: Volume 9 – Alan de Lacy Rush, Jane Priestland – 2001 – 857 pages [Page 398]

    Rashid Ali, however, flouted constitutional precedent by refusing to resign and coerced the Regent into signing … Tahu retained two members of Rashid Ali’s team, Umar Nadhmi, who took over the Ministries of Interior and Justice, 
    http://books.google.com/books?id=sWZtAAAAMAAJ&q=Umar+Nadhmi+rashid+ali





    Khairallah [Khayrallah] Tuflah (Iraq)
    [Tolfah]

    [Taflah]


    Highlights:



    * Devout Sunni Muslim.



    * An army officer who Participant in the 1941 Rashid Ali al-Gailani pro-Nazi coup / Mufti‘s associate.



    * Professed an ardent admiration for Hitler.



    * Hatred for the British, racist views of Persians, Jews [author of infamous pamphlet “Three whom God should have created…”



    * Mentor to Iraq’s dictator Saddam Hussein, who admired him, adopted his bigoted teaching, he republished his uncle’s material & “practiced” it.

    A time of our choosing: America’s war in Iraq – Page 25 – Todd S. Purdum – 2003 – 319 pages


    Tulfah, an army officer, had supported a coup against the British- backed Iraqi monarchy in 1941 and spent five years in prison. He taught Saddam to distrust foreigners and filled him with admiration for the emerging pan-Arab nationalism of Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=YFZSWh8pUWUC&pg=PA25


    Middle Eastern leaders and Islam: a precarious equilibrium – Page 92 – Sonia Alianak – 2007 – 241 pages



    Accordingly, Khayrallah, an army officer, took part in the abortive uprising led by Rashid Ali al-Gailani against the British-controlled monarchy in 1941. Saddam would later say of his uncle’s influence, “My maternal uncle was a nationalist” and “He always inspired us with a great nationalistic feeling” (Matar, 1981, p. 22).

    http://books.google.com/books?id=IiV_q4CYXA0C&pg=PA92


    Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam – Page 88 – David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz – 2009 – 227 pages



    Khairallah Talfah was an Iraqi army officer and passionate Arab nationalist who had been one of al-Husseini’s most trusted lieutenants in their short-lived pro -Nazi coup that had briefly returned Rashid Ali …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA88


    Secrets of the Holy Lance: The Spear of Destiny in History & Legend – Page 317 – Jerry E. Smith, George Piccard – 2005 – 341 pages



    During the failed Iraqi coup of 1941, the task of assassinating the Iraqi leader , Karim Qassim, was given to one Khairallah Tulfah – – the uncle and guardian of Saddam Hussein…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=qGX3ZtD_UikC&pg=PA317

    Iraq President Suddam Hussein Handbook – Page 7 – IBP USA, USA International Business Publications – 2003 – 380 pages



    At around ten, Saddam fled the family and returned to live in Baghdad with his uncle, Kharaillah Tulfah. Tulfah, the father of Saddam’s future wife, was a devout Sunni Muslim and a veteran from the 1941 Anglo-Iraqi War between Iraqi …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=OXsij4BGMmcC&pg=PA7


    The complete idiot’s guide to understanding Iraq – Page 149 – Joseph Tragert – 2003 – 318 pages



    It was (and is) not uncommon for an elder in an Iraqi tribal group to take in a young child in need of direction. …Saddam’s uncle gave Saddam an early education in ethnic prejudice; Uncle Tulfah wrote a pamphlet titled: “Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews, and Flies.”

    http://books.google.com/books?id=KonR1QVERaEC&pg=PA149

    The Journal of psychohistory, Volume 34, Atcom, 2006, p. 122



    He was then given away by her to be raised by a terrorist Uncle. His mother remarried. His earliest influence was with his Uncle Khagrallah Tulfah, an army officer stripped of rank by the British after he joined a failed 1941 coup…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=Et8nAAAAYAAJ&q=tulfah
    ..the older man became his guide through the political maelstrom of postwar Iraq… Tulfah had definite theories about Iraqi society. He made them part of the boy’s political education. Later, Tulfah expounded on them in a pamphlet, “Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews and Flies.”

    http://books.google.com/books?id=Et8nAAAAYAAJ&q=flies


    Gandhi & Churchill: the epic rivalry that destroyed an empire and rivalry that destroyed an empire and forged our age – Page 473 – Arthur Herman – 2008 – 721 pages



    The British took Baghdad right afterward, and on June 1, 1941, Rashid Ali fled first to Iran, then to Germany. His associate Yunis el-Sabawi, who had translated Mein Kampf into Arabic, was captured and hanged. Another young officer who fought for Rashid Ali was Khairallah Talfah. He escaped but would pass the lessons of the Iraq war. and of the Nazi cause, on to his four-year-old nephew, Saddam Hussein.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=tquxD6dk914C&pg=PA473


    Saddam Hussein: a political biography – Page 15 – Efraim Karsh, Inari Rautsi – 2003



    In a slim treatise entitled Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews, and Flies, Khairallah defined Persians as “animals God created in the shape of humans.” Jews, in his view … To judge from saddam’s diatribes against Israel and Iran throughout his career, Khairallah’s ideas about Persians and Jews had fallen on fertile soil.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=pJcu5L72coUC&pg=PA15


    My father’s paradise: a son’s search for his Jewish past in Kurdish Iraq – Page 300 – Ariel Sabar – 2008 – 332 pages

    As president, he republished a pamphlet written by his uncle and surrogate father titled “Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews, and Flies .”

    http://books.google.com/books?id=BE89OJmsM4AC&pg=PA300


    He dreamed of glory but dealt out only despair, David Blair charts the career of Saddam Hussein, from back-street assassin to Iraq’s vicious dictator, Mar 2003 – Telegraph


    The only sympathetic figure in his boyhood was an uncle, Khairallah Tulfah. He rescued Saddam from al-Ouja and took him to Baghdad when he was 10, ensuring the illiterate boy went to school. Saddam would later marry Khairallah’s daughter.



    Exactly how his kindly uncle influenced him can be judged by Khairallah’s political views. He nursed a passionate hatred of Britain, then Iraq’s colonial overlord, and a fervent admiration of Hitler.



    Khairallah spent six years in jail after joining a pro-Nazi uprising in Baghdad, which the British Army crushed in 1941. He later wrote a pamphlet entitled Three whom God should not have created – Persians, Jews and Flies. In this work, Khairallah described Jews as a “mixture of dirt and the leftovers of diverse people”.



    From Khairallah, Saddam imbibed this toxic mixture of nationalism and xenophobia. From his violent rural upbringing, he learned to distrust anyone, absolutely anyone, beyond his immediate family. Saddam the paranoid tyrant can be traced back to Saddam the persecuted village boy.

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1424980/He-dreamed-of-glory-but-dealt-out-only-despair.html?pageNum=1


    Saddam Hussein: the politics of revenge, Saïd K. Aburish, Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2000 [ISBN 1582340501, 9781582340500], p. 123



    …the government offered ‘pure Iraqis’ married to anyone with Iranian blood $2500 reward for divorcing them.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=7yAHjRJ3LkIC&pg=PA123





    Yunis al-Sabawi
    [Yunis el-Sabawi]
    [Yunus Al-Sabawi]



    Highlights:



    * Pro Nazi, translated Mein Kampf into Arabic, and published in the Iraqi paper.


    * Active in the pan-Arab ‘al-Muthanna Club.’ Headed the [Arabic] ‘Hitler Youth‘ type futuwwa (together with S. Shawkat).



    * Among the leaders of the (1941) Farhud pogrom – massacre.




    Gandhi & Churchill: the epic rivalry that destroyed an empire and rivalry that destroyed an empire and forged our age – Page 473 – Arthur Herman – 2008 – 721 pages



    The British took Baghdad right afterward, and on June 1, 1941, Rashid Ali fled first to Iran, then to Germany. His associate Yunis el-Sabawi, who had translated Mein Kampf into Arabic, was captured and hanged…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=tquxD6dk914C&pg=PA473


    Holocaust Encyclopedia, The Farhud [United States Holocaust Museum]


    The rise of this pro-German government threatened the Jews in Iraq. Nazi influence and antisemitism already were widespread in Iraq, due in large part to the German legation’s presence in Baghdad as well as influential Nazi propaganda, which took the form of Arabic-language radio broadcasts from Berlin. Mein Kampf had been translated into Arabic by Yunis al-Sab’awi, and was published in a local newspaper, Al Alam al Arabi (The Arab World), in Baghdad during 1933-1934. Yunis al-Sab’awi also headed the Futtuwa, a pre-military youth movement influenced by the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) in Germany. After the coup d’etat, al-Sab’awi became a minister in the new Iraqi government.

    http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007277


    Wolfgang G. Schwanitz on Nazism in Syria and Lebanon. The Ambivalence of the German Option, 1933-194 by Dr. Wolfgang G. Schwanitz [JCPA, December 2009]



    Indeed, it was the second translation of this book into Arabic. Yunus as-Sabawi of Bagdad, a Nazi follower, had completed the first in 1933 and published it in the Iraqi paper Al-Alam Al-Arabi, known for its hatred toward Jews.

    http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&TMID=111&LNGID=1&FID=388&PID=0&IID=3235


    The complete idiot’s guide to understanding Iraq – Page 104 – Joseph Tragert – [Penguin] 2003 [ISBN 0028643984, 9780028643984] – 318 pages



    On June 1, 1941, in the aftermath of the British victory, a campaign of terror by Iraqi “soldiers and civilians” was unleashed… The violence followed an abortive attempt by one Yunis Al Sabawi, a Nazi sympathizer, to slaughter all Jews in central Iraq. (He was deported before he could carry out the plan.) The spasm of violence was part of a two-day descent into chaos now known in Iraq as the farhud [dangerous collapse of order].

    http://books.google.com/books?id=KonR1QVERaEC&pg=PA104





    Darwish al-Miqdadi



    Highlights:



    * Arab writer, educator from Palestine.



    * Moved to Iraq and ‘educated’ there with his pro-Nazi line.



    * Associated with the 1941 Farhud pogrom.




    Iraq between the two world wars: the militarist origins of tyranny – Page 91
    Reeva S. Simon – 2004 – History – 235 pages

    Al-Miqdadi accompanied Iraqi student missions to Germany in the 1930s. While there, the British report, he organized an Arab youth movement along Nazi lines …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=GgYyxWqtO3IC&pg=PA91&lpg=PA91


    Military preparations of the Arab community in Palestine, 1945-1948 – Page 149 – Haim Levenberg – [Psychology Press – ISBN 0714634395, 9780714634395] 1993 – 281 pages

    The other candidate was Darwish Miqdadi, born in Tul-Karem. In 1929 he was expelled to Iraq after taking part in the disturbances of that year. After a spell he returned to Palestine and was re-arrested during the Arab Rebellion. When released, he fled once more to Iraq. In Iraq he did not abandon his nationalist activity; while working as a teacher and education inspector, he published his ideas. He participated in a delegation to Nazi Germany and collaborated with Rashid Ali. He was allowed to return to Palestine in October 1945, and in the summer of 1946 he succeeded Ahmad Shuaqyri as the Director of the Arab Office in Jerusalem.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=sxvHK-Cq2RwC&pg=PA149

    The Middle East: Abstracts and index: Volume 4  – Library Information and Research Service – 2000 – Snippet view [page 123]

    Arab Nationalist Party and the Young Egypt, whose mission became to ideologize this rejection. In 1931, Darwish al-Miqdadi, a Palestinian graduate of the AUB, a teacher in Iraq and an ardent associate to most, if not all pan-Arabist networking of the 1930’s, published his “History of the Arab Nation” which was subsequently adopted as a textbook for the Arab history curriculum in Iraqi intermediate schools. In this book, the Arab ideology and the pan-Arabist view of imperialism were so intractably intertwined that Arab nationalism seemed unimaginable without its opposition to the west. For al-Miqdadi, it was the Arabs’ destiny to occupy the most strategic crossroads of world trade
    http://books.google.com/books?id=m6JtAAAAMAAJ&q=Darwish+al-Miqdadi


    Politics in Palestine: Arab factionalism and social disintegration, 1939-1948 By Issa Khalaf

    Kamil Wafa al-Dajani… Mu’in al-Madi, and Darwish al-Miqdadi. Dajani, Madi, and Miqdadi were Mufti associates
    http://books.google.com/books?id=9pRvIDxE5jAC&pg=PA141


    The Farhud, the Mufti inspired Krystallnacht in Iraq, 1941 [J. Katz]

    The entire Jewish world has heard of Krystallnacht. Yet very few have even heard of the Farhud, where Nazi sympathizers in Baghdad, killed… The Palestinians Fawzi Al-Qauqji Darwish Al Miqdadi, Mufti Haj Amin Al Husseini …

    http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~jkatz/farhud.html


    The Teaching of History in Iraq before the Rashid Ali Coup of 1941 by RS Simon – 1986


    Husri had hired Darwish al-Miqdadi, a Palestinian graduate of the. American University in Beirut, in 1924-25 along with Anis al-Nasuli, whose …

    http://www.jstor.org/stable/4283095

    Political trends in the Arab world: the role of ideas and ideals in politics – Majid Khadduri – [Johns Hopkins Press] 1970 – 298 pages – Page 183


    The third wrote the history of Islam as the “History of the Arab Nation,” Darwish al-Miqdadi, Ta’rikh al-Umma al-‘Arabiya… Darwish al-Miqdadi, a Palestinian teacher who lived in “Iraq-
    http://books.google.com/books?&id=qvqBAAAAMAAJ&dq=al-Umma
    http://books.google.com/books?id=qvqBAAAAMAAJ&q=Darwish


    Palestinian Arab Nationalist and Historian Darwish al-Miqdadi (1898-1961)
    http://www.zmo.de/veranstaltungen/2010/Out_of_place_Programme_2010.pdf


    European Totalitarianism in the Mirrors of Contemporary Arab … From Ruz al-Yusuf after the so-called Hitler-Stalin pact was signed: “The Animals’ … of Palestinian Pan-Arab Historian Darwish al-Miqdadi (1897-1961). … Arabs and Nazism – Testing Paradigms of a Historical Encounter: Between Local …
    http://www.orient-institut.org/English/EventsDetails.aspx?pageid=1694


    Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Oct., 1966), pp. 2-17, by H.J. Cohen


    The Anti – Jewish Farhud in baghdad, 1941… On June 1-2, 1941, thousands of Baghdad Moslems attacked the Jews of the town, murdering men and women, children and aged people, raping women and girls and plundering property…


    Al-Miqdadi was also active in another organisation. In 1931, he set up a scout group called ‘al-Jawwal ….
    http://www.jstor.org/stable/4282184


    Lebanon and Arabism: national identity and state formation – Raghīd Sulh – 2004 – Political Science – 382 pages [Page 121] (ISBN 1860640516)


    Sami Shawkat… radical Arab nationalists… The ANP consolidadted its influence further by infiltrating and virtually controlling a number of youth organizations, literary clubs and various political groupings. For example, Darwish al-Miqdadi (who was of Palestinian origin) was appointed head of the prestigous Teachers’ Training College (Baghdad) in 1939, a post thgrough which he was able to recruit new members to the party … al-Jawal, a youth organization established in 1934, came under ANP influence when two party members, Matta ‘Aqrawi and Darwish Miqdadi, assumed its chairmanship successively. Nadi al-Muthanna, similar to the Arab Club of Damascus, became ‘one of the many fronts or the cornerstone of this secret organization
    http://books.google.com/books?id=49z7AFqIE2IC&pg=PA121





    Al-Banna – Muslim Brotherhood

    Highlights:



    * Muslim Brotherhood’s founder al-Banna’s devout admiration for Hitler & Nazi regime.



    * His push to distribute the Arabic translation of Mein Kampf.





    The Muslim Brotherhood […]
    Al-Banna was a devout admirer of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi regime. During the 1930s, the Brotherhood became more political in nature and an officially political group in 1939.
    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/muslimbrotherhood.html


    Al-Banna was a devout admirer of a young Austrian writer named Adolf Hitler. His letters to Hitler were so supportive that when Hitler came to power in the 1930s he had Nazi intelligence make contact with Al-Banna to see if they could work together. Hitler had Al-banna establish a spy network for Nazi Germany throughout Arabia. Al-Banna promised Hitler that when General Rommel’s Nazi tank division arrived in Cairo and Alexandria, the Muslim Brotherhood would ensure all of the British troops would be killed.
    http://www.shoaheducation.com/muslimnazi.html


    Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Pages 10 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages


    Muslim Brotherhood’s decision to distribute the Arabic translation of Hitler’s Mein Kampf and the flow of German money…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PR10





    Reza Pahlevi


    Of Iran





    Highlights:



    * Great admirer of Hitler.



    * The ‘Mussolini of Islam.’



    * Introduced racist laws.



    * Refused to allow the allies operating against the Nazis.




    World fascism: a historical encyclopedia: Volume 1 – Page 342 – Cyprian Blamires, Paul Jackson – 2006 – 750 pages



    Reza Shah Pahlavi, interwar ruler of Iran, sometimes referred to as ‘the Mussolini of Islam’. He was an admirer of Hitler and an anti-semite who strove to cleanse the language and culture of his ‘Aryan’ land from anything alien. …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=nvD2rZSVau4C&pg=PA342


    Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran – James D. Cockcroft – 1988 – 111 pages – Page 36



    Mohammed Resa’s father became a great admirer of Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader who rose to power as Germany’s dictator in 1933…

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=JiIEFLxZaJwC&dq=Hitler

    Genocide, critical issues of the Holocaust: a companion to the film, Genocide – Page 348 – Alex Grobman, Daniel Landes, Sybil Milton – [Behrman House, Inc] 1983 – 501 pages – [ISBN 0940646048, 9780940646049]


    In Iran, the nationalistic and pro-Nazi regime of Reza Shah introduced a host of anti-Jewish laws after 1936. So great was the attraction of nazism on the Iranian Shah that Arthur S. Millspaugh, the adminstrator general of Iran’s finances from 1922 to 1927 and from 1943 to 1945, testified “to all intents and purposes, Reza Shah handed over Persia to Hitler.”

    http://books.google.com/books?id=DcdiVs9lwvcC&pg=PA348


    World and Its Peoples: The Middle East, Western Asia, and Northern Africa By Marshall Cavendish – Page 494 – Marshall Cavendish – [Marshall Cavendish] 2006



    However. Iran’s declared neutrality in the war was complicated by Reza Shah’s pro-German sympathies. When he refused to allow the Soviets and British to use the Trans-Iranian railroad, under the pretext of Iran’s neutrality, the Allies ignored the declaration and invaded Iran in August 1941..

    http://books.google.com/books?id=j894miuOqc4C&pg=PA494





    Ibn Saud


    Of Saudi Arabia


    Highlights:



    * Close [secret] ties with the Nazis.



    * Highly racist against Jews, through his ‘Koranic’ view.




    The secret war against the Jews: how western espionage betrayed the Jewish people, by John Loftus, Mark Aarons, [Macmillan] 1997 [ISBN 0312156480, 9780312156480] – Page 68 – John Loftus, Mark Aarons – 1997 – 658 pages – Preview


    Unlike his other activities, he tried to keep the Saudi-Nazi connection a deep secret. According to sources on both sides of the Atlantic, it was Philby who advised Ibn Saud energetically to court Nazi Germany in the months before the war. The relationship was mutually beneficial. As one US intelligence study found, the Nazis “recognized that King Ibn Saud’s help was essential for renewing the fight against the British and the Jews in Palestine.” The Germans proposed that a new government should be formed in Palestine, under the control of Jack’s old friend, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Further, “Jews who had settled in Palestine after the First World War would not be allowed to remain.”


    In January 1939 Saudi Arabia established diplomatic relations with the Third Reich, and Ibn Saud confided to the Germans that at heart he “hated the English. ” In the following months he concluded arms deals with Germany and signed a  friendship and trade treaty with Japan. Philby was pleased, especially as Ibn Saud concealed his secret dealings with the Axis from both the British and Americans. The Nazis also were pleased with the progress they had made with the king. They sent their best Middle East agent, Fritz Grobba, to meet with Ibn Saud, and even promised to obtain for him the most prestigious position in the Moslem world, the caliphate. The Saudi-Third Reich connection flourished, with their main link being their mutual hatred for the Jews.
    The Nazis even promised to supply Ibn Saud with weapons, ammunition, and an armaments factory, and, according to some accounts, gave him bribes during most of World War II.


    The king had many reasons for his secret arms deals with Berlin. The primary purpose “was to increase the flow of weapons which [Ibn Saud] had secretly been sending to the Arabs fighting in Palestine,” in order to “check the Zionist influx that had followed the Balfour Declaration.” Although he later claimed to be genuinely horrified by the Nazis’ Final Solution , Ibn Saud’s attitude toward the Jews was extreme, even by Arab standards. They were “a race accursed by God
    http://books.google.com/books?id=trU7nY-T-4EC&pg=PA68

    The Nazi Hydra in America: Suppressed History of a Century – Page 368 – Glen Yeadon, John Hawkins – 2008 – 700 pages


    Ibn Saud was pro-Nazi. To stay out of British prison as a Nazi sympathizer, Philby added another angle to the 1940 deal by keeping Saudi Arabia neutral during the war for a bribe. In effect, the Saudis were paid to not pump …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=vh7sx2xtjGEC&pg=PA368


    Quicksand: America’s Pursuit of Power in the Middle East – Geoffrey Wawro – 2010 – 704 pages – Page 71


    Saudi Arabia, the king protested, was in the same predicament as Nazi Germany: “ encircled” by hostile powers. … In 1941, Ibn Saud sent a royal envoy to Vichy to negotiate for the eventual cession—by the victorious Germans, …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=OiS9UVotQfUC&pg=PT71


    F.D.R. meets Ibn Saud – William Alfred Eddy – 1954 – 45 pages – Page 34


    … who had suffered indescribable horrors at the hands of the Nazis: eviction, destruction of their homes, torture and mass-murder. … He, Ibn Saud, could not conceive of leaving an enemy in a position to strike back after defeat. …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=jVUxAAAAIAAJ&q=nazis


    Nazi propaganda for the Arab world – Page 34 – Jeffrey Herf – 2009 – 335 pages – Preview


    Following a series of visits in 1938 to Germany by representatives of Saudi King Ibn Saud concerning arms purchases, the Nazi regime established diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia in January 1939. In return for German political and …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA34


    1948: a history of the first Arab-Israeli war
    Benny Morris [Yale University Press] 2008, p. 33



    (1946) Before reaching Palestine, the members visited Arab capitals. At Riadh, King Ibn Sa’ud told them: “The Jews are our enemies everywhere. Wherever they are found…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=CC7381HrLqcC&pg=PA33





    Shakib Arslan


    Highlights:



    * pan-Arabist, pan-Islamist, Muslim cleric.



    * Pro Nazi.



    * In service of the Nazis – translated ‘Mein Kampf’ into Arabic (though that one -at the end- wasn’t published).




    Arabism, Islamism and the Palestine question, 1908-1941: a political history – Page 357 – Basheer M. Nafi – [ISBN 0863722350, 9780863722356] (Garnet & Ithaca Press) 1998 – 459 pages


    Amongst those who came to be known for their pro-German views were Shakib Arslan , who returned to exile in … it was the efficiency of the Nazi state, its ability to liberate Germany from the constraints of the Versailles Peace Treaty

    http://books.google.com/books?id=WhCjkcZZK1AC&pg=PA357


    Nazi propaganda for the Arab world – Pages 25-26, 273 – Jeffrey Herf – 2009 – 335 pages


    [p. 25]

    Hentig… He thought that “a truly good Arabic translation of the Fuhrer’s work would have great propagandistic value.”

    [p. 26] and “would meet with extensive sympathy in the whole Arabicspeaking world from Morocco to India… in Arabic that had “the tone of the book that every Muslim understands: the Koran..

    Hentig called on Shakib Arslan, a Geneva-based advocate of Muslim activism and Arab nationalism, confidant of Haj Amin el-Husseini, and editor of La Nation arabe, an influencial journal of Arab nationalist opinion, to do the translation. Hentig insisted that the completed text be read by a “scholar of the Koran who will give it the sacred tone which will be understood and valued in the whole Islamic world, a world that reads the Koran.” By November 1938, Arslan’s translation of Mein Kampf was almost done. Its 960 pages were to be published in an edition… On December 21, 1938, the project of an Arabic-language edition of Mein Kampf published by the Nazi regime ended.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA25

    On Arslan, see William C. Cleveland, Islam against the West: Shakib Arslan and the Campaign for Islamic Nationalism (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985); and review essay by Martin Kramer, “The Natuon of Shakib Arslan,” Middle Eastern Studies, no. 24 (October 1987) 529-33.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA273


    International politics and the Middle East: old rules, dangerous game By Leon Carl Brown – I. B. Tauris, 1984 – Page 154


    …partitioning Palestine into seperate Jewish and Arab states, a large pan-Arab congress was held in Blutan, Syria… other notables included… and the well-known advocate of Arabism, Shakib Arslan, a Druze from Lebanon.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=opRRT_kW7hIC&pg=PA154





    King Farouk

    Of Egypt


    Highlights:



    * Colaboration with the Nazis.



    * Espionage.




    The record of collaboration of King Farouk of Egypt with the Nazis and their ally, the Mufti: the official Nazi records of the King’s alliance and of the Mufti’s plans for bombing Jerusalem and Tel Aviv ; memorandum submitted to the United Nations, June 1948.Authors: Nation Associates (New York, N.Y.), United Nations
    Publisher: The Nation Associates, 1948
    http://books.google.com/books?id=tdhmAAAAMAAJ


    The beast reawakens – Martin A. Lee [Taylor & Francis] 1999 [ISBN 0415925460, 9780415925464] Page 122


    King Farouk, who ruled Egypt during the Hitler era, was also a Nazi sympathizer. The king’s palace became a rendezvous point for Axis spies and couriers. Members of the royal family were involved in espionage for Fascist Italy, and many of the king’s mistresses did double duty as Nazi agents.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=SX4B7pNG3W8C&pg=PA122


    Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam – David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz – 2009 – 227 pages – Page 41


    In a letter to Farouk, the mufti assured the king “that he would be received with all honors due a friendly reigning sovereign” and that he would be given every possible means by the Nazis for continuing the activities of his Egyptian …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA41





    SSNP


    Highlights:



    * Inspired by Hitler, Nazis.



    * Imitation of Nazi hymm, symbols, etc.



    * Supremacy.




    Lebanon: current issues and background – Page 192 – John C. Rolland – 2003 – 235 pages – Preview


    The Syrian Socialist Nationalist Party (SSNP) The SSNP was established in Lebanon in the 1930s by Antun Saadah who hoped … symbol was modeled after the Nazi swastika. The SSNP has a long history of terrorism and subversion in Lebanon. …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=-JVOKeNkllgC&pg=PA192


    The Near East since the First World War: a history to 1995 – Malcolm Yapp – [Longman] 1996 – 597 pages – Page 113


    Like many parties of the 1930s the SSNP adopted the styles of Fascism: Saada was known as al-za’im (the Führer) and the party anthem was “Syria, Syria, über alles” sung to the same tune as the German national anthem.

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=BextAAAAMAAJ&dq=ssnp


    Colonial citizens: republican rights, paternal privilege, and gender in French Syria and Lebanon, by Elizabeth Thompson, 2000, p. 192

    At about the same time, the first Lebanese proto-fascist group emerged in public. The Syrian National Party (Hizb al-qawmi al-suri) was founded in secret in 1932 by a Lebanese emigrant returned from Brazil… Sa’ada used the title fuhrer and a swastika-style cross as an emblem, and adopted a party anthem entitled “Syria, Syria Above All,” set to the tune of “Deutchland Uber Alles.”

    http://books.google.com/books?id=B9fruGejwmUC&pg=PA192


    All honorable men: the social origins of war in Lebanon – Page 150 – Michael Johnson – 2001 – 298 pages – Preview


    Saadeh, the party’s ‘leader for life’, was an admirer of Adolph Hitler and influenced by Nazi and fascist ideology. …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=Zydtz0dDntQC&pg=PA150


    Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East [Volume 4
    Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East, ISBN 0028960114, 9780028960111, Macmillan Reference USA] – Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet – 1996 – 2182 pages [Page 1717]


    The Syrian Social Nationalist party (SSNP) was the brainchild of Antun SA’ADA, a Greek Orthodox Lebanese who was inspired by Nazi and fascist ideologies. Originally known as the PARTI POPULAIRE SYRIEN, the party operated in secret until…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=ZXltAAAAMAAJ&q=sa’ada





    Young Egypt


    (Misr al-Fatdh)
    [Ahmed Hussein]


    Highlights:



    * Founded and was on Nazi, fascist elements, imitating Hitler Youth (“Egypt, Egypt, above all”).

    * Nazi – ideologically, very racist, even after “break up” with the Nazis.





    Egypt’s young rebels: “Young Egypt,” 1933-1952 – James P. Jankowski – 1975 – 176 pages


    Young Egypt became willing to admit influence and/or borrowings from European fascism, Husayn stating that Young … brothers cooperating together” ; and his final article from Germany, in the form of an open letter to Hitler, …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=8dFmAAAAMAAJ&q=young+egypt


    The Continuum political encyclopedia of the Middle East – Avraham Sela – [Continuum] 2002 – 944 pages – Page 273


    Some groups displayed openly Fascist tendencies — such as the “Young Egypt” Party (Misr al- Fatah), founded in the mid- 1930s by Ahmad Hussein (1911-1982). In 1940 Britain forced the dismissal of Premier Maher and the Chief-of-Staff, …

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=YJwsAQAAIAAJ&dq=Ahmad+Hussein


    Islamism, fascism and terrorism (Part 3) – Asia Times Dec 4, 2002 [Marc Erikson]

    Islamism, or fascism with an Islamic face, was born with and of the Muslim Brotherhood. It proved (and improved) its fascist core convictions and practices through collaboration with the Nazis in the run-up to and during World War II. It proved it during the same period through its collaboration with the overtly fascist “Young Egypt” (Misr al-Fatah) movement, founded in October 1933 by lawyer Ahmed Hussein and modeled directly on the Hitler party, complete with paramilitary Green Shirts aping the Nazi Brown Shirts, Nazi salute and literal translations of Nazi slogans. Among its members, Young Egypt counted two promising youngsters and later presidents, Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar El-Sadat.

    http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/DL04Ak01.html


    Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice – Page 148 – Bernard Lewis – [W. W. Norton & Company] 1999 – 295 pages [ISBN 0393318397, 9780393318395] – [pp. 148-9]

    Several of the political parties founded at this time reveal the influence of the Nazi model. In 1934, when the anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws were promulgated, telegrams of congratulation were sent to the Fuhrer from all over the Arab and Islamic worlds, especially from Morocco and Palestine, where German propaganda had been most active. By September 1937, when a major pan-Arab congress was held at Blutan, with the struggle against Zionism as its main theme, the only European present was a German.

     
    Before long, political parties of the Nazi and fascist type began to appear, complete with paramilitary youth organizations, colored shirts, strict discipline, and more or less charismatic leaders. Even some of the older parties were affected by these trends.

     More obviously Nazi in form was the Young Egypt Society, formally established in October 1933. Popularly known as “the Green Shirts,” it consisted of a paramilitary hierarchy of sections …

    [p. 149]
    …Their ideology and form of organization and activity remained, however, thoroughly Nazi, including such devices as fascist salutes, torchlight parades, leader worship [ther slogan was “One party, one state, one leadership”] and,
    most characteristically, their use of gangs of toughs to terrorize and silence their political opponents.

      Not least among the borrowings of Young Egypt from Young Germany was its racism and anti-Semitism. This included support for Nazi philosophy, viciously anti-Jewish propaganda in the party press, and the organization of boycotts and harassment directed against the Jewish community in Egypt.

      Despite the public breach with the Germans after the invasion of Czechoslovakia, the inner circle of pro-Axis politicians congregated around the king, and led … espionage…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=GteStbiDEjAC&pg=PA148


    Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Page 27 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages

    Minister, was to educate “Iraqi youth in the military spirit in the German fashion” and sent a delegation to march with the Hitler Youth at the 1938 Nuremberg Nazi party rally. Finally in 1933, in Egypt Ahmad Husayn created the “Young Egypt”…
    http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PA27

    Teaching about the Middle East – Page 137 – Social Studies School Service – [Social Studies] 2002 – 330 pages – [ISBN 1560041005, 9781560041009]


    The Young Egyptians movement, popular in the 1930s, looked to the Hitler Youth as its model. At the same time, Egyptians recognized the importance of their own Muslim heritage. Perhaps Islam would provide the best ideological structure …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=bhPkkMIDdl8C&pg=PA137

    Die Welt des Islams, 1985, p. 134

    From its beginnings in the early Thirties the party shared many outward appearances with the European fascists: a uniform (green shirts), a salute (outstretched right arm, palm open and finger pointing to the sky), a flag, a paramilitary organization which demanded absolute obedience to a leader. Like the PPS in Syria, Young Egypt used ultra-nationalist slogans, based on “Deutschland, Deutschland iiber alles”: In the case of Young Egypt “Egypt, Egypt, above all…”.

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&dq=young+egypt

    [PDF] http://www.tcd.ie/history//undergraduate/pdf/bwwii/jstorarticles/Stefan%20Wild%20National%20Socialims%20in%20the%20Arab%20Middle%20East%201933%201939.pdf

    FrontPage Magazine – Nazi Influence on the Middle East During WWII
    Jan 5, 2005 … In October 1933, pro-Axis Young Egypt Party was founded. … translator of Hitler’s Mein Kampf into Arabic, describing the Fascist despot in …
    http://archive.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=16533





    The Baa’th

    (B’ath, Baath)




    Highlights:


    * Baath founders: S. al-Husri [the ‘Arab Fichte’] and M. Aflaq, both influnced by German Fascist, nazi writing.



    * Husri’s support for the pro-Nazi coup of Rachid ‘Ali.



    * Aflaq though Christian, admired Islam. (Some even say he converted).



    * Ideologically – Racist against: Persians, Jews, Kurds & other.



    * ‘Master Arab race’ of Baathism.





    Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice – Page 148 – Bernard Lewis – [W. W. Norton & Company] 1999 – 295 pages [ISBN 0393318397, 9780393318395] – [pp. 147-8]

    The mood of the 1930s was vividly described by Syrian Sami al-Jundi, an early leader of the Ba’th party, in an autobiographical memoir:

    We were racists, admiting Nazism, reading its books and the source of its thought, particulary Nietzche. . . . Fichte, and H. S. Chamberlain’s Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, which revolves on race. We were the first to think of translating Mein Kampf.

     Whoever lived during this period in Damascus would appreciate the incliniation of the Arab people to Nazism, for Nazism was the power which serve as its chapion, and he who is defeated will by nature love the victor.”

     Later al-Jundi describes how in 1940 he was looking for a copy of Rosenberg’s Myth of the Twentieth Century in Damascus, and finally found a French abridgment of it belonging to Michel Aflaq, one of the two founders of the Ba’th.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=GteStbiDEjAC&pg=PA147


    The United States and the Middle East: a search for new perspectives – Page 266 – Hooshang Amirahmadi – [SUNY Press] 1993 [ISBN 0791412253, 9780791412251] – 491 pages



    Founded in the Levant during the 1940s, the Baath party advocates Pan-Arabism ( ie, unity of the entire Arab world… the founders of the Baath party, Michel ‘Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar, were influenced by fascist thought during their education in France during the 1930s… Itaqi Baathis ideology contains racist elements, especially against Persians, Jews, Kurds, and other minorities…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=AmSIOJ5ekIoC&pg=PA266

    Encyclopedia of the Developing World: Index – Thomas M. Leonard – 2006 – Social Science – 1759 pages – Page 71



    … Pan-Arabism with an emphasis on socialism incorporating ideas from Italian fascism. Ba’ath ideology…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=3mE04D9PMpAC&pg=PA71

    Fascism: Past, Present, Future, by Walter Laqueur, [Oxford University Press US] 1997
    [ISBN 019511793X, 9780195117936] – Page 162




    At that time, fascism outside Europe has become a possiblity and, in some cases, a reality. The Iraqi & Syrian regimes have pronounced fascist features… both, the Iraqi & Syrian leadership belongs to the Ba’th Party, an elitist, pan-Arabist group that arose in the 1930s partly as a result of the rise of fascism in Europe.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=fWggQTqioXcC&pg=PA162&lpg=PA162

    America at war since 1945: politics and diplomacy in Korea, Vietnam, and the Gulf War, by Gary Donaldson [Greenwood Publishing Group] 1996 – Page 144


    The Baath party had its origins in European fascism and Arab nationalism…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=1wOv3enW1ccC&pg=PA144

    The politics of intelligence and American wars with Iraq – Page 21 – Ofira Seliktar – 2008 – 214 pages


    Drawing on a large volume of newly available research on “generic fascism,” a number of experts pointed out … Ba’ath Party of Syria and Iraq as conceived by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Bitar combined both Nazi and communist elements. …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=vd54vdSGMMgC&pg=PA21

    A Middle East reader, compiled by Irene L. Gendzier, Pegasus, 1969, page 161



    Aflaq spent his holidays in France, with Salah al Bitar. He came back to Syria full of admiration for the works of Alfred Rosenberg, the theorist of Nazi racism, and in particular for “The Myth of the Twentieth Century, which he had read in Grosclaud’s translation. He thought at the time that Hitler’s Germany, by contrast with the communist countries, had succeeded in achieving the perfect synthesis of nationalism and socialism.”
    http://books.google.com/books?id=QsNAAAAAIAAJ&dq=rosenberg


    Eric Rouleau… Futhermore, when power in Iraq was seized by pro-German nationalists in the coup of Rashid ‘Ali al-Gilani, ‘Aflaq formed s committee which assured the new regime of its full support

    http://books.google.com/books?id=LzfSAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA166

    The Ba’th and the creation of modern Syria‎ – Page 15 David Roberts – Political Science – [Croom Helm] 1987 – 182 pages



    The Birth of Ba’thist Ideology… The theory of ‘Greater Syria’… Sa’adeh visited Germany and certainly had contact with the National Socialist and Fascist regimes. The Ba’th, or at least ‘Aflaq, shared these ideas to some extent. It is not too long a step from ‘Gross-Deutchland’ to ‘Greater Syria.’

    Since then, of course, the Ba’th has parted with the PPS and indeed banned it, but it has quietly absorbed its message…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=Ix2NAAAAMAAJ&dq=germany
    http://books.google.com/books?id=Ix2NAAAAMAAJ&dq=fascist

    CNN, March 21, 2003

    Baath Party is a mishmash of socialism and Arabism.
    http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0303/21/se.13.html

    The politics of intelligence and American wars with Iraq – Page 21 – Ofira Seliktar – 2008 – 214 pages


    Drawing on a large volume of newly available research on “generic fascism,” a number of experts pointed out … Ba’ath Party of Syria and Iraq as conceived by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Bitar combined both Nazi and communist elements. …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=vd54vdSGMMgC&pg=PA21

    Syria: Ballots Or Bullets?: Democracy, Islamism, and Secularism in the Levant, Carsten Wieland, 2006, pp. 102-3



    Sati al-Husri (1882-1968), the most infuelncial pan-Arab ideologue… He admired Fichte, Hegel, and Herder, and his key ideological role in the Arab world earned him the nickname of “the Arab Fichte.”
    [p. 103]
    The strongest influence of pan-Arabists was first witnessed in Iraq in the 1920 and 1930 when Hitler rose to power in Germany. In 1941, Husri supported a fascist coup in Baghdad…

    The main ideologue of the subsequent Baath Party in Syria was himself a Christian (however, he reportedly converted to Islam shortly before his death…
    Michel Aflaq was born in 1910 in Damascus and went to Paris to study philosophy at the Sorbonne University. There he found the idea of Arabness in Western literature, as had many others before him. He viewed Islam as an essential part of the Arab socio-cultural heritage…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=uOMp58pfdkoC&pg=PA102

    “Saddam’s Brain,” The Weekly Standard Nov 1, 2002, Vol. 8, No. 09 by David Brooks



    From the November 11, 2002 issue: The ideology behind the thuggery.



    MICHEL AFLAQ was born in Damascus in 1910, a Greek Orthodox Christian. He won a scholarship to study philosophy at the Sorbonne sometime between 1928 and 1930 (biographies differ), and there he studied Marx, Nietzsche, Lenin, Mazzini, and a range of German nationalists and proto-Nazis. Aflaq became active in Arab student politics with his countryman Salah Bitar, a Sunni Muslim. Together, they were thrilled by the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party, but they also came to admire the organizational structure Lenin had created within the Russian Communist party.

    http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/001/837uvzrs.asp

    American Government and Politics Today 2008: The Essentials, by Barbara A. Bardes, Mack C. Shelley, Steffen W. Schmidt, [Cengage Learning] 2008, [ISBN 0495503258, 9780495503255], p. 18

    Although Baathists are often referred to as Arab nationalists, Baath ideology goes beyond pan-Arab nationalism and Baath ideology actually views the Arabs as a kind of master race. Baathism glorifies constant struggle, the ideological similarity between Baathism and fascism is quite striking.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=NIrspBw3lNMC&pg=PA1




    al-Muthanna Club & al-Futuwwa (in Iraq)

    (Saib [Sami] Shawkat & Al-Sabawi)

    ‘Farhud’ massacre – massgrave

    Highlights:



    * Importance of education in the fascist interwar era.



    * ‘Hitler Youth’ type.



    * Participated in Nurmberg’s Nazi Youth march.



    * Relations with leadership of Hitler Youth.



    * al-Muthanna Club’s Sami Shawkat’s hateful [xenophobia and] Nazism.



    * S. Shawkat’s indoctrination of youth into ‘dying for Arabism.’



    * (Sami’s brother) Naji Shawkat’s Nazism.



    * Participation in the Farhud pogrom (massacre) in 1941, Baghdad.




    Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East: Volume 2 – Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet – 1996 – 2182 pages


    … to paramilitary youth groups strongly reminiscent of the Hitler Youth of Nazi Germany. In Ba’thist Iraq, the futuwwa is one of three paramilitary youth organizations that belong to the state-run General Federation of Iraqi Youth. 
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&q=futuwwa+hitler


    Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: a study in Iraqi politics, Majid Khadduri, [Oxford University Press] 1960, p. 173



    He also invited the King to send a Futuwwa delegation to Nuremberg to attend the parade of the Nazi Party convention in September 1938. A delegation of thirty members of the Futuwwa was subsequently sent, received by the …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=uh4xAAAAIAAJ&q=futuwwa


    Moreover, when Baldur von Schirach, the Reich Youth Leader, stopped in Baghdad on his return flight from Tehran in the autumn of 1937, he had an audience with King Ghazi and suggested that he should pay attention to the Futuwwa movement …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=uh4xAAAAIAAJ&q=A+delegation


    Encyclopedia of the Holocaust: Volume 2 – Israel Gutman – 1990 – 1905 pages – Page 716



    In 1938 the Al-Futuwwa youth organization sent a delegate to the Nuremberg Nazi party rally, and in turn hosted the Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Schirach in Baghdad. In 1939 all students attending secondary schools, as well as their teachers, were obliged to join..

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=1SoYAAAAIAAJ&dq=Al-Futuwwa


    Simon, Reeva. “The Teaching of History in Iraq Before the Rashid Ali Coup of 1941.” Middle Eastern Studies 22, no.1 (January 1986); 37-51



    The Iraqis, like the French, the Germans, and the Japanese during the interwar period, used their schools to inculcate nationalism. The curriculum was published and instituted… emphasized Arab nationalism and Iraq’s important role in a pan-Arab union…. accelerated recruitment by the Iraqi ministry of Education of Syrian and Palestinian teachers…
    From 1920 until 1941, the three men instrumental in foreign educational policy and in impanting a nationalist ideology in the schools were Muhammad Fadhi al-Jamali, Sami Shawkat and, most important, Sati al-Husri.

    […]

    Sami Shawkat, a physician not a pedagogue, with little interest in Iraqi education beyond instilling the militarist sprit in the schools, is most noted for his lectures to students on the ‘Profession of Death’, telling them that the most important thing for them to learn was how to kill and how to die. He helped to institute military instruction in the schools and promoted an Iraqi Hitler Youth-type paramilitary youth organization, the Futuwwah, included German as the third language in the secondary schools, and sent student…
    http://www.jstor.org/pss/4283095


    Republic of fear: the politics of modern Iraq – Page 179 – Kanan Makiya – 1998 – 323 pages


    The Muthanna Club, along with its affiliate the Palestine Defence League and the Futuwwa organization, … Shawkat carried a letter from the Mufti to von Papen congratulating Hitler and referring to the struggle against “the democracies …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=frDO73fi83IC&pg=PA179


    Sovereign creations: pan-Arabism and political order in Syria and Iraq, Malik Mufti, 1996 [286 pages], pp. 28-29



    The architect of Iraq’s education policy was Sati’ al-Husri… “German nationalism, with its emphasis upon language and history as unifying factors, was the perfect model for Arab nationalism…

    In accordance with this nationalist agenda, Husri’s educational policy sought to instill a sense of common identity in the Iraqi people by stressing Arab history and culture, promoting standard Arabic over regional dialects, and trying to suppress particularistic identities such as those of the Shi’is, Kurds, Christians, and Jews.
    After 1923… Husri, along with his successors Fadhil Jamail and Sami Shawkat pressed ahead with their militaristic brand of national education, importing in the process large numebers of foreigners (particularly Palestinians) to teach Arab history and culture.

    […]
    Despite some trepidation at the xenophobic extremes to which Husri and Sami Shawkat often went, Faisal and his advisers appreciated their efforts at laying the ideological foundations for Hashemite pan-Arabism.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=px20DEwGH6cC&pg=PA28


    Pan-Arabism’s Legacy of Confrontation with Iran
    By: Dr. Kaveh Farrokh





    …Arab racism against Iranians…


    Satia Al-Husri spawned a whole generation of men who advocated violence. One example is Sami Shawkat who is famous for his 1933 speech “Sina’at al-Mawt” (manufacture of death) in which he rationalizes mass violence and war as the way to achieve Arab aspirations. Tragically, this speech was widely distributed in Arab schools and in Iraq in particular. It is interesting that Shawkat teaches that “force is the soil which sprouts the seeds of truth”. Although not widely known, Shawkat was a main force in the organization of the Futuwwa Youth Organization – a movement modeled directly after the Nazi Hitler Youth Movement. The Futuwwa set the pace for future Arab chauvinist movements, such as the B’aath party of Iraq and today’s followers of Bin Laden. It is interesting to note that Shawkat’s ideas became somewhat too hot to handle, even for the pan-Arabists – Satia Al-Husri later disowned Sami Shawkat.


    It is worth noting that Sami Shawkat’s brother, Naji, who by 1941 was a member of the Arab committee in Iraq (which had absorbed the Futuwwa), gave Franz von Papen (a high ranking German official of Nazi Germany in 1941) a letter which actually congratulated Hitler for the brutality that he inflicted upon the Jews.

    http://www.iran-heritage.org/interestgroups/history-article2.htm

    History Matters: Past as Prologue in Building Democracy in Iraq by E Davis – 2005


    During the 1930s, Pan-Arabists developed proto-fascist organizations such as the al-Muthanna Club and its al-Futuwwa movement, and in June 1941 they participated in an attack on Baghdad’s Jewish community.
    http://www.fpri.org/orbis/4902/davis.historymattersiraq.pdf

    The Farhud [United States Holocaust Museum]

    […]

    The outbreak of mob violence against Baghdad Jewry known as the Farhud (Farhud is an Arabic term best translated as “pogrom” or “violent dispossession”) erupted on June 1, 1941. It was a turning point in the history of the Jews in Iraq.


    In Baghdad the results of this policy were much more severe. On the afternoon of June 1, 1941, when the Regent and his entourage returned to Baghdad and British troops surrounded the city, the Jews believed that the danger from the pro-Nazi regime had passed. They ventured out to celebrate the traditional Jewish harvest festival holiday of Shavuot. Riots broke out, targeting the Jews of Baghdad. These riots, known as the Farhud, lasted for two days, ending on June 2, 1941.


    Iraqi soldiers and policemen who had supported Rashid Ali al-Gailani’s coup d’etat in April and Futtuwa youths who were sympathetic to the Axis incited and led the riots. Unlike in previous incidents, rioters focused on killing. Many civilians in Baghdad and Bedouins from the city’s outskirts joined the rioters, taking part in the violence and helping themselves to a share in the booty. During the two days of violence, rioters murdered between 150 and 180 Jews, injured 600 others, and raped an undetermined number of women. They also looted some 1,500 stores and homes. The community leaders estimated that about 2,500 families — 15 percent of the Jewish community in Baghdad — suffered directly from the pogrom. According to the official report of the commission investigating the incident, 128 Jews were killed, 210 were injured, and over 1,500 businesses and homes were damaged. Rioting ended at midday on Monday, June 2, 1941, when Iraqi troops entered Baghdad, killed some hundreds of the mob in the streets and reestablished order in Baghdad.

    http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007277

    Iraq [Jewish Virtual Library

    Fascism and Antisemitism (1933–1941)

    […]
    Iraqi Jews did not know the kind of *antisemitism that prevailed in some Christian states of Europe. The first attempt to copy modern European antisemitic libels was made in 1924 by Sādiq Rasūl al-Qādirī, a former officer in the White Russian Army. He published his views, particularly that of worldwide conspiracy, in a Baghdadi newspaper. The Jewish response in its own weekly newspaper, al-Misbah, compelled al-Qādirī to apologize, although he later published his antisemitic memoirs.

    At that time the press drew a clear dividing line between Judaism and Zionism. This line became blurred in the 1930s, along with the demand to remove Jews from the genealogical tree of the Semitic peoples. This anti-Jewish trend coincided with Faysal’s death in 1933, which brought about a noticeable change for the Jewish community. His death also came at the same time as the Assyrian massacre, which created a climate of insecurity among the minorities. Iraqi Jewry at that time had been subject to threats and invectives emanating not only from extremist elements, but also from official state institutions as well. Dr. Sāmī Shawkat, a high official in the Ministry of Education in the pre-war years and for a while its director general, was the head of “al-Futuwwa,” an imitation of Hitler’s Youth. In one of his addresses, “The Profession of Death,” he called on Iraqi youth to adopt the way of life of Nazi Fascists. In another speech he branded the Jews as the enemy from within, who should be treated accordingly. In another, he praised Hitler and Mussolini for eradicating their internal enemies (the Jews). Syrian and Palestinian teachers often supported Shawkat in his preaching.

    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0010_0_09571.html


    Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism – Page 107 – David M. Rosen – 2005 – 199 pages
    for boys between the ages of fifteen and twenty, they were also modeled on Hitler Youth. … Iraq he helped set up an Arab Committee to promote collaboration between Iraq and the Nazis and brought the Iraqi al-Futuwwa under its control.


    http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA107


    Republic of fear: the politics of modern Iraq By Kanan Makiya, university of California press [page 178]

    The pan-Arab government also sponsored the Futuwwa Youth organization, modelled after the Hitler Youth movement.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=MBSNs4sIYn0C&pg=PA178


    Learning Not to Love Saddam by Paul Berman, New York Times, March 31, 2003

    Modern totalitarianism arose in Europe in the years after World War I. It took different forms — Fascist, Communist and Nazi. But the movements shared a number of traits: apocalyptic and paranoid ideologies, a total police state, a taste for murder. Other versions of that same totalitarianism arose in Arab and Muslim countries in precisely those years.

    One of the Muslim variations eventually emerged as the Islamist radicalism of Osama bin Laden, the Taliban and other movements. A second version evolved into Saddam Hussein’s Baath dictatorship. The European inspiration for those movements is not too hard to detect, especially in the case of the Baath, which got started in 1943 in an atmosphere of ardent sympathy for the fascist Axis.

    Kanan Makiya, an expatriate Iraqi intellectual and a main author of the transition report, described in his book “Republic of Fear” how these European movements influenced Islamic radicalism philosophically and organizationally. There was, for instance, the model of the Hitler Youth for the pan-Arabist Futuwwa Youth of the 1930’s, which, Mr. Makiya pointed out, pioneered a paramilitary culture “as if presaging the Baath militas” in later years.

    http://www.nytimes.com/2003/03/31/opinion/31BERM.html?pagewanted=all

    Die Welt des Islams‎ – Page 136 – Religion – 1985

    The Futuwwa-movement in Iraq was a youth-organization, not a political party. The Futuwwah was an official youth movement which comprised all students of the higher class of high school.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&dq=Futuwwah
    A delegation of the Futuwwah participated in the march of the Hitler-Jugend at the Parteitag in Nuremberg in September 1938.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&q=hitler-jugend

    Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism, by David M. Rosen, 2005, p. 106
    The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA106

    Rethinking nationalism in the Arab Middle East by James P. Jankowski, I. Gershoni – 1997 – History – 372 pages, P. 18


    Pan-Arab radicalism was expressed in diverse forms in 1930s Iraq. In 1935 the “Muthana Club” was established in Baghdad and rapidly became a forum for the educated from all parts of the Arab world and a center for the dissemination of Arab nationalist propaganda. Nationalist radicalization was also evident in the formation, in the late 1930s, of s paramilitary youth movement [al-futuwwa] modeled on fascist and Nazi youth organizations, sponsored by the government and officially instituted in Iraqi schools

    http://books.google.com/books?id=_a1NNyZUXAgC&pg=PA18

    Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East, Volume 2, Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet, Macmillan Reference USA, 1996, pp. 686-882

    [p. 686]
    In another context, the term has been used in Iraq, first in the 1930s and again since the Ba th party takeover in 1968, to refer to paramilitary youth groups strongly reminiscent of the Hitler Youth of Nazi Germany. In Ba’thist Iraq, …
    http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&dq=hitler+youth

    [p. 882]
    the schools by Sayi al-Husri, Muhammad… al-JAMAIL, and Sami SHAWKAT throught the 1920 and 1930s, was supported by Faisal’s heir, GHAZI IBN FAISAL, who ruled from 1933 until 1939. The creation of pan-Arab clubs, such as al-Muthanna and the FUTUWWA youth movement, made Baghdad a center for pan-Arabism and a haven for exiled Palestinians, led by Jerusalem mufti (Muslim religious..

    http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&dq=futuwwa




    Najjada [Najjada, Najjadeh]

    (Nasuli)



    Highlights:



    * Admired Nazism/fascism.



    * “Arabism above all.”





    Nazism in Syria and Lebanon By Nordbruch Goetz, p. 54


    Muslim schools that were directed by the Maqasid Islamic Charitable Association provided Najada a pool of potential members. As a Muslim ‘twin’ to the Phalangists, as the organization was often described, Najjada adopted a pan-Arab nationalist vision, calling for a suppression of all foreign influences. The ambivalent relation of such pan- Arab concepts to ethnocentric and racial nationalism became visible in its slogan ‘Arabism above all’ (al-‘uruba fawqa al-jami’).

    http://books.google.com/books?id=iAWBkDAv4TkC&pg=PA54

    Colonial citizens: republican rights, paternal privilege, and gender in French Syria and Lebanon, by Elizabeth Thompson, [Columbia University Press] 2000 [ISBN 0231106610, 97802311066103]

    …admired the youth groups and physical discipline at the Berlin Olympics, and their Muslim counterparts, the Najjada (Helpers), promoted by Muhi al-Din Nasuli, a leader of the Muslim scouting movement and newspaper publisher… the pan-Arabism of the Najjada… of… Lebanese groups… Since at least 1933, newspapers had been printing Hitler’s speeches and excerpts from Mem Kampf. Hitler and Mussolini were viewed in both Syria and Lebanon as models of strong statebuilders… criticized “moral chaos” in public life and adopted the motto “Arabism Above All” on his newspaper’s masthead, which also printed glowing accounts of German youth’s support of Hitler…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=B9fruGejwmUC&pg=PA193

    http://www.ciaonet.org/book/the01/the01_11.pdf

    [CIA document THE CURRENT SITUATION IN PALESTINE, ORE 49, 20 October 1947]



    There are two para-military Arab organizations, the Futuwwa and the Najjada, both of which are more or less controlled by the Arab higher Committe under the leadership of the Grand Mufti.
    http://www.foia.cia.gov/browse_docs_full.asp




    Handcshar SS Muslim Nazi units [Bosnians, Albanians]




    Highlights:



    * Three divisions of Nazi Muslim socldiers:
    1) The Waffen SS 13th Handschar (“Knife”).
    2.) The 23rd Kama (“Dagger”).
    3.) The 21st Skenderbeg.


    * Grand Mufti inspired the “holy warriors” [Jihad for Nazi victory].



    * Some of these ex-Nazi soldiers came to fight with Arab Muslim “brethren” against Israel in 1948.




    Cairo to Damascus – Pages 419-420 – John Roy Carlson – [READ BOOK] 2007 – 520 pages



    The Mufti also organized an Arab Brigade and a Moslem Legion to fight side by side with the Nazis. An Arab leader accepted a commission as colonel in the Wehrmacht. Turning
    ing to large Moslem populations in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Albania, the Mufti with the help of Pavelich, the Croatian quisling, recruited substantial numbers of Moslem Holy Warriors who fought as the Waffen SS, and the “Free Arabia” movement. the Mufti visited these troops frequently praying with them, exhorting them to fight for Allah.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=I-nzRJpb5CIC&pg=PA419


    “FASCIST MUSLIM GROUP EXPECTED TO LOOT TEL AVIV IN 1948,” by Seth J. Frantzman [San Francisco Sentinal, 10 May, 2008]

    On a pleasant Thursday in December 1948, Emilio Traubner, a correspondent for The Palestine Post, found himself near Abu Kabir, not far from Jaffa. Trenches and expended cartridges were strewn about, reminders of the fighting between units of the Irgun and local Arab forces that had taken place there seven months previously. There was a large Arab villa from where Traubner recovered a diary. It turned out to be the daily record of Yusuf Begovic of Pale, a town near Sarajevo in modern-day Bosnia-Herzegovina. In it Begovic had described his activities as a cook for the “Arab Army of Liberation.”

    Traubner described who Begovic had been serving: “35 Yugoslav Muslims who had a good reason to expect to be among the first to occupy and loot Tel Aviv, were part of a group of some thousands who came to the Middle East to join the jihad against Israel.”

    What were Yugoslav Muslims doing in Jaffa in 1948? How had they managed to get themselves all the way to the Holy Land? What had motivated them? Who had recruited them? What was the Bosnian or Albanian connection to the Palestinians, if there was one?

    There was a Bosnian connection: Haj Amin al-Husseini, the mufti of Jerusalem, had been in Bosnia in the 1940s. Had he recruited these men? What had become of them?

    It turned out that in 2005 a Bosnian had given an interview in Lebanon to a Croatian newspaper and claimed to have fought in the 1948 war. The story began to crystallize.

    The Long Shadow of Haj Amin

    In October 1937, Haj Amin al-Husseini, mufti of Jerusalem and leader of the Arab Higher Committee, was hiding from the British authorities in the Haram al-Sharif, the holy sanctuary atop the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. On October 13, disguised as a Beduin, he fled to Lebanon via Jaffa. In Lebanon he received sanctuary from the French mandatory authorities but he fled again with the outbreak of war in 1939. This time he made his way to Baghdad disguised as a woman. In Baghdad in 1940 and 1941 he increased his contacts with Germany, offering to aid the Nazis in return for their help in gaining independence for the Arab states. The Italians helped him enter Turkey, and then he made his way to Rome on October 11. He met with Mussolini and then with Hitler on November 28. After the failure of various schemes to create an Arab military unit he eventually settled for recruiting Muslim volunteers to aid the Nazis from the Balkans, Bosnia and eventually Kosovo.

    In speaking to potential recruits, Husseini stressed the connections they had to the Muslim nation fighting the British throughout the world: “The hearts of all Muslims must today go out to our Islamic brothers in Bosnia, who are forced to endure a tragic fate. They are being persecuted by the Serbian and communist bandits, who receive support from England and the Soviet Union… They are being murdered, their possessions are robbed and their villages are burned. England and its allies bear a great accountability before history for mishandling and murdering Europe’s Muslims, just as they have done in the Arabic lands and in India.”

    Three divisions of Muslim soldiers were recruited: The Waffen SS 13th Handschar (”Knife”) and the 23rd Kama (”Dagger”) and the 21st Skenderbeg. The Skenderbeg was an Albanian unit of around 4,000 men, and the Kama was composed of Muslims from Bosnia, containing 3,793 men at its peak. The Handschar was the largest unit, around 20,000 Bosnian Muslim volunteers. According to the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, “These Muslim volunteer units, called Handschar, were put in Waffen SS units, fought Yugoslav partisans in Bosnia and carried out police and security duties in Hungary. They participated in the massacre of civilians in Bosnia and volunteered to join in the hunt for Jews in Croatia.” Part of the division also escorted Hungarian Jews from the forced labor in mine in Bor on their way back to Hungary. The division was also employed against Serbs, who as Orthodox Christians were seen by the Bosnian Muslims as enemies.

    The Handschar division surrendered to the British army on May 8, 1945. As many as 70,000 Bosnian Muslim POWs and their families were moved by the British army to Taranto in Italy. The creation of Marshal Tito’s Yugoslavia at the end of the war meant that former Bosnian Muslim volunteers in the German SS units could not return home for fear of prosecution or internment. George Lepre, a scholar on the history of the Handschar and author of Himmler’s Bosnian Division: The Waffen-SS Handschar Division 1943-1945 describes their fate: “Those Bosnians who elected to remain in the camps eventually found asylum in countries throughout the Western and Arab worlds. Many of those who settled in the Middle East later fought in Palestine against the new Israeli state.”

    But first they had to get to the Middle East.

    The formation of the Bosnian unit in 1947

    The Bosnian Muslims, usually referred to as “Yugoslavs” in period newspaper accounts as well as in intelligence reports, remained in DP camps in Italy until 1947, when it was reported in The Palestine Post on April 18 that there was a “request from the Syrian government for the transfer of 8,000 Bosnian Moslem refugees at present in Italy. Yugoslav quarters here say that the Arab League has written to all Arab states, urging them to assist these Moslem DPs, and that some financial help has already been received. Yugoslav officials say that they too want these 8,000 Moslems back, as they are the Handschar Division of the German Wehrmacht which surrendered to the British… The Yugoslavs state that they view with the gravest concern the possibility of the transfer of this group to the Middle East.”

    By December 1947 a nucleus of former Handschar officers had made their way to Syria and were beginning to reconstitute their unit in Damascus. A report by Israel Baer in the Post noted that “the latest recruits to the Syrian army are members of the Bosnian Waffen SS… It is reported that they are directing a school for commando tactics for the Syrian Army.”

    No doubt the fledgling Syrian army which had been born in 1946 was in need of officers and trainers with experience. Emilio Traubner, writing on December 3, 1947, noted that the International Refugee Organization (IRO) was even convinced to fund the travel of Bosnian Muslims from Italy to the Middle East so that they could find homes since they refused to be repatriated to Yugoslavia.

    In January 1948 Arab agents were working to recruit Bosnians for the fight in Palestine. On February 2, it was reported that 25 Bosnian Muslims had arrived in Beirut and were moving to Damascus to join 40 other Bosnians already there. A report by Jon Kimche on February 4 further noted that up to 3,500 were being transferred to Syria to fight alongside Fawzi Kaukji’s Arab Liberation Army (ALA) in its invasion of Palestine. On March 14 a party of 67 Albanians, 20 Yugoslavs and 21 Croats led by an Albanian named Derwish Bashaco arrived by boat in Beirut from Italy. They were hosted by the Palestine Arab Bureau and made their way to Damascus to join the ALA. In the first week of April another 200 Bosnians arrived in Beirut.

    A lengthy report by Claire Neikind on March 2 described the procedure by which Arab agents were recruiting volunteers among the DPs in Italy. Men between 22 and 32 were sought and in return they would receive free passage to Beirut and their families would receive maintenance. According to Neikind, 300 men had already arrived and 90 Croatian Ustashi were also making there way. Fifty-seven were sent to Amman. Between December 1 and February 20 a total of 106 were sent to Syria. Neikind noted that “as soon as their families are settled, they enter Arab military service.”

    If one accepts merely the low totals from newspaper accounts it appears that there were at least 520 Bosnians, 67 Albanians and 111 Croatians in Syria or Beirut, as well as 135 Bosnians on their way to Egypt and 57 Bosnians in Jordan. Thus 890 volunteers from Yugoslavia and Albania were in the Middle East by April 1948, before Israel’s declaration of independence on May 15, 1948.

    Upon arrival the volunteers found their way to a camp at Katana, a military base west of Damascus that the Syrian army had provided for use by the Arab Liberation Army being assembled to invade Palestine. Here they met their commander, Fawzi Kaukji for the first time. Kaukji, 58, was a former Ottoman soldier who had fought in the Arab Revolt. Hagana intelligence estimated as many as 4,000 volunteers had joined his army.

    In December of 2005, Hassan Haidar Diab, a journalist in Bosnia, was able to locate Kemal Rustomovic, a Bosnian who had served with the Yugoslav volunteers. He claimed to have been a member of the Arab Salvation Army where 150 of his fellow Bosnians served under a Bosnian officer named Fuad Sefkobegovic.

    The Role of the Bosnians in the War of Independence

    Since the fall of 1947 Arab forces under Abdel Khader Husseini and other locals had harassed Jewish traffic and supplies moving from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. A mixed Bosnian-Arab unit of the ALA had been dispatched to aid in the siege of Jerusalem and this unit found itself embroiled in the battle for Castel between April 3 and 8, 1948. This battle was part of the Hagana’s Operation Nahshon which was intended to relieve the siege of Jerusalem. It is not clear what became of the Bosnians who fought at Castel. Some may have retired to Ramallah, where it was reported on April 16 that Muslim foreigners including Yugoslavs had taken over the best hotels and “molested” the local population.

    The next battle that the Bosnian units participated in was at Jaffa between April 25 and May 5. Jaffa had been allotted to the Arab state in the UN partition plan, but it was surrounded by territory allotted to the Jewish state. The battle began when the Irgun launched an attack on the city. According to the Hagana, there were 400 “Yugoslavs” and 200 Iraqis defending Jaffa. On April 28, Michel Issa, the Christian Arab commander of the Ajnadin Battalion, received orders from Kaukji to move from the Jerusalem foothills to relieve the siege of Jaffa. On the same day, Hagana intelligence noted that there were 60 “Yugoslavs” among the defenders of Jaffa. Issa arrived in Jaffa on April 29 ; the commander of Jaffa, Maj. Adil Najmuddin, deserted the city on May 1, leaving Issa and his Yugoslavs. According to Issa’s telegram to Kaukji, “Adil left [the] city by sea with all [the] Iraqis and Yugoslavs.” Prior to their departure the Yugoslavs had been billeted at local homes and their unit even included a cook.

    Kemal Rustomovic recalled in his interview that he had first been at Nablus, then Jaffa and finally at Jenin. Between the evacuation of the Yugoslavs by sea from Jaffa and their reunion with the ALA, the State of Israel was born on May 15, 1948. On the same day five Arab armies invaded Israel and the war became much wider.

    The ALA became a disorganized and largely spent force by the time it saw fighting again around Nazareth again in July. During the fighting in the North, Kaukji’s army of 2,500 men was reduced to only 800 and it was driven from Nazareth into northern Galilee. Rustomovic was one of these men according to his interview. The Post reported that the ALA still included “Yugoslavs.” On July 18 the Post reported that the British government’s intelligence had acted to “systematically sabotage [the] Palestine partition scheme” and provided as evidence the fact that England was aware of the presence of Bosnian volunteers in Syria.

    During the fighting in October the IDF conquered the entire Galilee and parts of Southern Lebanon. A report on November 1, detailing the capture of the Galilee, noted that some “Yugoslavs” had been captured during the fighting that had driven the ALA and the Lebanese army from Palestine and actually found the IDF in Lebanon.

    The Bosnians and the 1948 war, strange bedfellows?

    It is not known what became of the Bosnians who served with the Arab forces in the 1948 war. Rustomovic, who was born in the village of Kuti in central Bosnia in 1928, joined the Lebanese army in 1950. He served his adopted country for 30 years, married a local woman and had seven daughters and five sons with her. He was granted Lebanese citizenship, unlike the Palestine refugees who fled to Lebanon, and retired from the army in 1980. According to him, none of the Bosnians who had served in the SS ever returned to Yugoslavia. Some ended up in the US, Australia and Canada. It is assumed that some also settled in Syria or elsewhere in the Middle East. Today many would be in their 80s and 90s and it is doubtful that many of them survive.

    In the 1990s during the Balkan wars, Arabs would journey to the Balkans to participate in war between Bosnians and Serbs. In a strange twist they would be repaying the debt incurred when 900 or more Bosnian Muslims gave up their homes and past to come to the Middle East to serve the Muslim Arab cause. The involvement of these Bosnians may be seen as an early version of the linkage of Muslim conflicts throughout the world. This has gained increased exposure lately due to the involvement of foreign Muslim volunteers in the Algerian, Lebanese, Kashmiri, Sudanese and Afghani conflicts among others.

    The writer is in a doctoral program at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and his MA thesis was on the Christian Arabs in the 1948 war.

    http://www.sanfranciscosentinel.com/?p=12613



    Admiration & worshipping



    Highlights:



    * Glorification.



    * “The whole Arab youth is enthused by Adolf Hitler.”



    * Islamicizing Adolf Hitler: ‘Abu Ali,’ ‘Muhammad Haidar.’



    * Admirations till today.




    Nazism in Syria and Lebanon. The Ambivalence of the German Option, 1933-1945 by Götz Nordbruch, Routledge, 2009, 209 pp.
    Reviewed by Wolfgang G. Schwanitz




    Hitler in the Levant: How Arabs Reacted to the Third Reich in Syria and Lebanon



    The whole Arab youth is enthused by Adolf Hitler, wrote Kamil Muruwwa, the young editor of the Beirut paper An-Nida’, to the German Foreign Minister in Berlin. The year after Hitler came to power, Muruwwa translated Mein Kampf from English into Arabic and published it in daily installments in An-Nida’. Now he wants to edit the series as a book. But for this, he explains in his letter, he needs an additional 600 Marks. Therefore he is asking the German government for financial support in this endeavor.

    http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&TMID=111&LNGID=1&FID=388&PID=0&IID=3235


    The beast reawakens – Page 122 – Martin A. Lee – Routledge, 1999 [ISBN:0-415-92546-0] – 560 pages


    Even though he loathed Arabs (he once described them as “lacquered half-apes who ought to be whipped”), Hitler was nonetheless the idol of the paramilitary Green Shirts, Egypt’s indigenous proto-fascist moevemnt, which referred to him as Abu Ali, the “good fighter.”

    http://books.google.com/books?id=SX4B7pNG3W8C&pg=PA122


    The dream palace of the Arabs: a generation’s odyssey Fouad Ajami – [Random House, Inc.] 1999 – 344 pages p. 78


    …a popular couplet at the time taunted the French about Hitler’s victory:
    Ya France, hiddi W’irhali Ijaki Hitler, Abu Ali,

    Oh France, dismantle and be gone

    After you is Hitler, Abu Ali
    “Abu Ali” was the popular name given to neighborhood toughs, an endearing nickname. The German wreaking havoc on Europe was doing to the colonial masters …

    http://books.google.com/books?id=z1Yf1rEwq28C&pg=PT78


    Encyclopedia of the Holocaust: Volume 2 – Israel Gutman – 1990 – 1905 pages – Page 716



    The German legation acquired an Iraqi daily, Al-Alim al-Arabi, which, beginning in October 1933 , serialized Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF, and published propaganda pieces praising the fascist regimes. Members of the intelligentsia and army officers were invited to Germany as guests of the Nazi party. Radical nationalist organizations inspired by fascist ideology were established such as…

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=1SoYAAAAIAAJ&dq=Al-Futuwwa

    The case for Israel – Alan M. Dershowitz – [John Wiley and Sons] 2003 – Biography & Autobiography – 264 pages – Page 54

    … consul in Jerusalem that “the Muslims inside and outside Palestine welcome the new …
    The sawstika became a welcome symbol among many Palestinians.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=Dunx_i1P6fMC&pg=PA54

    Prevent World War III. Society for the Prevention of World War III (New York, N.Y.) – 1959 – Page 41



    Abu Ali, the affectionate name given to Adolf Hitler by his admirers in Iraq, has also returned to popularity. Incidentally, the name Abu Ali means “father of Ali,” ie, father of Rashid Ali. Photographs of Hitler are appearing again.

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=ckHTAAAAMAAJ&dq=father+of+ali

    Waiting for the dawn: an autobiography – Atallah Mansour – 1975 – 155 pages – Page 15


    … and from time to time we began hearing unfavourable , comments on the British, predicting their defeat at the phands of ‘Abu Ali’ — Hitler. (The name Abu Ali normally I indicates admiration for a powerful leader. …

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=6IFtAAAAMAAJ&dq=Abu+Ali


    A Genealogy of Evil: Anti-Semitism from Nazism to Islamic Jihad – Page 97-98 – David Patterson – [Cambridge University Press] 2010 – 308 pages [ISBN 0521132614, 9780521132619]



    “The close and at times active relationship that developed between Nazi Germany and sections of the Arab leadership, in the years from 1933 to 1945,” writes Lewis, … Party. Its leader Antun Saadeh (1904–1949) called himself the Fuhrer of the [p. 98] Syrian nation, among them Hitler became known as Abu Ali (in Egypt he was called Muhammad Haidar). The banner of the PPS displayed a stastika on a black-and-white background. Timmerman notes that this Islamic admiration of the Nazis extended into later years, when Muslims throughout the Middle East were naming their children after Adolf Hitler…


    http://books.google.com/books?id=lMLmK-fmf8kC&pg=PA97

    The closed circle: an interpretation of the Arabs – David Pryce-Jones – [Ivan R. Dee] 2002
    [ISBN 1566634407, 9781566634403] – Page 201




    Preposterously, Hitler himself was Islamicized on the radio and by word of mouth as “Abu Ali,” and in Egypt at least was referred to as “Muhammad Haidar.” As such, he was prayed for in every village, …

    http://books.google.com/books?&id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&dq=muhammad+haidar

    The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini, by Chuck Morse – 2003 – Page 31 – 186 pages



    In Heaven Allah, on Earth Hitler.” Many Arab intellectuals and revisionists now explain this affinity the Arabs had for Hitler and Nazism with the … The Arabs would go so far as to Islamicize Hitler’s name rendering it as Abu Ali,…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA31


    The closed circle: an interpretation of the Arabs – David Pryce-Jones – 2002 – Page 194



    To this day no Arab has written anything like a scholary study of the Holocaust; and the Arab expression of admiration for it have been frequent…

    http://books.google.com/books?id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&q=mein+kampf

    [pp. 199-200]

    Delegations of Syrian and Iraqis attended Nuremberg Party rallies. More than one Arab translated Hitler’s Mein Kampf into [p. 200] Arabic, and among them was Yunis el-Sabawi, an Iraqi and close associate of Rashid Ali and later to be hanged by the British.

    http://books.google.com/books?id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&q=mein+kampf

    http://books.google.com/books?id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&q=yunis


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