Posts Tagged ‘Young Turks’

Islamic Apartheid – Turkey

May 18, 2011

Islamic Turkish genocide and racist apartheid against Armenians


The Armenian genocide – Richard Diran Kloian – United Armenian Commemorative Committee, Armenian Assembly, Central California Region, 1981 – 304 pages – Page 285
The first genocide of the century was planned and perpetrated in the most atrocious way, because, we believe, the Young Turks were convinced that the Turkish race is the only one entitled to live on the land it occupies…
http://books.google.com/books?&id=5ik_AQAAIAAJ&dq=racist
 
Portraits of human behavior and performance: the human factor in action – Page 80 – Senyo B-S. K. Adjibolosoo – University Press of America, 2001 – 449 pages
Second, many social conflicts of the twentieth century have racial and ethnic undertones. For example, the Turkish government has yet to accept responsibility for the genocide committed against the Armenia people in 1915.
http://books.google.com/books?id=BkRqGTjrigYC&pg=PA80


Turkey Attacks Israel

Does The Ottoman Empire Want to Lead the Caliphate?

by Phyllis Chesler

NewsRealBlog

May 31, 2010

[…]

As a matter of historical fact, the Turks have a long and bloody history of cruelty and genocide. They colonized the entire Middle East, forced conversions or murdered those who resisted. Islamic gender and religious apartheid flourished.

http://www.phyllis-chesler.com/784/turkey-attacks-israel

 


Turkish Islamic Apartheid against Greeks


End the illegal Turkish occupation


The 3Rs:
1 Remove all Turkish troops from Cyprus
2 Repatriate all colonists
3 Return all refugees to their homes without preconditions, restrictions or discrimination


In 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus, illegally dividing the country and committing war crimes and mass human rights abuses. Hundreds of thousands of Greek Cypriots were ethnically cleansed by the Turkish army.


Turkey continues to violate international law and United Nations resolutions that demand the withdrawal of the Turkish army and the right to return for Greek Cypriot refugees.


We are protesting because Turkey still maintains its illegal apartheid regime that racially discrimates against Greek Cypriots by preventing them from returning to their homes and lands.


The Greek Cypriots are the legal owners of 82 percent of land in the occupied north and we want to return. We will never give up our properties to those who seek to profit from their theft and illegal purchase.


Is it right that Turkey, which aspires to join the European Union still maintains military occupation of one third of the Republic of Cyprus, a country which is a full member of the EU?


The human rights of the Cypriots must be restored, so that we may live in a truly reunited Cyprus with the full rights enjoyed by all other EU citizens.


While Turkey continues violating the human rights of EU citizens and destroying the European culture of occupied Cyprus, it is unacceptable that it is allowed to proceed with EU accession negotiations.


We call on your support to put pressure on EU governments to help end the illegal occupation of Cyprus and to end Turkish apartheid in Cyprus.


The 3Rs:
1 Removal of all Turkish troops from Cyprus
2 Repatriation of all colonists
3 Return of all refugees to their homes without preconditions, restrictions or discrimination



http://www.hellenesonline.com/go/2009/11/end-the-illegal-turkish-occupation/


The Cyprus Problem
Cyprus maintained that Turkey’s policy was aimed at dividing Cyprus along racial lines. Subsequently, 200,000 Greek-Cypriot swere displaced. […]
In addition, in August and September 2001, the international community had a meeting for the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, declared its universal recognition of “the right of refugees to return voluntarily to their homes and properties in dignity and safety, and urge[d] all States to facilitate such return.”
http://www.aunitedcyprus.com


Official report of debates: Part 4 – Page 743
 Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly – 1990 – Preview
A viable and just Cyprus settlement cannot be based on a situation of apartheid, under which Cypriots are forcibly segregated on the grounds that Muslims and Christians, people of Turkish origin and people of Greek origin, cannot live together. Such segregation not only contradicts fundamentally Turkey’s own policy of integration with the European Community, but also constitutes a recipe for suspicion, resentment and conflict.
http://books.google.com/books?id=-zVt4bluYSgC&pg=PA743


The Middle East, abstracts and index: Part 4
 Library Information and Research Service – Northumberland Press, 2005 – Page 623
The plan would allow settlement of Greeks in the Turkish zone, but creates an apartheid system of careful quotas of Greek resettlement to maintain a Turkish Muslim majority in the north and links the desire of Greek Cypriots to Btum to their home with Turkey accession into EU: up to 18% of the population could be Greek under the plan..
… Therefore it is no surprise either that the leaders in the Uthmani Khilafah like Sultan Abdul Hameed valued Islam,
http://books.google.com/books?&id=aLptAAAAMAAJ&dq=btum


Turkish human rights violations in Turkey and Cyprus (2007)


Ismail Cem, Turkey’s Foreign Minister recently complained that the European Union had offered Turkey only a “third class ticket” on the train of accession to the European Union. Others would say that Turkey was extremely fortunate to have even been considered for membership given its appalling tradition of human rights abuses.


For the past two hundred years, Turkey has achieved what is undoubtedly one of the worst human rights records in the world. The Turks have ethnically cleansed or otherwise mistreated ethnic minorities within Turkey and the peoples of neighbouring countries.


These include the Armenians, Bulgarians, Cypriots, Greeks, Kurds, Romanians and the Serbs. Turkey has the unenviable record of having conducted the first genocide of the 20th century when from 1915 to 1918 one and a half million indigenous Armenians were annihilated.


Lately, the Turks have turned their attention to those of their own people who have the courage to speak out against human rights abuses in Turkey.


Killings, disappearances and torture of lawyers, journalists, trade unionists, intellectuals and others remain well documented and are frighteningly commonplace in modern day Turkey.


Amnesty international recently reported that Turkey is the 5th worst country in the world for torture in jails, whilst the US State Department reports that the human rights situation in Turkey continues to deteriorate despite the promises of the Turkish government. In its annual report to Congress on human rights the Clinton administration stated that Turkish security forces committed “serious human rights abuses” during 1997.


Today, Turkey wages a dirty war against the Kurds who are fighting for recognition of their identity, and the right to express their language and culture. Almost 30,000 Kurds, government forces and civilians have been sacrificed. Three million Kurds are now refugees, and 3,000 Kurdish villages have been razed to the ground by Turkish troops.


This policy of human rights violations and ethnic cleansing is just as evident in the occupied north of Cyprus.


Turkey invaded the Republic of Cyprus in 1974 under the most spurious circumstances, causing death, rape, torture and forced displacement of persons, acts which are well documented by the European Court of Human Rights.


Turkey has created an illegal apartheid regime in the occupied area forcibly separating the Greek Cypriots from the Turkish Cypriots, violating a fundamental tenet of the European Union – the principle of free movement.


The few remaining Greek Cypriots enclaved in the occupied north are subject to continuous attack, harassment and intimidation, relying on United Nations protection and hand-outs in order to survive. They are also denied the right to secondary education, in violation of international law and the UN Charter on Human Rights.


No one can treat the hapless Mr Cem or Turkey itself with any credibility for so long as Turkey persists with her atrocious tradition of human rights violations. Sadly history teaches us that Turkey’s policy on human rights has not and is unlikely to change.


Lobby for Cyprus urges the European Union leaders not to pursue a policy of appeasement with Turkey.


Human rights violations in Turkey 1994 1995 1996 1997
(Jan-Nov)
Assassinations 292 89 78 103
Civilians killed by military 458 230 119 133
Disappearances 328 220 194 62
Deaths in custody 298 122 190 97
Killed in clashes 5,000 3,894 2,859 2,323
Torture cases 1,000 1,412 348 343
Number arrested 14,473 14,473 20,434 24,999
Number imprisoned 1,209 2,101 2,071 1,197
Journalists arrested ? 461 421 284
Bombed villages 191 184 109 119
Villages burnt down/evacuated 1,500 243 63 15


Human rights violations by Turkey following its invasion of the Republic of Cyprus In 1974
200,000 Greek Cypriots were forcibly removed from their homes
6,000 civilians and non combatants were murdered or tortured to death
1,000 women and girls were raped
1,619 missing persons are still unaccounted for by Turkey. The Red Cross documented that many were sent as prisoners of war to Turkey
100,000 colonists were transplanted to the occupied area to alter the demographic composition of the island
more than 40,000 Turkish Cypriots have fled the occupied area unable to coexist with the colonists
over 800 churches have been looted, destroyed or turned into stables
Turkey continues to ignore more than 90 United Nations and Security Council resolutions calling for the respect of human rights in Cyprus and the restoration of the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus.
http://replay.web.archive.org/20081223103724/
http://www.lobbyforcyprus.org/statements/fact_files/humanrights_in_turkey/Cyprus_45.htm


New Statesman – The ‘desecration’ of Cyprus
Posted by Brian Coleman – 22 October 2007 11:34


Brian Coleman on Northern Cyprus, the treatment of Orthodox churches and why the government promotes Turkish membership of the EU


The deaths of a couple of dozen Turkish troops in operations against the Kurds and the vote by the Turkish Parliament to in effect invade Northern Iraq to pursue operations against the Kurdish people has focused world attention on a conflict which the modern state of Turkey has pursued for many decades.


Last weekend I was in Cyprus (and yes my expenses were paid by my hosts) to attend events to continue to protest about the Turkish occupation of North Cyprus in particular the beautiful town of Morphu, twinned with my home Borough of Barnet.


Whereas over the last few years the legitimate Republic of Cyprus has made huge economic strides.


On the back of EU membership it operates as a mainstream European Country. The occupied north meanwhile continues to exist in a form of Asiatic poverty with an army of occupation of about 40,000 troops.


Most of the native Cypriots (both Greek and Turkish) have long since given up and abandoned the place to settlers flown in from Anatolia.


The desecration of Orthodox churches and the wholesale stripping and sale abroad of religious icons and archaeological treasures has to be seen to be believed and the ethnic cleansing carried out in the north of this magnificent island is as bad as anything experienced in the former Yugoslavia.


Yet as the new female Cypriot Foreign Minister Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis told me in rather a forceful manner – she has a touch of the Margaret Thatcher about her – there are thousands of Britons buying property illegally confiscated from Cypriots many of whom are my constituents in North London. In fact 95% of sales in the occupied area are to Brits.


Quite why anyone would buy property they have no legal entitlement to and which, when the eventual reunion of Cyprus comes, they may well lose with no compensation at all is beyond me. However the British Government sits back and does little to prevent these sales and the environmental damage to picturesque North Cyprus which the huge building boom is causing.


This last fortnight has also shown that Britain is not alone in playing softball with Turkey; the attitude of President Bush to Congress which was discussing the Armenian genocide was bizarre.


As the Armenian ambassador explained in his excellent piece on the New Statesman website last week, nobody with any common sense denies that the Armenian Genocide of 1915 onwards took place. Yet if the Germans can admit their guilt over the Nazi Holocaust why cannot the Turks do likewise?


The plucky little democratic country of Armenia still has to contend with a blockade by Turkey not to mention the aggression of its neighbour Azerbaijan whose idea of Democracy is to pass the presidency down from father to son.


So why this desire by Britain and the US to butter up Turkey? Gone is the Cold war threat from the Soviet Union and, with the election of President Gul, the Islamists are taking over Turkey anyway. Quite how the Turks imagine they can have any place in the EU whilst maintaining their belligerence on Cyprus, Armenia and towards the Kurds is beyond me.


Exactly why does the British Government continue to promote Turkey’s EU membership? Could it by any chance be to do with Labour’s need of the Muslim vote?
http://www.newstatesman.com/blogs/brian-coleman/2007/10/cyprus-turkey-turkish


…Regarding the attack against Cyprus Indymedia by …Jan 11, 2011 … The editors of Cyprus Indymedia have been harassed the last years by the state … a racist federal “solution” to the Cyprus problem, … Grassroots student movements that oppose an Apartheid solution to the Cyprus problem …
http://lists.indymedia.org/pipermail/imc-europe/2011-January/0111-p3.html


Zionism and anti-Zionism on the Web
The Turks repressed the Kurds and the Armenians. Nobody said that Turkey is an apartheid racist colonialist warmonger state.
http://www.zionism.netfirms.com/zionism_on_the_web.htm


 


Turkish racist Apartheid against Kurds



THE APARTHEID NATION OF TURKEY
The application of Kurdish politicians Aysel Tuğluk and Ahmet Trk to restore their status as members of parliament was dismissed. Both politicians were subjected to a five-year political ban after the ban of the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party in 2009. The Presidency of the Turkey Grand National Assembly (TBMM) rejected the applications of Kurdish politicians Ahmet Trk and Aysel Tuğluk related to restoring their status as members of parliament. Following amendments enforced after the referendum on the constitutional reform package in 2010, the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) had applied to parliament for restoring Trk’s and Tuğluk’s status as MPs. Upon the TBMM’s rejection of the application, lawyer ײztrk Trkdoğan brought the issue before the Constitutional Court on behalf of Trk and Tuğluk. On Thursday (17 March), the High Court dismissed the request “by majority vote”.

http://centerarnews.com/the-apartheid-nation-of-turkey-p4240-1.htm


The Kurdish conflict in Turkey: obstacles and chances for peace and democracy – Page 159
 Ferhad Ibrahim, Gülistan Gürbey – Palgrave Macmillan, 2000 – 208 pages
Norman Paech INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE KURDISH STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM Without a doubt, the fight of the Kurdish people for … Fifteen years of fighting, resulting in thousands of casualties, still haven’t made the Turkish government change its politics of discrimination, oppression and military force… This is similar to how the white Apartheid government took action against the members of the African National Congress (ANC) and even had Nelson Mandela brought to trial within the state judiciary system.
http://books.google.com/books?id=qwBdLcnlu_oC&pg=PA159


Turkey’s Kurds: a theoretical analysis of the PKK and Abdullah Öcalan – Page 71
 Ali Kemal Özcan – 2006 – 310 pages – Google eBook – Preview
In explanation of the phenomenon, Beşikçi makes a comparison between South Africa and Turkey: In South Africa, the Apartheid policy essentially tended to say ‘You blacks do not resemble us, you are bad, and you therefore should not join …But Turkey tells Kurds ‘you are us, You should live with us as Turks, and you must resemble us’. This racism is much more destructive than the ‘you do not resemble us, you then should live separately’ type of racism.
http://books.google.com/books?id=BibDH6sBYw0C&pg=PA71


The Kurdish question and international law: an analysis of the legal rights of the Kurdish people – Michael M. Gunter, Mohammed M. A. Ahmed, Ahmed Foundation for Kurdish Studies – 2000 – 111 pages – page 70
The Kurdish Question and International Law
[…]
The international community clearly accepted the apartheid regime in South Africa as “racist” for purposes of of application of the right to self-determination (and humanitarian law where there was armed resistance to that regime) but it is unclear how much less than apartheid would be viewed as sufficiently racist to invoke these rules. As will be seen, I am convinced that Turkey qualifies as a racist regime vis-a-vis the Kurdish people. H. Gros Espiell, op cit. at 11-13: “[N]o one can challenge the fact that . . . the principle of self-determination possesses the character of jus cogens.” Gros Espiell also indicates numerous instances in United Nations human rights…
http://books.google.com/books?&id=ySU5AQAAIAAJ&dq=apartheid


Sharpeville, Cizre and Pristina – CTheory.net
by CT Sites – 1999 – Related articles
Apr 12, 1999… action in the case of South Africa and the apartheid regime was dismantled … “The Kurdish population of Turkey is in exactly the same …
http://www.ctheory.net/articles.aspx?id=211


On the occasion of Peace March solidarity visit to Sheridan Circle
AKIN 01/10/2001 00:00:00
The Statement of Kani Xulam on the 210th Day of the Cell of Atonement
On the occasion of Peace March solidarity visit to Sheridan Circle
[…]
Our presence here predates September 11, 2001. Our vigil to atone for the political crimes of Turkey against the Kurds began on March 5. On that day, seven years ago, Leyla Zana and her parliamentarian colleagues were arrested and imprisoned for speaking up for Kurdish rights. They had engaged in hunger strikes, political sit-ins and demonstrations to end the Turkish version of the Apartheid. But the system did not want to change. Instead, it imprisoned them and has kept them in prison ever since.
http://www.kurdmedia.com/article.aspx?id=2008


The Problem with Playing Defense « Commentary Magazine
Publicly demand reparations from Turkey for the costs of the operation, including the medical bills of the thugs and Jew-haters who have been given such lovely medical care in Israeli hospitals.


3. Demand a UN investigation of why Turkey is funding terrorist organizations that are involved in attacks on Israel.


4. Fund a Kurdish human-rights NGO in Israel — there are lots of Kurdish Jews who I’m sure would be happy to help — that raises awareness of the plight of Kurds in Turkey. (Short answer: they are treated horribly.) This organization must publicize the apartheid conditions of Kurdish life in Turkey and churn out op-eds, studies, videos, and press releases denouncing Turkey’s brutal and racist treatment of its own minorities.


5. Fund a Turkish-language documentary on the Armenian genocide, upload it to YouTube, and promote it heavily in Turkey. If Erdogan wants to call Israel a criminal and a murderer, there’s no reason why Israel shouldn’t return the favor on this most sensitive of issues.
http://www.commentarymagazine.com/article/the-problem-with-playing-defense/


In its Third Report on Turkey, the European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) reported that in the case of Kurds, the freedoms of expression, assembly and association continue to be “severely curtailed, especially in practice” and that Kurds continue to be “subject to prejudice and stereotyping” (15 Feb. 2005, 22; see also Freedom House 2004). Similarly, Country Reports 2004 indicated that “Kurds who publicly or politically asserted their Kurdish identity or use[d] Kurdish in the public domain risked censure, harassment, or prosecution” (28 Feb. 2005, Sec. 5).
http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,QUERYRESPONSE,TUR,,42df619da,0.html


Turkish State’ racism and the Kurdish websites
KurdishMedia.com – By Hadi Elis16/01/2007 00:00:00
Turkish brainwashing (non-) Education System teaches the pupils that “We are the Greatest Nation on Earth”, ” One Turk is worth more then the whole world”, and many other racist lies.
For almost a century Turkish State said there are no Kurds, Kurdish language, and Kurdish-land, Kurdistan; denied anything related to Kurds and Kurdistan.
These lies are falsified everyday over the Internet where anything about Kurds and Kurdistan is well and alive.
Sun Language Theory and Turkish History Thesis claims that the origin of civilization has begun with the Turks…
http://www.kurdmedia.com/article.aspx?id=13894


Turkish press on Cyprus
 Cyprus. Grapheion Dēmosiōn Plērophoriōn, Cyprus. Grapheio Typou kai Plērophoriōn – 1978 – Page 46
However, what does Ecevit have to say about racial attacks, genocides and the national oppression policy adopted against the Kurdish people in Turkey? 
http://books.google.com/books?&id=mBtbAAAAMAAJ&dq=Kurdish


Official journal of the European Communities: Debates of the European Parliament: Issues 433-435
 1993 – Snippet view
Back in 1 99 1 , the short-sighted policies of our governments in the Gulf reopened the Kurdish question. … And for these reasons, the tourist industry is a prime target of the regressive forces of fundamentalism, intellectual obscurantism, isolationism and religious and racial apartheid. Yesterday in Egypt, today in Turkey, and tomorrow…
http://books.google.com/books?&id=WWWJAAAAMAAJ&dq=isolationism

(Muslim) Republic of Turkey – the First Fascist State in History

April 27, 2011

Republic of Turkey – the First Fascist State in History
By Times.am at 6 April, 2011, 11:25 am

The Republics of Armenia and Turkey have been in a long-lasting conflict with no resolution in sight. Therefore a proper assessment of the political system and state ideology of Turkey is extremely important for the Armenian state to build a competent foreign policy and properly position itself in the international arena.

The West has traditionally portrayed the Republic of Turkey which emerged on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire as a secular democratic Muslim state. Even though this cliche is being persistently circulated in the Western media and very often uttered by American and European officials, it is far from reality. Unfortunately, Armenia has not yet dared to offer its own assessment of modern Turkish statehood and tacitly put up with the aforementioned international narrative.

In reality, one of the consequences of the Armenian Genocide was the creation of the first fascist state in Europe’s periphery. The Republic of Turkey had all the core characteristics inherent to fascism and Nazism, which later emerged in Italy, Germany and some other European countries. Below the six main characteristics of Turkish fascism are identified:

1. Turkish chauvinism and genocidal policies. Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) was formerly himself a member of the governing body of Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), the political organization of murderous Young Turks. Once in power, Ataturk and the Kemalists not only continued the Armenian Genocide, but directed their tested policies of extermination of an entire people against Greeks and other ethnic minorities. In Eastern Armenia alone, the Kemalists destroyed 200,000 Armenians (1920-1921), in Smyrna – 100,000 Greeks and Armenians (September 1922), in the Black Sea regions – about 300,000 Pontian Greeks (1919-1923). They also continued the Genocide against the Assyrians, of whom about 500,000 were annihilated by the Turkish forces from 1915 to 1923. Deportations, mass exterminations, political and cultural repressions against the Kurds, the second largest ethnic group in modern Turkey, began immediately after the Armenian Genocide and continue to this day. All Kurdish attempts to protect their basic national and human rights were brutally suppressed in 1925, 1927, and 1937. In 1980s and 1990s, more than a million Kurds were deported to large cities (during these deportations, according to various estimates, two to three thousand Kurdish villages were destroyed).

Turkish chauvinism was legislatively approved in the Constitution of 1937 under the auspicious name of “nationalism” (Milliyetçilik ), openly aiming to assimilate non-Turkic ethnic groups and legally identifying them as Turks. Although later the concept of Turkish “nationalism” was interpreted in different ways, its chauvinistic nature and essence has remained unchanged.

The modern discipline of Holocaust and Genocide Studies identifies the denial of genocide as an extension of genocidal policies. Gregory Stanton, former President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, emphasizes that “Denial is the final stage of genocide. It is a continuing attempt to destroy the victim group psychologically and culturally, to deny its members even the memory of the murders of their relatives. That is what the Turkish government today is doing to Armenians around the world.” Elie Wiesel, the famous Holocaust survivor and political activist, has repeatedly called Turkey’s 90-year-old campaign to cover up the Armenian genocide a double killing, since it strives to kill the memory of the original atrocities. The Armenian government should have assessed Turkish denialism in similar and even graver terms, but to this date it has failed to do so for no apparent reason.

In contemporary democratic Germany it is simply impossible to imagine a street or institution named in honor of any of the leaders of the Third Reich – indeed it is legally prohibited! Meanwhile, in “democratic” Turkey the leaders of CUP, i.e. the criminal organizers and perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide, are openly glorified. For example, a district in Istanbul, a few avenues and streets in different parts of Istanbul, boulevards in Ankara and Edirne, primary schools in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, and a high school in Konya are all named after Talat Pasha, Minister of the Interior and (in 1917-1918) Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, who personally orchestrated the Armenian Genocide.

“Democratic” Turkey also actively uses the infamous Article 301 of its Criminal Code (“insulting Turkishness”, in 2008 changed to “insulting the Turkish nation”). This law, among other things, makes the recognition of the Armenian Genocide a crime. About 50 trials have already been held based on this article.

2. Totalitarianism. Up to the late 1940s Turkey was a one-party state. However, even today “democratic” Turkey periodically imposes a ban on one political party or another (even those elected to parliament), while its leaders are thrown in jail on trumped-up political charges. The last of a series of such cases occurred in December 2009, when the Turkish Constitutional Court banned the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party (DTP), which had 21 MPs. All the property of DTP was confiscated by the state. This even prompted the European Union, which by and large turns a blind eye to the racist repressions against 20 million Kurds in Turkey, to remind Ankara that “the dissolution of political parties is an exceptional measure that should be used with utmost restraint.”

Turkey’s state propaganda, all-inclusive revision and falsification of the Ottoman and modern Turkish history through carefully controlled scholarship, school curricula, and legally enforced taboos, including severe restraints on free access to information and freedom of expression, resulted in effective brainwashing of its own population.

3. Statism (etatism). The Turkish Constitution of 1937 strengthened the regulatory role of the state not only in the economy, but also in ideology.

4. Anti-communism. Ataturk, despite his friendship with the Soviet Union, was a staunch anti-communist. The Communist Party of Turkey has been banned since 1923 and remained illegal throughout its whole history, having been routinely subjected to most brutal state repressions.

5. Leaderism and the cult of personality. In Turkey, the cult of Ataturk is still in full bloom. Statues and monuments of Ataturk are installed in every city, his portraits are hung in all government and administrative institutions, as well as in school classrooms, and his portraits are on banknotes and coins of all denominations. Criticism of his life activities and biography are criminalized and carrying Ataturk as one’s last name is banned.

6. Militarism and aggression. Turkey is one of the most militarized countries on earth, with the eighth-largest army in the world and second only to the United States in NATO. The decisive sway of the Turkish military on domestic politics is well known: one only needs to recall the three coups d’état carried out by the Turkish army in 1960, 1971 and 1980, as well as the harsh ousting of Islamist Prime Minister N. Erbakan from power in 1997 (incidentally, his ruling “Welfare Party” was also banned).

The Republic of Turkey has repeatedly resorted to military force or threat of force against neighboring countries, such as Syria, Cyprus, Iraq, Greece, and Armenia. The Northern part of Cyprus, Syria’s district of Alexandretta, and the western part of Armenia still remain occupied. The Turkish army also regularly invades Northern Iraq.

In 1920, the first Republic of Armenia fell under the blows of Kemalists. Indeed, the direct order that Karabekir-Pasha received from Mustafa Kemal literally specified “to destroy Armenia morally and physically.” Immediately after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Turkey’s policy towards the “third” Republic of Armenia became explicitly aggressive in nature once again, including an ongoing land-blockade, refusal to establish diplomatic relations, enduring Armenian Genocide denial, support and assistance to Azerbaijan in its preparations for a new military venture against Armenia, etc.

The emergence and subsequent superstructural metamorphosis of fascism in Turkey was not adequately evaluated by Soviet/Russian or Western historiographies and neither was it reflected in international legal and political documents. However, this should not lead anyone astray. Generally, Turkophilia in political and academic circles in both the West and USSR/Russia, is a quite multi-faceted phenomenon and a separate topic for discussion. Here an incomplete explanation will suffice: the USSR was simply unable to call Ataturk a fascist, because “the leader of the world proletariat” Vladimir Lenin and Ataturk signed the infamous Moscow Treaty of “Friendship and Brotherhood” on March 16, 1921 (incidentally, exactly 90 years ago). Meanwhile, the West avoided such an unfavorable evaluation, because Turkey has historically been considered – and actually was – a barrier against Russia/Soviet Union, and a key strategic ally. Turkey’s alliance with the West was legally formalized by its accession to NATO in 1952.

If the international community (alias “the great powers”) does not adequately characterize the fascist essence of the modern Turkish state, this is simply because it has not been interested in such an exposé. But independent Armenia, by failing to officially identify and denounce the fascist nature of Turkish state, not only refuses to clearly see and understand the true ideology, strategic goals and calculations of its age-old archenemy, but also deprives itself of the chance to present properly its own dire geostrategic situation to the world. After all, Armenia’s present security predicaments are a direct result of crimes by Turkish fascism!

Attempts to rehabilitate Turkey without having it incur its due responsibility – in particular, without the territorial restitutions and other compensations to Armenia – can lead to new and repeated genocides. This is the main conclusion that the international community has yet to draw.

ARMEN AYVAZYAN
Doctor of Political Sciences
“Hayastani Zrucakic”, N: 10 (173 ), 18 March, 2011

http://times.am/2011/04/06/republic-of-turkey-%E2%80%93-the-first-fascist-state-in-history/